Companion to Missal-B: Sanctorale

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November 29: Vigil of St. Andrew, Apostle
Officium. Dominus secus mare Galilee (after Mat. 4:18 and Mark 1:16; Ps. 18:2.)

Communion. Dixit Andreas Symoni (after John 1:41-42.)

November 30: Saint Andrew, Apostle
Alleluya. Dilexit Andream Dominus

Sequence. Sacrocancta hodierne festivitas
Translation © 2017 Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Communion. Venite post me (after Mat. 4:19-20.)

December 6: St. Nicholas
Sequence. Congaudentes exultemus
Trans. Wrangham, Liturgical Poetry of Adam of St. Victor I: 170.

December 8: Conception of Blessed Mary
Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense, xxix.) places the general establishment of this Feast in the 11th century. This would align with the re-invigoration of the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin at Chartres in the same era. See Margot Fassler, ‘Mary’s Nativity, Fulbert of Chartres, and the Stirps Jesse: Liturgical Innovation circa 1000 and Its Afterlife’ Speculum LXXV (2000):389-434.
However, this Feast does not appear in the ‘Old Ordinal’ (The Use of Sarum II:106; 177), nor in The Sarum Missal Edited from Three Early Manuscripts: 235.  In the Kalendar of the latter (xxxii), the entry indicates ‘Conceptio sancte marie.  ix. lec.  Sarum nichil.’  Presumably the introduction of this Feast into the Sarum books coincided with the broader dissemination made possible through printing in the late 15th. century.
The texts, with the exception of the Sequence, are taken from the Feast of the Nativity of Blessed Mary, September 8.
The York Use borrows the same texts from the Nativity, including also the Sequence, ‘Alle celeste’.
The Roman Missals generally have different texts, presumably reflecting the initiatives of Popes Sixtus IV, Pius V, and Pius IX.
The Dominican Missal (Venice: Herzog, 1494) omits this Feast entirely, perhaps due to the teachings of Thomas Aquinas, himself a Dominican.

Officium. Gaudeamus omnes in Domino

Prayer. Supplicationem servorum tuorum.
Most Roman Missals have ‘Deus qui per immaculatam Virginis’.
The Roman Missal (1744) has ‘Famulis tuis quesumus Domine’.

Secret. Unigeniti tui Domine
The Roman Missal (1500 and 1543) has ‘Suscipe digneris per temetipsum’.
The Roman Missal (1744) has ‘Unigeniti tui Domine’.
The Liber Usualis and modern Roman Missal have ‘Salutarem hostiam’.

Postcommunion. Sumpsimus Domine celebritatis
The Roman Missal (1500 and 1543) has ‘Odorem Domine sacrificii hujus’.
The Roman Missal (1744) has ‘Sumpsimus Domine celebritatis’.
The Liber Usualis and modern Roman Missal have ‘Sacramenta quae sumpsimus’.

December 13: Saint Lucy

Secret. Gratanter Domine quesumus
The Roman Missal (1500 and 1543) has ‘Accepta tibi sit’.

Postcommunion. Lucie virginis et martyris
The Roman Missals have ‘Satiasti Domine familiam tuam’.

December 21: St. Thomas, Apostle

Communion. Mitte manum tuam (after John 20:25, 27.)

Postcommunion. Prosit plebi tue
The Roman Missals have ‘Adesto nobis misericors Deus’.

January 22: St. Vincent, martyr
Sequence. Stola jocunditatis
This text, with alterations, is reworked from the Sequence for St. Lawrence (August 10).
Trans. © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission

The York Use has the sequence ‘Christo canamus Dei’.

January 25: Conversion of Saint Paul.
Officium. Letemur omnes in Domino.
This is by no means a common Introit for this day. It is found in CANTUS only in one source, a Gradual from Sens, ca. 1400: P-Ln (Lisboa) Instituto da Biblioteca Nacional e do Livro Iluminado 84:164v.
The ‘Psalm’ is a continuation of the text of the Antiphon, and is not from the Psalter.

Gradual. Qui operatus est Petro

Alleluya. Magnus sanctus Paulus

Sequence. Solemnitas sancti Pauli
Trans. © 2017 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

The York Use has the sequence ‘Sancti Pauli conversio’.

Tract. Tu es vas electionis

Communion. Amen dico vobis : quod vos

February 2: Purification of Blessed Mary

Ant. Lumen ad revelationem

Officium. Suscepimus Deus

Gradual. Suscepimus Deus

Alleluya. Adorabo ad templum

Sequence. Hac clara die
10th. c.; Melody ‘Post partum’
Trans. © 2013 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

The York Use has the sequence ‘Ave preclara Maria’.

Tract. Nunc dimittis

Offertory. Diffusa est gratia

Communion. Responsum accepit Symeon

February 5: St. Agatha
Officium. Gaudeamus omnes

Gradual. Adjuvabit eum Deus

Communion. Qui me dignatus est

February 22: Cathedra St. Peter
Gradual. Exaltent eum in ecclesia

Tract. Tu es Petrus

Communion. Tu es Petrus

March 25: The Annunciation of Blessed Mary
Officium. Rorate celi desuper

Gradual. Tollite portas principes

Alleluya. Ave Maria

Sequence. Ave mundi spes Maria
Adam of St. Victor.
Trans. Wrangham, Liturgical Poetry of Adam of St. Victor III: 133.

The Hereford Use has the sequence ‘Mittit ad virginem’; the York Use has ‘Virgini Marie’.

Offertory. Ave Maria

Communion. Ecce virgo concipiet

April 25: St. Mark

Sequence. Laus devota

The York Use has the sequence ‘Plausu chorus’.

April 28: St. Vitalis
Offertory. Repleti sumus mane

May 1: Philip and James
Officium. Exclamaverunt ad te Domine

Alleluya. Stabunt justi in magna constantia

Communion. Tanto tempore

May 3: Invention of the Holy Cross
Officium. Nos autem gloriari oportet

Alleluya. Dulce lignum dulces clavos

Sequence. Salve crux sancta, arbor digna
The melody, known as ‘Dulce lignum minor’, is based on the melody of the preceding Alleluya.  See David Hiley, ‘Dulce lignum maior et minor‘, in Daniel Saulnier et al, Lingua mea calamus scribe(Solesmes, 2009), 159-172.

Offertory. Protege Domine plebem tuam

Communion. Per lignum servi facti sumus

May 6: St. John before the LatinGate

Sequence. Laus devota

The Hereford Use has the sequence ‘Johannes Jesus Christo’; the York Use has ‘Virgo mater’.

May 12: Saints Nereus, Achillies, and Pancras
Officium. Ecce oculi Domini

June 9: The Translation of Saint Edmund
Officium. Gaudeamus omnes in Domino

Alleluya. Hic Edmundus
The Alleluya is in rhyme.

June 18: Sts. Marcus and Marcellianus
Communion. Amen dico vobis : quod uni

June 19: Sts. Gervase and Prothase
Officium. Loquetur Dominus pacem

June 22: St. Alban
Sequence: Eya gaudens caterva
Tran. Matthew Carver, © 2017. Used with permission.

June 23: Vigil of St. John the Baptist
Officium. Ne timeas Zacharia

Gradual. Fuit homo missus a Deo

Alleluya. Tu puer propheta

June 24: St. John the Baptist
Officium. De ventre matris mee

Gradual. Priusquam te formarem

Alleluya. Inter natos

Sequence Sancti baptiste Christi
Tran. Matthew Carver, © 2017. Used with permission.

Communion. Tu puer propheta

June 26: Sts. John and Paul
Officium. Multe tribulationes justorum

Alleluya. Isti sunt due olive

Vigil of Sts. Peter and Paul
Officium. Dicit Dominus Petro

Communion. Simon Johannis

June 29: Saints Peter and Paul
Alleluya. Tu es Symon Barjona

Sequence Lauda jocunda melos
Tran. Matthew Carver, © 2017. Used with permission.

June 30: Commemoration of St. Paul
Officium. Scio cui credidi

July 2: The visitation of Blessed Mary
The York Use omits this Feast.

Officium. Gaudeamus omnes in Domino

Alleluya V. Mater mirifica summa
The Alleluya is in thyme.

Sequence. Celebremus in hac die
‘probably composed at Salisbury {Daniel, v. 258), . . . and which has this strophe —

Visitatrlx in montanls,
Visitatrix in his planis,
Sis matris ecclesiae,

which seems to have been written after the removal of the cathedral to its present site.’ (Julian, A Dictionary of Hymnology, 649.)
Tran. Matthew Carver, © 2017. Used with permission.

The Hereford Use has the sequence ‘Veni precelsa’.

Offertory. Ave Maria

Communion. Beata viscera

During the octave:
Sequence. Veni mater gratie
Tran. Matthew Carver, © 2017. Used with permission.

July 4: Translation and Ordination of St. Martin

Sequence. Sacerdotem Christi Martinum
Anon.
Tran. Matthew Carver, © 2017. Used with permission.

July 7: Translation of St. Thomas, martyr

The Feast of Relics

Sequence. Ecce pulchra

The York Use has the sequence ‘Mundi etate’.

July 10: The Seven Holy Brothers
Officium. Laudate pueri Dominum

Communion. Quicunque fecerit

July 16: Translation of St. Osmund
Officium. Gaudeamus omnes
The basis of this text is used for a number of Saints, especially Thomas Becket, and Feasts of the Virgin. The Sarum sources provide no music for this particular text, but it should obviously use the same music as provided for the Feast of the Assumption. This is provided in the Appendix.

Sequence. Gaudeamus Messia
This Sequence is not provided with music in the Sarum sources. However, it adapts perfectly to the familiar melody of Lauda Syon, and is thus set in the Appendix.

July 22: St. Mary Magdalene
Alleluya. Optimam partem

Sequence. Mane prima sabbati
Trans. Hymn Melodies for the Whole Year (Plainsong and Medieval Music Society, 1896): vi.
This Sequence is also used on Saturday of Easter Week.
Another translation appears in Hymns From the Ancient English Service Books (1882): 112 (#122).
A partial translation by J. M. Neale appears in The Hymnal Noted, #80.

The York Use has the sequence ‘Laus tibi Christe’.

July 23: St. Apollinaris
Communion. Semel juravi

July 26: Saint Anne
Officium. Gaudeamus omnes in Domino

Alleluya V. Salve sancta mater Anna
The Alleluya is in meter and rhyme

Sequence. Testamento veteri Anna
AH-VIII: #125 (p. 101).
Trans. © 2017 Matthew Carver. Used with permission.
This sequence appears in a handful of late-medieval sources.

The Hereford Use has the sequence ‘Anna stirpe generosa’.

August 1: The Chains of St. Peter
Alleluya. Solve jubente

Sequence. Nunc luce alma
Trans. © 2017 Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

August 2: St. Stephen, Pope and Martyr

August 3: The Invention of St. Stephen, Protomartyr

August 5: St. Oswald

August 6: The Transfiguration
As a late medieval feast (1457), this feast borrows its propers from elsewhere in the Gradual.  In the Roman Rite the selection of chants is completely different (see LU: 1585 for details).  Again, in the Dominican Rite only the Offertory is the same as in the Roman order.

Officium. Veni et ostende (Saturday in the Ember Days of Advent) OR In excelso throno (Sunday after Octave of Epiphany.)  This is only instance of which I am aware in which  the Sarum sources provide different selections, the former in the Missal, the latter in the Gradual!)

Gradual. Tecum principium (Christmas first mass)

Alleluya. Dies sanctificatus (Christmas third mass)

Sequence. Laudes Salvatori (Sunday in the Octave of Easter)

Offertory. Jesu enim firmabit (Christmas second mass)

Communion. In splendoribus (Christmas first mass)

August 7: The Most Sweet Name of Jesus
See E. G. Cuthbert F. Atchley, ‘Jesus Mass and Anthem.’ Transactions of the St. Paul’s Ecclesiological Society V (1905): 163-169.

See Richard Pfaff, ‘The Feast of the Name of Jesus’, New Liturgical Feasts in Later Medieval England (London: Oxford University Press, 1970).

‘The Office and Mass composed by Bernardine dei Busti (d. 1500) were approved by Sixtus IV.’, (Holweck, Frederick. “Feast of the Holy Name.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. VII. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 8 Aug. 2017 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07420a.htm>).

Officium. In nomine Jesu

Gradual. Constituit Deus Pater

Alleluya. Dulce nomen nostri

Alleluya. Surgens Jesus Dominus noster

Tract. Dulce nomen Jesu Christi
The Tract is versified.

Sequence. Dulcis Jesus Nazarenus

Attributed to Bernardine dei Busti [Bernardion de’ Bustis, d. 1550, Melagnano, It.] (Holweck, Frederick. “Feast of the Holy Name.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. VII. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 8 Aug. 2017 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07420a.htm>).  Richard Pfaff, however, notes that this sequence is English in origin:  New Liturgical Feasts in Later Medieval England (Oxford, 1970):67-68.

Sequence. Dulcis Jesu memoria

Attributed to St. Bernard of Clairvaux, this is a portion of the hymn, ‘Jesu dulcis memoria’, and known as the Rosy Sequence.  It comprises the first 7 and last 2 of the 42 stanzas of the complete poem.  The same poem is the basis of the hymn, Jesu dulcis memoria for this day (Brev.:{1055}, both of which share the first five stanzas–in slightly different versions.

This sequence is actually formed of Ambrosian stanzas, 8 8 8 8.
(See also F. Brittain, Mediaeval Latin and Romance Lyric to A. D. 1300 (Cambridge: at the University Press, 1951):109.)

Offertory. In nomine meo

Communion. Vincenti dabo manna
The Communion is versified.

August 8: St. Ciriacus
Communion. Signa eos

August 9: Vigil of St. Lawrence
Officium. Dispersit dedit pauperibus

Gradual. Dispersit dedit pauperibus

Alleluya. Levita Laurentius

Offertory. Oratio mea munda est

August 10: St. Lawrence, martyr
Officium. Confessio et pulchritudo

Gradual. Probasti Domine cor meum

Alleluya. Levita Laurentius

Sequence. Stola jocunditatis
This text, with alterations, is reused for St. Vincent (January 22).
trans. © 2015 by Matthew Carver.

Offertory. Confessio et pulchritudo

August 13: St. Hipolitus
Communion. dico autem vobis amicis meis

August 14: Vigil of the Assumption of Blessed Mary
Officium. Salve sancta Parens
This Officium is in hexameters.

Gradual. Benedicta et venerabilis

Alleluya. Post partum virgo

Offertory. Felix namque

Communion. Alma Dei genitrix

August 15: Assumption of Blessed Mary
Officium. Gaudeamus omnes in Domino

Gradual. Propter veritatem

Alleluya. Hodie Maria virgo

Alleluya. Assumpta est Maria

Sequence. Area virga prima matris
11th c.  Melody ‘Hodie Maria virgo’.
Trans. © 2013 by Matthew Carver. Used by permission.

Offertory. Diffusa est gratia

Communion. Beata viscera

Sequences within the Octave:

Sarum Hereford York
August 16 Post partum Ave mundi spes Ave Maria gratia
August 17 Ave Maria gratia Ave Maria gratia Ave mundi spes
August 18 Letabundus Mittit ad virginem Hac sacra die
August 19 Hac clara die Hodierna lux diei Hodierne lux
August 20 Ave mundi spes Summi regis Benedicta es celorum
August 21 Hodierne lux diei Benedicta es celorum Gaude Dei genitrix
August 22 Ave preclara Area virga  Area virga

August 16: Second Day
Sequence. Post partum virgo Maria
Trans. © 2013 by Matthew Carver. Used by permission.

August 17: Third Day
Sequence. Ave Maria gratia plena
Trans. © 2013 by Matthew Carver. Used by permission.

August 18: Fourth Day
Sequence. Letabundus

August 19: Fifth Day
Sequence. Hac clara die turma

August 20: Sixth Day
Sequence. Ave mundi spes Maria

August 21: Seventh Day
Sequence. Hodierne lux diei
Adam of St. Victor

August 17: Missa in capitulo de octavis sancti Laurentii.
Officium. Probasti domine cor meum

August 22: Octave Day
Sequence. Ave preclara maris stella
trans. © 2013 by Matthew Carver. Used by permission.

August 29: Missa in capitulo de sancta Sabina
Officium. Cognovi Domine quia equitas

Communion. Principes persecuti sunt me gratis

August 29: Beheading of St. John the Baptist
Alleluya. Misso Herodes spiculatore

Sequence. Sancte Baptiste

The York Use has the sequence ‘Deo laudes gloriose’.

September 8: Nativity of Blessed Mary
Officium. Gaudeamus omnes in Domino

Gradual. Audi filia et vide

Alleluya. Nativitas gloriose virginis
The text of the Alleluya foreshadows the Gospel Lesson.

Alleluya. Per te Dei genitrix

Sequence. Alle celeste necnon
Late 9th. c.  Melody ‘Mater sequentiarum’.
Translation © 2017 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Communion. Vera fides geniti

Sequences during the Octave of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin:

Sarum Hereford York
Sept. 9 Post partum virgo Jesse virgam humidavit
Sept. 10 Ave Maria gratia Alma Dei genitrix
Sept. 11 Letabundus Missus Gabriel
Sept. 12 Hac clara die Gaude Dei genitrix
Sept. 13 Ave mundi spes Summi regis
Sept. 14 Hodierne lux diei Benedcita es celorum
Sept. 15 Ave preclara Alle celeste Alle celeste

September 14: Exaltation of the Holy Cross
Sequence. Laudes crucis attollamus
Adam of St. Victor.
Translation © 2017 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.
‘that which Dr. Neale has denominated “the masterpiece of Adam,”‘. (Julian, A Dictionary of Hymnology, 649.)]

September 21: St. Matthew

Sequence. Laus devota

The York Use has the sequence ;Stans a longe’.

September 29: St. Michael
Officium. Benedicite Dominum omnes angeli ejus

Gradual. Benedicite Dominum omnes angeli ejus

Alleluya. In conspectu angelorum

Sequence. Ad celebres Rex celice
Trans. © 2017 by Matthew Carver. Used by permission.

Offertory. Stetit angelus

Communion. Benedicite omnes angeli

October 16: St. Michael in Mount Tumba
Alleluya. Concussum est mare

September 30: St. Jerome

Sequence. Adest nobis

The Hereford Use has the sequence ‘Organicis’.

October 9: St. Denis

Sequence. Ecce pulchra

The Hereford Use has the sequence ‘Gaude prole grecia’.

November 1 All Saints
Officium. Gaudeamus omnes in Domino

Alleluya. Judicagbunt sancti

Sequence. Christo inclyto candida nostra
Translation © 2017 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.
Each couplet describes a separate class of the blessed: 1) Mary, 2) Angels, 3) Prophets, 4) Apostles, 5) Martyrs, 6) Confessors, 7) Virgins, 8) Religious. In many cases, the chief within the class is named or otherwise described.
‘Tu propheta’ presumably refers to Moses, who is often considered the greatest of the prophets of the Old Testament.
‘Apostolorum princeps’ refers to St. Peter.
‘Martine inclyte’ refers to St. Martin of Tours (it is interesting that Martin is chosen as the chief representative among the Confessors.

November 20: St. Edmund, King and Martyr

Sequence. Organicis

The Hereford Use has the sequence ‘Omnes fidelium ecclesia’.

November 23: St. Clement
Officium. Dicit Dominus sermones mei

November 25: St. Katherine
Sequence. Odas hac in die letas
Trans. © 2017 Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

The Hereford use has the sequence ‘dilecto regi’.

Misse votive

In commemoratione Sancti Spiritus
Sequence. Veni Sancte Spiritus
This sequence has been attributed to Stephen Langton (d. 1228), Archbishop of Canterbury. (See F. J. E. Raby, The Oxford Book of Medieval Latin Verse, Oxford, 1959: 496.) It has also been attributed to Pope Innocent III (d. 1216). Called the ‘Golden Sequence’, in the Roman Use it is found on Pentecost Sunday.