Companion to the Kalendar

The Sarum Kalendar changed over time, principally from the addition of new feasts. The Kalendar in this edition represents the most recent additions that were made prior to the reformation, as recorded in the Breviary, 1531. The following notes detail the changes and also take note of significant divergences from the Roman Kalendar and from other English uses. (A wide variety of Kalendars appeared in the Latin church, reflecting differing geographical, political, historical circumstances.) The Roman Breviary Kalendar of 1529 (pre-Tridentine) is influenced by the Franciscans. The Tridentine Kalendar (1568) removed a number of Franciscan feasts, among other changes.  The only Feast of an English Saint in the medieval and Tridentine Roman Kalendars is that of St. Thomas of Canterbury, December 29.  The only Feast of an Irish Saint is Patrick.  Most of the French saints found in the Sarum Kalendar (early, or Frankish) do not appear in the Roman Kalendars.
Matthew Cheung Salisbury, The Secular Liturgical Office in Late Medieval England (Turnhout: Brepols, 2015): 73-85, preovides a comparative table of the ‘normative’ Sarum, Benedictine and York Kalendars.

January 5
The Octave of St. Thomas does not appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529, 1568.
The Memorial of Saint Edward is not always included.

January 7
The York Use has Saint William (of York).

January 8
The York Use omits Lucian and includes the translation of William of York (1284).
No saint appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

January 10
The York use has Paul the Hermit on this day, as does the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
No saint appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

January 11
St. Iginius, Pope, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Iginius appears as a Commemoration in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

January 14
St. Hilary (of Poitiers) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

January 15
St. Paul, the first hermit, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

January 16
Sts. Berardi, Peter, and Companions (Franciscans) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

January 17
The York use omits Saint Sulpice and has Saint Anthony, as does the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
Sarum’s choice of Sulpice may reflect its Norman heritage.

January 18
St. Peter’s Chair at Rome appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

January 19
The York use has Germanicus instead of Wulfstan. Sarum’s preference for Wulfstan may stem from geographic proximity.
Sts. Marius, Martha &c, Martyrs appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

January 23
St. Emerentiana appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568, and in the York Use.

January 24
St. Thimothy, Bishop and Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568. St. Babolenus appears in the York Use.

January 26
St. Polycarp appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568, and in the York Use.

January 27
St. John Chrysostom appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

January 30
St. Bathildis does not appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 or 1568.

January 31
Cyrus and John, Martyrs, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

February 1
St. Ignatius appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

February 4
St. Gilbert (of Sempringham, founder of the Gilbertine Order) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529, and in the York Use.

February 6
St. Dorothy appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

February 9
St. Apollonia appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

February 10
St. Scholastica appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

February 15
The Translation of St. Anthony appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
Sts. Faustinus and Jovita, Martyrs, appears in the roman Kalendar, 1568.

February 16
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

February 18
St. Simeon, Bishop and Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

March 1
David does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars. It was recognized in the Sarum Kalendar from 1398, when Archbishop Roger Walden decreed that it was to be celebrated throughout the province of Canterbury on the first of March, cum ix. lectionibus et ceteris omnibus ad officium sanctorum. (Owain Tudor Edwards, Matins, Lauds and Vespers for St. David’s Day (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1990):146, citing David Wilkins, ed, Concilia magnae Britannicae et Hiberniae (London, 1737), III:234.) In 1415 Archbishop Henry Chichele, who had been translated from St. David’s in 1414, added ‘cum regimine chori et ix. lectionibus perpetuis futuris temporibus etiam celebrentur.’ (Wilkins III:376.)
The Holy Guardian Angels appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.
Saint Albinus appears in the York Use.

March 2
Chad does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 or 1568.

March 7
A memorial of St. Thomas Aquinas (Dominican) is included in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
A Feast of St. Thomas appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.
The York Use omits Saints Perpetua and Felicity.

March 9
The Holy Forty Martyrs appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

March 15
St. Longinus appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

March 18
Gabriel, Archangel, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529, with a memorial of St. Anselm.
The York Use omits Saint Edward.

March 19
St. Joseph appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

March 20
St. Joachim appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

April 1
St. Mary of Egypt appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

April 2
This is the York date for the Feast of the Visitation. (see July 2.)

April 3
Richard does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars, or in the Roman Kalendar, 1529, 1568.

April 4
St. Isidore, Bishop, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

April 5
St. Vincent appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

April 11
St. Leo, Pope, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

April 16
St. Isidore, Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

April 17
St. Anicetus, Pope, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

April 19
Saint Alphege does not appear in the York Kalendars.

April 22
Sts. Soter and Gaius, Popes, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

April 24
The Translation of Saint Wilfrid appears in the York Kalendars.

April 26
Sts. Cletus and Marcellinus, Popes, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

April 29
St. Peter (of Verona), Martyr (Dominican), appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

April 30
St. Erekenwald does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars (or in the Roman Kalendar, 1529); it is marked ‘non Sarum’.

May 2
St. Athanasius, Bishop, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

May 4
St. Monica No saint appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

May 7
St. John of Beverley does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars (or in the Roman Kalendar).

May 8
The Apparition of St. Michael appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

May 9
The Translation of St. Nicholas does not appear in the (older) Sarum Kalendars or in the Roman Kalendar, or in the York Kalendar.
St. Gregory (Nazianzen) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

May 14
St. Boniface appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568. (see June 5)

May 17
The Translation of St. Bernardini (Franciscan) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

May 19
St. Pudentiana appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

May 25
The York Use honours St. Urban rather than St. Aldhelm. Aldhelm, as Bishop of Sherbourne, had particular significance for Sarum.
The Translation of St. Francis appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Urban, Pope, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

May 26
St. Eleutherius, Pope, Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Use honours both Augustine and Bede.

May 27
The Octave of St. Bernardini appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. John, Pope and Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

May 30
St. Felix, Pope, Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

June 1
St. Nichomedes does not appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

June 4
The York Use has Saint Petroc.

June 5
St. Boniface does not appear in the Roman Kalendar. (see May 14)

June 8
The York Use celebrates William of York, rather than Medard and Gildard.
Sts. Medard and Gildard do not appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

June 9
The Translation of St. Edmund does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
Sts. Primus and Felician, Martyrs, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568, and in the York Use.

June 13
St. Anthony of Padua (Franciscan), appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

June 14
St. Basil does not appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

June 15
The York Use has the Octave of Saint William.

June 16
The Translation of St. Richard does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
The York Use omits the Translation of St. Richard, but has Saints Ciricus and Julitta.

June 17
The York Kalendar has Saint Botulph.

June 20
The Octave of St. Anthony appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Silvester, Pope and Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.
The York Use omits the Translation of Saint Edward.

June 21
The York Use has Saint Leufrid.

June 22
St. Paulinus of Nola appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

June 23
St. Etheldreda does not appear in the Roman Kalendar, nor does she appear in all the Sarum Kalendars.

July 2
The older Sarum Kalendars have the Feast of Saints Processi and Martiniani, rather than the Visitation. Some Kalendars have Saint Swithun. The York Kalendars omit the Visitation.

July 4
The Translation of St. Martin does not appear in the Roman Kalendar.

July 7
The Translation of St. Thomas does not appear in the Roman Kalendar.

The Feast of Relics was moved to this position by Bishop Roger Martival in 1319.

July 8
The York Kalendars have Saint Grimbald.

July 9
The York Kalendars have Saint Everild.

July 11
St. Pius, Pope, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Kalendars omit Saint Benedict.

July 13
St. Anacletus, Pope, Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

July 12
Sts. Nabor and Felix, Martyrs, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

July 15
The York Kalendars omit the Translation of Saint Swithun.

July 16
The Translation of St. Osmund does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
The York Use omits the Translation of St. Osmund.

July 17
St. Alexius (the Beggar) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Kalendars omit Saint Kenelm.

July 18
St. Symphorosa and her Seven Children, Martyrs, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Kalendars omit Saint Arnulf.

July 26
The Feast of St. Anne does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
the Feast of St. Anne does not appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

July 27
The York Use celebrates St. Martha rather than the Seven Holy Brothers.
St. Pantaleon, Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

July 28
Sts. Nazarius and Celsus, Victor, and Innocent, Martyrs, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Use has Saints Samson and Pantaleon.

July 29
St. Martha appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

July 31
St. Germanus does not appear in the Roman Kalendar.

August 2
The Dedication of the Church of Porziuncola, Assisi (Franciscan), appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

August 4
St. Justin appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Dominic appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

August 5
St. Mary of the Snows and St. Dominic appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

August 6
The older Sarum Kalendars have the Feast of Saints Sixtus, Felicissimus, and Agapitus. This was superseded by the Feast of the Transfiguration.

August 7
The older Sarum Kalendars have the Feast of Saint Donatus. This was superseded by the Feast of the Most Sweet Name of Jesus.
Saint Donatus appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568, and in the York Kalendars.

August 8
Saint Cyriacus and companions appears in the older Sarum Kalendars and the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568. The York Kalendars include the Octave of Saint Peter.

August 12
St. Clare appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Clare appears as a commemoration in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

August 14
The older Sarum Kalendars have the Feast of Saint Eusibius. This was superseded by the Octave of the Most Sweet Name of Jesus.
Saint Eusibius appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

August 19
St. Louis (of Toulouse) (Franciscan) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

August 20
St. Bernard appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

August 25
St. Louis (King of France) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
Saint Hilda appears in the York Kalendar.

August 26
The Octave of St. Louis (of Toulouse) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Zepherinus, Pope and Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

August 27
St. Rufus does not appear in the Roman Kalendar.

August 29
The York Use omits the Memorial of Saint Sabina.

August 31
The older Sarum Kalendars omit the Feast of St. Cuthberga.
The York Use celebrates St. Aidan rather than St. Cuthberga. St. Aidan is of particular significance to Northumbria.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

September 1
The Holy Twelve Brothers and St. Giles both appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

September 2
Saint Antoninus (of Pamiers), Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

September 3
The older Sarum Kalendars omit the optional Feast of St. Gregory on this day.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

September 4
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

September 5
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

September 7
The York Kalendars have Saint Evortius.

September 10
St. Nicholas of Tolentino appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1568. (Octave of BVM)

September 13
The York Kalendars have Saint Maurilius.

September 15
The older Sarum kalendars place the Feast of Relics on this date. This was superseded by the Octave of the Nativity, and in 1319 the Feast of Relics was moved to the Sunday after the Translation of St. Thomas of Canterbury.
Some old Sarum Kalendars have Saint Nichomedes on this date.

September 16
Sts. Euphemia, Lucy, and Geminianus, Martyrs, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
Sts. Cornelius and Cyprianus appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568 (and sometimes in old Sarum Kalendars).
Saints Euphemia and Lucy appear in the York Kalendars.

September 17
The Stigmata of St. Francis appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

September 20
St. Eustace and Companions, Martyrs, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

September 23
St. Linus, Pope and Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

September 25
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

September 27
St. Elzearius (Eleazarus) (Franciscan) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

October 2
The Translation of St. Clare appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.
Thomas of Hereford appears in the York Kalendars.

October 4
The earlier Sarum Kalendars included the Feast of St. Francis.
The York Use (generally) celebrates St. Francis. The omission of Francis and Dominic from the later Sarum Kalendars may possibly be interpreted as a general animosity towards the mendicant orders.
St. Francis appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

October 6
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

October 7
Sts. Sergius, Bacchus,Marcellus, and Apuleius, Martyrs, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

October 8
The York Kalendars have Saint Pelagia.

October 10
The York Kalendars have Saint Paulinus.

October 11
The Octave of St. Francis appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

October 12
The York Kalendars have Saint Wilfrid.

October 13
The Translation of St. Edward does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
The Seven Brothers (Franciscans) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

October 15
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

October 16
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar or in the York Kalendar.

October 17
The Translation of St. Etheldreda does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar or in the York Kalendar.

October 19
The Feast of St. Frideswide does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
In the York Use this day is the Feast of Relics.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

October 20
The York Kalendar has Saint Austreberta.

October 21
St. Hilarion, Abbot, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568, and in the York Kalendar.

October 23
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

October 24
The middle readings of St. John of Beverley do not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.

October 25
Sts. Chrysanthus and Daria, Martyrs, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Kalendar has Saint John of Beverley.

October 26
St. Evaristus, Pope and Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

October 30
The York Kalendar has Saint Germanus.

October 31
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

November 3
The Feast of St. Wenefrede does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
A full Octave of All Saints appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

November 4
Sts. Vitalis and Agricola, Martyrs, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

November 7
The York Kalendar has Saint Willebrord.

November 8
The Octave of All Saints also appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

November 9
The Dedication of the Basilica of the Saviour (Lateran) also appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

November 10
Sts. Tryphon, Respicius, and Nympha, Martyrs, and the Translation of Saint Louis appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Kalendar has Saint Martin, Pope.

November 12
St. Martin, Pope and Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

November 14
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

November 15
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

November 16
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

November 17
The Feast of St. Hugh does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Gregory the Wonderworker appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.
The York Kalendar has Saint Anianus.

November 18
The Dedication of the Basilicas of Sts. Peter and Paul appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

November 19
St. Elizabeth (of Hungary) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Pontianus, Pope and Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

November 21
The Presentation of Blessed Mary appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

November 26
St. Peter of Alexandria, Bishop and Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

December 1
The York Kalendar has Saints Chrysanthus and Daria.

December 2
St. Bibiana, Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

December 4
The Deposition of St. Osmund does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
St. Barbara, Virgin and Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

December 5
St. Sabbas, Abbot, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

December 7
St. Ambrose appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568. (See April 4)

December 10
St. Melchiades, Pope, Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

December 11
St. Damasus, Pope, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

December 15
The Octave of the Conception of Blessed Mary appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.