Companion to the Missal C: Common of Saints, Votive Masses, and Kyriale.

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The earliest western Graduals have no Common of Saints, except for those of bishops: the Vigil of One Bishop (CAO 170), the Nativity of One Bishop (CAO 171-171.3), the Ordination of One Bishop (CAO 171.4), and the Ordination of Many Bishops (CAO 172). Instead these early sources include a variety of propers for saints’ days, but no further Commons of Saints. The Common of Saints was assembled over time as a convenient means of providing for saints’ days that lacked propers, and to avoid having multiple copies of repeated musical items. Thus the CAO numbers in the present volume are significant only in that they indicate that an item is part of the oldest layers of the gradual.  (Multiple reference numbers of repeated chants found in CAO are not indicated in the edition).

The following CAO feasts are not found in the Sarum Rite, although many of the chants appear in the common:
031.2, St. Felicis (Felix of Metz?, Feb. 21)
097, St. Alexander and companions (Feb. 26)
101, St. Pudentiana (May 19)
104, St. Urban (May 25)
113, Sts. Primus and Felician (June 9)
124 Sts. Processus and Matinian (July 2)
127 St. Praxedis (July 21)
132 St. Xystus (Aug. 6)
133 Sts. Felicissimus and Agapitus (Aug. 10)
139 St. Eusebius (Aug. 1)
144 St. Hermetis (Hermes) (Aug. 28)
145 St. Sabina (Aug. 29)
147 St. Adrian (Aug. 26)
148.2 St. Stephen (Aug. 6?)
151 Sts. Cornelius and Cyprian (Sept. 16)
153 St. Euphemia and companions (Sept. 16)
161 St. Caesarius (Nov. 1 or 3?)
164 St. Mennae (Nov. 11)

It is noteworthy that the selection of chants and readings from the Common of Saints for particular Feasts does not always follow the categories indicated below.  This may be partly on account of the historical circumstances outlined above, and partly on account of the suitability of certain texts for certain days. For example, On the Feast of St. Maur, Abbot and Confessor (January 15), the Officium and Communion are taken from the Common of One Martyr, rather than from the Common of One Confessor and Abbot.

[1]
Image: The miracle of the Mass of St. Gregory.  Pope Gregory I kneeling at the altar, before the image of Christ appearing above the chalice. (The story of this miracle appears, among other places, in The Golden Legend.)  That the celebrant is wearing a tiara would appear to be an indication that this is Pope Gregory, rather than that the tiara would actually be worn during the consecration. Compare the image in the Sarum Book of Hours known as “Queen Mary’s Psalter”, where an attending cardinal holds the tiara.
Two instruments of the passion are also represented, being held by angels.  Another notable feature of this image is the small figures presumably of the Virgin and St. John the Apostle, as is typically found on Rood Screens.

Vigil of One Apostle or Evangelist

The Vigils of One Apostle or Evangelist are:
Nov. 29, St Andrew
Dec. 20, St. Thomas
Feb. 23 (24 in leap years), St. Matthias
July  24, St. James
Aug. 23, St. Bartholomew
Sept. 20, St. Matthew
There is no Vigil for St. John the Evangelist, St. Mark the Evangelist, St. Barnabas, St. Paul, or St. Luke the Evangelist.

‘St. Luke has no Vigil probably because the Church is doubtful whether he suffered martyrdom.’ Frederick G. Lee, Directorium Anglicanum (London, Bosworth, 1865):100.

The Roman Missal 1543 includes a Vigil of Many Apostles, for use on the Vigils of Philip and James (April 30) and Simon and Jude (October 27). In the Sarum Use the only Vigil of Many Apostles is that of Simon and Jude (since there are no vigils of saints in Eastertide); therefore there is no Common for Vigils of Many Apostles. (Much of the content of that vigil is to be found in the common of the Roman Use.)

[In the Roman Use the Vigil of One Apostle was suppressed in the 1955 reform.]

Only the Officium chant is unique in the Vigil of One Apostle; the other chants are found in the Common of One Martyr.

Offic. Ego autem sicut oliva fructifera (Ps. 51:10-11; 1 (Old Roman).)

-Vigil of St. Thomas (Dec. 20)
-Vigil of St. James (Jul 24)
-Vigil of St. Bartholomew (Aug 23)
-Vigil of St. Matthew (Sep 20)

[2]
Prayer. Quesumus omnipotens Deus : ut nostra devotio
The Roman Missal (1543) has ‘Da quesumus omnipotens Deus : ut beati N.’.

-Vigil of St. Thomas (Dec. 20)
-Vigil of St. James (Jul 24)
-Vigil of St. Bartholomew (Aug 23)

Lesson. Benedictio Domini super caput

This Lesson appears in full in the Vigil of St. Andrew (Nov 29).
-Vigil of St. Thomas (Dec. 20) or below
-Vigil of St. James (Jul 24) or below
-Vigil of St. Bartholomew (Aug 23) or below

[3]
Lesson. Beatus homo qui invenit sapientiam

-Vigil of St. Thomas (Dec. 20) or above
-Vigil of St. James (Jul 24) or above
-Vigil of St. Bartholomew (Aug 23) or above
-Vigil of St. Matthew (Sep 20)
-St. Chrysogonus (Nov 24)

Grad. Justus ut palma (Ps. 91:13-14; 3 9 (Gallican).)
This Gradual also appears in the Common of One Martyr.

-Vigil of St. Thomas (Dec. 20)
-Vigil of St. James (Jul 24)
-Vigil of St. Bartholomew (Aug 23)
-Vigil of St. Matthew (Sep 20)

[4]
Gospel. Ego sum vitis vera

This Gospel is also used for other saints days in Eastertide.

-Vigil of St. Thomas (Dec. 20) or below
-St. Richard (Apr 3)
-St. Ambrose (Apr 4)
-St. Alphege (Apr 19)
-St. George (Apr 23)
-St. Mark (Apr 25)
-St. Vitalis (Apr 28)
-St. John of Beverley (May 7)
-St. Dunstan (May 19)
-St. Aldhelm (May 25)
-St. Germanus (May 28)
-St. Nichomede (Jun 1)
-St. Edward trans. (Jun 9)
-Vigil of St. James (Jul 24) or below
-Vigil of St. Bartholomew (Aug 23) or below

Gospel. Ego sum vitis, vos palmites

-Vigil of St. Thomas (Dec. 20) or above
-Sts. Tiburtius and Valerian (Apr 14)
-Sts. Gordian and Epimachus (May 10)
-Sts. Nereus, Achillies and Pancratius (May 12)
-St. Augustine (May 26)
-Sts. Boniface and Companions (Jun 5)
-Sts. Marcellinus and Peter (Jun 2)
-Vigil of St. James (Jul 24) or above
-Vigil of St. Bartholomew (Aug 23) or above
-Vigil of Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 27)

Offer. Gloria et honore (Ps. 8:6-7)
This Offertory also appears in the Common of One Martyr.

-Vigil of St. Andrew (Nov. 29)
-Vigil of St. Thomas (Dec. 20)
-Vigil of St. James (Jul 24)
-Vigil of St. Bartholomew (Aug 23)
-Vigil of St. Matthew (Sep 20)

[5]
Secret. Accepta sit tibi Domine nostre devotionis
This Secret also appears in the York, Westminster and Ambrosian Missals.
The Roman Missal (1543) has ‘Apostolice reverentie culminis’

-Vigil of St. Thomas (Dec. 20)
-Vigil of St. James (Jul 24)
-Vigil of St. Bartholomew (Aug 23)

Comm. Magna est gloria ejus
This Communion also appears in the Common of One Martyr.

-Vigil of St. Thomas (Dec. 20)
-Vigil of St. James (Jul 24)
-Vigil of St. Bartholomew (Aug 23)
-Vigil of St. Matthew (Sep 20)

[6]
Postcomm. Presta nobis eterne largitor
This Postcommunion also appears in the York Missal.
The Ambrosian Postcommunion is related: Presta quesumus omnipotens Deus : ejus nos oratione ubique protege . . . ‘
The Roman Missal (1543) has ‘Sancti apostoli tui N. quesumus’.

-Vigil of St. Thomas (Dec. 20)
-Vigil of St. James (Jul 24)
-Vigil of St. Bartholomew (Aug 23)

[7]
On the Day of One Apostle

The nine Feasts of One Apostle are:
Nov. 30, St. Andrew
Dec. 21, St. Thomas
Dec. 27, St. John (also Evangelist)
Feb. 24 (25 in leap years), St. Matthias
June 11, St. Barnabas
June 30, St. Paul
July 25, St. James
Aug. 24, St. Bartholomew
Sept. 21, St. Matthew (also Evangelist)

The Roman Missal 1962 has no Common of Apostles.  The Roman Missal 1543 has a Common of One Apostle, comprising Introit, Collect, Secret, and Postcommunion.

The text of Ps. 138:17 appears in the Officium, in the first Gradual, in the first Alleluya, and in the third Offertory.

The text of Ps. 18:5 appears in the second Gradual, in the second Alleluya, and in the first Offertory.

The text of Ps. 44:17-18 appears in the third Gradual and in the second Offertory.

Officium. Michi autem nimis honorati sunt (Ps. 138:17, 1-2)

-St. Andrew (Nov. 30)
-Octave of St. Andrew (Dec. 7)
-St. Thomas (Dec. 21)
-St. Matthias (Feb 24)
-St. Barnabas (Jun 11)
-Sts. Peter and Paul in oct.
-St. James (Jul 25)
-St. Bartholomew (Aug 24)
-St. Matthew (Sep 21)
-Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 28)

Prayer. Exaudi Domine populum tuum

This prayer appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.
This prayer appears in the Liber Sacramentorum of Gregory the Great (PL-78:151) as an additional prayer for St. Andrew.  It also appears in the Rituale Ecclesie Dunelmensis (Durham) :80.

[8]
Lesson. Jam non estis hospites

-St. Thomas (Dec. 21)
-St. Barnabas (Jun 11)
-Sts. Peter and Paul in oct.
-St. James (Jul 25)
-St. Bartholomew (Aug 24)

Lesson. Per manus apostolorum

This Lesson appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Gradual. Nimis honorati sunt (after Ps. 138:17-18)

-Vigil of St. Andrew (Nov. 29)
-Octave of St. Andrew (Dec. 7)
-St. Thomas (Dec. 21)
-St. Matthias (Feb 24)
-St. Barnabas (Jun 11)
-Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 28)

[9]
Gradual. In omnem terram exivit (Ps. 18:5, 2)

-Vigil of St. Andrew (Nov. 29)
-Vigil of Sts. Peter and Paul (Jun 28)
-St. James (Jul 25)
-St. Bartholomew (Aug 24)

[10]
Gradual. Constitues eos principes (Ps. 44:17-18)

-St. Andrew (Nov. 30)
-Sts. Peter and Paul (Jun 29)
-Sts. Peter and Paul in oct.
-St. Peter’s Chains (Aug 1)

[11]
Alleluya. Nimis honorati sunt (Ps. 138:17)

-Vigil of Sts. Peter and Paul (Jun 28)
-Sts. Peter and Paul in oct.
-St. James (Jul 25)
-St. Bartholomew (Aug 24)

Alleluya. In omnem terram (Ps. 18:5)
This Alleluya does not appear in Graduale Romanum  1908.

-St. Thomas (Dec. 21)
-St. Barnabas (Jun 11)

[12]
Alleluya. Per manus autem apostolorum (Acts 5:12)
This Alleluya does not appear in the Graduale Romanum 1908.

-Vigil of St. Matthew (Sep 20)

Alleluya. Non vos me elegistis (John 15:16)

-Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 28)

[13]
Tract. Beatus vir qui timet Dominum (Ps. 111:1-3)

This Tract also appears in the Common of One Confessor.

-St. Matthias (Feb 24)

[14]
Sequence. Clare Sanctorum
Attr. Notker of St. Gall.
Trans. © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

-St. Thomas (Dec. 21)
-Sts. Philip and James (May 1)
-St. Bartholomew (Aug 24) or below
-Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 28) or below

[16]
Sequence. Alleluya nunc decantet

Trans. © 2018 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.
The York Use has the sequence ‘Clare sanctorum’.

-St. Barnabas (Jun 11)
-St. James (Jul 25)
-St. Bartholomew (Aug 24) or above
-Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 28) or above

[19]
Gospel. Hec mando vobis

-Sts. Peter and Paul in oct.
-Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 28)

Gospel. Ecce ego mitto vos sicut oves

-Sts. Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius (Jun 12)
-Sts. Crispin and Crispinian (Oct 25)

Gospel. Dixit Symon Petrus . . . Ecce nos relinquimus omnia

-St. Paul (Jun 30)

[20]
Gospel. Venit Jesus in partes . . . Quem dicunt homines esse

-Sts. Peter and Paul (Jun 29)
-St. Peter’s Chains (Aug 1)

Gospel. Facta est contentio

-St. Apollinaris (Jul 23)
-St. Bartholomew (Aug 24)

[21]
Offertory. In omnem terram exivit sonus (Ps. 18:5)

-Octave of St. Andrew (Dec. 7)
-St. Matthias (Feb 24)
-Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 28)

Offertory. Constitues eos principes (Ps. 44:17-18)

-St. Thomas (Dec. 21)
-St. Peter’s Chair (Feb 22)
-Sts. Peter and Paul (Jun 29)
-Sts. Peter and Paul in oct.
-St. Peter’s Chains (Aug 1)
-St. Bartholomew (Aug 24)

[22]
Offertory. Michi autem nimis honorificati sunt (Ps. 138:17)

-St. Andrew (Nov. 30)
-Conversion of St. Paul (Jan 25)
-St. Barnabas (Jun 11)
-Vigil of Sts. Peter and Paul (Jun 28)
-St. Paul (Jun 30)
-St. James (Jul 25)

Secret. Beati apostoli tui
In the Roman Missal (pre- and post-Tridentine) this Secret appears on the feast of St. Bartholomew (August 24).

This Secret appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Communion. Vos qui secuti estis me (after Mat. 19:28)

-St. Matthias (Feb 24)
-St. Barnabas (Jun 11)
-Sts. Peter and Paul in oct.
-St. James (Jul 25)
-St. Bartholomew (Aug 24)
-Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 28)

Postcommunion. Tuere nos misericors Deus

This Postcommunion appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[24]
The Birthday of One Evangelist

The four Feasts of One Evangelist are:
Dec. 27, St. John (also Apostle) (propers in CAO)
Apr. 25, St. Mark
Sept. 21, St. Matthew (also Apostle)
Oct. 18, St. Luke

Officium. Os justi meditabitur (Ps. 36:30-31, 1)
This Officium is also used for Feasts of One Confessor and Abbot.

-St. Luke (Oct 18)

[25]
Prayer. Interveniat pro nobis
In the Roman Missal (pre and post Tridentine) this Prayer appears on the Feast of St. Luke (October 18).
‘. . . crucis mortificationem . . .’ appears to be a reference to Luke 9:23, ‘If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me’.

This prayer appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Lesson. Similitudo vultus quattuor

-St. Matthew (Sep 21)
-St. Luke (Oct 18)

Gradual. Os justi meditabitur

-St. Matthew (Sep 21)
-St. Luke (Oct 18)

[26]
Alleluya. Primus ad Syon dicet

-St. Mark (Apr 25)
-St. Matthew (Sep 21)
-St. Luke (Oct 18)

[No Tract appears, as no Feast of an Evangelist falls between Septuagesima and Easter.]

[27]
Sequence. Laus devota
Trans. in Hymn Melodies for the Whole Year (The Plainsong and Medieval Music Society, 1896): xv.

-St. Mark (Apr 25)
-St. John before the Latin Gate (May 6)
-St. Matthew (Sep 21)
-St. Luke (Oct 18)

The York Use has the sequence ‘Plausu chorus’.

[29]
Gospel. Designavit dominus et alios septuaginta duos

-St. Luke (Oct 18)

[30]
Offertory. Posuisti Domine in capite eus
This Offertory also appears on the Feast of St. Thomas, and on Feasts of One Martyr.

-St. Matthew (Sep 21)
-St. Luke (Oct 18)

Secret. Donis celestibus da nobis
In the Roman Missal this Secret appears on the Feast of St. Luke.
‘. . . medicinam nobis operentur . . .’ appears to be a reference to Luke, the Physician (see. Col. 4:14).

This Secret appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[31]
Communion. Magna est gloria ejus
This Communion appears also on the Vigil of One Apostle, and on Feasts of One Martyr.

-St. Matthew (Sep 21)
-St. Luke (Oct 18)

Postcommunion. Presta quesumus omnipotens Deus
In the Roman Missal this Postcommunion appears on the Feast of St. Luke.

This Postcommunion appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[32]
The Birthday of One Martyr

The Sarum feasts of one martyr are:

Dec. 26, St. Stephen (propers in CAO)
Dec. 29, St. Thomas of Canterbury (1173)
Jan. 14, St. Felix (propers in CAO)
Jan. 16, St. Marcellus (propers in CAO)
Jan. 22, St. Vincent (propers in CAO)
Feb. 3, St. Blaise
Feb. 14, St. Valentine (propers in CAO)
March 18, St. Edward
April 19, St. Alphege
April 23, St. George (propers in CAO)
April 28, St. Vitalis (propers in CAO)
June 1, St. Nichomedes (propers in CAO)
June 22, St. Alban
July 17, St. Kenelm
July 18, St. Arnulph (1121)
July 23, St. Apollinaris (propers in CAO)
July 28, St. Panthaleon
August 2, St. Stephen (propers in CAO)
August 5, St. Oswald
August 9, St. Romanus
August 10, St. Laurence (with octave) (propers in CAO)
August 11, St. Tiburtius (propers in CAO)
August 18, St. Agapitus (memorial) (propers in CAO)
August 19, St. Magnus (memorial)
August 27, St. Rufus
Sept. 9, St. Gorgonius (memorial) (propers in CAO)
Sept. 17, St. Lambert
Sept. 25, St. Firmin
Oct. 2, St. Leger
Oct. 14, St. Calixtus
Oct. 31, St. Quintinus
Nov. 9, St. Theodore (propers in CAO)
Nov. 23, St. Clement (propers in CAO)
Nov. 24, St. Chrysogonus (propers in CAO)
Nov. 26, St. Linus

In the Sarum sources, the order in which the Officia appear varies.

Officium. Justus ut palma (Ps. 91:13, 2)
In the Roman Missal this Officium appears in the Common of One Confessor.

-St. Maur (Jan 15)
-St. Tiburtius (Aug 11)

Officium. Justus non conturbabitur. (after Ps. 36:26, 28; 1)
This Officium does not appear in the Graduale Romanum 1908.

-St. Panthaleon (Jul 28)
-St. Rufus (Aug 27)

[33]
Officium. Gloria et honore. (Ps. 8:6-7; 2)
This Officium does not appear in the Graduale Romanum 1908.

-St. Edward, King and Martyr (Mar 18)
-St. Edward, King and Martyr trans. (Jun 20)
-St. Kenelm (Jul 17)
-St. Oswald (Aug 5)
-Beheading of St. John the Baptist (Aug 29)
-St. Edmund (Nov 20)
-St. Chrysogonus (Nov 24)

[34]
Officium. In virtute tua (after Ps. 20:2-3)

-St. Valentine (Feb 14)
-St. Alban (Jun 22)
-St. Donatus (Aug 7)
-St. Theodore (Nov 9)

[35]
Officium. Letabitur justus in Domino (Ps. 63:11; 2)

-St. Vincent (Jan 22)
-St. Nichomede (Jun 1)
-St. Arnulph (Jul 18)

[36]
Officium. Protexisti me Deus (Ps. 63:3; 2)
Seeing that ‘Alleluya’ is integral to the chant, this Officium ought to be sung in Eastertide, as is in fact indicated in the Roman Missal.

-St. Alphege (Apr 19)
-St. George (Apr 23)
-St. Mark (Apr 25)
-St. Vitalis (Apr 28)

Prayer. Adesto Domine supplicationibus nostris
In the Roman Use this prayer appears on the Vigil of St. Laurence (August 9). The Roman Missal 1962 includes an additional phrase, ‘cujus praevenimus festivitatem’.

-St. Meloro (Oct 1) (in full)

[37]
Lesson. Beatus vir qui in sapientia

-St. Vincent (Jan 22)
-St. Nichomede (Jun 1)
-St. Arnulph (Jul 18)
-St. Rufus (Aug 27)
-St. Theodore (Nov 9)
-St. Edmund (Nov 20)

Lesson. Benedictus Deus et Pater

-Sts. Abdon and Sennen (Jul 30)
-Sts. Sixtus, Felicissimus, and Agapitus (Aug 6)
-Sts. Cosmas and Damian (Sep 27)

Lesson. Beatus vir qui inventus est sine macula

-St. Valentine (Feb 14)
-St. Edward, King andMartyr (Mar 18)
-St. Edward, King and Martyr trans. (Jun 20)
-St. Kenelm (Jul 17)
-St. Oswald (Aug 5)

[38]
Lesson. Testificor coram Deo

-St. Felix (Jan 14)
-St. Apollinaris (Jul 23)

Lesson. Nemo militans Deo

-St. Vitalis (Apr 28)
-St. Donatus (Aug 7)

Lesson. Confido in vobis
This Lesson appears to be used only for Feasts of the Holy Cross; a such it does not really belong in the Common of One Martyr.

-Invention of the Holy Cross (May 3)
-Exaltation of the Holy Cross (Sep 14)

[39]
Gradual. Posuisti Domine super caput ejus (after Ps.20:4; 3.)

-St. Thomas the Martyr (Dec 29).
-St. Vincent (Jan 22)
-St. Edward, King andMartyr (Mar 18)
-St. Edward, King and Martyr trans. (Jun 20)
-St. Thomas of Canterbury trans. (Jul 7)
-St. Kenelm (Jul 17)
-St. Panthaleon (Jul 28)
-St. Oswald (Aug 5)
-St. Laurence octave day (Aug 17)
-Beheading of St. John the Baptist (Aug 29)
-St. Edmund (Nov 20)
-St. Chrysogonus (Nov 24)

[40]
Gradual. Beatus vir qui timet Dominum (Ps. 111:1-2)

-St. Valentine (Feb 14)
-St. Nichomede (Jun 1)
-St. Alban (Jun 22)
-St. Theodore (Nov 9)

Gradual. Justus non conturbabitur (after Ps. 36:26, 28; 1)
This Gradual appears in the Missale Romanum 1543, but does not appear in the Graduale Romanum 1908.

-St. Arnulph (Jul 18)
-St. Tiburtius (Aug 11)
-St. Rufus (Aug 27)

[41]
Gradual. Justus ut palma florebit (Ps. 91:13-14; 3 9 (Gallican).)
This Gradual also appears on the Vigil of One Apostle or Evangelist.
This Gradual appears not to be used for Feasts of One Martyr in the Sarum Rite.

[42]
Alleluya. Posuisti Domine super caput ejus (after Ps.20:4)

-St. Blaise, (Feb 3)
-St. Nichomede (Jun 1)
-St. Alban (Jun 22)
-St. Tiburtius (Aug 11)

Alleluya. Justus ut palma (Ps. 91:13 (Gallican).)

-St. Theodore (Nov 9)

[43]
Alleluya. Letabitur justus (Ps. 63:11)
This Alleluya appears in the Missale Romanum 1543, but does not appear in the Graduale Romanum 1908.
This melody is also used for ‘Alleluya. Caro mea’ at Corpus Christi, ‘Alleluya. Levita Laurentius’ for the Feast of St. Lawrence, and ‘Alleluya. Concussum est’ for the Feast of St. Michael.

-St. Vincent (Jan 22)
-St. George (Apr 23)
-St. Panthaleon (Jul 28)
-St. Edmund (Nov 20)

[44]
Alleluya. Iste sanctus digne
This Alleluya is not in the Roman Missal, nor does it appear in the printed Sarum Missals.

-St. Clement (108)

Alleluya. Beatus vir qui suffert (James 1:12)
In the Roman Rite this Alleluya appears in the Common of a Confessor not a Bishop.

-St. Valentine (Feb 14)
-St. Edward, King and Martyr trans. (Jun 20)
-St. Kenelm (Jul 17)
-St. Oswald (Aug 5)
-St. Chrysogonus (Nov 24)

[45]
Alleluya. Beatus vir qui timet (Ps. 111:1)
In the Roman Rite this Alleluya appears also in the Common of a Confessor not a Bishop. In the Graduale Romanum 1908 it appears only in the Common of a Confessor not a Bishop.

-St. Arnulph (Jul 18)
-St. Rufus (Aug 27)

Alleluya. Gloria et honore (Ps. 8:6-7)
This Alleuya appears in the Missale Romanum 1543, but not in the Graduale Romanum 1908.

This Alleluya and the next share the same melody.

-St. Thomas the Martyr (Dec 29).
-St. Thomas of Canterbury trans. (Jul 7)

[46]
Alleluya. Justus non conturbabitur
This Alleluya appears in the Missale Romanum 1543, but not in the Graduale Romanum 1908.
This Alleluya and the previous one share the same melody.
This Alleluya appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Sequence. Organicis canamus

Trans. © 2018 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

The Hereford and York Uses have the sequence ‘Ecce pulchra’.

-St. George (Apr 23)
-St. Vitalis (Apr 28)
-St. Edward, King and Martyr trans. (Jun 20)
-St. Edmund (Nov 20)
-St. Clement (108)

[48]
Tract. Desiderium anime ejus (Ps. 20:3-4)

-St. Vincent (Jan 22)
-St. Edward, King andMartyr (Mar 18)

[49]
Gospel. Nisi granum frumenti cadens

-St. Vincent (Jan 22)
-St. Laurence (Aug 10)

[50]
Gospel. Qui vos audit : me audit

-St. Felix (Jan 14)
-St. Leger (Oct 2)
-St. Chrysogonus (Nov 24)

Gospel. Si quis vult post me venire : abneget

-St. Valentine (Feb 14)
-St. Nichomede (Jun 1)
-St. Alban (Jun 22)
-St. Panthaleon (Jul 28)
-Vigil of St. Laurence (Aug 9)
-St. Tiburtius (Aug 11)
-St. Theodore (Nov 9)

Gospel. Si quis venit ad me : et non odit

-St. Edward, King andMartyr (Mar 18)
-St. Edward, King and Martyr trans. (Jun 20)
-St. Kenelm (Jul 17)
-St. Arnulph (Jul 18)
-Sts. Timothy and Simphorian (Aug 22)
-St. Edmund (Nov 20)

[51]
Gospel. NIchil opertum quod non reveletur

-St. Blaise, (Feb 3)
-St. Rufus (Aug 27)

Offertory. In virtute tua (after Ps. 20:2-3)
In the Roman Use this Offertory appears in the Common of a Confessor not a Bishop.

-St. Valentine (Feb 14)
-St. Nichomede (Jun 1)
-St. Alban (Jun 22)
-St. Arnulph (Jul 18)
-St. Panthaleon (Jul 28)
-St. Laurence octave day (Aug 17)
-St. Rufus (Aug 27)
-St. Lambert (Sep 17)

[52]
Offertory. Posuisti Domine in capite ejus (after Ps.20:4-5)
This Offertory also appears on Feasts of One Evangelist.

-St. Thomas the Martyr (Dec 29).
-St. Edward, King and Martyr trans. (Jun 20)
-St. Thomas of Canterbury trans. (Jul 7)
-St. Tiburtius (Aug 11)
-Beheading of St. John the Baptist (Aug 29)
-St. Edward trans. (Oct 13)

‘ . . . nisi infra septuagesimam.’ Presumably this Offertory would not be sung at all in Septuagesima-tide. If it were sung without ‘alleluya’ it would not end on the finalis.

Offertory. Justus ut palma (after Ps. 91:13.)
In the Roman Rite this Offertory appears in the Common of One Confessor and Bishop. In the Graduale Romanum 1908 it appears in the Common of a Doctor.

-St. John the Evangelist (Dec 27)
-St. John before the Latin Gate (May 6)
-St. John the Baptist (Jun 24)

[53]
Offertory. Confitebuntur celi (Ps. 88:6)
This Offertory also appears in the Common of Many Martyrs.
In the Graduale Romanum 1908 this Offertory appears in the Common of One Martyr in Eastertide.

-Sts. Tiburtius and Valerian (Apr 14)
-St. Alphege (Apr 19)
-St. George (Apr 23)
-St. Mark (Apr 25)
-Sts. Philip and James (May 1)

Offertory. Gloria et honore (Ps. 8:6-7)
This Offertory also appears on Vigils of One Apostle or Evangelist.

-St. Felix (Jan 14)
-St. Vincent (Jan 22)
-St. Blaise, (Feb 3)
-St. Edward, King andMartyr (Mar 18)
-St. John the Baptist vigil (Jun 23)
-St. Kenelm (Jul 17)
-St. Oswald (Aug 5)
-St. Theodore (Nov 9)
-St. Edmund (Nov 20)
-St. Chrysogonus (Nov 24)

[54]
Secret. Presentia munera Domine
In the Missale Romanum (Venice, 1558) this Secret appears on the Feast of Saint Blaise (February 3). In the Liber Sacramentorum of Gregory the Great, this Secret appears in the Mass of One Martyr (PL-78:164).

-St. Meloro (Oct 1) (in full)
This Secret is related to that for the Eleven Thousand Virgins (Oct 21).

Communion. Qui vult venire post me (Mat. 16:24)
In the Roman Rite this Communion appears in the Common of One Martyr not a Bishop.

-St. Vincent (Jan 22)
-St. Edward, King and Martyr trans. (Jun 20)
-Vigil of St. Laurence (Aug 9)
-St. Tiburtius (Aug 11)

Communion. Qui michi ministrat (John 12:26)
In the Roman Rite this Communion appears in the Common of One Martyr not a Bishop.

-St. Laurence (Aug 10)

[55]
Communion. Posuisti Domine in capite ejus (Ps.20:4)
In the Roman Rite this Communion appears in the Common of One Martyr and Bishop.

-St. Felix (Jan 14)
-St. Blaise, (Feb 3)
-St. Nichomede (Jun 1)  This would potentially require the addition of an Alleluya which does not appear in the sources.
-St. Arnulph (Jul 18)
-St. Laurence octave day (Aug 17)
-St. Lambert (Sep 17)
-St. Chrysogonus (Nov 24)

Communion. Letabitur justus in Domino (Ps. 63:11)
In the Missale Romanum (1543) this Communion appears in the Common of One Martyr not a Bishop. In the Graduale Romanum (1908) this Communion appears in the Common of One Martyr in Eastertide.

-St. George (Apr 23)

[56]
Communion. Ego sum vitis vera (John 15:5)
In the Missale Romanum 1543 this Communion appears in the Common of Many Apostles. This Communion does not appear in the Graduale Romanum 1908.

-St. Alphege (Apr 19)
-St. Mark (Apr 25)
-St. Vitalis (Apr 28)

Communion. Magna est gloria ejus (Ps. 20:6)
This Communion also appears on the Vigil of One Apostle, and on Feasts of One Evangelist.
In the Roman Rite this Communion appears in the Vigil of One Apostle.

-St. Thomas the Martyr (Dec 28).
-St. Maur (Jan 15)
-St. Valentine (Feb 14)
-St. Edward, King andMartyr (Mar 18)
-St. Alban (Jun 22)
-St. John the Baptist vigil (Jun 23)
-St. Thomas of Canterbury trans. (Jul 7)
-St. Kenelm (Jul 17)
-St. Panthaleon (Jul 28)
-St. Oswald (Aug 5)
-St. Donatus (Aug 7)
-St. Rufus (Aug 27)
-Beheading of St. John the Baptist (Aug 29)
-St. Edward trans. (Oct 13)
-St. Theodore (Nov 9)
-St. Edmund (Nov 20)

Postcommunion. Quos refecti Domine celesti mysterio
This Postcommunion appears to be based upon one with the same incipit in the Gelasian Sacramentary (LXV Orationes in Contentione ad Missas), H. A. Wilson, The Gelasian Sacramentary (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1894): 279; PL-74:1222.
This Postcommunion also appears in the York Missal, Minster Library MS XVI I 3, on the Feast of St. Nichomede (June 1); see Missale ad usum insignis ecclesie Eboracensis II (Durham: Andrews and Co., 1874):41.

-St. Meloro (Oct 1) (in full)

[57]
On the Birthday of One Martyr and Bishop
Prayer. Deus qui sanctam nobis hujus diei

-The Eleven Thousand Virgins (Oct 21) (infull)

Lesson. Omnis pontifex ex hominibus

-St. Thomas of Canterbury (Dec 29)
-St. Marcellinus (Jan 16)
-St. Blaise, (Feb 3)
-St. Thomas of Canterbury trans. (Jul 7)
-St. Stephen (Aug 2)
-St. Lambert (Sep 17)
-St. Firmin (Sep 25)
-St. Linus (Nov 26)

Lesson. Doctrinis variis et peregrinis

-St. Alphege (Apr 19)
-St. Tiburtius (Aug 11)
-St. Calixtus (Oct 14)

Gospel. Circuibat Jesus civitates

-St. Lambert (Sep 17)
-St. Firmin (Sep 25)

[58]
Gospel. Homo quidam nobilis abiit

-St. Thomas of Canterbury trans. (Jul 7)
-St. Stephen (Aug 2)
-St. Machutus (Nov 15)
-St. Clement (108)
-St. Linus (Nov 26)

[59]
Secret. Intende propicius quesumus Domine

This Secret appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Postcommunion. Sumpsimus Domine in sancti martyris

-The Eleven Thousand Virgins (Oct 21) (infull)

[60]
On the Birthday of Many Martyrs
(‘Many’, of course, means ‘more than one’.)

The Sarum feasts of many martyrs are:
Dec. 28, the Holy Innocents (propers in CAO)
Jan. 8, Lucian and comps. (Memorial)
Jan. 20, Fabian and Sebastian (propers in CAO)
Feb. 6, Vedastus and Amandus
April 14, Tiburtius and Valerian (propers in CAO)
May 10, Gordian and Epimachus (propers in CAO)
May 12, Nereus, Achilles, and Pancratius (propers in CAO)
June 2, Marcellinus and Peter (propers in CAO)
June 5, Boniface and comps.
June 8, Medard and Gildard
June 12, Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius (propers in CAO)
June 15, Vitus, Modestus, and Crecentia
June 18, Mark and Marcellian (propers in CAO)
June 19, Gervase and Protase (propers in CAO)
June 26, John and Paul (propers in CAO)
July 2, Processus and Matinianus
July 10, the Seven Holy Brothers (propers in CAO)
July 27, the Seven Sleepers
July 29, Felix, Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrice (propers in CAO)
July 30, Abdon and Sennen (propers in CAO)
Aug. 6, Sixtus, Felicissimus, and Agapitus
Aug. 8, Cyriacus and comps. (propers in CAO)
Aug. 13, Hippolytus and comps. (propers in CAO)
Aug. 22, Timotheus and Simphorianus
Aug. 23, Timotheus and Apollinaris (propers in CAO)
Aug. 30, Felix and Adauctus (propers in CAO)
Sept. 11, Protus and Hyacith (Memorial) (propers in CAO)
Sept. 22, Maurice and comps.
Sept. 26, Cyprian and Justina
Sept. 27, Cosmas and Damian (propers in CAO)
Oct. 1, Remigius and comps.
Oct. 7, Mark, Marcellus, and Apuleius
Oct. 9, Dionysius and comps. (propers in CAO)
Oct. 10, Gereon and comps.
Oct. 11, Nicasius and comps.
Oct. 25, Crispin and Crispinian
Nov. 8, the Four Crowned Martyrs (propers in CAO)
Nov. 29, Saturninus and Sisinnius

Officium. Intret in conspectu tuo

-Sts. Fabian and Sebastian (Jan 20)
-Sts. Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius (Jun 12)
-Sts. Abdon and Sennen (Jul 30)
-Sts. Maurice and comps. (Sep 22)
-Sts. Dionysius and comps. (Oct 9)
-Vigil of Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 27)
-The Four Crowned Martyrs (Nov 8)

[61]
Officium. Clamaverunt justi

-Sts. Marcellinus and Peter (Jun 2)

[62]
Officium. Timete Dominum

-Sts. Cyriacus and comps (Aug 8)
-Vigil of All Saints (Oct 31)

[63]
Officium. Justi epulentur

-Sts. Vitus, Modestus, and Crecentia (Jun 15)
-Sts. Hippolytus and comps. (Aug 13)
-Sts. Gereon and comps. (Oct 10)

Officium. Sapientiam sanctorum

-Octave of Sts. Peter and Paul (Jul 6)
-Feast of Relics (Jul 8-14)
-Sts. Felix and Adauctus (Aug 30)
-Sts.  Cosmas and Damian (Sep 27)

[64]
Officium. Salus autem justorum

-Sts. Mark and Marcellian (Jun 18)
-The Seven Sleepers (Jul 27)
-Sts. Sixtus, Felicissimus, and Agapitus (Aug 6)
-Sts. Cyprian and Justina (Sep 26)
-Sts. Mark, Marcellus, and Apuleius (Oct 7)
-Sts. Crispin and Crispinian (Oct 25)

[65]
Officium. Judicant sancti gentes

-Sts. Processus and Matinianus (Jul 2)

In the Graduale Romanum 1908 this Officium appears on the Vigil of All Saints.

Officium. Sancti tui Domine

-Sts. Tiburtius and Valerian (Apr 14)
-Sts. Gordian and Epimachus (May 10)
-Sts. Boniface and Companions (Jun 5)

[66]
Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus da nobis

-Sts. Cyprian and Justina (Sep 26) or below, or proper.

Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus : quod in sanctorum martyrum

-Sts. Cyprian and Justina (Sep 26) or above, or proper.

Lesson. Sancti per fidem

-Sts. Fabian and Sebastian (Jan 20)
-Sts. Processus and Matinianus (Jul 2)
-Sts. Maurice and comps. (Sep 22)
-Sts. Mark, Marcellus, and Apuleius (Oct 7)
-Sts. Gereon and comps. (Oct 10)

[67]
Lesson. Justorum anime in manu Dei sunt

-Sts. Gordian and Epimachus (May 10)
-Sts. Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius (Jun 12)
-The Seven Sleepers (Jul 27)
-Sts. Timothy and Simphorian (Aug 22)
-Sts. Felix and Adauctus (Aug 30)
-Vigil of Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 27)
-The Four Crowned Martyrs (Nov 8)

Lesson. Justi autem imperpetuum vivent

-Sts. Nereus, Achillies and Pancratius (May 12)
-Sts. Vitus, Modestus, and Crecentia (Jun 15)
-Sts. Hippolytus and comps. (Aug 13)
-Sts. Cyprian and Justina (Sep 26) or below, or proper

Lesson. Rememoramini pristinos dies

-The Seven Holy Brothers (Jul 10)
-Sts. Nicasius and comps. (Oct 11)

[68]
Lesson. Spectaculum facti sumus

-Sts. Boniface and Companions (Jun 5)
-Sts. Crispin and Crispinian (Oct 25)

Lesson Lingua sapientiam ornat

-Sts. Tiburtius and Valerian (Apr 14)
-Sts. Mark and Marcellian (Jun 18)
-Sts. Felix, Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrice (Jul 29)

Lesson Redet Deus mercedem

This Lesson appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[69]
Lesson. Hi sunt viri misericordie

-Sts. John and Paul (Jun 26)
-Sts. Peter and Paul oct. (Jul 6)
-Feast of Relics (Jul 8-14)

Gradual. Gloriosus Deus in sanctis
This Gradual also appears on Feasts of Many Virgins.

-Sts. Fabian and Sebastian (Jan 20)
-Sts. Gervase and Protase (Jun 19)
-Sts. Abdon and Sennen (Jul 30)
-Sts. Maurice and comps. (Sep 22)
-Sts. Dionysius and comps. (Oct 9)

[70]
Gradual. Clamaverunt justi

-Sts. Boniface and Companions (Jun 5)
-Sts. Vitus, Modestus, and Crecentia (Jun 15)
-Sts. Cosmas and Damian (Sep 27)

[71]
Gradual. Timete Dominum

-Sts. Cyriacus and comps (Aug 8)
-All Saints (Nov 1)

Gradual. Justorum anime

-Sts. Marcellinus and Peter (Jun 2)
-Sts. Mark and Marcellian (Jun 18)
-Sts. Peter and Paul oct. (Jul 6)
-Sts. Sixtus, Felicissimus, and Agapitus (Aug 6)
-Sts. Hippolytus and comps. (Aug 13)
-Sts. Timothy and Simphorian (Aug 22)
-Sts. Felix and Adauctus (Aug 30)
-Sts. Mark, Marcellus, and Apuleius (Oct 7)
-Sts. Gereon and comps. (Oct 10)

[72]
Gradual. Exultabunt sancti in gloria
This Gradual also appears in the Common of Many Virgins.

-Sts. Processus and Matinianus (Jul 2)
-The Seven Sleepers (Jul 27)
-Feast of Relics (Jul 8-14)
-Vigil of All Saints (Oct 31)

[73]
Gradual. Vindica Domine

-Sts. Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius (Jun 12)
-Sts. Cyprian and Justina (Sep 26) or below, or proper
-Vigil of Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 27)
-The Four Crowned Martyrs (Nov 8)

[74]
Gradual. Ecce quam bonum
This Gradual also appears on the 22nd. Sunday after Trinity.

-Sts. John and Paul (Jun 26)
-Sts. Crispin and Crispinian (Oct 25)

[75]
Gradual. Anima nostra

-Holy Innocents (Dec 28).

[76]
Alleluya. Sancti tui Domine benedicent te

-Sts. Fabian and Sebastian (Jan 20)
-Sts. Timothy and Simphorian (Aug 22)
-Vigil of Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 27)

Alleluya. Sancti tui Domine florebunt

-Sts. Tiburtius and Valerian (Apr 14)
-St. Vitalis (Apr 28)
-Sts. Gordian and Epimachus (May 10)
-Sts. Boniface and Companions (Jun 5)

[77]
Alleluya. Sancti et justi

-Sts. Gervase and Protase (Jun 19)
-Feast of Relics (Jul 8-14)
-Sts. Hippolytus and comps. (Aug 13)

Alleluya. Vox exultationis

-Sts.Nereus, Achillies and Pancratius (May 12)
-Sts. Felix, Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrice (Jul 29)
-Sts. Cosmas and Damian (Sep 27)

[78]
Alleluya. Justi epulentur

-Sts. Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius (Jun 12)
-The Seven Sleepers (Jul 27)
-Sts. Felix and Adauctus (Aug 30)
-Sts. Cyprian and Justina (Sep 26) or below, or proper
-Sts. Dionysius and comps. (Oct 9)
-Sts. Crispin and Crispinian (Oct 25)

[79]
Alleluya. Reddet Deus mercedem

-Sts. Mark and Marcellian (Jun 18)
-Sts. Processus and Matinianus (Jul 2)
-Sts. Abdon and Sennen (Jul 30)
-Sts. Sixtus, Felicissimus, and Agapitus (Aug 6)
-Sts. Gereon and comps. (Oct 10)

Alleluya. Mirabilis Dominus noster

-Sts. Vitus, Modestus, and Crecentia (Jun 15)
-Sts. Cyriacus and comps (Aug 8)
-Sts. Mark, Marcellus, and Apuleius (Oct 7)
-Vigil of All Saints (Oct 31)
-The Four Crowned Martyrs (Nov 8)

[80]
Alleluya. Te martyrum candidatus

-Holy Innocents (Dec 28).
-Sts. Maurice and comps. (Sep 22)

Tract. Qui seminant in lachrymis

-Sts. Fabian and Sebastian (Jan 20)

[81]
Sequence. Ecce pulchra canorum

Trans. © 2018 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

-Sts. Fabian and Sbastian (Jan 20) (or below)
-Sts. John and Paul (Jun 26)
-Sts. Peter and Paul oct. (Jul 6)
-Feast of Relics (Jul 8-14)
-Sts. Hippolytus and comps. (Aug 13) (or below)
-Sts. Maurice and comps. (Sep 22)
-Sts. Dionysius and comps. (Oct 9)
-Sts. Crispin and Crispinian (Oct 25)

[84]
Sequence. Mirabilis Deus in sanctis
Trans. in Hymn Melodies for the Whole Year (the Plainsong and Medieval Music Society, 1896): xvii.

-Sts. Fabian and Sbastian (Jan 20) (or above)
-Sts. Hippolytus and comps. (Aug 13) (or above)

[85]
Gospel. Elevatis Jesus oculis . . . Beati pauperes : quia vestrum est

-Sts. Cosmas and Damian (Sep 27)

Gospel. Videns Jesus turbas . . . Beati pauperes spiritu

-Feast of Relics (Jul 8-14)

[86]
Gospel. Cum persequentur vos

-Sts. Boniface and Companions (Jun 5)
-Sts. Cyprian and Justina (Sep 26) or below, or proper
-Sts. Nicasius and comps. (Oct 11)

Gospel. Ponite ergo in cordibus vestris

This Gospel appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Gospel. Descendens Jesus de monte

-Sts. Fabian and Sebastian (Jan 20)
-Sts. Maurice and comps. (Sep 22)
-Sts. Dionysius and comps. (Oct 9)

Gospel. Cum audieritis prelia

-Sts. Marcellinus and Peter (Jun 2)
-The Seven Sleepers (Jul 27)
-Sts. Sixtus, Felicissimus, and Agapitus (Aug 6)
-Sts. Mark, Marcellus, and Apuleius (Oct 7)
-Sts. Gereon and comps. (Oct 10)
-The Four Crowned Martyrs (Nov 8)

[87]
Gospel. Attendite a fermento

-Sts. John and Paul (Jun 26)
-Sts. Felix, Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrice (Jul 29)
-Sts. Hippolytus and comps. (Aug 13)
-Sts. Felix and Adauctus (Aug 30)

Gospel. Dic nobis quando hec erunt

This Gospel appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[88]
Gospel. Ve vobis qui edificatis monumenta

This Gospel appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Gospel. Egrediente Jesu de templo

This Gospel appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[89]
Divisio. Videte ne quid vos seducat

-Sts. Mark and Marcellian (Jun 18)
-Sts. Abdon and Sennen (Jul 30)

Gospel. Nolite arbitrari

This Gospel appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[90]
Gospel. Egressus Jesus de templo ibat

This Gospel appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Offertory. Mirabilis Deus in sanctis suis

-Sts. Gordian and Epimachus (May 10)
-Feast of Relics (Jul 8-14)
-The Seven Sleepers (Jul 27)
-Sts. Abdon and Sennen (Jul 30)
-Sts. Gereon and comps. (Oct 10)
-All Saints (Nov 1)

[91]
Offertory. Gloriabuntur in te

-Sts. Vitus, Modestus, and Crecentia (Jun 15)
-Sts. John and Paul (Jun 26)
-Sts. Processus and Matinianus (Jul 2)
-Sts. Sixtus, Felicissimus, and Agapitus (Aug 6)
-Sts. Cosmas and Damian (Sep 27)
-Sts. Crispin and Crispinian (Oct 25)

[92]
Offertory. Letamini in Domino

-Sts. Fabian and Sebastian (Jan 20)
-Sts. Marcellinus and Peter (Jun 2)
-Sts. Gervase and Protase (Jun 19)
-Sts. Cyriacus and comps (Aug 8)
-Sts. Felix and Adauctus (Aug 30)
-Sts. Maurice and comps. (Sep 22)
-Sts. Dionysius and comps. (Oct 9)
-Vigil of All Saints (Oct 31)

Offertory. Exultabunt sancti in gloria
This Offertory also appears on Feasts of Many Confessors.

-Sts. Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius (Jun 12)
-Sts. Peter and Paul oct. (Jul 6)
-Sts. Felix, Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrice (Jul 29)
-Sts. Timothy and Simphorian (Aug 22)
-Sts. Cyprian and Justina (Sep 26) or below, or proper
-Sts. Mark, Marcellus, and Apuleius (Oct 7)
-Vigil of Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 27)
-The Four Crowned Martyrs (Nov 8)

[93]
Offertory. Anima nostra sicut passer
-Holy Innocents (Dec 28).

-Sts. Mark and Marcellian (Jun 18)
-The Seven Holy Brothers (Jul 10)
-Sts. Hippolytus and comps. (Aug 13)

Offertory. Confitebuntur celi (Ps. 88:6)
This Offertory also appears in the Common of One Martyr.

-Sts. Nereus, Achillies and Pancratius (May 12)
-Sts. Boniface and Companions (Jun 5)

[94]
Offertory. Repleti sumus mane misericordia.
This Offertory appears on the Feast of St. Vitalis (April 28).

Secret. Suscipe quesumus Domine munera populi tui
This Secret appears in the Gelasian Sacramentary (Oxford: Clarendon, 1894) : 213.

This Secret appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Secret. Sanctorum martyrum tuorum atque pontificum

This Secret appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Communion. Gaudete justi in Domino

-Sts. Tiburtius and Valerian (Apr 14)
-Sts. Nereus, Achillies and Pancratius (May 12)
-Sts. Boniface and Companions (Jun 5)
-Feast of Relics (Jul 8-14)
-All Saints (Nov 1)

[95]
Communion. Multitudo languentium

-Sts. Fabian and Sebastian (Jan 20)
-Sts. Cyprian and Justina (Sep 26) or below, or proper
-Sts. Dionysius and comps. (Oct 9)

[96]
Communion. Posuerunt mortalia

-Sts. Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius (Jun 12)
-Sts. Gervase and Protase (Jun 19)
-Sts. Abdon and Sennen (Jul 30)
-Sts. Cosmas and Damian (Sep 27)
-The Four Crowned Martyrs (Nov 8)

Communion. Justorum anime in manu Dei sunt

-Sts. Gordian and Epimachus (May 10)
-Sts. Marcellinus and Peter (Jun 2)
-Sts. Peter and Paul oct. (Jul 6)
-The Seven Sleepers (Jul 27)
-Sts. Maurice and comps. (Sep 22)
-Sts. Mark, Marcellus, and Apuleius (Oct 7)
-Sts. Gereon and comps. (Oct 10)
-Vigil of Sts. Simon and Jude (Oct 27)
-Vigil of All Saints (Oct 31)

[97]
Communion. Ego vos elegi
This Communion also appears on Feasts of Many Confessors.

-Sts. Felix, Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrice (Jul 29)
-Sts. Sixtus, Felicissimus, and Agapitus (Aug 6)
-Sts. Timothy and Simphorian (Aug 22)

[98]

Communion. Et si coram hominibus

-Sts. John and Paul (Jun 26)
-Sts. Crispin and Crispinian (Oct 25)

Communion. Anima nostra sicut passer

-Sts. Vitus, Modestus, and Crecentia (Jun 15)
-Sts. Processus and Matinianus (Jul 2)

Communion. Ego sum vitis vera
This Communion appears in the Common of One Martyr.

This Communion appears to have no assignments to many martyrs in the Sarum liturgy.

Communion. Dico autem vobis amicis meis
This Communion appears to have no assignments to many martyrs in the Sarum liturgy.

-St. Hipolitus (August 13).

[99]
Communion. Quod dico vobis
In the Graduale 1508, this Communion only appears on the Feast of Sts. Felix and Adauctus (August 30).

This Communion appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Communion. Amen dico vobis quod uni
In the Graduale 1508 this Communion appears only on the Feast of Saints Mark, Marcellus, and Apuleius (October 7).
In the Graduale Romanum 1908 this Communion appears on the Monday of Lent 1.

-St. Francis (Oct 4)

Postcommunion. Sacramentorum tuorum Domine

This Postcommunino appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[100]
Postcommunion. Deus qui nos sacramenti tui

This Postcommunion appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Another Mass for Many Martyrs not Bishops
In the Missale Romanum 1543 the prayers of this Mass appear as the first set of prayers for Masses of Many Martyrs.  The prayers of this Mass appear in the Roman Missal 1962 in the Missa ‘Sapientiam’ for Many Martyrs.

This Mass appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy, but presumably could be used ad libitum or for a memorial.

Prayer. Deus qui nos concedis sanctorum martyrum tuorum

Secret. Munera tibi Domine

Postcommunion. Presta nobis quesumus Domine intercedentibus

Another Mass for Many Martyrs
This Mass appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy, but presumably could be used ad libitum or for a memorial.

Prayer. Concede quesumus omnipotens Deus : ut sanctorum

Secret. Propicius esto Domine supplicacionibus nostris

[101]
Postcommunion. Salutaris almonie participacione

Another Mass for Manny Martyrs (and Bishops)
This Mass appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy, but presumably could be used ad libitum or for a memorial.

Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus qui in sanctorum martyrum

Secret. Sanctorum martyrum tuorum atque pontificem

Postcommunion. Deus qui nos sacramenti tui veneranda

[103]
On the Birthday of One Confessor

The Sarum Feasts of One Confessor are:
Dec. 4, St. Osmund (Deposition)
Dec. 6, St. Nicholas
Dec. 31, St. Silvester (propers in CAO)
Jan. 5, St. Edward (Memorial)
Jan. 15, St.Maurus (Abbot)
Jan. 17, St. Sulpicius
Jan. 27, St. Julian
March 1, St. David
March 2, St. Chad
March 12, St. Gregory (Doctor)
March 20, St. Cuthbert
March 21, St. Benedict (Abbot)
April 3, St. Richard
April 4, St. Ambrose (Doctor)
April 30, St. Erkenwald
May 7, St. John of Beverley
May 19, St. Dunstan
May 25, St. Aldhelm
May 26, St. Augustine (of Canterbury)
May 28, St. Germanus
June 9, Translation of St. Edmund
June 13, St. Basil
June 16, Translation of St. Richard
June 28, St. Leo (Doctor)
July 4, Translation of St. Martin
July 11, Translation of St. Benedict (Abbot)
July 16, Translation of St. Osmund
July 28, St. Sampson
July 31, St. Germanus
Aug. 28, St. Augustine (of Hippo) (Doctor)
Sept. 1, St. Giles (Abbot)
Sept. 3, Ordination of St. Gregory (Doctor)
Sept. 4, Translation of St. Cuthbert
Sept. 5, St. Bertin (Abbot)
Sept. 30, St. Jerome (Doctor)
Oct. 13, Translation of St. Edward
Oct. 15, St. Wulfram
Oct. 23, St. Romanus
Nov. 6, St. Leonard (Abbot)
Nov. 11, St. Martin (with octave)
Nov. 13, St. Brice
Nov. 14, Translation of St. Erkenwald (London)
Nov. 15, St. Machutus
Nov. 16, St. Edmund
Nov. 17, St. Hugh

Officium. Statuit ei Dominus

-St. Osmund (Dec. 4)
-St. Nicholas (Dec. 6)
-St. Marcellinus (Jan 16)
-St. Wulfstan (Jan 19)
-St. Julian (Jan 27)
-St. Peter’s Chair (Feb 22)
-St. David (Mar 1)
-St. Patrick (Mar 17)
-St. Cuthbert (Mar 20)
-St. Richard (Apr 3)
-St. John of Beverley (May 7)
-St. Aldhelm (May 25)
-St. Germanus (May 28)
-St. Basil (Jun 14)
-St. Richard trans. (Jun 16)
-St. Martin trans. (Jul 4)
-St. Sampson (Jul 28)
-St. Augustine (Aug 28)
-St. Cuthbert trans. (Sep 4)
-St. Wulfram (Oct 15)
-St. Romanus (Oct 23)
-St. Martin (Nov 11)
-St. Machutus (Nov 15)
-St. Hugh (Nov 17)
-St. Martin Octave (Nov 18)

[104]
Officium. Sacerdotes tui Domine

-Saint Silvester (Dec 31).
-St. Ambrose (Apr 4)
-St. Dunstan (May 19)
-St. Apollinaris (Jul 23)
-St. Stephen (Aug 2)
-St. Linus (Nov 26)

[105]
Officium. Sacerdotes Dei
This Officium also appears on Feasts of One Confessor and Doctor.

-St. Felix (Jan 14)
-St. Sulpice (Jan 16)
-St. Blaise, (Feb 3)
-St. Chad (Mar 2)
-St. Germanus (Jul 31)
-St. Donatus (Aug 7)
-St. Lambert (Sep 17)
-St. Firmin (Sep 25)
-St. Leger (Oct 2)
-St. Calixtus (Oct 14)
-St. Brice (Nov 13)

Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus qui nos beati N.

-St. Germanus (May 28) (in full)

[106]
Prayer. Da quesumus omnipotens Deus ut beati N.

-St. Patrick (Mar 17) (in full)
-St. John of Beverley (May 7) (in full)
-St. Wulfram (Oct 15) (in full)

Lesson. Ecce sacerdos magnus qui in diebus suis
The incipit ‘Ecce sacerdos magnus’ refers to this Lesson (rather than the following one) unless otherwise specified.

-St. Osmund (Dec. 4)
-St. Nicholas (Dec. 6)
-St. Silvester (Dec 31)
-St. Wulfstan (Jan 19)
-St. David (Mar 1)
-St. Patrick (Mar 17)
-St. Cuthbert (Mar 20)
-St. Richard (Apr 3)
-St. Dunstan (May 19)
-St. Germanus (May 28)
-St. Basil (Jun 14)
-St. Richard trans. (Jun 16)
-St. Martin trans. (Jul 4)
-St. Sampson (Jul 28)
-St. Cuthbert trans. (Sep 4)
-St. Wulfram (Oct 15)
-St. Martin (Nov 11)
-St. Machutus (Nov 15)
-St. Martin Octave (Nov 18)

Lesson. Ecce sacerdos magnus : qui in vita sua

-St. Edward trans. (Jun 9)
-St. Osmund trans. (Jul 16)
-St. Edmund (Nov 16)

[107]
Lesson. Justum deduxit Dominus per vias rectas

-St. Sulpice (Jan 16)
-St. John of Beverley (May 7)
-St. Aldhelm (May 25)
-St. Germanus (Jul 31)
-St. Francis (Oct 4)
-St. Romanus (Oct 23)
-St. Brice (Nov 13)

Lesson. Dilectus Deo et hominibus

-St. Chad (Mar 2)
-St. Hugh (Nov 17)

Gradual. Ecce sacerdos magnus

-St. Silvester (Dec 31).
-St. Sulpice (Jan 16)
-St. Julian (Jan 27)
-St. Cuthbert (Mar 20)
-St. Augustine (May 26)
-St. Sampson (Jul 28)
-St. Romanus (Oct 23)
-St. Brice (Nov 13)

[108]
Gradual. Juravit Dominus
This Gradual also appears on Feasts of One Confessor and Doctor.

-St. Osmund (Dec. 4)
-St. Felix (Jan 14)
-St. Patrick (Mar 17)
-St. Dunstan (May 19)
-St. Germanus (May 28)
-St. Germanus (Jul 31)
-St. Cuthbert trans. (Sep 4)
-St. Clement (108)

[109]
Gradual. Inveni David servum meum

-St. Marcellinus (Jan 16)
-St. Martin trans. (Jul 4)
-St. Apollinaris (Jul 23)
-St. Stephen (Aug 2)
-St. Donatus (Aug 7)
-St. Lambert (Sep 17)
-St. Leger (Oct 2)
-St. Calixtus (Oct 14)
-St. Romanus (Oct 23)
-St. Machutus (Nov 15)
-St. Linus (Nov 26)

[110]
Gradual. Domine prevenisti eum

-St. Nicholas (Dec. 6)
-St. Wulfstan (Jan 19)
-St. Blaise, (Feb 3)
-St. David (Mar 1)
-St. Richard (Apr 3)
-St. Aldhelm (May 25)
-St. Edward trans. (Jun 9)
-St. Basil (Jun 14)
-St. Richard trans. (Jun 16)
-St. Osmund trans. (Jul 16)
-St. Augustine (Aug 28)
-St. Francis (Oct 4)
-St. Edward trans. (Oct 13)
-St. Wulfram (Oct 15)
-St. Martin (Nov 11)
-St. Edmund (Nov 16)
-St. Hugh (Nov 17)
-St. Martin Octave (Nov 18)

[111]
Alleluya. Justus germinabit

-St. Osmund (Dec. 4)
-St. Nicholas (Dec. 6)
-St. Richard (Apr 3)
-St. Ambrose (Apr 4)
-St. Aldhelm (May 25)
-St. Basil (Jun 14)
-St. Richard trans. (Jun 16)
-St. Osmund trans. (Jul 16)
-St. Augustine (Aug 28)
-St. Cuthbert trans. (Sep 4)
-St. Edward trans. (Oct 13)
-St. Wulfram (Oct 15)
-St. Machutus (Nov 15)
-St. Hugh (Nov 17)

[112]
Alleluya. Inveni David servum meum

-St. Silvester (Dec 31).
-St. Felix (Jan 14)
-St. Wulfstan (Jan 19)
-St. Firmin (Sep 25)

Alleluya. Amavit eum Dominus

-St. Maur (Jan 15)
-St. Julian (Jan 27)
-St. John of Beverley (May 7)
-St. Sampson (Jul 28)
-St. Germanus (Jul 31)
-St. Bertin (Sep 5)
-St. Brice (Nov 13)

[113]
Alleluya. Disposui testamentum

-St. Donatus (Aug 7)

Alleluya. Elegit te Dominus sibi

-St. Marcellinus (Jan 16)
-St. Alphege (Apr 19)
-St. Germanus (May 28)
-St. Martin trans. (Jul 4)
-St. Apollinaris (Jul 23)
-St. Stephen (Aug 2)
-St. Leger (Oct 2)
-St. Calixtus (Oct 14)
-St. Linus (Nov 26)

[114]
Tract. Beatus vir qui timet Dominum
This Tract also appears in the Common of One Apostle.

-St. David (Mar 1)
-St. Chad (Mar 2)
-St. Patrick (Mar 17)
-St. Gregory (Mar 12)
-St. Cuthbert (Mar 20)
-St. Richard (Apr 3)
-St. Ambrose (Apr 4)

[115]
Sequence. Adest nobis dies alma

Tr. © 2018, Matthew Carver. Used by permission.

-St. Osmund (Dec. 4)
-St. Richard (Apr 3)
-St. Ambrose (Apr 4) (or the following)
-St. John of Beverley (May 7)
-St. Aldhelm (May 25)
-St. Richard trans. (Jun 16)
-St. Benedict trans. (Jul 11)
-St. Augustine (Aug 28)
-St. Giles (Sep 1)
-St. Cuthbert trans. (Sep 4) (or the following)
-St. Jerome (Sep 30)
-St. Edward trans. (Oct 13)
-St. Calixtus (Oct 14)
-St. Wulfram (Oct 15) or below
-St. Leonard (Nov 6)
-St. Brice (Nov 13) or below
-St. Machutus (Nov 15) or below
-St. Hugh (Nov 17) or below

[117]
Sequence. Alma cohors una laudum
Tr. © 2018, Matthew Carver. Used by permission.

-St. Ambrose (Apr 4) (or the previous)
-St. Dunstan (May 19)
-St. Augustine (May 26)
-St. Edward trans. (Jun 9)
-St. Cuthbert trans. (Sep 4) (or the previous)
-St. Wulfram (Oct 15) or above
-St. Brice (Nov 13) or above
-St. Machutus (Nov 15) or above
-St. Edmund (Nov 16)
-St. Hugh (Nov 17) or above

[120]
Gospel. Homo quidam peregre

-St. Osmund (Dec. 4)
-Saint Silvester (Dec 31).
-St. Sulpice (Jan 16)
-St. Wulfstan (Jan 19)
-St. David (Mar 1)
-St. Cuthbert (Mar 20)
-St. Richard (Apr 3)
-St. Dunstan (May 19)
-St. Germanus (May 28)
-St. Edward trans. (Jun 9)
-St. Basil (Jun 14)
-St. Richard trans. (Jun 16)
-St. Osmund trans. (Jul 16)
-St. Sampson (Jul 28)
-St. Cuthbert trans. (Sep 4)
-St. Wulfram (Oct 15)
-St. Martin (Nov 11)
-St. Brice (Nov 13)
-St. Edmund (Nov 16)
-St. Martin Octave (Nov 18)

[121]
Gospel. Videte, vigilate, et orate

-St. Chad (Mar 2)
-St. Basil (Jun 14)
-St. Hugh (Nov 17)

Gospel. Vigilate quia nescitis qua hora

This Gospel does not appear here in Legg, The Sarum Missal: 374.

-St. Marcellinus (Jan 16)
-St. Julian (Jan 27)
-St. Patrick (Mar 17)
-St. Gregory (Mar 12)
-St. Ambrose (Apr 4)
-St. Aldhelm (May 25)
-St. Germanus (Jul 31)
-St. Donatus (Aug 7)
-St. Calixtus (Oct 14)
-St. Romanus (Oct 23)

Offertory. Veritas mea
This Offertory also appears on Feasts of One Confessor and Doctor.

-St. Nicholas (Dec. 6)
-St. Marcellinus (Jan 16)
-St. Wulfstan (Jan 19)
-St. David (Mar 1)
-St. Gregory (Mar 12)
-St. Richard (Apr 3)
-St. Ambrose (Apr 4)
-St. John of Beverley (May 7)
-St. Aldhelm (May 25)
-St. Germanus (May 28)
-St. Edward trans. (Jun 9)
-St. Richard trans. (Jun 16)
-St. Martin trans. (Jul 4)
-St. Osmund trans. (Jul 16)
-St. Apollinaris (Jul 23)
-St. Germanus (Jul 31)
-St. Augustine (Aug 28)
-St. Cuthbert trans. (Sep 4)
-St. Leger (Oct 2)
-St. Francis (Oct 4)
-St. Calixtus (Oct 14)
-St. Wulfram (Oct 15)
-St. Romanus (Oct 23)
-St. Leonard (Nov 6)
-St. Martin (Nov 11)
-St. Machutus (Nov 15)
-St. Edmund (Nov 16)
-St. Hugh (Nov 17)
-St. Martin Octave (Nov 18)

[122]
Offertory. Inveni David servum meum
This Offertory also appears on the Feast of Saint Silvester (December 31).

-St. Osmund (Dec. 4)
-Saint Silvester (Dec 31).
-St. Sulpice (Jan 16)
-St. Julian (Jan 27)
-St. Chad (Mar 2)
-St. Patrick (Mar 17)
-St. Cuthbert (Mar 20)
-St. Dunstan (May 19)
-St. Augustine (May 26)
-St. Sampson (Jul 28)
-St. Stephen (Aug 2)
-St. Firmin (Sep 25)
-St. Jerome (Sep 30)
-St. Brice (Nov 13)
-St. Clement (108)
-St. Linus (Nov 26)

[123]
Secret. Propiciare quesumus Domine supplicationibus nostris

-St. Germanus (May 28) (in full)

Secret. Respice quesumus Domine munera populi tui

-St. Patrick (Mar 17) (in full)
-St. John of Beverley (May 7) (in full)
-St. Wulfram (Oct 15) (in full)

Communion. Domine quinque talenta

-St. Osmund (Dec. 4)
-St. Marcellinus (Jan 16)
-St. Chad (Mar 2)
-St. Dunstan (May 19)
-St. Germanus (Jul 31)
-St. Stephen (Aug 2)
-St. Firmin (Sep 25)
-St. Jerome (Sep 30)

[124]
Communion. Beatus servus quem cum venerit
This communion also appears on the Feast of Saint Silvester (December 31).

-St. Nicholas (Dec. 6)
-Saint Silvester (Dec 31).
-St. Wulfstan (Jan 19)
-St. Julian (Jan 27)
-St. David (Mar 1)
-St. Cuthbert (Mar 20)
-St. Benedict (Mar 21)
-St. Richard (Apr 3)
-St. Ambrose (Apr 4)
-St. Aldhelm (May 25)
-St. Germanus (May 28)
-St. Edward trans. (Jun 9)
-St. Basil (Jun 14)
-St. Richard trans. (Jun 16)
-St. Benedict trans. (Jul 11)
-St. Osmund trans. (Jul 16)
-St. Augustine (Aug 28)
-St. Giles (Sep 1)?
-St. Cuthbert trans. (Sep 4)
-St. Leger (Oct 2)
-St. Calixtus (Oct 14)
-St. Wulfram (Oct 15)
-St. Martin (Nov 11)
-St. Machutus (Nov 15)
-St. Edmund (Nov 16)
-St. Hugh (Nov 17)
-St. Martin Octave (Nov 18)
-St. Clement (108)
-St. Linus (Nov 26)

Communion. Fidelis servus
This Communion also appears on Feasts of One Confessor and Doctor, and One Confessor and Abbot.

-St. Sulpice (Jan 16)
-St. Patrick (Mar 17)
-St. Gregory (Mar 12)
-St. John of Beverley (May 7)
-St. Augustine (May 26)
-St. Martin trans. (Jul 4)
-St. Sampson (Jul 28)
-St. Romanus (Oct 23)
-St. Brice (Nov 13)

[125]
Postcommunion. Presta quesumus Domine Deus noster ut divinis

-St. Germanus (May 28) (in full)

Postcommunion. Quos tuis Domine reficis

-St. Patrick (Mar 17) (in full)
-St. John of Beverley (May 7) (in full)
-St. Wulfram (Oct 15) (in full)

[126]
On the Birthday of One Confessor and Doctor

The following are Sarum Feasts of One Confessor and Doctor
March 12, St. Gregory (Doctor) (propers in CAO)
April 4, St. Ambrose (Doctor)
June 28, St. Leo (Doctor)
Aug. 28, St. Augustine (of Hippo) (Doctor)
Sept. 3, Ordination of St. Gregory (Doctor)
Sept. 30, St. Jerome (Doctor)

All of the proper chants appear also in the Feast of One Confessor.

Officium. Sacerdotes Dei benedicite

-St. Gregory (Mar 12)
-St. Augustine (May 26)
-St. Jerome (Sep 30)

Prayer. Exaudi Domine preces nostras quas in sancti N.

This Prayer appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[127]
Lesson. Dedit Dominus confessionem

-St. Julian (Jan 27)
-St. Gregory (Mar 12)
-St. Ambrose (Apr 4)
-St. Augustine (May 26)
-St. Augustine (Aug 28)
-St. Jerome (Sep 30)

Lesson. Optavi, et datus est michi

This Lesson appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Gradual. Juravit Dominus

-St. Gregory (Mar 12)
-St. Ambrose (Apr 4)
-St. Jerome (Sep 30)

[128]
Alleluya. Amavit eum Dominus

-St. Augustine (May 26)

[129]
Gospel. Vos estis sal terre

-St. Augustine (Aug 28)
-St. Jerome (Sep 30)

Secret. Munera quesumus Domine tibi dicata sanctifica

This Secret appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[130]
Communion. Fidelis servus
This Communion also appears on Feasts of One Abbot.

Postcommunion. Presta quesumus omnipotens Deus ut de percepis muneribus

This Postcommunion appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[131]
On the Birthday of One Confessor and Abbot

The following are Sarum Feasts of One Confessor and Abbot
Jan. 15, St.Maurus
March 21, St. Benedict
Jul 11, St. Benedict, translation
Sept. 1, St. Giles
Sept. 5, St. Bertin
Nov. 6, St. Leonard

Officium. Os justi meditabitur
This Officium also appears on Feasts of One Evangelist.

-St. Benedict (Mar 21)
-St. Benedict trans. (Jul 11)
-St. Giles (Sep 1)
-St. Bertin (Sep 5)
-St. Francis (Oct 4)
-St. Leonard (Nov 6)

Prayer. Desu qui beatum N. confessorem tuum.

This Prayer appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[132]
Lesson. Justus cor suum tradet

-St. Maur (Jan 15)
-St. Benedict (Mar 21)
-St. Benedict trans. (Jul 11)
-St. Giles (Sep 1)
-St. Bertin (Sep 5)
-St. Edward trans. (Oct 13)
-St. Leonard (Nov 6)

Gradual. Os justi
This Gradual also appears on Feasts of One Evangelist.

-St. Maur (Jan 15)
-St. Benedict (Mar 21)
-St. Benedict trans. (Jul 11)
-St. Giles (Sep 1)
-St. Bertin (Sep 5)
-St. Leonard (Nov 6)

[133]
Alleluya. Posui adjutorium

-St. Sulpice (Jan 16)
-St. Dunstan (May 19)
-St. Benedict trans. (Jul 11)
-St. Giles (Sep 1)
-St. Jerome (Sep 30)
-St. Leonard (Nov 6)

Tract. Desiderium anime ejus

-St. Benedict (Mar 21)

[134]
Gospel. Nemo accendit lucernam

-St. Maur (Jan 15)
-St. Benedict (Mar 21)
-St. Benedict trans. (Jul 11)
-St. Giles (Sep 1)
-St. Bertin (Sep 5)
-St. Edward trans. (Oct 13)
-St. Leonard (Nov 6)

[135]
Offertory. Desiderium anime ejus

-St. Maur (Jan 15)
-St. Benedict (Mar 21)
-St. Benedict trans. (Jul 11)
-St. Giles (Sep 1)
-St. Bertin (Sep 5)

Secret. Sacrificium Domine quod pro sancti N.

This Secret appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Communion. Fidelis servus et prudens
This Communion also appears on Feasts of One Confessor and of One Confessor and Doctor.

-St. Giles (Sep 1)?
-St. Bertin (Sep 5)
-St. Leonard (Nov 6)

Postcommunion. Libantes Domine sacrosancta mysteria

This Postcommunion appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[137]
Mass of Any Confessor
This Mass (apart from the Gradual) appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Prayer. Adesto Dojmine precibus nostris

Grad. Os justi meditabitur.
In 1513 this Gradual appears to be identified by its older name, Responsory.

Secret. Suscipe Domine sacrificium placacionis

[138]
Postcommunion. Presta quesumus omnipotens Deus ut cujus festivitate

[139]
On the Birthday of Many Confessors

The following are Sarum Feasts of Many Confessors:
Feb. 6, Sts. Vedastus and Amandus
June 8, Sts. Medard and Gildard
July 15, St. Swithun and Companions
Oct. 1, Sts. Remigius, Germanus, Vedast and Bavonis

Officium. Sacerdotes ejus induant salutare

-Sts. Vedastus and Amandus (Feb 6)
-Sts. Medard and Gildard (Jun 8)
-St. Swithun and Companions, trans. (Jul 15)
-Sts. Felix, Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrice (Jul 29)
-Sts. Remigius, Germanus, Vedast and Bavonis (Oct 1)
-Sts. Nicasius and comps. (Oct 11)

Prayer. Beatorum confessorum tuorum

This Prayer appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Prayer. Deus qui nos sanctorum confessorum

This Prayer appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[140]
Prayer. Deus qui nos concedis

This Prayer appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Lesson. Plures facti sunt sacerdotes

-Sts. Vedastus and Amandus (Feb 6)
-Sts. Medard and Gildard (Jun 8)
-St. Swithun and Companions, trans. (Jul 15)
-Sts. Remigius, Germanus, Vedast and Bavonis (Oct 1)

Lesson. Qui timent Dominum

This Lesson appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Gradual. Sacerdotes ejus induant salutare

-Sts. Vedastus and Amandus (Feb 6)
-Sts. Medard and Gildard (Jun 8)
-St. Swithun and Companions, trans. (Jul 15)
-Sts. Felix, Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrice (Jul 29)
-Sts. Remigius, Germanus, Vedast and Bavonis (Oct 1)
-Sts. Nicasius and comps. (Oct 11)

[141]
Alleluya. Fulgebunt justi

-Sts. Vedastus and Amandus (Feb 6)
-Sts. Medard and Gildard (Jun 8)
-St. Swithun and Companions, trans. (Jul 15)
-Sts. Remigius, Germanus, Vedast and Bavonis (Oct 1)
-Sts. Nicasius and comps. (Oct 11)

[142]
Gospel. Sint lumbi vestri

-Sts. Vedastus and Amandus (Feb 6)
-Sts. Medard and Gildard (Jun 8)
-St. Swithun and Companions, trans. (Jul 15)
-Sts. Remigius, Germanus, Vedast and Bavonis (Oct 1)

Gospel. Misit Jesus duodecim discipulos suos

This Gospel appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Offertory. Exultabunt sancti in gloria
This Offertory also appears on Feasts of Many Martyrs.

-Sts. Vedastus and Amandus (Feb 6)
-Sts. Medard and Gildard (Jun 8)
-St. Swithun and Companions, trans. (Jul 15)
-Sts. Remigius, Germanus, Vedast and Bavonis (Oct 1)
-Sts. Nicasius and comps. (Oct 11)

[143]
Secret. Adesto Domine precibus populi tui

This Secret appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Communion. Ego vos elegi de mundo.
This Communion also appears on Feasts of Many Martyrs.

-Sts. Vedastus and Amandus (Feb 6)
-Sts. Medard and Gildard (Jun 8)
-St. Swithun and Companions, trans. (Jul 15)
-Sts. Remigius, Germanus, Vedast and Bavonis (Oct 1)
-Sts. Nicasius and comps. (Oct 11)

[144]
Postcommunion. Fideles tui Deus celestis doni

This Postcommunion appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[145]
On the Birthday of One Virgin and Martyr

The following are Sarum Feasts of One Virgin and Martyr
Dec. 13, St. Lucy (propers in CAO)
Jan.18, St. Prisca (propers in CAO)
Jan. 21, St. Agnes (propers in CAO)
Jan. 28, St. Agnes (second feast) (propers in CAO)
Feb. 5, St. Agatha (propers in CAO)
Feb. 16, St. Juliana
July 20, St. Margaret
July 24, St. Christina
Aug. 29, St. Sabina
Oct. 6, St. Faith
Nov. 3 St. Wenefrede
Nov. 22, St. Ceciia (propers in CAO)
Nov. 25, St. Katherine

Officium. Dilexisti justiciam
This Officium also appears on Feasts of One Virgin not a Martyr.

-St. Wenefrede (1498. Missal)

-Saint Lucy (Dec. 13)

[146]
Officium. Loquebar de testimoniis tuis

-St. Prisca (Jan 18)
-St. Praxedis (Jul 21)
-St. Tecla (Sep 23)
-St. Faith (Sep 6)
-St. Wenefrede (Nov 3)
-St. Cecilia (Nov 22)

Officium. Me expectaverunt

-St. Agnes (Jan 21)
-St. Juliana (Feb 16)
-St. Margaret (Jul 20)
-St. Katherine (Nov 25)

[147]
Prayer. Indulgentiam nobis

-St. Christina (Jul 24) (in full)

Prayer. Exaudi nos Deus salutaris noster

-St. Wenefrede (Nov 3) (in full)

Lesson. Domine Deus meus exaltasti

-St. Prisca (Jan 18)
-St. Juliana (Feb 16)
-St. Margaret (Jul 20)
-St. Sabina (Aug 29)
-St. Faith (Sep 6)

-St. Wenefrede (1498. Missal)
-St. Cecilia (Nov 22)

Lesson Confitebor tibi Domine rex

-St. Agnes (Jan 21)
-St. Agatha (Feb 5)
-St. Katherine (Nov 25)

[148]
Lesson. Sapientia laudabit animam suam

-St. Wenefrede (Nov 3)

Gradual. Dilexisti justiciam
This Gradual also appears on Feasts of One Virgin not a Martyr.

-St. Wenefrede (1498. Missal)

-Saint Lucy (Dec. 13)

[149]
Gradual. Specie tua

-St. Prisca (Jan 18)
-St. Agnes, Second Feast (Jan 28)
-St. Margaret (Jul 20)
-St. Faith (Sep 6)
-St. Wenefrede (Nov 3)
-St. Katherine (Nov 25)

[150]
Gradual. Diffusa est gratia

-St. Agnes (Jan 21)
-St. Brigid, (Feb 1)
-St. Juliana (Feb 16)
-St. Sabina (Aug 29)

Gradual. Audi filia et vide
This Gradual appears on the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin.

-St. Cecilia (Nov 22)

[151]
Gradual. Propter veritatem
This Gradual appears on the Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin.

This Gradual appears to have no assignments for Feasts of One Virgin and Martyr in the Sarum liturgy.

Alleluya. Emulor enim vos Dei
This Alleluya also appears on Feasts of One Virgin not a Martyr.

-Saint Lucy (Dec. 13)
-St. Agatha (Feb 5)

Alleluya. Veni electa mea

-St. Agnes (Jan 21)
-St. Margaret (Jul 20)

-St. Wenefrede (1498. Missal)
-St. Cecilia (Nov 22)

[152]
Alleluya. Specie tua

-St. Prisca (Jan 18)
-St. Brigid, (Feb 1)
-St. Petronilla (May 31)
-St. Sabina (Aug 29)

[153]
Alleluya. Diffusa est gratia

-St. Wenefrede (Nov 3)

Alleluya. Hec est virgo sapiens

-St. Agnes, Second Feast (Jan 28)
-St. Juliana (Feb 16)
-St. Faith (Sep 6)

[154]
Alleluya. Loquebar de testimoniis

-St. Katherine (Nov 25)

Tract. Diffusa est gratia
This Tract also appears on the Feast of One Virgin not a Martyr.

-St. Agnes (Jan 21)
-St. Agatha (Feb 5)

[156]
Sequence. Exultemus in hac die

Translation © 2018 Matthew Carver. Used by permission.

-St. Lucy (Dec. 13)
-St. Agnes (Jan 21)
-St. Agatha (Feb 5)
-St. Margaret (Jul 20)
-St. Wenefrede (Nov 3)
-St. Cecilia (Nov 22)

[158]
Gospel. Simile est regnum celorum thesauro

-St. Lucy (Dec. 13)
-St. Prisca (Jan 18)
-St. Agnes (Jan 21)
-St. Bathilde (Jan 30)
-St. Agatha (Feb 5)
-St. Juliana (Feb 16)
-St. Margaret (Jul 20)
-St. Sabina (Aug 29)
-St. Faith (Sep 6)
-St. Wenefrede (Nov 3)
-St. Cecilia (Nov 22)
-St. Katherine (Nov 25)

Offertory. Filie regum

-St. Prisca (Jan 18)
-St. Juliana (Feb 16)
-St. Sabina (Aug 29)
-St. Katherine (Nov 25)

[159]
Offertory. Offerentur regi virgines post eam (minor)
This Offertory also appears on the Feast of One Virgin not a Martyr and of Feasts of Many Virgins.

-St. Lucy (Dec. 13)
-St. Agnes (Jan 21)
-St. Agnes, Second Feast (Jan 28)
-St. Agatha (Feb 5)
-St. Margaret (Jul 20)
-St. Faith (Sep 6)
-St. Wenefrede (Nov 3)
-St. Cecilia (Nov 22)

[160]
Offertory. Offerentur regi virgines proxime ejus (major)

=St. Wenedrede (Crede michi)

Secret. Hostias Domine quas tibi offerimus

-St. Wenefrede (Nov 3) (in full)

Communion. Diffusa est gratia
This Communion also appears on the Feast of One Virgin not a Martyr.
The Alleluya would appear to be proper to Mode V, not Mode VI.

-St. Wenefrede (1498. Missal)

-St. Lucy (Dec 13)

[161]
Communion. Principes persecuti sunt

This Communion appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[162]
Communion. Feci judicium

-St. Prisca (Jan 18)
-St. Margaret (Jul 20)
-St. Wenefrede (Nov 3)

Communion. Simile est regnum celorum homini

-St. Agnes, Second Feast (Jan 28)
-St. Juliana (Feb 16)
-St. Praxedis (Jul 21)
-St. Tecla (Sep 23)
-St. Faith (Sep 6)
-St. Katherine (Nov 25)

[163]
Communion. Quinque prudentes virgines
This Communion also appears on Feast of Many Virgins.

-St. Agnes (Jan 21)

Postcommunion. Placeant tibi quesumus misericors Deus

-St. Wenefrede (Nov 3) (in full)

[165]
On the Birthday of One Virgin not at Martyr

The following are Sarum Feasts of One Virgin, not a Martyr:
Jan. 31, St. Bathilda
Feb. 1, St. Brigid
Feb. 10, St. Scholastica
May 31, St. Petronilla
June 23, St. Etheldreda
Aug. 31, St. Cuthburga
Sept. 16, St. Edith
Sept. 23, St. Tecla
Oct. 19, St. Frideswide

St. Mary is not included here as all her feasts use propers for St. Mary.

All of the proper chants also appear on the Feast of One Virgin and Martyr.

Officium. Dilexisti justiciam

-St. Bathilde (Jan 30)
-St. Scholastica (Feb 10)
-St. Petronilla (May 31)
-St. Cuthberga (Aug 31)
-St. Edith (Sep 16)
-St. Etheldreda (Oct 17)
-St. Frideswide (Oct 19)

Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus auctor virtutis

This Prayer appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[166]
Lesson. Qui gloriatur, in Domino glorietur

-St. Agnes, Second Feast (Jan 28)
-St. Brigid, (Feb 1)
-St. Petronilla (May 31)
-St. Cuthberga (Aug 31)
-St. Edith (Sep 16)
-St. Tecla (Sep 23)
-St. Etheldreda (Oct 17)
-St. Frideswide (Oct 19)

Lesson. Sapientia vincit maliciam

-St. Bathilde (Jan 30)
-St. Scholastica (Feb 10)
-St. Praxedis (Jul 21)

Lesson. Gaudens gaudebo in Domino

This Lesson appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Gradual. Dilexisti justiciam

-St. Bathilde (Jan 30)
-St. Scholastica (Feb 10)
-St. Petronilla (May 31)
-St. Praxedis (Jul 21)
-St. Cuthberga (Aug 31)
-St. Edith (Sep 16)
-St. Tecla (Sep 23)
-St. Etheldreda (Oct 17)
-St. Frideswide (Oct 19)

[167]
Alleluya. Diffusa est gratia

-St. Bathilde (Jan 30)
-St. Scholastica (Feb 10)
-St. Etheldreda (Oct 17)
-St. Frideswide (Oct 19)

Alleluya. Emulor enim vos Dei

-St. Praxedis (Jul 21)
-St. Cuthberga (Aug 31)
-St. Edith (Sep 16)
-St. Tecla (Sep 23)

[168]
Tract. Difffusa est gratia

This Tract appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[169]
Sequence. Virginis venerande

Trans. © 2018 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

-St. Edith (Sep 16)
-St. Etheldreda (Oct 17)
-St. Frideswide (Oct 19)

[171]
Gospel. Simile est regnum celorum decem virginibus
This Gospel also appears in the Commonn of Many Virgins

-St. Agnes, Second Feast (Jan 28)
-St. Brigid, (Feb 1)
-St. Scholastica (Feb 10)
-Sts. Perpetua and Felicity (Mar 7)
-St. Petronilla (May 31)
-St. Praxedis (Jul 21)
-St. Cuthberga (Aug 31)
-St. Edith (Sep 16)
-St. Tecla (Sep 23)
-St. Etheldreda (Oct 17)
-St. Frideswide (Oct 19)
– The Eleven Thousand Virgins (Oct 21)

Offertory. Offerentur regi virgines post eam (major)
This Offertory also appears on Feasts of One Virgin and of Many Virgins.

-St. Bathilde (Jan 30)
-St. Brigid, (Feb 1)
-St. Scholastica (Feb 10)
-St. Petronilla (May 31)
-St. Praxedis (Jul 21)
-St. Cuthberga (Aug 31)
-St. Edith (Sep 16)
-St. Tecla (Sep 23)
-St. Etheldreda (Oct 17)
-St. Frideswide (Oct 19)

[172]
Secret. Offerimus Domine preces et munera

This Secret appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Communion. Diffusa est gratia
The Alleluya would appear to be proper to Mode V, not Mode VI.

-St. Bathilde (Jan 30)
-St. Scholastica (Feb 10)
-St. Petronilla (May 31)
-St. Mary Magdalene (Jul 22)
-St. Anne (Jul 26)
-St. Cuthberga (Aug 31)
-St. Edith (Sep 16)
-St. Etheldreda (Oct 17)
-St. Frideswide (Oct 19)

Postcommunion. Prosint nobis Domine quesumus

This Postcommunion appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[173]
On the Birthday of Many Virgins

The following are Sarum Feasts of Many Virgins:
March 7, Sts. Perpetua and Felicity
Oct. 21, The Eleven Thousand Virgins

Officium. Vultum tuum

-St. Agnes, Second Feast (Jan 28)
-St. Brigid, (Feb 1)
-Sts. Perpetua and Felicity (Mar 7)
– The Eleven Thousand Virgins (Oct 21)

Prayer. Deus qui ut humanum genus

This Prayer appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Lesson. De virginibus autem preceptum

-Sts. Perpetua and Felicity (Mar 7)

[174]
Lesson. O quam pulchra est casta generatio

– The Eleven Thousand Virgins (Oct 21)

Gradual. Exultabunt sancti in gloria
This Gradual also appears in the Common of Many Martyrs.

– The Eleven Thousand Virgins (Oct 21)

[175]
Gradual. Gloriosus Deus in sanctis
This Gradual also appears on Feasts of Many Martyrs.

-Sts. Perpetua and Felicity (Mar 7)

[176]
Alleluya. Adducentur regi virgines

– The Eleven Thousand Virgins (Oct 21)

Alleluya. Quinque prudentes virgines
In the Graduale Romanum 1908 this Alleluya appears on the Feast of St. Agnes.
The extreme range at ‘clamor’ is a rare examples in which the music directly portrays the meaning of the text.

This Alleluya appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[177]
Offertory. Offerentur regi virgines
This Offertory also appears on Feasts of One Virgin, and of One Virgin not a Martyr.

-Sts. Perpetua and Felicity (Mar 7)
-The Eleven Thousand Virgins (Oct 21)

[178]
Secret. Fac nos quesumus Domine beatarum virginum

This Secret appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Communion. Quinque prudentes virgines acceperunt oleum
This Communion also appears on Feasts of One Virgin and Martyr.

-St. Brigid, (Feb 1)
-Sts. Perpetua and Felicity (Mar 7)
-The Eleven Thousand Virgins (Oct 21)

Postcommunion. Presta quesumus omnipotens Deus ut qui in sanctarum virginum

This Postcommunion appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[179]
Common of Virgins not Martyrs
This Mass appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus qui nos idoneos

Secret. Intercedentibus sanctis virginibus

Postcommunion. Quesumus Domine Deus noster ut sacri mysterii munus

[180]
Of Non-Virgins
This Mass does not appear in the earlier printed Sarum Missals, 1492, 94, 97, 98.  It will be noted also that this while this Mass does not appear in the Missal 1515, there the first lesson appears earlier, amongst the lessons for one virgin.  Thus it would appear that this Mass was separated out at some later stage, presumably some time after the adoption of the Feast of St. Anne in 1383.  This is supported also by the fact that all of the propers except the Prose are borrowed from the Mass for One Virgin.

The following are Sarum Feasts of Non-Virgins
July 22, St. Mary Magdalene
July 26, St. Anne

Offic. Gaudeamus omnes in Domino
This Officium also appears on several Feasts of Saints, on All Saints, and on Feasts of the Blessed Virgin.
That this is labelled ‘Introitus’ in the Missal 1513 may be an indication that it is a later addition to the Sarum liturgy from some other tradition.

Prayer. Exaudi nos Deus salutaris noster

-St. Lucy (Dec 13) (in full)

Lesson. Mulierem fortem quis invenit

-St. Anne (Jul 26)

[181]
Gradual. Propter veritatem
This Gradual also appears on the Feast of the Assumption (August 15).

This Gradual appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Alleluya. Diffusa est gratia
This Alleluya also appears in the Common of One Virgin.

This Alleluya appears to have no assignments in the Common of Non-Virgins.

Prose. Mulier laudabilis

This Prose appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Tract. Diffusa est gratia
This Tract also appears in the Common of One Virgin (Martyr or non-Martyr).

This Tract appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Gospel. Simile est regnum celorum thesauro

This Gospel appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

[182]
Offertorium. Diffusa est gratia
This Offertory also appears on the Feast of the Purification (February 2).

This Offertory appears to have no assignments in the Sarum liturgy.

Offertorium. Filie regum in honore tuo
This Offertory also appears in the Common of of One Virgin and Martyr.

-St. Mary Magdalene (Jul 22)
-St. Anne (Jul 26)

Secret. Accepta tibi Domine sit sacre plebis oblatio

-St. Leodegar (Oct 2) (in full) in Bologna-2565 [Legg:331].

Communion. Simile est regum celorum homini
This Communion also appears in the Common of One Virgin and Martyr

This Gradual appears to have no assignments in the Common of One Non-Virgin.

Postcommunion. Satiasti Domine familiam tuam

-St. Anastasia (Dec 25) (in full)
-St. Lambert (Sep 17) (in full) in Bologna-2565 [Legg:324].

[183]

Votive Masses

Votive masses may be said throughout the week.  The usual commemorations are:

Week-day Mass
Sunday Holy Trinity
Monday Of the Angels
Tuesday I am the Salvation (Salus populi)
Wednesday Of the Holy Ghost
Thursday Of the Holy Sacrament (Corpus Christi)
Friday Of the Holy Cross
Saturday Of the Blessed Virgin

Commemoration of the Holy Trinity

This Mass follows that of the Feast of the Trinity, except that it has different Lessons, and includes a second Alleluya for use in Eastertide.

Officium Benedicta sit sancta Trinitas

[184]

Gradual. Benedictus es Domine

Alleluya. Benedictus es Domine

[185]

Alleluya. V. Laudate pueri

[186]

Sequence. Benedicta  sit beata Trinitas
The presence of ‘Amen’ is unusual.

[189]

Offertory. Benedictus sit Deus Pater

[190]

Communion. Benedicimus Deum celi

[191]

Mass of the Angels

This Mass uses the proper chants of the Feast of St. Michael (September 29).

[193]

Mass ‘Salus populi’

Officium. Salus populi
This Officium appears also on Thursday of Lent 3 and Trinity 19.

[194]

Gradual. Propicius esto
This Gradual also appears on Saturday in the Ember Days of Lent, Thursday of Lent 2, Trinity 4, and Saturday in the Ember Days of September.

Alleluya. Ostende nobis
This Alleluya also appears on Advent 1.

[195]

Offertory. Exaudi Deus
This Offertory also appears on Monday of Lent 3.

Communion. Amen dico vobis
This Communion also appears on Trinity 23.

[196]

Commemoration of the Holy Ghost

The Officium, Gospel, Offertory, Secret, Communion and Postcommunion also appear on the Feast of Pentecost.

Officium. Spiritus Domine

[197]

Prayer. Deus qui corda fidelium

Gradual. Beata gens
This Gradual also appears on Wednesday of Lent 4 and Trinity 17

[198]

Alleluya. Veni Sancte Spiritus
This Alleluya also appears on Tuesday after Pentecost and Saturday in the Ember Days of Pentecost.

[199]

Alleluya. Emitte Spiritum
This Alleluya appears throughout Pentecost week.

Sequence. Veni Sancte Spiritus
This sequence has been attributed to Stephen Langton (d. 1228), Archbishop of Canterbury. (See F. J. E. Raby, The Oxford Book of Medieval Latin Verse, Oxford, 1959: 496.) It has also been attributed to Pope Innocent III (d. 1216). Called the ‘Golden Sequence’, in the Roman Use it is found on Pentecost Sunday.  To this point only one Sarum source for this melody has appeared.  The presence of ‘Amen’ is unusual among Sarum sequences.

[201]

Offertory. Confirma hoc Deus

[202]

Secret. Munera quesumus Domine

Communion. Factus est repente

Postcommunion. Sancti Spiritus Domine

[204]

Commemoration of Corpus Christi

This Mass is entirely drawn from the Feast of Corpus Christi.

[206]

Mass of the Holy Cross

This Mass, including all the proper chants, is mostly drawn from the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross (September 14).

[207]

Officium. Nos autem gloriari
This Officium also appears on Tuesday of Holy Week.

[208]

Gradual. Christus factus est
This Gradual also appears on Thursday of Holy Week.

[209]

Alleluya. Dulce lignum
This Alleluya also appears on the Feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross.

Alleluya. Nos autem gloriari oportet

[210]

Offertory.  Protege Domine
This Offertory also appears on the Feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross.

[211]
Communion. Per lignum
This communion also appears on the Feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross.

[213]
Mass of the Five Wounds of Our Lord Jesus Christ
‘It is not certain whether this was Boniface VIII., 1294-1303, or Boniface IX., 1389-1404.’, Warren, The Sarum Missal II:64. For a detailed examination of the development of this feast, see Richard Pfaff, New Liturgical Feasts in Later Medieval England (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970):84-90. See also Duffy, Stripping of the Altars: 238.

This Mass could be employed as an alternative to the foregoing Mass on Fridays (see Roman Catholic Daily Missal 1962:1558.).

Officium. Humiliavit semetipsum (after Phil. 2:8-9, Ps. 88:2.)
CANTUS lists a single source for this chant P-BRs Ms. 034:387 (Mode I).

Prayer. Domine Jesu Christe

[214]

Gradual. Improperium
CANTUS lists a single source for this chant P-BRs Ms. 034:388 (Mode 6).

Alleluya. Ave rex noster
CANTUS indicates two related chants, g01472 and g02438.  The second appears in P-BRS Ms. 034:389 (Mode I).

Tract. Judica me Deus
This Tract does not appear in the CANTUS index.

[215]
Sequence. Cenam cum discipulis
CANTUS lists three sources for this chant, but none with music.

[217]
Offertory. Insurrexerunt
CANTUS lists a single source for this chant P-BRs Ms. 034:390 (Mode 1).

Secret. Domine Jesu Christe

Communion. Foderunt manus meas
CANTUS lists a single source for this chant P-BRs Ms. 034:391 (Mode 2).

[218]
Postcommunion. Domine Jesu Christe

[219]
On the Feast of the Crown of the Lord
(Also known as the Crown of thorns). For a detailed examination of the development of this feast, see Richard Pfaff, New Liturgical Feasts in Later Medieval England (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970):91-96.

This Mass could be employed as an alternative to the foregoing Masses on Fridays.

Officium. Gaudeamus omnes. V. Gaudent angeli.

Alleluya. Tuam coronam
This Alleluya does not appear in the CANTUS index.
It would appear that the omission of the Gradual and doubling of the Alleluya is due to the observance of this feast on May 4, as indicated in the Sarum Hours 1551 (Rouen), 1554 (London) and 1557 (London), and also as kept by the Dominicans (Pfaff, New Liturgical Feasts:97, 94.) But see also the Sarum Martyirology, August 11.

Alleluya. Diadema spineum
This Alleluya does not appear in the CANTUS index.

Sequence. Si vis vere gloriari
This sequence appears in two sources in CANTUS.

[220]
Offertory. Gloria et honore

[221]
Communion. Posuisti Domine

[222]
Daily Mass of Saint Mary

[223]
Mass of the Blessed Virgin in Advent
This mass is not said on the Feast of the Conception (December 8) because on that day the principal mass is in honour of the Blessed Virgin.

Officium. Rorate celi
This Officium also appears on Wednesday in the Ember Days of Advent.

[225]
Gradual. Tollite portas
This Gradual also appears on Wednesday in the Ember Days of Advent, and the Feast of the Annunciation (March 25).

[226]
Alleluya. Ave Maria
This Alleluya also appears on the Feast of the Annunciation (March 25).

[227]
Sequence. Missus Gabriel de celis
Trans. J. M. Neale, Mediaeval Hymns and Sequences (London: Joseph Masters, 18667): 137.

[229]
Sequence. Mittit ad virginem
Peter Abelard
Trans. © 2014 Matthew Carver, based on those of AH Brown and AH Pearson.
A translation by J. M. Neale appears in The Hymnal Noted (London: Novello, Ewer and Co., 1851): 186 (#95).
This Sequence appears in AH-LIV: 296 (#191), with an additional final stanza:
Qui nobis tribuat
Peccati veniam,
Reatus diluat
Et donet patriam
In arce siderum.

Matthew Carver’s translation includes two additional stanzas, the latter of which is a translation of the above stanza:
Now nature’s laws are torn,
The Virgin bears a Son,
The King of kings is born,
Who pow’r divine doth own,
And rules the heaven’s height.

Who doth on us bestow
Forgiveness from His hand,
Our guilt makes white as snow
And gives us all a land
Amid His city bright.

[232]
Sequence. Verbum bonum et suave
Trans. in Hymn Melodies for the Whole Year (the Plainsong and Medieval Music Society, 1896): xx.

[234]
Offertory. Ave Maria
This Offertory also appears on Wednesday in the Ember Days of Advent, and the Feast of the Annunciation (March 25).

[235]
Communion. Ecce virgo
This Communion also appears on Wednesday in the Ember Days of Advent, the Fourth Sunday of Advent, and the Feast of the Annunciation (March 25)

[236]
Mass of the Blessed Virgin from Christmas until the Purification
Officum. Vultum tuum
This Officium also appears in the Common of Many Virgins.

[238]
Gradual. Speciosus forma
This Gradual also appears onthe Sixth Day of Christmas.

[239]
Alleluya. Post partum virgo
This Alleluya also appears on the Vigil of the Assumption (August 14).

Sequence. Post partum virgo
Most of these sequences appear within the Octave of the Assumption.
This sequence appears on the second day of the Octave of the Assumption.
It will be noted that this sequence takes up the text of the forgoing alleluya.

[240]
Sequence. Ave Maria
This sequence appears on the third day of the Octave of the Assumption.

Sequence. Letabundus
This sequence appears on the fourth day of the Octave of the Assumption.

[241]
Sequence. Salve sancta parens

Sequence. Hac clara die
This sequence appears on the fifth day of the Octave of the Assumption.

[242]
Sequence. Ave mundi spes Maria
This sequence appears on the sixth day of the Octave of the Assumption.

[243]
Sequence. Hodierne lux diei
This sequence appears on the seventh day of the Octave of the Assumption.

[244]
Offertory. Offerentur regi
This Offertory also appears inthe Common of One Virgin and in the Common of Many Virgins.

Communion. Diffusa est
This Communion also appears in the Common of One Virgin and at the Feast of St. Mary Magdalene (July 22).

[248]
Mass of the Blessed Virgin from the Purification until Advent
Officium. Salve sancta parens
This Officium also appears at he Vigil of the Assumption (August 14).

[249]
Gradual. Benedicta et venerabilis es
This Gradual also appears at he Vigil of the Assumption (August 14).

[250]
Alleluya. Salve virgo mater Dei

Alleluya. Obtine sacris precibus

Alleluya. Per te Dei genitrix

Alleluya. Ora pro nobis

Alleluya. Virtutes celi.
This Alleluya is a variation of that found on the Second Sunday of Advent.

Alleluya. Veni electa mea
This Alleluya also appears in the Common of One Virgin.

Alleluya. Salve virgo.

Alleluya. Virga Jesse floruit

Offertory. Felix namque
This Offertory also appears on the Vigil of the Assumption (August 14).

Communion. Beata viscera
This Communion also appears on the Feast of the Assumption (August 15).

Communion. Vera fides geniti
This Communion also appears on the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin (September 8).

Mass for Peace
Officium. Da pacem Domine
This Officum also appears on Trinity 18.

Lesson. Orationem faciebant
This Lesson also appears on Saturday in the Ember Days of Lent.

Gradual. Letatus sum

This Gradual appears on Lent 4 and Trinity 18

Alleluya. Qui posuit fines tuos pacem

This Alleluya appears on Trinity 23.

Offertory. Deus tu convertens

This Offertory appears also on Advent 2 and on Friday in the Ember Days of Advent.

Communion.
This Communion also appears on Trinity 23.

Mass for the King
Officium. Protector noster.
This Officium also appears on Trinity 14, but without Alleluya.

Gradual. Salvum fac servum tuum
This Gradual also appears on Friday in the Ember Days of Lent.

Alleluya. Eripe me de inimicis
This Alleluya also appears on Trinity 6.

Offertory. Exaudi Deus orationem
This Offertory also appears on Monday of Lent 3.

Communion. Amen dico vobis : quicquid
This Communion also appears in the Mass Salus populi and in the Mass for Peace.

For the Invocation of the Grace of the Holy Ghost
Compiled by Alcuin (F. E, Warren, ed., The Leofric Missal (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1883):177.
In the Leofric Missal this Mass is titled here ‘Missa de cordis emundatione per Spiritum Sanctum postulanda’ (Mass for Cleansing of the Heart by Beseeching the Holy Ghost) .  fo. 213; F. E, Warren, ed., The Leofric Missal (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1883):177.

The Officium, Gradual and Alleluya also appear in the Commemoration of the Holy Ghost.

Officium. Spiritus Domine

Prayer. Deus qui omne cor patet

Gradual. Beata gens
This Gradual also appears on Wednesday of Lent 4 and Trinity 17

Alleluya. Veni Sancte Spiritus
This Alleluya also appears on Tuesday after Pentecost and Saturday in the Ember Days of Pentecost.

Offertory.  Emitte spiritum tuum
This Offertory appears on the Vigil of Pentecost.

Secret.

Communion.  Spiritus Sanctus docebit vos
This Communion appears on Monday in the octave of Pentecost.

Postcommunion.

Mass for Oneself
Three of the proper chants for this Mass are dran from Monday of Lent 4.

Officium. Deus in nomine tuo
This Officum appears on Monday of Lent 4.

Gradual. Esto michi in Deum protectorem
This Gradual also appears on Monday of Lent 4, and on Trinity 8.

Alleluya. Eripe me de inimicis meis
This Alleluya also appear on Trinity 6.

Offertory. Intende voic orationis mee
This Offertory also appears on Friday of Lent 3 and on Trinity 1.

Communion. Ab occultis meis
This Communion also appears on Monday of Lent 4.

Mass to ask the Gifts of the Holy Ghost
Officium. Caritas Dei
This Officum also appears on Saturday in the Ember Days of Pentecost.

Gradual. Domine Dominus noster
This Gradual appears on Trinity 9.

Alleluya. Domine Deus salutis mee
This Alleluya appears on Trinity 10.

Offertory. Lauda anima mea
This Offertory appears in the Sunday Mass for the Third Week after the Octave of Easter, on the Sunday after Ascension and on Friday after Pentecost.

Communion. Primum querite
This Communion appears on Trinity 9.

Mass for Sinners
Officium. Si iniquitates
This Officium appears on Trinity 22.

Gradual. Propitius esto
This Gradual also appears on Saturday in the Ember Days of Lent, Thursday of Lent 2, Trinity 4, and Saturday in the Ember Days of September.

Alleluya. Ostende nobis
This Alleluya appears on the First Sunday in Advent.

Offertory. Deus tu convertens
This Offertory appears on the Second Sunday in Advent and on Friday in the Ember Days of Advent.

Communion. Inclina aurem tuam
This Communion appears on Trinity 7.

Mass for Penitents
Officium. Justus es Domine
This Officium appears on Trinity 17.

Gradual. Salvum fac servum
This Gradual appears on Friday in the Ember Days of Lent.

Alleluya. Qui timent Dominum
This Alleluya appears on Trinity 16.

Offertory. Sperent in te
This Offertory appears on Tuesday in Passion Week and Trinity 3.

Communion. Amen dico vobis quicquid
This Communion appears on Trinity 23.

Mass for the Inspiration of Holy Wisdom

Officium. Lex Domini
This Officium appears on Saturday of Lent 2.

Gradual. Venite filii audite me
This Gradual also appers on Wednesday of Lent 4, Trinity 7, and Wednesday in the Ember Days of September.

Alleluya. Ostende nobis
This Alleluya also appears on Advent 1.

Offertory. Benedictus es Domine
This Offertory also appears on Quinquagesima and Friday of Passion Week.

Communion. Tu mandasti
This Communion appears also on Thursday of Lent 3 and Trinity 19.

Mass for Tribulation of the Heart
Officium. Justus es Domine
This Officium appears on Trinity 17.

Gradual. Ad Dominum cum tribularer
This Gradual also appears on Friday of Lent 2 and on Trinity 2.

Alleluya. Qui timent Dominum
This Alleluya also appears on Trinity 16.

Offertory. Immittit angelus Domini
This Offertory also appears on Thursday of Lent 1 and on Trinity 14.

Communion. Redime me Deus Israel
This Communion appears on Tuesday of Passion Week.

Mass for the Sick
Officium. Justus es Domine
This Officium appears on Trinity 17.

Gradual. Miserere michi Domine
This Gradual appears on Wednesday of Lent 3.

Alleluya. Qui sanat contritos
This Alleluya appears on Trinity 22.

Offertory. Domine convertere
This Offertory appears on Monday of Passion Week and Trinity 2.

Communion. Redime me Deus Israel
This communion appears on Tuesday of Passion Week.

Mass for the Health of a Friend
Officium. Justus es Domine
This Officium also appears on Trinity 17.

Gradual. Salvum fac servum tuum
This Gradual appears on Friday in the Ember Days of Lent.

Alleluya. Qui timent Dominum
This Alleluya appears on Trinity 16.

Offertory. Sperent in te
This Offertory appears on Tuesday of Passion Week and on Trinity 3.

Communion. Amen dico vobis : quicquid
This Communion appears on Trinity 23.

Mass for Good Weather
The Officium, Gradual and Communion also appear in the Votive Mass Salus populi.

Officium. Salus populi
This Officium appears on Thursday of Lent 3 and Trinity 19.

Gradual. Propicius esto
This Gradual also appears on Saturday in the Ember Days of Lent, Thursday of Lent 2, Trinity 4, and Saturday in the Ember Days of September.

Alleluya. Domine refugium
This Alleluya appears on Trinity 11.

Offertory. Si ambulavero
This Offertory also appears on Thursday of Lent 3 and Trinity 19.

Communion. Amen dico vobis
This Communion also appears on Trinity 23.

Mass to Ask for Rain
Officium. Letetur cor querentium
This Officium appears on Thursday of Lent 4 and Friday in the Ember Days of September.

Gradual. Oculi omnium
This Gradual appears on Thursday of Lent 3, Corpus Christi, and Trinity 20.

Alleluya. De profundis clamavi
This Alleluya appears on Septuagesima and Trinity 20.

Offertory. Portas celi
This Offertory appears on Wednesday after Easter and Tuesday after Pentecost.

Communion. De fructu operum tuorum
This Communion appears on Trinity 12.

Mass in Time of War
Officium. Reminiscere
This Officium also appears on Wednesday in the Ember Days of Lent.

Gradual. Propitius esto
This Gradual also appears on Saturday in the Ember Days of Lent, Thursday of Lent 2, Trinity 4, and Saturday in the Ember Days of September.

Alleluya. Ostende nobis
This Alleluya also appears on Advent 1.

Offertory. Deus tu convertens
This Offertory appears also on Advent 2 and on Friday in the Ember Days of Advent.

Communion. Inclina aurem tuam
This Communion appears on Trinity 7.

Mass for Him that is in Prison
Officium. Nunc scio vere
This Officium appears on the Feast of Sts. Peter and Paul (June 29) and the Chains of St. Peter (August 1).

Gradual. Constitues eos
This Gradual appears in the Common of One Apostle

Alleluya. Solve jubente
This Alleluya appears on the Feast of the Chains of St. Peter (August 1).

Offertory. Constitues eos principes
This Offertory appears in the Common of One Apostle.

Communion. Tu es Petrus
This Communion appears on the Feast of St. Peter’s Chair (February 22) and the Feast of Sts. Peter and Paul (June 29).

Mass Against the Death of Men
This Mass uses the Officium, Gradual and Communion from the Mass Salus populi.

Officium. Salus populi
This Officium appears also on Thursday of Lent 3 and Trinity 19.

Gradual. Propicius esto
This Gradual also appears on Saturday in the Ember Days of Lent, Thursday of Lent 2, Trinity 4, and Saturday in the Ember Days of September.

Alleluya. Domine refugium
This Alleluya appears on Trinity 11.

Offertory. Sperent in te
This Offertory appears Tuesday of Passion Week and Trinity 3.

Communion. Amen dico vobis
This Communion also appears on Trinity 23.

For a Plague of Animals
The proper chants for this Mass are repeated from the previous mass.

Officium. Salus populi
This Officium also appears on Thursday of Lent 3 and Trinity 19.

Gradual. Propicius esto
This Gradual also appears on Saturday in the Ember Days of Lent, Thursday of Lent 2, Trinity 4, and Saturday in the Ember Days of September.

Alleluya. Domine refugium
This Alleluya appears on Trinity 11.

Offertory. Sperent in te
This Offertory appears Tuesday of Passion Week and Trinity 3.

Communion. Amen dico vobis
This Communion also appears on Trinity 23.

For Any Tribulation
1513 indicates that this Mass is based on the Mass for Tribulation of Heart, whereas 1508 indicates that it is based on the Mass for Brethren and Sistren.

Officium. Salus populi
This Officium also appears on Thursday of Lent 3 and Trinity 19.

Gradual. Propicius esto
This Gradual also appears on Saturday in the Ember Days of Lent, Thursday of Lent 2, Trinity 4, and Saturday in the Ember Days of September.

Alleluya. Ostende nobis
This Alleluya appears on the First Sunday of Advent.

Offertory. Exaudi Deus
This Offertory appears on Monday of Lent 3.

Common Memorials

For a Friend

For a Sick Person near to Death

For Those going on a Journey

For the Pope

For a Bishop

For Prelates and Subordinates

For(Against) Bodily Temptation

Against Evil Thoughts

For Petitions of Tears

Against Airy Tempests

Against Assaults on the Church

For Sailors

For Benefactors and Health of the Living

Against Adversaries

Of Saints Katherine, Margaret, and Mary Magdalene

Memorial for those with Fever, of Saint Sigismund

St. Sigismund, King of the Burgundians, d. 524. (Feast Day, May 1)

Subdunensi (Sedunensis) Sion, capital of the Swiss Canton of Valais.

Memorial against Pagans

Memorial of the Incarnation

Memorial for Penitents

Memorial of the Resurrection in Easter-tide

Memorial of All Saints throughout the Year

Memorial for the Universal Church

Memorial for Peace

Memorial for the King and Queen

Nuptial Mass

Mass for a Second Marriage

Mass for Pregant Women

The Blessing of Bread on Sunday

Office for Pilgrims

Mass for those going on a Journey

Mass for the Dead

Memorial on Trentals

Memorial on Anniveraries

Memorial for a Bishop

Memorial for Brethren and Sistren

Memorial for Benefactors

Memorial for an Abbot

Memorial for a Priest

Memorial for a Father and a Mother

Memorial for Anyone Deceased

Memorial for a Deceased Friend

Memorial pro defuncto morte prevento

Memorial for Men of a Family

Memorial for Women of a Family

Memorial for a Woman Deceased

Memorial for Trentals

Memorial for Benefactors

Memorial for Those at Rest in the Cemetery

Memorial for Those to be kept in Prayer

Memorial of the Faithful Departed

General Prayers

Prose for the Dead
Sequence. Dies ire dies illa
Attr. Thomas of Celano
Trans. (Performine Edition) William Josiah Irons, 1848. Irons’ translation, as it appears in The Words of the Hymns in the Appendix of the Brompton Metrical Psalter (1861): 29, begins:
‘Day of Wrath ! O Day of mourning,
See once more the Cross returning–
Heav’n and earth in ashes burning!’
The Edition follows The English Hymnal (1906): #351 here.
Trans. (Scholarly Edition) William Josiah Irons, 1848, as altered in The English Hymnal (1906): #351.
It would appear that the original poetic text ended at ‘mei finis’.
An extensive article on this Hymn is found in John Julian A Dictionay of Hymnology: 295-301.

Mass for the Avoidance of Death

Mass of St Sebastian in time of Plague

Mass in Commemoration of St. Erasmus

Mass of St. Roch

Mass of Saint Genovefa (Genevieve)

Born Nanterre, c. 419/422 A.D., died Paris 502/512 A.D., Feast Day January 3 (presumably equivalent to the translation).  Invocation of St. Genovefa for protection against ‘burning sickness’ (ergot poisoning) dates from 1129, when Paris, suffering from an epidemic, was relieved after Saint Genevieve’s relics were carried in a public procession.

Mass in Commemoration of St. Christopher

Mass for St. Anthony

Mass for St. Raphael

Mass for St. Gabriel

Mass of the Compassion or Lamentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
this Mass appears in fvirtually identical form in Robert Lippe, ed. Missale Romanum Mediolani (London, 1907), Vol. II: 339. It is here indicated to be found only in the Paris Editions of 1515, 1530 and 1540.

Feast of Saint Armagillus

Armagillus (Armel), d. ca. 570; feast day August 16.  St. Armel was popularized by King Henry VII.

Sequence. Corde lingua mente tota

Mass for St. Barbara

C-01 Kyriale

1*
Kyries with Latin Verses

Typically the Sarum sources present the Kyries with Latin Verses as given here. However, Manchester, Rylands Latin MS 24:21-24 follows each invocation with a repetition of the same melody on the text ‘Kyrie eleyson’, doubling the length of the piece.

Deus Creator omnium
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.
Deus Creator omnium is the beginning of the Vespers Hymn for Saturdays, by St. Ambrose.

3*
Kyrie Rex Genitor
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

4*
Kyrie fons bonitatis
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

6*
Kyrie omnipotens Pater
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

8*
Kyrie Rex splendens
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

10*
Lux et origo
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

11*
Cunctipotens Genitor
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

13*
Conditor Kyrie
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

14*
Orbis factor
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

17*
Kyries without Latin Verses

Kyrie : O Rex clemens

Kyrie : Rex sempiterne

18*
Kyrie : Conditor Kyrie

19*
Kyrie : Rex splendens
(Vatican VII)

The following extracts relating to this piece are taken from William Stubbs, ed. Memorials of Saint Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury (London: Longman, 874).

From the Introduction, pp. cxiv-cxv.
Of Dunstan’s musical ability it is possible that we have a trace in the trope or cantus “Kyrie rex splendens,” which according to the Salisbury use is appointed to be sung on his festival after the officium. . . .  All, however, that can be said of it is that it may be Dunstan’s.  The history of it is this.  Eadmer relates a story of Dunstan falling sleep one Sunday at mass, whilst waiting for Edgar who had gone out hunting.  In his sleep he heard a solemn service in heaven, and when he awoke dictated to his servants a “Kyrie Eleyson” which he had learned there, which, according to the biographer, was in his days sung in many places among the solemn ceremonies of the mass.  It would seem a natural conclusion that the “Kyrie rex splendens” which was sung only on the feasts of Dunstan and S. Michael should be identified with this; and although William of Malmesbury does not notice it except in a very cursory way, it must been believed soon after his day.  Higden is, however, the first writer who distinctly states that the kyrie which Dunstan learned contained the “modulos harmoniae” which were contained in the trope so famous among the English, “Kyrie rex splendens.”  The statement is copied by Capgrave, and appears also in Bromton, and possibly in other writers of the fifteenth century.  If, however, we venture to assume thus much, it may reasonably be questioned whether the words or the music only should be attributed to Dunstan.  Higden’s language seems to refer to the music, that of Eadmer to the words.  It has indeed been thought that as the peculiar tropes or variations on the kyrie are not found until the thirteenth century in the common missals, the music only of this one could even by tradition be Dunstan’s.  But this is a mistake, for we possess a tropary dating nearly if not quite from Dunstan’s days [MS. Bodl. 775], which contains a large number of kyries, both words and music.  In this we do not find Kyrie rex splendens, but several forms of expression more or less coinciding with it.  If we suppose that Dunstan wrote the trope, it would not of course appear at once in the service books, but there is nothing in it inconsistent with this antiquity.  It may have been many times remodelled like the other kyries and rearranged afterwards

From the Life of St. Dunstan by Eadmer, p. 207.

‘Alio quodam tempore rex in die Dominica mane venatum lvit, et Dunstanum, qui tunc forte secum erat, Missam suam donec rediret differre petivit.  Appropinquante igitur hora tertia vir Dei ad ecclesiam procedit, et indutus sacris vestibus, regem sicut ei promiserat exspectabat.  Stabat ergo cubitis innixus altari, orationi ac lacrymis deditus.  Tum subito sopore leviter in coelum rapitur, et beatis angelorum agminibus associatus, audit eos summae Trinitati in laudem modulatis vocibus decantantes atque dicentes, “Kyrie eleyson, Christe eleyson, Kyrie eleyson.”  Quorum melodiam coelestium contemplator edoctus ad se reversus est.  Et conversus ad suos interrogat rexne venerit annon.  At ubi eum nondum venisse accepit ad suas preces sese convertit.  Factoque non grandi intervallo, iterum extra se ductus audivit in coelis altisona voce dici, “Ite, Missa est.”  Ad quod cum “Deo gratias” responderetur, accurrentes clenci regis regem adesse vociferantur, sacerdotem ut festinantius Missam celebret obsecrant.  At ille versus ab altari Missam se habere pronunciat, et aliam se ea die celebraturum abnegat.  Depositisque vestibus sacris a suis de re inquiritur, quod latebat operitur.  Ex hoc itaque sumpto sermone regem in diebus Dominicorum deinceps a venatu prohibuit.  “Kyrie eleyson” vero quod in coelestibus didicit, suos docuit, idque multis in locis hodie sancta ecclesia inter Missarum solennia canit.’

From Capgrave’s Life and Miracles of Dunstan, p. 346.

Quodam tempore rex Edgarus adhuc vivens, dum venatum pergeret, Dunstanum donec rediret Missam differre rogavit. Appropinquante hora tertia, vir Dei sacris induitur vestibus, regem exspectat, stans cubitis innixus altari, lacrymis deditus et orationi. Et ecce! subito sopore leniter pressus, raptus in coelum et junctus angelis audit eosdem Trinitati modulatis vocibus canere, “Kyrie eleyson, Christe eleyson, Kyrie eleyson.” Et rediens ad se interrogat rex advenisset. Respondetur, “Non.” Iterum ergo orat, et iterum in coelum raptus audit ibi altisona voce dici, “Ite, Missa est.” Cumque responderetur, “Deo gratias;” accurrerunt clerici regem adesse dicentes. Quibus ille respondit quod jam Missam audierat, nee aliam eo die auditurus vel celebraturus erat. Interrogatus quare, visionem aperit, et sumpto ex hoc sermone prohibuit regi ne ulterius in die Dominico venatum iret. “Kyrie eleyson,” quod in coelo audierat suos clericos docuit. Cujus modulos harmoniae adhuc continet tropus ille apud Anglos famosus, “Kyrie rex splendens.”

In a later footnote on p. 357 Stubbs comments on the above:
‘The story told by Eadmer p. 207, represents Dunstan as learning in his sleep a heavenly melody of the Kyrie eleyson. This melody, as we learn from Capgrave (p. 346 above), was identified in his days with the cantus Kyrie Rex splendens, which, as appears from the rubric above, was in some special way connected with the festival of S. Dunstan. In the Winchester Troper of the tenth century, now MS. Bodl. 775, which contains most of the Kyries mentioned in the last nore in a ruder and earlier form that that in which they appear in the Salisbury Missal, this particular Kyrie is not found. It may therefore have been originally drawn up by Dunstan; but it is impossible to say with anything like certainty that the words given in the text represent the original form.’

See also William Chappell, ‘On the use of the Greek language, written phonetically, in the early Service Books of the Church in England . . .’ Archaeologia XLIV (1881):389-402, esp. 401-402. and the plate labelled ‘A Kyrie eleyson by Saint Dunstan’.

20*
Kyrie : Cunctipotens Genitor
(Vatican IV)

21*
Kyrie : Rex summe

22*
Kyrie : Orbis factor
(Vatican ‘Ad libitum’ X)

Kyrie : Lux et origo
(Vatican I)

23*
Kyrie : Kyrie : Kyrie Deus sempiterne

24*
Kyrie : Kyrie omnipotens

25*
Kyrie VIII

Kyrie I

26*
Kyrie II

Kyrie V

Kyrie III

27*
Gloria in excelsis VIII
(Vatican III)

29*
Gloria in excelsis II
(Vatican XI)

30*
Gloria in excelsis VIII
(Vatican X)

32*
Gloria in excelsis IV
(Vatican IV)

34*
Gloria in excelsis VIII
(Vatican V)

36*
Gloria in excelsis VI

38*
Gloria in excelsis I

39*
Gloria in excelsis III
(Vatican XIV)

41*
Gloria in excelsis VII
(Vatican IX)
This Gloria contains the famous ‘Spiritus et alme’ tropes for the Blessed Virgin.

44*
Sanctus I
(Vatican II)

Sanctus VI
(Vatican VIII)

45*
Sanctus VIII
(Vatican IV)

46*
Sanctus II
(Vatican XI)

47*
Sanctus V
(Vatican VII)

Sanctus VIII
(Vatican XIII)

48*
Sanctus II

49*
Sanctus II
(Vatican XV)

Sanctus II
(Vatican XII)

50*
Sanctus II
(related to Vatican XVIII)

51*
Agnus Dei II
(Vatican XII)

Agnus Dei VII
(Vatican IV)

52*
Agnus Dei VIII
(Vatican XIV)

53*
Agnus Dei VIII
(Vatican VI)

54*
Agnus Dei IV

Agnus Dei II
(Vatican II)

55*
Agnus Dei VIII
(Vatican VII)

Agnus Dei I

56*
Agnus Dei I
(Vatican XV)

Agnus Dei VIII
(Vatican XVIII)

61*
Benedicamus Domino and Ite missa est.

The choice of using ‘Benedicamus Domino’ or ‘Ite missa est’ is dependent on the ranking and type of Feast or feria and the season of the church year.  ‘Ite missa est’ is used when ‘Te Deum’ is sung at matins and/or when ‘Gloria in excelsis’ is sung at Mass.  Otherwise ‘Benedicamus Domino’ is used.  ‘Benedicamus Domino’ is also used for the conclusion of the Office, so there is considerable overlap between Missal and Breviary.

Generally speaking the elaboration of the melodies reflects the importance of the occasion.  In many cases the same melody is provided for both ‘Ite missa est’ and ‘Benedicamus Domino’.  Certain days have proper melodies for ‘Ite missa est’.  (17.) is used on the vigils of Easter and Pentecost.

The initial set of ornate melodies, 1-12, is presumably appropriate for use on Sundays and Feasts of 9 lessons.  The following simpler melodies, 13-16, are for use at mass on Feasts of 3 lessons; melodies 18-26 would be used on Double Feasts.

The additional, lettered melodies (a.)-(uu.) are taken from Rylands-24:31-32.  Duplications of the standard melodies are indicated.  Here we find another selection for use with Triple Invitatories, presumably for Simple Feasts. Those labelled ‘ix. lec.’ would then be used on Simple Feasts of Nine Lessons with Duple Invitatory; we then find another series for Simple Feasts of Three Lessons.  Double Feasts with Triple Invitatory (t-jj) would be used not at Mass, but at Vespers and Lauds.   The series (mm-rr) would presumably be used at Vespers and Lauds in Eastertide, although (nn) is proper to Epiphany, and would presumably be used at Vespers and Lauds of that day.

The earliest printed Sarum Missals available (1489, 1494-Venice, 1497-Morin, 1497-Paris, 1504-Verard), essentially those identified by Dickinson as type A, contain a series of 12 settings of both ‘Benedicamus Domino’ and ‘Ite missa est’.  (These are numbered 1, 2, 3, 4a, 5, 6, 7, 8a, 9a, 10, 11, 12 in the Edition.)  Beginning with the 1500-Pynson Missal, we find the following set of 10 ‘Benedicamus Domino’ lacking the associated ‘Ite missa est’: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9a, 4b, 12, 10.   This trend continues through the subsequent Missals of Dickinson types B and C.  Beginning with the 1511-Hopyl-Brykman Missal we find the following set of 10 ‘Benedicamus Domino’: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8b, 9b, 12, 10.  This order is generally followed in Dickinson’s D type Missals.  The manuscript Gradual, British Museum Lansd. 462, also contains a set of 10 ‘Benedicamus Domino’ in the following order: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9a, 10, 12, 4a.  The printed Graduals contain the same set of 10 ‘Benedicamus Domino’ as Lansd. 462, but with no. 4a in 9th position.  Regarding the variations presented in nos. 4a and b, 8a and b, and 9a and b, it should be noted that all these melodies are related to one another, and the first three and last two syllables are set the same in all cases.  These variations may have arisen either through varied performances or through manuscript errors.

Cambridge, Trinity College MS B.11.3. and MS B.11.11. contain a collections of Benedicamus and Ite missa est melodies which, with minor variants, duplicate those in the edition.

Ite missa est.
This may mean literally ‘Go, it has been sent.’ or ‘Go, it is the dismissal.’ In the English edition, ‘Go, the mass is ended.’ accomodates the music effectively, and is similar to the commonly used ‘Go forth, the mass is ended.’

According to the rubrics, there is no audible response to the ‘Benedicamus Domino’ or the ‘Ite missa est’ at Mass except on the Vigils of Easter and Pentecost. (Compare the silent response to the Versicle at Matins, Lauds, and Vespers, and note also that elsewhere throughout the Ordinary of the Mass the responses are printed in full.) Evidently the presence of ‘Deo gratias’ at 27. is meant for use in the Office, not the Mass.

The responses labelled t-jj appear to be for use at Vespers and Lauds, but not at Mass.  The forms including ‘alleluya’ given in t-z, and gg-jj are in accordance with the rubric on p. 1241 of the Noted Breviary, that indicates the response ‘Deo gratias alleluya’ is to be made audibly at Lauds and Vespers in Eastertide, on Double Feasts, (when sung by two clerks) until the Feast of the Trinity.    According to this rubric, these most elaborate melodies would only be sung at the first Benedicamus of Vespers and Lauds.  The melodies for the second Benedicamus are given on 116* of the Noted Breviary.

See also Robertson, Anne Walters. ‘Benedicamus Domino: the Unwritten Tradition’, JAMS XLI-1 (1988):1-62.  This article frequently refers to Rylands-24, but names it ‘The Exeter Missal’.

(1.)  This melody is recognizeable as a variant of Missa de Angelis. (LU:39.)
The following remarks are of interest: ‘. . . the Kyrie . . .is a work probably of Norman origin, and dating from the 14th century.  At that time the Graduale of the Cathedral of Rouen included this Kyrie among certain chants “ad libitum” for the solemnity of feasts.  In the following century, again in Rouen, we find this Kyrie already given the title “de Angelis”; and, in England, where, for the most part, the customs were the same as those of Normandy, we find, from that time, the Benedicamus sung thereafter to the air of one of the sections of this Kyrie.’ (‘The “Missa de Angelis”‘, analysis by A. Gastoue, trans. Albert Gingras, The Caecilia, December 1933, p. 375.)  Francis Burgess, The English Gradual, v. notes the resemblance of this melody to the Missa de Angelis.  However, there is no other evidence to suggest that anything more of Missa de Angelis than ‘Benedicamus’ and ‘Ite missa est’ were used in the Sarum Mass.

This melody appears in Palmer, The Order of Vespers, 16** (a.) in a form suitable for Double Feasts in Eastertide.

(5.) This melody appears in Palmer, The Order of Vespers, 15** (c.)

63*
(6.)  Francis Burgess, The English Gradual, v. notes the resemblance of this melody to the Missa de Angelis.

This melody appears in Palmer, The Order of Vespers, 16** (b.) in a form suitable for Double Feasts in Eastertide.

64*

(8a.) This melody appears in Palmer, The Order of Vespers, 14** (a.)

(9a.) This melody appears in Palmer, The Order of Vespers, 16** (c.) in a form suitable for Double Feasts in Eastertide.

65*
(11.) This melody, too, appears to be derived from the Kyrie of Missa de Angelis; in this case, from the final Kyrie.

67*
(17.) This melody is taken from the Alleluya of the Mass for the Vigils of Easter and Pentecost, 744.

‘Pro dispositione diaconi vel sacerdos.’ would seem to be a concession: that although the ‘Ite missa est’ should properly match the melody of the Kyrie from the beginning of the Mass, that if necessary another melody (perhaps more familiar or easier) could be substituted.

72*

(r.) This melody appears in the Solesmes books for simple feasts.

‘In duplicibus festis cum triplex invitatorio . . .’

Melodies (t.) through (jj.) could be used at Vespers and Lauds on Double Feasts; during Eastertide the version with ‘Alleluya’ is used.

75*.

(x.) This melody appears in Palmer, The Order of Vespers, 15** (b.).

77*.

(gg.) This melody appears in varied form Palmer, The Order of Vespers, 15** (d.).

80*.

(nn.) This melody is for use only at both Vespers and Lauds of the Epiphany.

(qq.) This melody appears in the Solesmes books, to be used from Holy Saturday through Easter Saturday.

(rr.) This melody is taken from the Christmas Hymn, A solus ortus cardine.  This melody appears in Palmer, The Order of Vespers, 16**.

81*

‘In duplicibius festis ultimo loco . . .’  Presumably this melody is intended for the final ‘Benedicamus’ after the Memorial(s).

‘In rogacionibus.’  Presumably these three melodies were sung on the Rogation days immediately preceding the Ascension; perhaps one was assigned to each day.  They do not appear to be derived from music associated with those days.