Companion to the Kalendar

The Sarum Kalendar changed over time, principally from the addition of new feasts. The Kalendar in this edition represents the most recent additions that were made prior to the reformation, as recorded in the Breviary, 1531. The following notes detail the changes and also take note of significant divergences from the Roman Kalendar and from other English uses. (A wide variety of Kalendars appeared in the Latin church, reflecting differing geographical, political, historical circumstances.) The Roman Breviary Kalendar of 1529 (pre-Tridentine) is influenced by the Franciscans. The Tridentine Kalendar (1568) removed a number of Franciscan feasts, among other changes.  The only Feast of an English saint in the medieval and Tridentine Roman Kalendars is that of Thomas of Canterbury, December 29.  The only Feast of an Irish saint is Patrick, March 17.  Most of the French saints found in the Sarum Kalendar (early, or Frankish) do not appear in the Roman Kalendars.
Matthew Cheung Salisbury, The Secular Liturgical Office in Late Medieval England (Turnhout: Brepols, 2015): 73-85, provides a comparative table of the ‘normative’ Sarum, Benedictine and York Kalendars.

For an explanation of the classification of feasts, and of the Ruling of the Choir, see page [909]. ff. of the Breviary, and the Companion to those pages.

January 1: The Circumcision of the Lord
Minor Double Feast, Nine Lessons, with Quadruple Invitatoty, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

January 2: The Octave of St. Stephen
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Double Invitatory,  with Two Rulers of the Choir

January 3: The Octave of St. John
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Double Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

January 4: The Octave of the Innocents
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Double Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

January 5: Vigil of the Epiphany

On a feria: Vigil of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir

On Sunday: Vigil of Nine Lessons with Double Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir
The Memorial of the Octave of St. Thomas does not appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529, 1568.
The Memorial of St. Edward the Confessor is not always included in the sources.
Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates the Memorial of St. Edward to 1163.

January 5 has no first or second vespers.

January 6: The Epiphany of the Lord
Principal Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Four Rulers of the Choir from the Superior Grade  plus the Precentor

The full octave of the Epiphany is ruled; no Sunday is observed throughout the octave.  Nevertheless when Sunday falls within the octave, that day will have nine lessons and presumably two rulers of the choir.

January 7
The Keys of Septuagesima

For an explanation of how these ‘Keys’ were used to find the day on which Septuagesima fell, see Samuel Butcher, The Ecclesiastical Calendar: Its Theory and Construction (Dublin: Hodges, Foster, and Figgis, 1877):87.

The York Use has here Saint William (of York).

January 8
St. Lucian, Priest, and his Companions, Martyrs (memorial)
The York Use omits Lucian and includes the translation of William of York (1284).
No saint appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

January 10
The York use has Paul the Hermit on this day, as does the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
No saint appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

January 11
St. Iginius, Pope, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Iginius appears as a Commemoration in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

January 13: Octave of the Epiphany
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Saint Hilary (of Poitiers)
Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxvii, dates the Feast of St. Hilary (of Poiters) to the IX. century.

January 14: Saint Felix, Priest and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.
Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 772-795.
St. Hilary (of Poitiers) appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

This feast will normally have neither first nor second vespers.

January 15: St. Maurus (Maur), Abbot and Confessor
Simple Feast of Three Lessons
Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the XI. century.
St. Paul, the first hermit, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

January 16: St. Marcellus, Pope and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons

(Pope Marcellus I, 255-309)

Sts. Berardi, Peter, and Companions (Franciscans) appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

January 17: St. Sulpice, Bishop and Confessor
Bishop of Bourges, d. 644
Simple Feast of Three Lessons
Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the XIII. century.
The York and Hereford uses omits Saint Sulpice and have Saint Anthony (of Egypt), as does the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
Sarum’s choice of Sulpice may reflect its Norman heritage.

January 18: St. Prisca, Virgin and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons
St. Peter’s Chair at Rome appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

January 19: St. Wulfstan (Wulstan), Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

Wulfstan (c. 1008 – 20 January 1095), a Benedictine monk, was Bishop of Worcester (1062-1095), and founded Great Malvern Priory in 1085. He was the last pre-conquest English bishop, and was canonized 1203.
The York use has here St. Germanicus. Sarum’s preference for Wulfstan may stem from geographic proximity.
Sts. Marius, Martha &c, Martyrs appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

January 20: Saints Fabian and Sebastian, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

Fabian (c. 200–January 20, 250) was Bishop of Rome.
Sebastian (d. January 20, c. 288).

January 21: St. Agnes, Virgin and Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

(c. 291–304)
See also January 28.

January 22: St. Vincent, Deacon and Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

Vincent of Saragossa (d. ca. 304)

January 23
St. Emerentiana appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568, and in the York Use.

January 24
St. Thimothy, Bishop and Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

St. Babolenus appears here in the York Use.

January 25: The Conversion of St. Paul
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the VII. century, displacing St. Prejectus.

January 26
St. Polycarp appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568, and in the York Use.

January 27: St. Julian, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(3rd-4th c.) First Bishop of Le Mans.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the XII. century.

St. John Chrysostom appears here in the Hereford Kalendar and Roman Kalendar, 1568.

The Hereford Kalendar includes a Memorial of St. Paula, Roman matron, died 404).

January 28: St. Agnes Second Feast
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

See also January 21.

‘A second commemoration of St. Agnes occurs on this day in the ancient Sacramentaries of Pope Gelasius and St. Gregory the Great; as also in the true Martyrology of Bede. It was perhaps, the day of her burial, or of a translation of her relics, or of some remarkable favour obtained through her intercession soon after her death. (Alban Butler, The Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints. 12 Vols. (Dublin: James Duffy, 1866): Vol. 1.)

January 30: St. Balthild, Queen and Virgin, not a Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Single Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(ca. 626-January 30, 680.) wife and queen of Clovis II, King of Burgundy and Neustria; canonized ca. 880.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the XI. century.

St. Balthild also appears in the Hereford Kalendar.

St. Bathildis does not appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 or 1568.

January 31
Cyrus and John, Martyrs, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

February 1: Saint Brigid
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, no Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 451 – 525), Abbess of Kildare.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

St. Ignatius appears here in the Hereford Kalendar and Roman in Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

February 2: The Feast of the Purification
Major Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir plus Precentor 

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the VII. century.

February 3: St. Blaise, Bishop and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the XII. century.

February 4
St. Gilbert (of Sempringham, founder of the Gilbertine Order) appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529, and in the York Use.

February 5: St. Agatha, Virgin and Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(ca. 231-251).

February 6: Saints Vedast and Amandus, Bishops and Confessors
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

Vedast (d. ca. 540), a Frankish bishop.
Amandus (c. 584 – 675), Bishop of Tongeren-Maastricht.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

St. Dorothy appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

February 9
St. Apollonia appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

February 10: Saint Scholastica, Virgin, not a Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 480 – 10 February 542) Twin sister of St. Benedict of Nursia.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the X. century.

February 11:
Saint Frideswide (Frithuswith) c. 650 – 19 October 727; first abbess of the double monastery at Oxford.  Translated 1180.  See October 19.  Nothing of this saint appears here in the Sarum Sanctorale.

The Hereford Kalendar has St. Radegund

February 14: St. Valentine, Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

February 15
The Translation of St. Anthony appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
Sts. Faustinus and Jovita, Martyrs, appears in the roman Kalendar, 1568.

February 16: Saint Juliana, Virgin and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Juliana of Nicomedia (d. 304).

Juliana is a fictional conflation of Juliana of Cumae; Julian of Egypt; and Juliana of Nicomedia. In the medieval ‘composite’, Juliana was said to be a native of Cumae, near Naples; who was martyred under Diocletian in Nicomedia, Egypt, c.304; and whose relics were later returned to Cumae.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

February 18
St. Simeon, Bishop and Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

February 22: St. Peter’s Chair
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

This Feast is known as St. Peter’s Chair at Antioch, distinguishing it from the (non-Sarum) Feast of St. Peter’s Chair at Rome, January 18.

February 23
The Hereford Kalendar has St. Milburh

February 24 (February 25 in leap years): Saint Matthias, Apostle
Inferior Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Four Rulers of the Choir

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

This feast appears on February 25 in leap years.

February 28
The Hereford Kalendar has St. Oswald

March 1: Saint David, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 500 – c. 589), Bishop of Mynyw (St David’s). Canonized by Callixtus II in 1120.

David does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars. It was recognized in the Sarum Kalendar from 1398, when Archbishop Roger Walden decreed that it was to be celebrated throughout the province of Canterbury on the first of March, cum ix. lectionibus et ceteris omnibus ad officium sanctorum. (Owain Tudor Edwards, Matins, Lauds and Vespers for St. David’s Day (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1990):146, citing David Wilkins, ed, Concilia magnae Britannicae et Hiberniae (London, 1737), III:234.) In 1415 Archbishop Henry Chichele, who had been translated from St. David’s in 1414, added ‘cum regimine chori et ix. lectionibus perpetuis futuris temporibus etiam celebrentur.’ (Wilkins III:376.)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 1415.

The Holy Guardian Angels appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.
Saint Albinus appears here in the York Use.

March 2: Saint Chad, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of NIne Lessons with Duple Invitatory, With Two Rulers of the Choir.

(ca. 634 – March 2, 672) Bishop of Mercia (Lichfield). Trans. August 2, 1296.

Chad does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 1415.

No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 or 1568.

March 5
The Hereford Kalendar has a Memorial of St. Piran

March 7: Saints Perpetua and Felicity, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(believed to have died in 203 AD.)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the VIII. century.

A memorial of St. Thomas Aquinas (Dominican) is included here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
A Feast of St. Thomas appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.
The York Use omits Sts. Perpetua and Felicity.

March 9
The Holy Forty Martyrs appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

March 11
The Keys of Easter

March 12: Saint Gregory, Pope and Doctor
Inferior Double Feast with Nine Lessons, with Four Rulers of the Choir

(c. 540–March 12, 604). Saint Gregory the Great.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 747 or earlier.

March 15
St. Longinus appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

March 17: Saint Patrick, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.
This feast appears only in the Kalendars of some Sarum Missals. There is nothing for St. Patrick in the Breviary, except the mention of his name in the Litany.  There is, however, a Mass in the Missal.

March 18: Saint Edward, King and Martyr (see also June 20)
Simple Feast of NIne Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 962 – 18 March 978). Buried at Shaftesbury; translated, June 20, 1001 (or 1008). Edward was never canonized.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 1008.

Gabriel, Archangel, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529, with a memorial of St. Anselm.
The York Use omits Saint Edward.

March 19
St. Joseph appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

March 20: Saint Cuthbert, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 634 – 20 March 687), Bishop of Lindisfarne, translated 999; translated to Durham Cathedral, 1104.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

St. Joachim appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

March 21: Saint Benedict (Benet) of Nursia, Abbot
Simple Feast of NIne Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 480–543 or 547.)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxvii, dates this Feast to the VIII. century.

March 25: The Annunciation of our Lord
Minor Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the VII. century.

(Known also as Lady Day)

March 27 The Resurrection of our Lord
Principal Double Feast of Three Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir plus the Precentor
This day is the presumed Kalendar date of the Resurrection.  It is of no liturgical significance, but it does thereby associate Good Friday with the Feast of the Annunciation.
See Christian M. Rose, ‘March 27 as Easter and the Medieval Liturgical Calendar’ in Manuscripta 30 (1986): 112-117.

April 1St. Mary of Egypt appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

April 2
This is the York date for the Feast of the Visitation. (see July 2.)

April 3: Saint Richard (of Chichester), Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(1197 – April 3, 1253, Canonized 1262, Translated June 6, 1276.)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 1260.

Richard does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars, or in the Roman Kalendar, 1529, 1568.

April 4: Saint Ambrose
Inferior Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 340–April 4, 397) Bishop of Milan. In many Kalendars his feast day is December 7, the date of his ordination.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

St. Isidore, Bishop, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

April 5
St. Vincent appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

April 11
St. Leo, Pope, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

The Hereford Kalendar has St. Gunthlac

April 14: Saints Tiburtius and Valerian (and Maximus), Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

April 16
St. Isidore, Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

April 17
St. Anicetus, Pope, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

April 19: Saint Alphege, Archbishop and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(953 – April 19, 1012), Bishop of Winchester, Archbishop of Canterbury; canonized 1078.

Saint Alphege does not appear in the York Kalendars.

April 22
Sts. Soter and Gaius, Popes, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

April 23: Saint George, Martyr
Inferior Double Feast of Three Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

(Major Double Feast according to provincial constitutions.) See [910].
‘The cult of St. George developed after 1415, when, in a flourish of nationalism, it was promoted by Henry V and the feast elevated to a double.’ (William Smith, The Use of Hereford:114.) St. George was already mentioned by Bede, and the saint gained great prominence in England as patron of the Order of the Garter, founded in 1348 by Edward III.

April 24
The Translation of Saint Wilfrid appears here in the York Kalendars.

April 25: Saint Mark, Evangelist
Inferior Double Feast of Three Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir,

April 26
Sts. Cletus and Marcellinus, Popes, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

April 28: Saint Vitalis, Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Simple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Saint Vitalis of Milan, 1st-2nd century.

April 29
The going forth of Noah from the Ark
St. Peter (of Verona), Martyr (Dominican), appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

April 30: Deposition of Saint Erkenwald, Bishop and Confessor
London Synod: Inferior Double Feast of Three Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

Bishop of London (675-693); translated (February 1, May 13, and) 1140, November 14, 1148. The November 14 Date was commemorated at St. Paul’s.

St. Erkenwald does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars (or in the Roman Kalendar, 1529); it is marked ‘non Sarum’.  The inclusion of this feast and the Deposition of St. Erkenwald in the Sarum Kalendar accommodates the Sarum Use to the Diocese of London, which officially adopted Sarum Use in 1414-1415.

May 1: Saints Philip and James, Apostles
Inferior Double Feast of Three Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

May 2
St. Athanasius, Bishop, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

May 3: The Invention of the Holy Cross
Minor Double Feast of Three Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

This Feast apparently stems from the Gallican liturgy of the 7th century.

May 4
St. Monica. No saint appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

May 6: Saint John before the Latin Gate
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxvii, dates this Feast to c. 790.

May 7: John of Beverley, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

(d 721) Bishop of York, canonized 1037, translated Oct 25, 1307.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 1416.

St. John of Beverley does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars (or in the Roman Kalendar).

May 8
The Apparition of St. Michael appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

May 9: The Translation of Saint Nicholas, Bishop
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir, non Sarum.

The Translation of St. Nicholas does not appear in the (older) Sarum Kalendars or in the Roman Kalendar, or in the York Kalendar.
St. Gregory (Nazianzen) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

Presumably this Feast appears in order to accommodate the many English churches dedicated to the Saint.

May 10: Saints Gordianus and Epimachus, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory.

(d. Rome, 362 and Alexandria, 250)

May 11
This is the Feast Day of the Dedication of Hereford Cathedral

May 12: Saints Nereus, Achilleus, and Pancras, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory.

May 14
St. Boniface appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568. (see June 5)

May 17
The Translation of St. Bernardini (Franciscan) appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

May 19: Saint Dunstan, Archbishop and Confessor

Simple Feast of Three Lessons before Pentecost or Nine Lessons after Pentecost, with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(909 – May 19, 988); Abbot of Glastonbury Abbey, Bishop of Worcester, Bishop of London, Archbishop of Canterbury, canonized 1029.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 1033, displacing St. Potentiana.

St. Pudentiana (Potentiana) appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

Saint Pudentiana (Potentiana), Virgin and Martyr
(2nd century, Rome) daughter of Saint Pudens, sister of Saint Praxedes.

Pudentiana is likely a fictional saint based on a misunderstanding of the name of the church dedicated to St. Pudens (an historical Roman martyr of the 1st century, who was possibly the Biblical Pudens; no feast at Sarum). In the medieval context, Potenciana was thought to be Pudens’s daughter and the sister of St Praxedes (probably also a fictional saint, feast day 21 July).

May 20
The Hereford Use has here the Feast of St. Ethelbert (with octave)

May 25: Saint Aldhelm, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Three Lessons before Pentecost or Nine Lessons after Pentecost, with Duple Invitatory, with two Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 639 – 25 May 709), Abbot of Malmesbury Abbey, first Bishop of Sherborne. (Sherborne was a see from 705 until it was transfered to Old Sarum in 1075.)
Aldhelm was translated by Dunstan 980; his name appears in the Roman martyrology.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the XI. century, displacing St. Urban.

Saint Urban
Pope, 222 to May 23, 230.

The York Use honours St. Urban rather than St. Aldhelm. Aldhelm, as Bishop of Sherbourne, had particular significance for Sarum.
The Translation of St. Francis appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Urban, Pope, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

May 26: St. Augustine (of Canterbury), Bishop and Confessor
Inferior Double Feast of Three Lessons before Pentecost or Nine Lessons after Pentecost with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 747.

St. Eleutherius, Pope, Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Use honours both Augustine and Bede on this day.

May 27
The Octave of St. Bernardini appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. John, Pope and Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

May 28: Saint Germain (Germanus), Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 496 – May 28, 576) Abbot, Bishop of Paris, canonized in 754.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

May 30
St. Felix, Pope, Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

May 31: Saint Petronilla, Virgin, not a Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(1st or 3rd century, Rome)

Petronilla of Rome.  She is a legitimate Roman martyr of the 3rd century, but not the daughter of St Peter.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast c. 760.

June 1: Saint Nichomede (Nichomedis), Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(A Roman martyr)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxvii, dates this Feast to the X. century.

St. Nichomede does not appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

June 2: Sts. Marcellinus and Peter, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(d. 304, Rome)

June 4
The York Use has Saint Petroc.

June 5: Saint Boniface, Bishop, and his Companions
Simple Feast of Three Lesson with Duple Invitatory with Two Rulers of the Choir (Kalendar); Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir (Sanctorale).

(c. 675?, Wessex, – June 5, 754, Frisia) Boniface was the first archbishop of Mainz, and Apostle of the Germans.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 756.

St. Boniface does not appear in the Roman Kalendar. (see May 14)

June 8: Saints Medard and Gildard, Bishops and Confessors
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

Medard (456–June 8, 545) was Bishop of Vermandois-Noyon.

Gildard (c. 448–June 8, 525) was Bishop of Rouen 488-525.
Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the X. century.

The York Use celebrates William of York, rather than Medard and Gildard.
Sts. Medard and Gildard do not appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

June 9: The Translation of Saint Edmund, Bishop (see also November 16)
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons (outside of Eastertide) or Three Lessons (within Eastertide) with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(1175–1240), from 1219 (or 1222) Treasurer of Salisbury Cathedral; from 1233(34), Archbishop of Canterbury. Edmund died while in France and was buried at Pontigny. Canonized 1246; translated June 9 1247.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 1247, displacing Sts. Primus and Felician (642-9). The adoption of this feast into the Sarum Rite appears to have taken place at a later date, seeing that this feast does not appear in the earlier Sarum sources. No doubt impetus was gained by Walter de la Wyle’s establishment of the Collegiate Church of St. Edmund in Salisbury on February 17, 1269. There is also a Chapel of St. Edmund in Salisbury Cathedral.

The Translation of St. Edmund does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.

Saints Primus and Felician
(d. ca. 297)

Sts. Primus and Felician, Martyrs, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568, and in the York Use.

June 11: Saint Barnabas, Apostle
Simple Feast of Three Lessons before Pentecost or Nine Lessons after Pentecost, with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

June 12: Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Date unknown, Rome.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the VIII. century.

June 13
St. Anthony of Padua (Franciscan), appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

June 14: Saint Basil, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

Saint Basil the Great (ca. 330–January 1 or 2, 379), Bishop of Caesarea Mazaca in Cappadocia.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the XI. century.

St. Basil does not appear here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

June 15: Saints Vitus, Modestus and Crescentia, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(d. ca. 303)
The Martyrology of Bede and the Old English Martyrology list Vitus by himself. Most of the medieval abbeys in England celebrated Vitus and Modestus without Crescentia, but five which followed the Sarum Rite added her name.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

The York Use has here the Octave of St. William.

The Hereford Use has here St. Edburga

June 16: The Translation of St. Richard (of Chichester)
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(1197 – April 3, 1253), Canonized 1262, Translated June 16, 1276. (see also April 3)

The Translation of St. Richard does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 1262, displacing Sts. Cyriacus and Julitta (XI c.).

Saints Cyriacus (Quriaqos) and Julitta
(d. 304, Tarsus)

The York Use omits the Translation of St. Richard, but has here Saints Ciricus and Julitta.

June 17
The York and Hereford Kalendars have here St. Botulph.

June 18: Saints Mark and Marcellian, Martyrs
Simple Feast of three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(d. c. 286, Rome)

June 19: Saints Gervase and Protase (Gervasius and Protasius), Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(2nd. c.)

June 20: The Translation of Saint Edward, King and Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons (or Three) with Duple Invitatory, wqith Two Rulers of the Choir.

(see also March 18)
(c. 962 – 18 March 978). Buried at Shaftesbury; translated, June 20, 1001 (or 1008). Edward was never canonized.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 1008.

The Octave of St. Anthony appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Silvester, Pope and Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.
The York Use omits the Translation of Saint Edward.

June 21
The York Use has here Saint Leufrid.

June 22: Saint Alban, Martyr
Simple Feast of NIne Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

The first martyr of England.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the VIII. century.

St. Paulinus of Nola appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

June 23: Saint Etheldreda, Virgin, not a Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

Etheldreda (Æthelthryth, Audrey) (ca. 636–June 23, 679), Queen of Northumbrian, Abbess of Ely from 672, translated 695 from a common grave to the new church at Ely.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the X. century.

St. Etheldreda does not appear in the Roman Kalendar, nor does she appear in all the Sarum Kalendars.

June 24: The Nativity of Saint John the Baptist
Minor Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir

June 26: Saints John and Paul, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory with no Rulers of the Choir.

(d. ca. 362, Rome)

June 28: Saint Leo, Pope and Confessor
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(611–June 28, 683) Pope Leo II 682-683.

The Vigil of the Apostles Peter and Paul

June 29: Saints Peter and Paul, Apostles
Minor Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

June 30: The Commemoration of Saint Paul
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

July 1: The Octave of St. John the Baptist
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir,

July 2: The Visitation of Blessed Mary
Greater Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

This Feast, associated with the Franciscans, was extended to the universal church in 1389.
In the Sarum Use this Feast has an Octave.  For a detailed examination of the development of this feast, see Richard Pfaff, New Liturgical Feasts in Later Medieval England (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970):40-61.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 1431 or 1480.

The older Sarum Kalendars have the Feast of Saints Processi and Martiniani, rather than the Visitation. Some Kalendars have Saint Swithun. The York Kalendars omit the Visitation.

The Choir is ruled throughout the octave.

Saints Processus and Martinian
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple \invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(ca. 3rd. c., Rome)
Presumably with the institution of the Feast of the Visitation Saints Processus and Martinian were relegated to a Memorial.

July 3
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Rulers of the Choir

July 4: The Translation and Ordination of Saint Martin, Bishop
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with two Rulers of the Choir.
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Two Rulers of the Choir

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

The Translation of St. Martin does not appear in the Roman Kalendar.

July 5
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Two Rulers of the Choir

July 6: The Octave of Saints Peter and Paul, Apostles
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Two Rulers of the Choir

July 7: The Translation of Saint Thomas, Archibishop and Martyr
Minor Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

Some sources indicate a Greater Double Feast of Nine Lessons.

Some sources indicate a Simple Feast of NIne Lessons with Duple Invitatory.

The translation to a new shrine in the Trinity Chapel at Canterbury Cathedral took place on Tuesday, July 7, 1220. This event has great significance for both the design of Salisbury Cathedral, and as a spur to the canonization of Osmund. See Tim Tatton-Browm and John Crook, Salisbury Cathedral: the Making of a Medieval Masterpiece (London: Scala, 2009):36-37.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 1220-3.

The Translation of St. Thomas does not appear in the Roman Kalendar.

The Sunday after the Translation of Saint Thomas: The Feast of Relics
Major Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir plus the Precentor.
The Sarum Feast of Relics has been on September 15 until 1252 when that date was used for the Octave of the Nativity of Blessed Mary, at which time the change was made.

The Feast of Relics was moved to the Sunday after the Translation of St. Thomas by Bishop Roger Martival in 1319.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates the Feast to 1252.

The removal of this feast to a Sunday meant there would be one more day available for labour.

The Hereford Use has the Feast of Relics on the same day.

July 8
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Two Rulers of the Choir

The York and Hereford Kalendars have St. Grimbald.

July 9: The Octave of the Visitation
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

The York Kalendars have Saint Everild.

July 10: The Seven Holy Brothers, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(d. ca. 150, Rome)

July 11: The Translation of Saint Benedict, Abbot
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons, if not observed in Lent, with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

This is the date of Benedict’s translation to the Abbey of Fleury (now Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire) in the 7th century.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

St. Pius, Pope, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Kalendars omit Saint Benedict.

July 12
Sts. Nabor and Felix, Martyrs, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

The Hereford Use has St. Cletus here.

July 13
St. Anacletus, Pope, Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

July 15: The Translation of Saint Swithun and his Companions, Bishops and Confessors

Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

St. Swithun, Bishop of Winchester, d. 863, translated July 15, 971.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the XI. century.

The York Kalendars omit the Translation of Saint Swithun.

July 16: The Translation of Saint Osmund, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

At the cathedral itself the feast would be at the highest level, a Principal Double Feast with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir plus the Precentor; that is, in equivalent rank to the Feast of the Dedication or the Patronal Feast.

The indication ‘non Sarum’ in the Kalendar signifies that this feast was not a general feast to be observed throughout the Province of Canterbury. Presumably the feast was celebrated throughout the diocese of Salisbury, with all from the Common of One Confessor and Bishop.  Only at the cathedral itself were the proper chants and lessons sung.

(The Feast Day of Osmund’s Deposition is December 4.)  Osmund succeeded Heremann as Bishop of Sarum in 1078, and died Dec 3, 1099.
Osmund’s remains were enshrined in the east end of (Old) Sarum Cathedral, over which a foramina tomb-shrine was built. This foramina shrine remains today in Salisbury Cathedral.
Osmund’s remains were first translated from Old Sarum to the New Salisbury Cathedral on Trinity Sunday, June 14, 1226, where they were placed in the south arcade of the newly built Trinity Chapel of Salisbury Cathedral, surmounted by the same foramina tomb-shrine.  (Tim Tatton Brown and John Crook, Salisbury Cathedral: The Making of a Medieval Masterpiece (Lond: Scala Books, 2009):52.) It may be that the design to focus the eastern arm of Salisbury Cathedral around a shrine of Osmund was planned from the beginning.
In 1228 the Bishop of Sarum and the canons applied to Gregory IX for Osmund’s canonization but not until some 200 years afterwards, the final proceedings having taken place in December 1456, on 1 January 1457, the bull was issued by Callistus III. (A. R. Malden, ed., The Canonization of Saint Osmund (Salisbury: Bennett Brothers, 1901:224-35.)
The letter was written from Rome on the 13th of December, 1456, and was received and solemnly published at Salisbury on the 15th of January following. (The Canonization of Saint Osmund, xxxi.)
In this Bull, December 4, the day following Osmund’s death, was officially established as his Feast Day (the deposition, or interment). Shortly after, on July 16, 1457, Osmund’s translation was again effected, when his remains were relocated from the south arcade bench of the Trinity Chapel to a more prominent shrine behind the High Altar, as suggested by some, in the middle of the Trinity (Salve, Lady) Chapel of Salisbury Cathedral. Others, including this author, believe that the shrine was located within the chancel and behind the high altar.  This shrine was destroyed, along with Osmund’s relics, at the reformation.  Today the the original foramina shrine remains on the south arcade bench of the Trinity Chapel, while the tomb slab (which also appears to originate from Old Sarum) is located in the centre of the Chapel.  (Recent news (2018) suggests that this slab has since been relocated.)

Presumably the proper texts and music for this feast were composed in or around 1457; thus they are among the latest additions to the Sarum liturgy.  They remain in a single manuscript in the cathedral library.

A lengthy account of Saint Osmund is given by Francis Goldie in Saints of Wessex and Wiltshire (London: Burns and Oates, 1885): 45-66.

The Translation of St. Osmund naturally does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
The York Use omits the Translation of St. Osmund.

July 17-23: Within the Octave of Saint Osmund
The full octave was celebrated at Salisbury Cathedral with Rulers of the Choir.
The Addition of the Feast of the Translation of St. Osmund with Octave has the effect of changing July 17 and 18 from the Feasts of St. Kenelm and St. Arnulph to the second and third days in the Octave of St. Osmund; July 19, formerly a feria becomes the fourth day of the Octave; the Feasts of St. Margaret and St. Mary Magdalene remain, but the Feasts of St. Praxedis and St. Appolinaris become the sixth day and the Octave day.

July 17: Saint Kenelm
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(ca. 812-819) Kenelm seem rather a legendary figure; he is not in Roman Martirology, but is in the Sarum Martyrology.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the XI. century.

St. Alexius (the Beggar) appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Kalendars omit Saint Kenelm.

July 18: Saint Arnulph (of Metz), Bishop and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 582 – 640)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 1121.

St. Symphorosa and her Seven Children, Martyrs, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Kalendars omit Saint Arnulf.

July 20: Saint Margaret, Virgin and Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

(289-304, Antioch)

Margaret of Antioch in Pisidia or Marina is likely a fictional saint, whose existence was questioned even in antiquity.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the XII. century.

July 21: Saint Praxedes (Praxedis), Virgin, not a Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(d. 165, Rome)

See St. Potentiana, May 19.

This Feast was replaced by the Octave of St. Osmund at Salisbury Cathedral only.

July 22: Saint Mary Magdalen (Magdalene)
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

July 23: Saint Apollinaris
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

First Bishop of Ravenna.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to 625-638.

This Feast was replaced by the Octave of St. Osmund at Salisbury Cathedral only.

This Feast will normally have neither first nor second vespers.

The Octave of the Translation of Saint Osmund
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

July 24: Saint Christina, Virgin and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

Saint Christina of Bolsena, also known as Christina of Tyre (3rd. c.).
(Not to be confused with Christina Mirabilis (c. 1150–July 24, 1224, Belgium), also venerated on July 24.)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the XI. century.

Vigil of St. James

July 25: Saint James, Apostle
Inferior Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxviii, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

Saint Christopher (d. ca. 251, Asia Minor)
Saint Cucuphas (269, Scillis- ca. 304, Sant Cugat del Vallès)

The blessing of new apples takes place on this day. (See the Manuale.)

July 26: Saint Anne, Mother of Mary
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory sung by three, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

St. Anne was venerated in the west from 13th c. (Douai 1291), and became universal in the west as late as 1584. According to Andrew Hughes the feast was obligatory in England from ca. 1382.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this feast to 1383.

The Feast of St. Anne does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
The Feast of St. Anne does not appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

July 27: The Seven Holy Sleepers, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

The Seven Sleepers of Epehesus, ca. 250.

These saints are a puzzle.  Were they charlatans, or were they foreign Christians whose story was misunderstood?

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XI. century.

The York Use celebrates St. Martha rather than the Seven Holy Brothers.
St. Pantaleon, Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

This feast normally has neither first nor second vespers.

July 28: Saint Samson (Sampson, Samsun) (of Dol), Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(ca. 480- 564), bishop in Wales and Brittany.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the X. century.

Sts. Nazarius and Celsus, Victor, and Innocent, Martyrs, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Use has here Saints Samson and Pantaleon.

July 29: Saints Felix (Felicius), Simplicius, Faustinus, and Beatrice
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Saint Felix, Martyr (Rome).
Simplicius, Faustinus, and Beatrice d. 302 or 303, Rome.

In the medieval context Felix was incorrectly venerated as a martyr and defender of the Nicene faith against the supposed Arian, Liberius. In fact Liberius was the orthodox pope and Felix was deposed as an Arian and sent into exile.

St. Martha appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

July 30: Saints Abdon and Sennen
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(d. ca. 250, Rome)

July 31: Saint Germanus
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir

(c. 378 – c. 448) Bishop of Auxerre.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the X. century.

St. Germanus does not appear in the Roman Kalendar.

August 1: Saint Peter in Chains
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

‘This feast was originally the dedication feast of the church of the Apostle [Peter], erected on the Esquiline Hill, [Rome], in the fourth century. The church was rebuilt by Sixtus III (432-40) at the expense of the Byzantine imperial family. Either the solemn consecration took place on 1 August, or this was the day of dedication of the earlier church. Perhaps this day was selected to replace the heathen festivities which took place on 1 August. In this church, which is still standing (S. Pietro in Vincoli), were probably preserved from the fourth century St. Peter’s chains, which were greatly venerated, small filings from the chains being regarded as precious relics.’ (‘St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles’, Catholic Encyclopedia (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11744a.htm).)

August 2: St. Stephen
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Stephen I (Bishop of Rome 254-257).

The Dedication of the Church of Porziuncola, Assisi (Franciscan), appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

This feast normally has neither first nor second vespers.

August 3: The Invention of (the relics of) Saint Stephen
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the X. century.

August 4
St. Justin appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Dominic appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

August 5: Saint Oswald, King and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

6(ca. 604-642), King of Northumbria; translated 909, because of Viking raids, to Gloucester.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XI. century.

St. Mary of the Snows and St. Dominic appear here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

Saint Dominic
The rubric indicates that this Office is not part of the Sarum Kalendar.

(1170– August 6, 1221) Founder of the Dominican Order. Canonized in 1234.
Dominic is more typically commemorated on August 4 (or 8).

Blessed Virgin Mary of the Snows
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons.

This Feast would appear to take the place of Saint Oswald.  The extent of its adoption is unclear.  Presumably in places which did not have music for the proper antiphons Sancta Maria succurre and Beatam me dicent, and the Invitatory Sancta Maria Dei genitrix, would supply the deficiency from another feast of the Virgin.

This is the Feast of the Dedication of the Basilica of St Mary Major in Rome.
This local Feast was extended throughout Rome in 14th c., and presumably spread from there. It was perhaps adopted at Sarum in the 16th. c. because of its Marian theme.
Apparently entered the general Roman calendar as late as the Breviarium Romanum of 1568.

Vespers would normally be of the Transfiguration.

August 6: The Transfiguration of Our Lord Jesus Christ
Minor Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple \invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

This feast originated in the in 9th c. In 1457, Pope Callistus III extended the feast throughout the Latin church in memory of the victory over the Turks at Belgrade in, the news of which reached Rome on August 6.  For a detailed examination of the development of this feast, see Richard Pfaff, New Liturgical Feasts in Later Medieval England (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970):13-39.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to 1457 or 1480.

The older Sarum Kalendars have the Feast of Saints Sixtus, Felicissimus, and Agapitus. This was superseded by the Feast of the Transfiguration.

Second vespers would normally be of the Most Sweet Name of Jesus.

August 7: The Feast of the Most Sweet (Holy) Name of Jesus
Major Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir plus the Precentor.

This Feast developed under the influence of John of Vercelli, OP, 1205-83 (after 1274) and Beranardino or sienna, a Franciscan 1380-1444. Walter Frere indicates its establishment in 1457 (Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix.). It was officially adopted by the Franciscans in 1530; however it became universal (in the Roman Church) only in 1721.  For a detailed examination of the development of this feast, see Richard Pfaff, New Liturgical Feasts in Later Medieval England (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970):62-83.
It appears in Sarum printed Breviaries from 1494, and in the 1520 Antiphonale.
(The calendar of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer stipulates a festival “The Name of Jesus” to be observed on 7 August as had been the practice in Durham, Salisbury and York and Aberdeen. (Catholic Encyclopedia.)
In the Sarum Rite this feast is provided with a full Octave, squeezed in between the Transfiguration and the Assumption.

The older Sarum Kalendars have the Feast of Saint Donatus. This was superseded by the Feast of the Most Sweet (Holy) Name of Jesus.
Saint Donatus appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568, and in the York Kalendars.
The introduction of the Feasts of the Transfiguration and the Most Sweet Name caused considerable change to the Sarum Kalendar, as summarized below.

Date Old Kalendar New Kalendar
August 5 Oswald Oswald
August 6 Sixtus Transfiguration
August 7 Donatus Most Sweet Name
August 8 Cyriacus Octave of the Most Sweet Name
August 9 Romanus Octave of the Most Sweet Name
August 10 Laurence Laurence
August 11 Tiburtius Octave of the Most Sweet Name
August 12 Oct. of Laurence Octave of the Most Sweet Name
August 13 Ipolitus Ipolitus
August 14 Eusebius Octave Day of the Most Sweet Name
August 15 Assumption Assumption

Saint Donatus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XI. century.
This Feast was superseded by the Feast of the Holy Name.

(d. August 7, 362?) Bishop of Arezzo.

August 8: Saints Ciriacus and Companions, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Duple Invitatory, Three Lessons
(d. c. 303, Rome)
With the introduction of the Feast of the Holy Name with Octave, this feast becomes a memorial, except where Ciriacus is the patron (which is not likely in England).

Saint Cyriacus and companions appears in the older Sarum Kalendars and the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568. The York Kalendars include the Octave of Saint Peter.

August 9: Saint Romanus, Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(d. 258, Rome)
With the introduction of the Feast of the Holy Name with Octave, this feast becomes a memorial, except where Romanus is the patron (which is not likely in England).

Vigil of St. Laurence

August 10: Saint Laurence (Lawrence), Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.
(c. 225–August 10, 258, Rome) Deacon.

August 11: Saint Tiburtius, Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Duple, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(3rd. c., Rome)
With the introduction of the Feast of the Holy Name with Octave, this feast becomes a memorial, except where Tiburtius is the patron (which is not likely in England).

The Hereford Use has St. Taurinus here

August 12
St. Clare appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Clare appears as a commemoration here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

August 13: Saint Hippolytus and his Companions, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

 three Lessons

(170, Rome–235, Sardinia)

August 14: Saint Eusebius, Priest
Simple Feast of Three Lessons

(d. c. 357, Rome)

The Octave of the Name of Jesus
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

The older Sarum Kalendars have the Feast of Saint Eusebius. This was superseded by the Octave of the Most Sweet Name of Jesus.
Saint Eusebius appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

Vigil of the Assumption

August 15: The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin
Principal Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir from the Superior Grade plus the Precentor.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VII. century.

August 16
Of the Octave of the Assumption
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

August 17: The Octave of St. Laurence
Of the Octave of the Assumption
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

August 18
Of the Octave of the Assumption
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

St. Agapitus, Memorial

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VII. century.

August 19
Of the Octave of the Assumption
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

St. Magnus, Memorial

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VIII. century.
St. Louis (of Toulouse) (Franciscan) appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

August 20
Of the Octave of the Assumption
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

St. Bernard appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

August 21
Of the Octave of the Assumption
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

August 22: The Octave of the Assumption
Simple Feast of Nine Lesson with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to 847.

August 23: Saints Timothy and Apollinaris
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(d. 290, Reims.)

These saints are likely literary inventions. There is great deal of confusion about the Timothys of 22 and 23 August. There is likely only one historical Timothy (the one on 22 August), a 3rd- or early 4th-century Roman martyr. In some sources (though apparently not Sarum), there is additional confusion with Timothy the Apostle (no feast at Sarum). The Apollinaris venerated on this day is likely Apollinaris of Ravenna (feast day 23 July), incorrectly or fictionally associated with Reims.

This feast will normally have neither first nor second vespers.

Vigil of Saint Bartholomew

August 24: Saint Bartholomew, Apostle
Inferior Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

Memorial of St. Audoenus, Bishop and Confessor

St. Audoenus (Ouen) (ca. 605-648), Archbishop of Rouen

August 25
St. Louis (King of France) appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
Saint Hilda appears here in the York Kalendar.

August 26
The Octave of St. Louis (of Toulouse) appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Zepherinus, Pope and Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

August 27: Saint Rufus (Ruphus), Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(died c. 295) Bishop of Capua, disciple of St Apollinaris of Ravenna.

St. Rufus does not appear in the Roman Kalendar.

August 28: St. Augustine (Justin) (of HIppo), Bishop
Inferior Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VIII. century, displacing St. Hermes.

(November 13, 354–August 28, 430), Bishop of Hippo Regius.

Memorial of St. Hermes, Martyr

(d. 120, Rome)

August 29: The Beheading of Saint John the Baptist
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

This feast is said to mark either the martyrdom of John, or the finding of his head, or the translation of his head.

Memorial of Saint Sabina, Virgin and Martyr

(d. 125, Rome)

St. Sabina was in fact a widow.

The York Use omits the Memorial of Saint Sabina.

August 30: Saints Felix and Adauctus, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(d. 303, Rome)

This feast will normally have neither first nor second vespers.

August 31: Saint Cuthburga
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(d. ca. 718) Abbess of Wimbourne.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XIII. century.

The older Sarum Kalendars omit the Feast of St. Cuthburga.
The York Use celebrates St. Aidan rather than St. Cuthburga. St. Aidan is of particular significance to Northumbria.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

September 1: Saint Giles, Abbot
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(ca. 650-710), French hermit.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XII. century, displacing St. Priscus (VIII c.).

The Holy Twelve Brothers and St. Giles both appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

Memorial of St. Priscus, Martyr

September 2
Saint Antoninus (of Pamiers), Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

September 3: The Ordination of St. Gregory
Simple Feast of Nine or Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir, non Sarum.

(see also March 12)
The older Sarum Kalendars omit the optional Feast of St. Gregory on this day. Nothing of St. Gregory appears here in the Sarum Breviary, as all is taken from the other feast.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

September 4: Translation of Saint Cuthbert
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons (or Three) with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 634 – 20 March 687), Bishop of Lindisfarne, translated 999; translated to Durham Cathedral, 1104. (see also March 20)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XI. century.

No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

September 5: Saint Bertin, Abbot and Confessor
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 615–709) Abbot, Saint-Omer.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VIII. century.

No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

September 7
The York Kalendars have Saint Evortius.

September 8: The Nativity of the Blessed Virgin
Major Double Feast of  Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir plus the Precentor.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VII. century, displacing St. HAdrian (VII c.).

September 9
Of the Octave of the Nativity of Mary
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Saint Gorgonius, Martyr, Memorial

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VII. century.

September 10

Of the Octave of the Nativity of Mary
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

St. Nicholas of Tolentino appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1568. (Octave of BVM)

September 11
Of the Octave of the Nativity of Mary
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Memorial of Saints Protus and Hyacinth, Martyrs

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VII. century.

September 12
Of the Octave of the Nativity of Mary
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

September 13
Of the Octave of the Nativity of Mary
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

The York Kalendars have here Saint Maurilius.

September 14: The Exaltation of the Holy Cross
Minor Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

This feast marks the dedication of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem in 335.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VII. century, displacing Sts. Cornelius and Cyprian.  This feast was celebrated in Rome.

(see also May 3)

Memorial of Saints Cornelius and Cyprian

Cornelius, Pope (d. 253, Rome); Cyprian, Bishop (d. 258, Carthage).

September 15: The Octave of the Nativity of Blessed Mary
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to 1252, displacing St. Nichomede.

The older Sarum kalendars place the Feast of Relics on this date. This was superseded by the Octave of the Nativity, and in 1319 the Feast of Relics was moved to the Sunday after the Translation of St. Thomas of Canterbury.
Some old Sarum Kalendars have Saint Nichomedes on this date.

Memorial of Saint Nicomedes (Nicomede)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VII. century.

September 16: St. Edith (of Wilton), Virgin, not a Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(961-September 15, 984) daughter of King Edgar (ruled 959-975); associated with Dunstan. Following her death in 984, she became the patron saint of her community at Wilton Abbey in Wiltshire and churches were dedicated to her in Wiltshire and in other parts of Anglo-Saxon England. Her biography was written by Goscelin. Wilton, it should be noted, is in very close proximity to Salisbury.

Sts. Euphemia, Lucy, and Geminianus, Martyrs, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
Sts. Cornelius and Cyprianus appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568 (and sometimes in old Sarum Kalendars).
Sts. Euphemia and Lucy appears here in the York Kalendars.

Memorial of Saints Euphemia, Lucy, and Geminianus, Martyrs

St. Euphemia (d. 303, Chalcedon); St. Lucy, see December 13.

September 17: Saint Lambert, Bishop and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 636 – c. 700), Bishop of Maastricht (Tongeren) from about 670 until his death. His major shrine is at Liege.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XI. century.

The Stigmata of St. Francis appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

September 20: Vigil of St. Matthew

St. Eustace and Companions, Martyrs, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

September 21: Saint Matthew, Apostle and Evangelist
Inferior Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

Memorial of Saint Laudo, Bishop and Confessor

St. Laud of Coutances (St. Lo) (6th c.)

In the Roman Martyrology St. Lo appears on September 22; in the Sarum and French Martyrologies on September 21.

September 22: Saint Maurice and his Companions, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Maurice (250, Thebes-287, Agaunum, Switzerland) was leader of the Theban Legion.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VIII. century.

September 23: Saint Thecla (Tecla), Virgin, not a Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

Thecla of Iconium, first century follower of Paul the Apostle.  Though widely venerated from ancient times as a follower of St Paul, Thecla is a literary creation.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to 1329.

St. Linus, Pope and Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

September 25: Saint Firmin (Fermin), Bishop and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 272, Pamplona-September 25 303, Amiens) First Bishop of Pamplona.

No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

September 26: Saints Cyprian and Justina, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(d. September 26, 304, Nicomedia)

September 27: Saints Cosmas and Damian, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(d. ca. 287, Aegea, Syrai)

St. Elzearius (Eleazarus) (Franciscan) appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

September 29: St. Michael, Archangel
Inferior Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

September 30: Saint Jerome, Priest and Doctor
Inferior Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

(c.  347, Stridon, Dalmatia–September 30, 420, Bethlehem) priest, confessor, theologian, historian, Doctor of the Church.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VIII. century.

October 1: Saint Remigius and his Companions, Bishops and Confessors
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Remigius (c. 437–January 13, 533) was Bishop of Reims and Apostle of the Franks.
October 1 commemorates the translation of his relics to the Abbey of Saint-Rémy in 1099.
Germanus (c. 380- July 31, 448, Ravenna) was Bishop of Auxerre. His remains were interred on October 1 at the Oratory of Saint Maurice, Auxerre. St. Germanus was the titular saint of many churches in England, including Selby Abbey. In the Roman Catholic Church his feast day is July 26.
Vedast (d. February 6, 539, Arras) was Bishop of Arras and Cambrai from 499. Vedast was venerated throughout Belgium as well as England (from the 10th century), where he was known as Saint Foster. The spread of his cult was aided by the presence of Augustinians from Arras in England in the 12th century. Three ancient churches in England (in London (St Vedast Foster Lane), Norwich, and Tathwell) were dedicated to him. In the Roman Catholic Church his feast day is February 6.
Bavo (622-659, Ghent) was a hermit.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

The Hereford Use has here St. Amandus, and a Memorial of St. Piat.

Memorial of St. Melor, Abbot

Saint Leodegar (Leger), Bishop and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons.

Saint Leodegar (Leger) (of Poitiers), (c. 615 – October 2, 679), Bishop of Autun (659-679).

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

Thomas of Hereford, non Sarum
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(Thomas de Cantilupe) (c. 1218 – August 25, 1282), Bishop of Hereford, canonized 1320.
The inclusion of proper lessons in the 1531 Breviary allows it to be used within the that diocese.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to 1310.

The Translation of St. Clare appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.
Thomas of Hereford appears here in the Hereford and York Kalendars.

October 4
The earlier Sarum Kalendars included the Feast of St. Francis.
The York Use (generally) celebrates St. Francis. The omission of Francis and Dominic from the later Sarum Kalendars may possibly be interpreted as a general animosity towards the mendicant orders.
St. Francis appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

October 5
The 1505 Hereford Kalendar has here St. Raphael

The Beachamp Register I Part 2 Folio 37. indicates the establishment of the Feast of St. Raphael in Salisbury Cathedral in 1456, to be celebrated on this day as a commemoration, or as a feast of nine lessons, with proper hymns, antiphons, responsories etc., with a mass with full propers, with both vespers  The proper office would appear to be that composed by Edmund Lacy, Bishop of Exeter in 1443.  However, nothing of this office remains in the Sarum sources.  Nevertheless Lacy’s office was adopted by Hereford and York, and me may assume that the Sarum office was the same.  the full office (text only) appears in the Hereford Breviary 1505. An edition of this text will appear in the Appendix. For full particulars, see Christopher Wordsworth, Ceremonies and Processions of the Cathedral Church of Salisbury (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1901): 263-268.

A Mass for St. Raphael appears here in the Hereford Missal 1502. This is not the same mass as that found among the votive masses in the Sarum missals.

October 6: Saint Faith, Virgin and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Saint Faith of Conques (3rd-4th c.)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XI. century.

No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

October 7: Saints Mark, Marcellus, and Apuleius, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Mark (d. October 7, 336) Pope. While he is described as a martyr here, this does not appear to be the historical case.
Marcellus, and Apuleius (3rd-4th c.)

Sts. Sergius, Bacchus,Marcellus, and Apuleius, Martyrs, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

The Hereford Kalendar has here St. Osyth, and in some sources a Memorial of Sts. Sergius and Bacchus

October 8
The York Kalendars have Saint Pelagia.

October 9: St.  Denis (Dionysius), and his Companions, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(b. Italy, d. 3rd. c. Montmartre) Bishop of Paris.

October 10: Saint Gereon and his Companions, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(d. ca. 304, Cologne)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XII. century.

The York and Hereford Kalendars have here Saint Paulinus.

This feast will normally have neither first nor second vespers.

October 11: Saint Nicasius and Companions, Martyrs
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(d. ca. 285, Vexin)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XII. century.

The Octave of St. Francis appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

October 12
The York Kalendars have here Saint Wilfrid.

October 13: The Translation of Saint Edward, King and Confessor (Edward the Confessor)
Inferior Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

(see also January 5)

(1003 – January 5, 1066.), ruled 1042-1066. His cult developed in the 12th century, as Osbert, prior of Westminster Abbey, worked for Edward’s canonization, which was effected on February 7, 1161, and he was translated on October 13, 1163. Henry III constructed a new tomb in the rebuilt Westminster Abbey, into which Edward was translated, again on October 13, in 1269.
Walter Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense, xxix.) suggests 1222 as the commencement of liturgical devotion to Edward, but his Feast does not appear on the earlier Sarum Kalendars (see J. Wickham Legg, ed., The Sarum Missal (Oxford: Clarendon, 1916):xxx.)
See Frank Barlow, ed. The Life of King Edward Who Rests at Westminster attributed to a monk of Saint-Bertin (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992); Jerome Bertram, trans., Life of St. Edward the Confessor by St. Aelred of Rievaulx (Southampton: Saint Austin, 1990); Jane Patricia Freeland, trans., “The Life of Saint Edward, King and Confessor,” in Aelred of Rievaulx: The Historical Works, ed. Marsha L. Dutton (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 2005): 123-243; and Jennifer N. Brown, “Translating Edward the Confessor: Feminism, Time, and Hagiography”, MFF lXIII-1 (2007): 46-57.

The Translation of St. Edward does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
The Seven Brothers (Franciscans) appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

October 14: Saint Callixtus, Pope and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(Pope, ca. 218-223)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VII. century.

This feast will normally have neither first nor second vespers.

October 15: Saint Wulfram (Vulfrannus), Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 640 – March 20, 703), Archbishop of Sens. His feast day is March 20. He was translated October 15, 1058, to the collegiate church of Our Lady in Abbeville, which was then re-dedicated in Wulfram’s name.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XII. century.

No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

October 16: St. Michael on Mount Tumba
Simple Feast of NIne Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(see also September 29)

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XII. century.

This Feast is not found in the York Kalendar.

No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar or in the York Kalendar.

October 17: The Translation of Saint Etheldreda [Audrey], Virgin, not a Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(ca. 636–June 23, 679) Abbess of Ely. translated October 17, 1106. (Walter Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense, xxix.) suggests 1480 as the introduction of this feast.)

(see also June 23)

The Translation of St. Etheldreda does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar or in the York Kalendar.

This feast will normally have neither first nor second vespers.

October 18: Saint Luke, Evangelist
Inferior Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

Memorial of St. Justus, Martyr

October 19: [The Deposition of] Saint Frideswide (Fritheswithe), Virgin, not a Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 650 – October 19, 727) abbess at Oxford; translated to to a new shrine, 1180.
(Walter Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense, xxix.) suggests 1480 as the introduction of this feast.)

The Feast of St. Frideswide does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
In the York Use this day is the Feast of Relics.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

The Hereford Use also has St. Frideswide here.

October 20
The York Kalendar has Saint Austreberta.

October 21: The Eleven Thousand Virgins
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Double Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

This feast may well have commemorated some sort of attack on a community of Christian women in the 4th century, but it certainly did not commemorate the martyrdom of an English woman named Ursula and 11,000 of her closest friends.

(Walter Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense, xxix.) suggests the 12th century as the introduction of this feast.)

St. Hilarion, Abbot, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568, and in the York Kalendar.

October 23: Saint Romanus, Archbishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(d. ca. 640) Bishop of Rouen.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XII. century.

No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

October 25: Saints Crispin and Crispinian, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(d. 286, Rome) Major shrine as Soissons.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

The Memorial of John of Beverley is in reference to his translation on October 25.
‘On 16 December 1416 Henry ordered the Bishop on London to celebrate the feasts of all three saints [Crispin, Crispinian, and John] on 25 October each year, throughout his diocese and in perpetuity, in commemoration. . . . Similar instructions were issued throughout the South of England, indeed all parts of the country forming the Archdiocese of Canterbury.’ (Stephen Cooper, Agincourt: Myth and Reality 1415-2015 (Barnsley:Praetorian Press, 2014):131.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to 1416.

This memorial is referenced in the famous St. Crispin speech in Shakespeare’s Henry V, Act IV Scene iii 18–67.

The middle readings of St. John of Beverley do not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
Sts. Chrysanthus and Daria, Martyrs, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Kalendar has Saint John of Beverley.

October 26
St. Evaristus, Pope and Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

October 27
Vigil

October 28: Saints Symon and Jude, Apostles
Inferior Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

October 30
The York Kalendar has here Saint Germanus.

October 31: Saint Quentin (Quintini)
Simple Feast of three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

Quentin of Amiens (d. ca. 287)

No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

November 1: the Feast of All Saints
Major Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir plus the Precentor.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

November 2: The Commemoration of the Dead (All Souls’ Day)
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with no Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

‘The Council of Oxford, 1222, declared All Souls’ Day a holy day of the second class, upon which only works of necessity were to be done.’ (Shakespere Wood, ‘All Souls’ Day and its Octave in Rome’, The Churchman LII (December 5, 1885):640.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to 1222, displacing St. Eustace (X c.).

November 3: Saint Winifred (Wenefrede), Virgin and Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

A 7th-century Welsh Saint, around whom many historical legends have formed.
In 1138, relics were carried to Shrewsbury to form the basis of an elaborate shrine.
(Walter Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense, xxix.) suggests 1415 as the introduction of this feast.)

The Feast of St. Wenefrede does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
A full Octave of All Saints appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

November 4
Sts. Vitalis and Agricola, Martyrs, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

November 6: Saint Leonard (of Noblac/Limoges), Abbot and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(d. 599.)
In the 12th century, although there is no previous mention of Leonard either in literature, liturgy or in church dedications, his cult rapidly spread, at first through Frankish lands, following the release of Bohemond I of Antioch in 1103 from a Danishmend prison, where the successful diplomacy was inspired by Leonard of Noblac. In 1103 Bohemond I of Antioch visited the Abbey of Noblac, where he made an offering in gratitude for his release. Leonard’s cult spread through all of Western Europe: in England, 177 churches are dedicated to him.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XII. century.

November 7
The York Kalendar has here Saint Willebrord.

November 8: The Four Crowned Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Four unknown martyrs, the names of whom were later learned to be Severus, Severianus, Carpophorus, and Victorinus, along with Claudius, Castorius, Symphorian, Nicostratus, and Simplicius, martyred between 287 and 305, are venerated on this day.

The Octave of All Saints also appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

November 9: Saint Theodore, Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

Theodore of Amasea (d. February 17 306)

This day would also be the Feast of the Icon of the Saviour. See the Psalter, [527].

The Dedication of the Basilica of the Saviour (Lateran) appears also on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

November 10
Sts. Tryphon, Respicius, and Nympha, Martyrs, and the Translation of Saint Louis appear in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.
The York Kalendar has Saint Martin, Pope.

November 11: Saint Martin, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(Sabaria ca. 316-November 8, 397, Candes) Bishop of Tours.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VII. century, displacing St. Menna.

Memorial of St. Menna (Mennas)

November 12
St. Martin, Pope and Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

November 13: Saint Brice, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(c. 370 – 444 AD), Bishop of Tours, succeeding Martin of Tours in 397.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

November 14: The Translation of Saint Erkenwald
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons [with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir], non Sarum.

(d. 693) Bishop of London, 675 and 693.
The inclusion of the lessons for this non-Sarum feast in the Breviary 1531 makes the book suitable for usewithin the diocese of London.

At St. Paul’s Cathedral, London, this would be a Principal Double Feast with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir plus the Precentor.

(See also April 30.)

No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

The Hereford Use has here as a later addition, St. Dyfrig

November 15: Saint Machutus (Malo, Maclovius), Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(520 – November 15, 621) founder of Saint-Malo, a commune in Brittany, France.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the XI. century.

No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

November 16: Saint Edmund, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(1175–1240), from 1219 (or 1222) Treasurer of Salisbury Cathedral; from 1233(34), Archbishop of Canterbury. Edmund died while in France and was buried at Pontigny. Canonized 1246; translated into a more honorable sepulchre, 1247.

(See also June 9.)

No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar.

November 17: Saint Hugh (of Lincoln), Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(1135/40 – November 16, 1200) Bishop of Lincoln 1186-1200; canonized 1220, displacing St. Anianus.

The Feast of St. Hugh does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
No saint appears on this day in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Gregory the Wonderworker appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.
The York Kalendar has Saint Anianus.

November 18: The Octave of Saint Martin
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

The Dedication of the Basilicas of Sts. Peter and Paul appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

This feast will normally have neither first nor second vespers.

November 19
St. Elizabeth (of Hungary) appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.
St. Pontianus, Pope and Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1568.

November 20: Saint Edmund, King and Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(ca. 841 – November 20, 869) King of East Anglia (ca 855-869). translated into the new church at Bury St. Edmunds, April 29, 1095; November 23, 1198. In 1219 Edmund’s remains were forcibly translated to Saint Sernin, Toulouse.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to 1013.

November 21
The Presentation of Blessed Mary appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

Seeing that the Feast of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin appears as a late insertion in the 1516 and 1531 Psalters, we may presume that in some places this feast was observed, presumably on this day.  This would presumably be celebrated, like the Conception and the Annunciation, at the level of a Minor Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

November 22: Saint Cecilia, Virgin and Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.
(d. November 22, 230, Rome)

November 23: St. Clement, Pope and Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Bishop of Rome 88-99.

November 24: Saint Grisogonus (Chrysogonus), Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

(d. November 24, ca. 304, Aquileia)

This feast will normally have neither first nor second vespers.

November 25: Saint Catherine (Catharine, Katherine), Virgin and Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Catherine of Alexandria (ca. 287-November 25, 305).

Katherine is a literary creation, likely intended as a Christian response to the pagan philosopher, Hypatia of Alexandria.

November 26: Saint Linus, Pope and Martyr
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

Bishop of Rome, ca. 67-76.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to ca. 1080.

Although venerated on November 26 in the Sarum and York Uses, his name appears on September 23 in the Roman Martyrology.

St. Peter of Alexandria, Bishop and Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

November 27
The earliest day for Advent

November 29: Saints Saturninus and Sisinnius, Martyrs
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Single Invitatory, with no Rulers of the Choir.

Saturninus, Priest in Rome and Sisinnius, Deacon in Rome, (both b. Carthaginia, d. Rome, c. 309) were sentenced to hard labor for their faith.
Saint Saturninus, Bishop of Toulouse (b. Patras, d. c. 257, Toulouse), is also venerated on this day.

Vigil

November 30: Saint Andrew, Apostle
Inferior Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

St. Andrew Cathedral, now in ruins, was the seat off the great archdiocese of Scotland.  The old cathedral was replaced beginning in 1158, and consecrated on July 5 1318.  It was abandoned in the 16th century.

December 1
The York and Hereford Kalendars have Sts. Chrysanthus and Daria.

December 2
St. Bibiana, Martyr, appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

December 3

The Hereford Use has a Memorial of St. Birinus

December 4: The Deposition of Saint Osmund, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Presumably at Salisbury Cathedral this feast would be a Lesser Double with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.  (Compare the Deposition of St. Erkenwald, April 30.)

St. Osmund, deposition, simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.
(d. December 3, 1099) Bishop of Sarum. Canonized 1456/1457, from which time his deposition (burial) was celebrated officially, and his name enrolled in the Roman Martyrology. For further information, see the Translation of St. Osmund, July 16.  That his feast day is apparently the day after his death may be understood if the new taken is taken to begin at sundown rather than midnight.
The Deposition of St. Osmund does not appear in the older Sarum Kalendars.
St. Barbara, Virgin and Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

December 5
St. Sabbas, Abbot, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

December 6:  Saint Nicholas, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Triple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

(15 March 15, 270–December 6 343) Bishop of Myra.
The celebration of this Feast in the west appears to date from the translation of the relics in 1087. (W. Frere, Antiphonale Sarisburiense: xxix. indicates the XI century.)

December 7: The Octave of Saint Andrew
Simple Feast of Three Lessons with Duple Invitatory

St. Ambrose appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568. (See April 4)

One source of the Hereford Use indicates here a Memorial of St. Ambrose.

The Octave of St. Andrew has no first vespers on account of St. Nicholas.  It has no second vespers since it is an unruled octave.  Most commonly the Octave of St. Andrew is observed only as a Memorial.

December 8: The Conception of the Blessed Virgin
Minor Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense: xxix.) places the general establishment of this Feast in the 11th century. This would align with the re-invigoration of the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin at Chartres in the same era. See Margot Fassler, ‘Mary’s Nativity, Fulbert of Chartres, and the Stirps Jesse: Liturgical Innovation circa 1000 and Its Afterlife’ Speculum LXXV (2000): 389-434.
However, this Feast does not appear in the ‘Old Ordinal’ (The Use of Sarum II: 106; 177), nor in The Sarum Missal Edited from Three Early Manuscripts: 235.  In the Kalendar of the latter (xxxii), the entry indicates ‘Conceptio sancte Marie.  ix. lec.  Sarum nichil.’   Thus it would seem that at Sarum the feast was adopted in the 14th-15th centuries.  this would accord with the papal authorization of the observance in1476-1477.
(The Roman Catholic dogma of the ‘Immaculate Conception’ was not promulgated until 1854.)

December 10
St. Melchiades, Pope, Martyr, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

December 11
St. Damasus, Pope, appears here in the Roman Kalendar, 1529 and 1568.

The Hereford use has a Memorial of St. Damasus here.

December 13: Saint Lucy, Virgin and Martyr
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the VIII. century.

December 15
The Octave of the Conception of Blessed Mary appears in the Roman Kalendar, 1529.

December 16
O Sapientia. The commencement of the series of great ‘O’ antiphons at the Magnificat, acting as a count-down to Christmas.

December 21: Saint Thomas, Apostle
Inferior Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir.

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to the IX. century.

December 24: The vigil of the Nativity
Single Invitatory (Duple if Sunday).

December 25: The Nativity of our Lord
Principal Double Feast of Nine Lessons with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir from the Superior Grade plus the Precentor.

December 26: St. Stephen, Protomartyr
Minor Double Feast of Nine Lessons  with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir from the Superior Grade.

December 27: St. John, Apostle and Evangelist
Minor Double Feast of Nine Lessons  with Quadruple Invitatory, with Four Rulers of the Choir from the Superior Grade.

December 28: The Holy Innocents,Martyrs
Minor Double Feast of Nine Lessons

December 29: St. Thomas (of Canterbury), Archbishop and Martyr
Minor Double Feast of Nine Lessons

Frere, Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix, dates this Feast to 1173.

December 30

In one source the Hereford Use has a Memorial of St. Egwin

December 31: St. Silvester, Pope and Confessor
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory, with Two Rulers of the Choir from the Second Form.