Companion to the Missal C: Common of Saints and Kyriale.

The earliest western graduals have no Common of Saints, except for those of bishops: the Vigil of One Bishop (CAO 170), the Nativity of One Bishop (CAO 171-171.3), the Ordination of One Bishop (CAO 171.4), and the Ordination of Many Bishops (CAO 172). Instead these early sources include a variety of propers for saints’ days, but no further Commons of Saints. The Common of Saints was assembled over time as a convenient means of providing for saints’ days that lacked propers, and to avoid having multiple copies of repeated musical items. Thus the CAO numbers in the present volume are significant only in that they indicate that an item is part of the oldest layers of the gradual.  (Multiple reference numbers of repeated chants found in CAO are not indicated in the edition).

The following CAO feasts are not found in the Sarum Rite, although many of the chants appear in the common:
031.2, St. Felicis (Felix of Metz?, Feb. 21)
097, St. Alexander and companions (Feb. 26)
101, St. Pudentiana (May 19)
104, St. Urban (May 25)
113, Sts. Primus and Felician (June 9)
124 Sts. Processus and Matinian (July 2)
127 St. Praxedis (July 21)
132 St. Xystus (Aug. 6)
133 Sts. Felicissimus and Agapitus (Aug. 10)
139 St. Eusebius (Aug. 1)
144 St. Hermetis (Hermes) (Aug. 28)
145 St. Sabina (Aug. 29)
147 St. Adrian (Aug. 26)
148.2 St. Stephen (Aug. 6?)
151 Sts. Cornelius and Cyprian (Sept. 16)
153 St. Euphemia and companions (Sept. 16)
161 St. Caesarius (Nov. 1 or 3?)
164 St. Mennae (Nov. 11)

[1]
Image: The miracle of the Mass of St. Gregory.  Pope Gregory I kneeling at the altar, before the image of Christ appearing above the chalice. (The story of this miracle appears, among other places, in The Golden Legend.)  That the celebrant is wearing a tiara would appear to be an indication that this is Pope Gregory, rather than that the tiara would actually be worn during the consecration. Compare the image in the Sarum Book of Hours known as “Queen Mary’s Psalter”, where an attending cardinal holds the tiara.
Two instruments of the passion are also represented, being held by angels.  Another notable feature of this image is the small figures presumably of the Virgin and St. John the Apostle, as is typically found on Rood Screens.

Vigil of One Apostle or Evangelist

The Vigils of One Apostle or Evangelist are:
Nov. 29, St Andrew
Dec. 20, St. Thomas
Feb. 23 (24 in leap years), St. Matthias
July  24, St. James
Aug. 23, St. Bartholomew
Sept. 20, St. Matthew
There is no Vigil for St. John the Evangelist, St. Mark the Evangelist, St. Barnabas, St. Paul, or St. Luke the Evangelist.

The Roman Missal 1543 includes a Vigil of Many Apostles, for use on the Vigils of Philip and James (April 30) and Simon and Jude (October 27). In the Sarum Use the only Vigil of Many Apostles is that of Simon and Jude (since there are no vigils of saints in Eastertide); therefore there is no Common for Vigils of Many Apostles. (Much of the content of that vigil is to be found in the common of the Roman Use.)

[In the Roman Use the Vigil of One Apostle was suppressed in the 1955 reform.]

Only the Officium chant is unique in the Vigil of One Apostle; the other chants are found in the Common of One Martyr.

Offic. Ego autem sicut oliva fructifera (Ps. 51:10-11; 1 (Old Roman).)

[2]
Prayer. Quesumus omnipotens Deus : ut nostra devotio
The Roman Missal (1543) has ‘Da quesumus omnipotens Deus : ut beati N.’.

[3]
Grad. Justus ut palma (Ps. 91:13-14; 3 9 (Gallican).)
This Gradual also appears in the Common of One Martyr.

[4]
Offer. Gloria et honore (Ps. 8:6-7)
This Offertory also appears in the Common of One Martyr.

[5]
Secret. Accepta sit tibi Domine nostre devotionis
This Secret also appears in the York, Westminster and Ambrosian Missals.
The Roman Missal (1543) has ‘Apostolice reverentie culminis’

Comm. Magna est gloria ejus
This Communion also appears in the Common of One Martyr.

[6]
Postcomm. Presta nobis eterne largitor
This Postcommunion also appears in the York Missal.
The Ambrosian Postcommunion is related: Presta quesumus omnipotens Deus : ejus nos oratione ubique protege . . . ‘
The Roman Missal (1543) has ‘Sancti apostoli tui N. quesumus’.

[7]
On the Day of One Apostle

The nine Feasts of One Apostle are:
Nov. 30, St. Andrew
Dec. 21, St. Thomas
Dec. 27, St. John
Feb. 24 (25 in leap years), St. Matthias
June 11, St. Barnabas
June 30, St. Paul
July 25, St. James
Aug. 24, St. Bartholomew
Sept. 21, St. Matthew

The Roman Missal 1962 has no Common of Apostles.  The Roman Missal 1543 has a Common of One Apostle, comprising Introit, Collect, Secret, and Postcommunion.

The text of Ps. 138:17 appears in the Officium, in the first Gradual, in the first Alleluya, and in the third Offertory.

The text of Ps. 18:5 appears in the second Gradual, in the second Alleluya, and in the first Offertory.

The text of Ps. 44:17-18 appears in the third Gradual and in the second Offertory.

Officium. Michi autem nimis honorati sunt (Ps. 138:17, 1-2)

Prayer. Exaudi Domine populum tuum
This prayer appears in the Liber Sacramentorum of Gregory the Great (PL-78:151) as an additional prayer for St. Andrew.  It also appears in the Rituale Ecclesie Dunelmensis (Durham) :80.

[8]
Gradual. Nimis honorati sunt (after Ps. 138:17-18)

[9]
Gradual. In omnem terram exivit (Ps. 18:5, 2)

[10]
Gradual. Constitues eos principes (Ps. 44:17-18)

[11]
Alleluya. Nimis honorati sunt (Ps. 138:17)

Alleluya. In omnem terram (Ps. 18:5)
This Alleluya does not appear in Graduale Romanum  1908.

[12]
Alleluya. Per manus autem apostolorum (Acts 5:12)
This Alleluya does not appear in the Graduale Romanum 1908.

Alleluya. Non vos me elegistis (John 15:16)

[13]
Tract. Beatus vir qui timet Dominum (Ps. 111:1-3)

This Tract also appears in the Common of One Confessor.

[14]
Sequence. Clare Sanctorum
Attr. Notker of St. Gall.
Trans. © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

[16]
Sequence. Alleluya nunc decantet
The York Use has the sequence ‘Clare sanctorum’.

[21]
Offertory. In omnem terram exivit sonus (Ps. 18:5)

Offertory. Constitues eos principes (Ps. 44:17-18)

[22]
Offertory. Michi autem nimis honorificati sunt (Ps. 138:17)

Secret. Beati apostoli tui
In the Roman Missal (pre- and post-Tridentine) this Secret appears on the feast of St. Bartholomew (August 24).

Communion. Vos qui secuti estis me (after Mat. 19:28)

Postcommunion. Tuere nos misericors Deus

[24]
The Birthday of One Evangelist

The four Feasts of One Evangelist are:
Dec. 27, St. John (propers in CAO)
Apr. 25, St. Mark
Sept. 21, St. Matthew
Oct. 18, St. Luke

Officium. Os justi meditabitur (Ps. 36:30-31, 1)
This Officium is also used for Feasts of One Confessor and Abbot.

[25]
Prayer. Interveniat pro nobis
In the Roman Missal (pre and post Tridentine) this Prayer appears on the Feast of St. Luke (October 18).
‘. . . crucis mortificationem . . .’ appears to be a reference to Luke 9:23, ‘If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me’.

Gradual. Os justi meditabitur

[26]
Alleluya. Primus ad Syon dicet

[No Tract appears, as no Feast of an Evangelist falls between Septuagesima and Easter.]

[27]
Sequence. Laus devota
Trans. in Hymn Melodies for the Whole Year (The Plainsong and Medieval Music Society, 1896): xv.

The York Use has the sequence ‘Plausu chorus’.

[30]
Offertory. Posuisti Domine in capite eus
This Offertory also appears on the Feast of St. Thomas, and on Feasts of One Martyr.

Secret. Donis celestibus da nobis
In the Roman Missal this Secret appears on the Feast of St. Luke.
‘. . . medicinam nobis operentur . . .’ appears to be a reference to Luke, the Physician (see. Col. 4:14).

[31]
Communion. Magna est gloria ejus
This Communion appears also on the Vigil of One Apostle, and on Feasts of One Martyr.

Postcommunion. Presta quesumus omnipotens Deus
In the Roman Missal this Postcommunion appears on the Feast of St. Luke.

[32]
The Birthday of One Martyr

The Sarum feasts of one martyr are:

Dec. 26, St. Stephen (propers in CAO)
Dec. 29, St. Thomas of Canterbury (1173)
Jan. 14, St. Felix (propers in CAO)
Jan. 16, St. Marcellus (propers in CAO)
Jan. 22, St. Vincent (propers in CAO)
Feb. 3, St. Blaise
Feb. 14, St. Valentine (propers in CAO)
March 18, St. Edward
April 19, St. Alphege
April 23, St. George (propers in CAO)
April 28, St. Vitalis (propers in CAO)
June 1, St. Nichomedes (propers in CAO)
June 22, St. Alban
July 17, St. Kenelm
July 18, St. Arnulph (1121)
July 23, St. Apollinaris (propers in CAO)
August 2, St. Stephen (propers in CAO)
August 5, St. Oswald
August 9, St. Romanus
August 10, St. Laurence (with octave) (propers in CAO)
August 11, St. Tiburtius (propers in CAO)
August 18, St. Agapitus (memorial) (propers in CAO)
August 19, St. Magnus (memorial)
August 27, St. Rufus
Sept. 9, St. Gorgonius (memorial) (propers in CAO)
Sept. 17, St. Lambert
Sept. 25, St. Firmin
Oct. 2, St. Leger
Oct. 14, St. Calixtus
Oct. 31, St. Quintinus
Nov. 9, St. Theodore (propers in CAO)
Nov. 23, St. Clement (propers in CAO)
Nov. 24, St. Chrysogonus (propers in CAO)
Nov. 26, St. Linus

In the Sarum sources, the order in which the Officia appear varies.

Officium. Justus ut palma (Ps. 91:13, 2)
In the Roman Missal this Officium appears in the Common of One Confessor.

Officium. Justus non conturbabitur. (after Ps. 36:26, 28; 1)
This Officium does not appear in the Graduale Romanum 1908.

[33]
Officium. Gloria et honore. (Ps. 8:6-7; 2)
This Officium does not appear in the Graduale Romanum 1908.

[34]
Officium. In virtute tua (after Ps. 20:2-3)

[35]
Officium. Letabitur justus in Domino (Ps. 63:11; 2)

[36]
Officium. Protexisti me Deus (Ps. 63:3; 2)
Seeing that ‘Alleluya’ is integral to the chant, this Officium ought to be sung in Eastertide, as is in fact indicated in the Roman Missal.

Prayer. Adesto Domine supplicationibus nostris
In the Roman Use this prayer appears on the Vigil of St. Laurence (August 9). The Roman Missal 1962 includes an additional phrase, ‘cujus praevenimus festivitatem’.

[39]
Gradual. Posuisti Domine super caput ejus (after Ps.20:4; 3.)
This Gradual appears also on the Feast of St. Thomas the Martyr (December 29).

[40]
Gradual. Beatus vir qui timet Dominum (Ps. 111:1-2)

Gradual. Justus non conturbabitur (after Ps. 36:26, 28; 1)
This Gradual appears in the Missale Romanum 1543, but does not appear in the Graduale Romanum 1908.

[41]
Gradual. Justus ut palma florebit (Ps. 91:13-14; 3 9 (Gallican).)
This Gradual also appears on the Vigil of One Apostle or Evangelist.

[42]
Alleluya. Posuisti Domine super caput ejus (after Ps.20:4)

Alleluya. Justus ut palma (Ps. 91:13 (Gallican).)

[43]
Alleluya. Letabitur justus (Ps. 63:11)
This Alleluya appears in the Missale Romanum 1543, but does not appear in the Graduale Romanum 1908.
This melody is also used for ‘Alleluya. Caro mea’ at Corpus Christi, ‘Alleluya. Levita Laurentius’ for the Feast of St. Lawrence, and ‘Alleluya. Concussum est’ for the Feast of St. Michael.

[44]
Alleluya. Iste sanctus digne
This Alleluya is not in the Roman Missal, nor does it appear in the printed Sarum Missals.

Alleluya. Beatus vir qui suffert (James 1:12)
In the Roman Rite this Alleluya appears in the Common of a Confessor not a Bishop.

[45]
Alleluya. Beatus vir qui timet (Ps. 111:1)
In the Roman Rite this Alleluya appears also in the Common of a Confessor not a Bishop. In the Graduale Romanum 1908 it appears only in the Common of a Confessor not a Bishop.

Alleluya. Gloria et honore (Ps. 8:6-7)
This Alleluya also appears on the Feast of St. Thomas the Martyr (December 29).
This Alleuya appears in the Missale Romanum 1543, but not in the Graduale Romanum 1908.

This Alleluya and the next share the same melody.

[46]
Alleluya. Justus non conturbabitur
This Alleluya appears in the Missale Romanum 1543, but not in the Graduale Romanum 1908.

This Alleluya and the previous one share the same melody.

Sequence. Organicis canamus

The Hereford and York Uses have the sequence ‘Ecce pulchra’.

[48]
Tract. Desiderium anime ejus (Ps. 20:3-4)

[51]
Offertory. In virtute tua (after Ps. 20:2-3)
In the Roman Use this Offertory appears in the Common of a Confessor not a Bishop.

[52]
Offertory. Posuisti Domine in capite ejus (after Ps.20:4-5)
This Offertory appears also on the Feast of St. Thomas the Martyr, and on Feasts of One Evangelist.

‘ . . . nisi infra septuagesimam.’ Presumably this Offertory would not be sung at all in Septuagesima-tide. If it were sung without ‘alleluya’ it would not end on the finalis.

Offertory. Justus ut palma (after Ps. 91:13.)
This Offertory appears on the Feast of St. John the Evangelist (December 27).
In the Roman Rite this Offertory appears in the Common of One Confessor and Bishop. In the Graduale Romanum 1908 it appears in the Common of a Doctor.

[53]
Offertory. Confitebuntur celi (Ps. 88:6)
This Offertory also appears in the Common of Many Martyrs.
In the Graduale Romanum 1908 this Offertory appears in the Common of One Martyr in Eastertide.

Offertory. Gloria et honore (Ps. 8:6-7)
This Offertory also appears on Vigils of One Apostle or Evangelist.

[54]
Secret. Presentia munera Domine
In the Missale Romanum (Venice, 1558) this Secret appears on the Feast of Saint Blaise (February 3). In the Liber Sacramentorum of Gregory the Great, this Secret appears in the Mass of One Martyr (PL-78:164).

Communion. Qui vult venire post me (Mat. 16:24)
In the Roman Rite this Communion appears in the Common of One Martyr not a Bishop.

Communion. Qui michi ministrat (John 12:26)
In the Roman Rite this Communion appears in the Common of One Martyr not a Bishop.

[55]
Communion. Posuisti Domine in capite ejus (Ps.20:4)
In the Roman Rite this Communion appears in the Common of One Martyr and Bishop.

Communion. Letabitur justus in Domino (Ps. 63:11)
In the Missale Romanum (1543) this Communion appears in the Common of One Martyr not a Bishop. In the Graduale Romanum (1908) this Communion appears in the Common of One Martyr in Eastertide.

[56]
Communion. Ego sum vitis vera (John 15:5)
In the Missale Romanum 1543 this Communion appears in the Common of Many Apostles. This Communion does not appear in the Graduale Romanum 1908.

Communion. Magna est gloria ejus (Ps. 20:6)
This Communion also appear on the Feast of Saint Thomas the Martyr (December 28), and on Feasts of One Evangelist.
In the Roman Rite this Communion appears in the Vigil of One Apostle.

Postcommunion. Quos refecti Domine celesti mysterio
This Postcommunion appears to be based upon one with the same incipit in the Gelasian Sacramentary (LXV Orationes in Contentione ad Missas), H. A. Wilson, The Gelasian Sacramentary (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1894): 279; PL-74:1222.
This Postcommunion also appears in the York Missal, Minster Library MS XVI I 3, on the Feast of St. Nichomede (June 1); see Missale ad usum insignis ecclesie Eboracensis II (Durham: Andrews and Co., 1874):41.

[57]
On the Birthday of One Martyr and Bishop
Prayer. Deus qui sanctam nobis hujus diei

[59]
Secret. Intende propicius quesumus Domine

Postcommunion. Sumpsimus Domine in sancti martyris

[60]
On the Birthday of Many Martyrs
(‘Many’, of course, means ‘more than one’.)

The Sarum feasts of many martyrs are:
Dec. 28, the Holy Innocents (propers in CAO)
Jan. 8, Lucian and comps. (Memorial)
Jan. 20, Fabian and Sebastian (propers in CAO)
Feb. 6, Vedastus and Amandus
April 14, Tiburtius and Valerian (propers in CAO)
May 10, Gordian and Epimachus (propers in CAO)
May 12, Nereus, Achilles, and Pancratius (propers in CAO)
June 2, Marcellinus and Peter (propers in CAO)
June 5, Boniface and comps.
June 8, Medard and Gildard
June 12, Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius (propers in CAO)
June 15, Vitus, Modestus, and Crecentia
June 18, Mark and Marcellian (propers in CAO)
June 19, Gervase and Protase (propers in CAO)
June 26, John and Paul (propers in CAO)
July 10, the Seven Holy Brothers (propers in CAO)
July 27, the Seven Sleepers
July 29, Felix, Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrice (propers in CAO)
July 30, Abdon and Sennen (propers in CAO)
Aug. 8, Cyriacus and comps. (propers in CAO)
Aug. 13, Hippolytus and comps. (propers in CAO)
Aug. 23, Timotheus and Apollinaris (propers in CAO)
Aug. 30, Felix and Adauctus (propers in CAO)
Sept. 11, Protus and Hyacith (Memorial) (propers in CAO)
Sept. 22, Maurice and comps.
Sept. 26, Cyprian and Justina
Sept. 27, Cosmas and Damian (propers in CAO)
Oct. 1, Remigius and comps.
Oct. 7, Mark, Marcellus, and Apuleius
Oct. 9, Dionysius and comps. (propers in CAO)
Oct. 10, Gereon and comps.
Oct. 11, Nicasius and comps.
Oct. 25, Crispin and Crispinian
Nov. 8, the Four Crowned Martyrs (propers in CAO)
Nov. 29, Saturninus and Sisinnius

Officium. Intret in conspectu tuo

[61]
Officium. Clamaverunt justi

[62]
Officium. Timete Dominum

[63]
Officium. Justi epulentur

Officium. Sapientiam sanctorum

[64]
Officium. Salus autem justorum

[65]
Officium. Judicant sancti gentes

Officium. Sancti tui Domine

[66]
Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus da nobis

Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus : quod in sanctorum martyrum

[69]
Gradual. Gloriosus Deus in sanctis

This Gradual also appears on Feasts of Many Virgins.

[70]
Gradual. Clamaverunt justi

[71]
Gradual. Timete Dominum

Gradual. Justorum anime

[72]
Gradual. Exultabant sancti in gloria

[73]
Gradual. Vindica Domine

[74]
Gradual. Ecce quam bonum
This Gradual also appears on the 22nd. Sunday after Trinity.

[75]
Gradual. Anima nostra
This Gradual also appears on the Feast of the Holy Innocents (December 28).

[76]
Alleluya. Sancti tui Domine benedicent te

Alleluya. Sancti tui Domine florebunt

[77]
Alleluya. Sancti et justi

Alleluya. Vox exultationis

[78]
Alleluya. Justi epulentur

[79]
Alleluya. Reddet Deus mercedem

Alleluya. Mirabilis Dominus noster

[80]
Alleluya. Te martyrum candidatus
This Alleluya also appears on the Feast of the Holy Innocents (December 28).

Tract. Qui seminant in lachrymis

[81]
Sequence. Ecce pulchra canorum

[84]
Sequence. Mirabilis Deus in sanctis
Trans. in Hymn Melodies for the Whole Year (the Plainsong and Medieval Music Society, 1896): xvii.

[90]
Offertory. Mirabilis Deus in sanctis suis

[91]
Offertory. Gloriabuntur in te

[92]
Offertory. Letamini in Domino

Offertory. Exultabunt sancti in gloria
This Offertory also appears on Feasts of Many Confessors.

[93]
Offertory. Anima nostra sicut passer
This Offertory also appears on the Feast of the Holy Innocents (December 28).

Offertory. Confitebuntur celi (Ps. 88:6)
This Offertory also appears in the Common of One Martyr.

[94]
Offertory. Repleti sumus mane misericordia.
This Offertory appears on the Feast of St. Vitalis (April 28).

Secret. Suscipe quesumus Domine munera populi tui
This Secret appears in the Gelasian Sacramentary (Oxford: Clarendon, 1894) : 213.

Secret. Sanctorum martyrum tuorum atque pontificum

Communion. Gaudete justi in Domino

[95]
Communion. Multitudo languentium

[96]
Communion. Posuerunt mortalia

Communion. Justorum anime in manu Dei sunt

[97]
Communion. Ego vos elegi
This Communion also appears on Feasts of Many Confessors.

[98]

Communion. Et si coram hominibus

Communion. Anima nostra sicut passer

Communion. Ego sum vitis vera
This Communion appears in the Common of One Martyr.

Communion. Dico autem vobis amicis meis
This Communion appears on the Feast of St. Hipolitus (August 13).

[99]
Communion. Quod dico vobis
In the Graduale 1508, this Communion only appears on the Feast of Sts. Felix and Adauctus (August 30).

Communion. Amen dico vobis quod uni
In the Graduale 1508 this Communion appears only on the Feast of Saints Mark, Marcellus, and Apuleius (October 7).
In the Graduale Romanum 1908 this Communion appears on the Monday of Lent 1.

Postcommunion. Sacramentorum tuorum Domine

[100]
Postcommunion. Deus qui nost sacramenti tui

Another Mass for Many Martyrs not Bishops
In the Missale Romanum 1543 the prayers of this Mass appear as the first set of prayers for Masses of Many Martyrs.  The prayers of this Mass appear in the Roman Missal 1962 in the Missa ‘Sapientiam’ for Many Martyrs.

Prayer. Deus qui nos concedis sanctorum martyrum tuorum

Secret. Munera tibi Domine

Postcommunion. Presta nobis quesumus Domine intercedentibus

Another Mass for Many Martyrs
Prayer. Concede quesumus omnipotens Deus : ut sanctorum

Secret. Propicius esto Domine supplicacionibus nostris

[101]
Postcommunion. Salutaris almonie participacione

Another Mass for Manny Martyrs (and Bishops)
Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus qui in sanctorum martyrum

Secret. Sanctorum martyrum tuorum atque pontificem

Postcommunion. Deus qui nos sacramenti tui veneranda

[103]
On the Birthday of One Confessor

The Sarum Feasts of One Confessor are:
Dec. 4, St. Osmund (Deposition)
Dec. 6, St. Nicholas
Dec. 31, St. Silvester (propers in CAO)
Jan. 5, St. Edward (Memorial)
Jan. 15, St.Maurus (Abbot)
Jan. 17, St. Sulpicius
Jan. 27, St. Julian
March 1, St. David
March 2, St. Chad
March 12, St. Gregory (Doctor)
March 20, St. Cuthbert
March 21, St. Benedict (Abbot)
April 3, St. Richard
April 4, St. Ambrose (Doctor)
April 30, St. Erkenwald
May 7, St. John of Beverley
May 19, St. Dunstan
May 25, St. Aldhelm
May 26, St. Augustine (of Canterbury)
May 28, St. Germanus
June 9, Translation of St. Edmund
June 13, St. Basil
June 16, Translation of St. Richard
June 28, St. Leo (Doctor)
July 4, Translation of St. Martin
July 11, Translation of St. Benedict (Abbot)
July 16, Translation of St. Osmund
July 28, St. Sampson
July 31, St. Germanus
Aug. 28, St. Augustine (of Hippo) (Doctor)
Sept. 1, St. Giles (Abbot)
Sept. 3, Ordination of St. Gregory (Doctor)
Sept. 4, Translation of St. Cuthbert
Sept. 5, St. Bertin (Abbot)
Sept. 30, St. Jerome (Doctor)
Oct. 13, Translation of St. Edward
Oct. 15, St. Wulfram
Oct. 23, St. Romanus
Nov. 6, St. Leonard (Abbot)
Nov. 11, St. Martin (with octave)
Nov. 13, St. Bride
Nov. 14, Translation of St. Erkenwald (London)
Nov. 15, St. Machutus
Nov. 16, St. Edmund
Nov. 17, St. Hugh

Officium. Statuit ei Dominus

[104]
Officium. Sacerdotes tui Domine
This Officium also appears on the Feast of Saint Silvester (December 31).

[105]
Officium. Sacerdotes Dei
This Officium also appears on Feasts of One Confessor and Doctor.

Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus qui nos beati N.

[106]
Prayer. Da quesumus omnipotens Deus ut beati N.

[107]

Gradual. Ecce sacerdos magnus

This Gradual also appears on the Feast of Saint Silvester (December 31).

[108]
Gradual. Juravit Dominus
This Gradual also appears on Feasts of One Confessor and Doctor.

[109]
Gradual. Inveni David servum meum

[110]
Gradual. Domine prevenisti eum

[111]
Alleluya. Justus germinabit

[112]
Alleluya. Inveni David servum meum
This Alleluya also appears on the Feast of Saint Silvester (December 31).

Alleluya. Amavit eum Dominus

[113]
Alleluya. Disposui testamentum

Alleluya. Elegit Dominus sibi

[114]
Tract. Beatus vir qui timet Dominum
This Tract also appears in the Common of One Apostle.

[115]

Sequence. Adest nobis dies alma

[117]
Sequence. Alma cohors una laudum

[121]
Offertory. Veritas mea
This Offertory also appears on Feasts of One Confessor and Doctor.

[122]

Offertory. Inveni David servum meum
This Offertory also appears on the Feast of Saint Silvester (December 31).

[123]

Secret. Propiciare quesumus Domine supplicationibus nostris

Secret. Respice queumus Domine munera populi tui

Communion. Domine quinque talenta

[124]

Communion. Beeatus servus quem cum venerit
This communion also appears on the Feast of Saint Silvester (December 31).

Communion. Fidelis servus
This Communion also appears on Feasts of One Confessor and Doctor, and One Confessor and Abbot.

[125]

Postcommunion. Presta quesumus Domine Deus noster ut divinis

Postcommunion. Quos tuis Domine reficis

[126]

On the Birthday of One Confessor and Doctor

The following are Sarum Feasts of One Confessor and Doctor
March 12, St. Gregory (Doctor) (propers in CAO)
April 4, St. Ambrose (Doctor)
June 28, St. Leo (Doctor)
Aug. 28, St. Augustine (of Hippo) (Doctor)
Sept. 3, Ordination of St. Gregory (Doctor)
Sept. 30, St. Jerome (Doctor)

All of the proper chants appear also in the Feast of One Confessor.

Officium. Sacerdotes Dei benedicite

Prayer. Exaudi Domine preces nostras quas in sancti N.

[127]

Gradual. Juravit Dominus

[128]

Alleluya. Amavit eum Dominus

[129]

Secret. Munera quesumus Domine tibi dicata sanctifica

[130]

Communion. Fidelis servus

This Communion also appears on Feasts of One Abbot.

Postcommunion. Presta quesumus omnipotens Deus ut de percepis muneribus

[131]

On the Birthday of One Confessor and Abbot

The following are Sarum Feasts of One Confessor and Abbot
Jan. 15, St.Maurus
March 21, St. Benedict
Sept. 1, St. Giles
Sept. 5, St. Bertin
Nov. 6, St. Leonard

Officium. Os justi meditabitur

This Officium also appears on Feasts of One Evangelist.

Prayer. Desu qui beatum N. confessorem tuum.

Gradual. Os justi

This Gradual also appears on Feasts of One Evangelist.

Alleluya. Posui adjutorium

Tract. Desiderium anime ejus

Offertory. Desiderium anime ejus

Secret. Sacrificium Domine quod pro sancti N.

Communion. Fidelis servus et prudens

This Communion also appears on Feasts of One Confessor and of One Confessor and Doctor.

Postcommunion. Libantes Domine sacrosancta mysteria

Mass of Any Confessor

Prayer. Adesto Dojmine precibus nostris

Grad. Os justi meditabitur.
In 1513 this Gradual appears to be identified by its older name, Responsory.

Secret. Suscipe Domine sacrificium placacionis

Postcommunion. Presta quesumus omnipotens Deus ut cujus festivitate

On the Birthday of Many Confessors

The following are Sarum Feasts of Many Confessors:
Feb. 6, Sts. Vedastus and Amandus
June 8, Sts. Medard and Gildard
Oct. 1, St. Remigius and companions

Officium. Sacerdotes ejus induant salutare

Prayer. Beatorum confessorum tuorum

Prayer. Deus qui nos sanctorum confessorum

Gradual. Sacerdotes ejus induant salutare

Alleluya. Fulgebunt justi

Offertory. Exultabunt sancti in gloria
this Offertory also appears on Feasts of Many Martyrs.

Secret. Adesto Domine precibus populi tui

Communion. Ego vos elegi de mundo.
This Communion also appears on Feasts of Many Martyrs.

Postcommunion. Fideles tui Deus celestis doni

On the Birthday of One Virgin and Martyr

The following are Sarum Feasts of One Virgin and Martyr
Dec. 13, St. Lucy (propers in CAO)
Jan.18, St. Prisca (propers in CAO)
Jan. 21, St. Agnes (propers in CAO)
Jan. 28, St. Agnes (second feast) (propers in CAO)
Feb. 5, St. Agatha (propers in CAO)
Feb. 16, St. Juliana
July 20, St. Margaret
July 24, St. Christina
Oct. 6, St. Faith
Nov. 22, St. Ceciia (propers in CAO)
Nov. 25, St. Katherine

Officium. Dilexisti justiciam

This Officium also appears on Feasts of One Virgin not a Martyr.

Officium. Loquebar de testimoniis tuis

Officium. Me expectaverunt

Prayer. Exaudi nos Deus salutaris noster

Gradual. Dilexisti justiciam

This Gradual also appears on Feasts of One Virgin not a Martyr.

Gradual. Specie tua

Gradual. Diffusa est gratia

Gradual. Audi filia et vide

This Gradual appears on the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin.

Gradual. Propter veritatem

This Gradual appears on the Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin.

Alleluya. Emulor enim vos Dei

This Alleluya also appears on Feasts of One Virgin not a Martyr.

Alleluya. Veni electa mea

Alleluya. Specie tua

Alleluya. Diffusa est gratia

Alleluya. Hec est viro sapiens

Alleluya. Loquebar de testimoniis

Tract. Diffusa est gratia

This Tract also appears on the Feast of One Virgin not a Martyr.

Sequence. Exultemus in hac die

Sequence. Virginis venerande

Offertory. Offerentur regi virgines post eam

This Offertory also appears on the Feast of One Virgin not a Martyr and of Feasts of Many Virgins.

Offertory. Filie regum

Offertory. Offerentur regi virgines proxime ejus

Secret. Hostias Domine quas tibi offerimus

Communion. Diffusa est gratia

This Communion also appears on the Feast of One Virgin not a Martyr.

The Alleluya would appear to be proper to Mode V, not Mode VI.

Communion. Feci judicium

Communion. Simile est regnum celorum homini

Communion. Quinque prudentes virgines

This Communion also appears on Feast of Many Virgins.

Postcommunion. Placeant tibi quesumus misericors Deus

On the Birthday of One Virgin not at Martyr

The following are Sarum Feasts of One Virgin, not a Martyr:
Jan. 31, St. Bathilda
Feb. 1, St. Brigid
Feb. 10, St. Scholastica
May 31, St. Petronilla
June 23, St. Etheldreda
Aug. 31, St. Cuthburga
Sept. 16, St. Edith
Sept. 23, St. Tecla
Oct. 19, St. Frideswide
Nov. 3, St. Wenefrede

St. Mary is not included here as all her feasts use propers for St. Mary.

All of the proper chants also a[[ear on the Feast of One Virgin and Martyr.

Officium. Dilexisti justiciam

Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus auctor virtutis

Gradual. Dilexisti justiciam

Alleluya. Diffusa est gratia

Alleluya. Emulor enim vos Dei

Tract. Difffusa est gratia

This Tract also appears on the Feast of One Virgin and martyr.

Sequence. Virginis venerande

Offertory. Offerentur regi virgines post eam

This Offertory also appears on Feasts of One Virgin and of Many Virgins.

Secret. Offerimus Domine preces et munera

Communion. Diffusa est gratia

Postcommunion. Prosint nobis Domine quesumus

On the Birthday of Many Virgins

The following are Sarum Feasts of Many Virgins:
March 7, Sts. Perpetua and Felicity
Oct. 21, The Eleven Thousand Virgins

Officium. Vultum tuum

Prayer. Deus qui ut humanum genus

Gradual. Gloriosus Deus in sanctis

This Gradual also appears on Feasts of Many Martyrs.

Alleluya. Adducentur regi virgines

Alleluya. Quinque prudentes virgines

In the Graduale Romanum 1908 this Alleluya appears on the Feast of St. Agnes.

The extreme range at ‘clamor’ is a rare examples in which the music directly portrays the meaning of the text.

Offertory. Offerentur regi virgines

This Offertory also appears on Feasts of One Virgin, and of One Virgin not a Martyr.

Secret. Fac nos quesumus Domine beatarum virginum

Communion. Quinque prudentes virgines acceperunt oleum

This Communion also appears on Feasts of One Virgin and Martyr.

Postcommunion. Presta quesumus omnipotens Deus ut qui in sanctarum virginum

Common of Virgins not Martyrs

Prayer. Omnipotends sempiterne Deus qui nos idoneos

Secret. Intercedentibus sanctis virginibus

Postcommunion. Quesumus Domine Deus noster ut sacri mysterii munus

Of Non-Virgins

This Mass does not appear in the earlier printed Sarum Missals, 1492, 94, 97, 98.  It will be noted also that this while this Mass does not appear in the Missal 1515, there the first lesson appears earlier, amongst the lessons for one virgin.  Thus it would appear that this Mass was separated out at some later stage, presumably some time after the adoption of the Feast of St. Anne in 1383.  This is supported also by the fact that all of the propers except the Prose are borrowed from the Mass for One Virgin.

The following are Sarum Feasts of Non-Virgins
July 22, St. Mary Magdalene
July 26, St. Anne

Offic. Gaudeamus omnes in Domino

That this is labelled ‘Introitus’ in the Missal 1513 may be an indication that it is a later addition to the Sarum liturgy from some other tradition.

Prayer. Exaudi nos Deus salutaris noster

Secret. Accepta tibi Domine sit sacre plebis oblatio

Postcommunion. Satiasti Domine familiam tuam

Votive Masses

Votive masses may be said throughout the week.  The usual commemorations are:

Week-day Mass
Sunday Holy Trinity
Monday Of the Angels
Tuesday I am the Salvation (Salus populi)
Wednesday Of the Holy Ghost
Thursday Of the Holy Sacrament (Corpus Christi)
Friday Of the Holy Cross
Saturday Of the Blessed Virgin

Commemoration of the Holy Trinity

Mass of the Angels

Mass ‘Salus populi’

Commemoration of the Holy Ghost

Commemoration of Corpus Christi

Mass of the Holy Cross

Mass of the Five Wounds of Our Lord Jesus Christ

On the Feast of the Crown of the Lord

Mass of the Blessed Virgin in Advent

Sequence. Missus Gabriel de celis
Trans. J. M. Neale, Mediaeval Hymns and Sequences (London: Joseph Masters, 18667): 137.

Sequence. Mittit ad virginem
Peter Abelard
Trans. © 2014 Matthew Carver, based on those of AH Brown and AH Pearson.
A translation by J. M. Neale appears in The Hymnal Noted (London: Novello, Ewer and Co., 1851): 186 (#95).
This Sequence appears in AH-LIV: 296 (#191), with an additional final stanza:
Qui nobis tribuat
Peccati veniam,
Reatus diluat
Et donet patriam
In arce siderum.

Matthew Carver’s translation includes two additional stanzas, the latter of which is a translation of the above stanza:
Now nature’s laws are torn,
The Virgin bears a Son,
The King of kings is born,
Who pow’r divine doth own,
And rules the heaven’s height.

Who doth on us bestow
Forgiveness from His hand,
Our guilt makes white as snow
And gives us all a land
Amid His city bright.

Sequence. Verbum bonum et suave
Trans. in Hymn Melodies for the Whole Year (the Plainsong and Medieval Music Society, 1896): xx.

Mass of the Blessed Virgin from Christmas until the Purification

Mass of the Blessed Virgin from the Purification until Advent

Mass for Peace

Mass for the King

For the Invocation of the Grace of the Holy Ghost

Mass for Oneself

Mass to ask the Gifts of the Holy Ghost

Mass for Sinners

Mass for Penitents

Mass for the Inspiration of Holy Wisdom

Mass for Tribulation of the Heart

Mass for the Sick

Mass for the Health of a Friend

Mass for Good Weather

Mass to Ask for Rain

Mass in Time of War

Mass for Him that is in Prison

Mass Against the Death of Men (Salus populi)

A Mass in Time of Pestilence

Common Memorials

For Any Tribulation

For a Friend

For a Sick Person near to Death

For Those going on a Journey

For the Pope

For a Bishop

For Prelates and Subordinates

For(Against) Bodily Temptation

Against Evil Thoughts

For Petitions of Tears

Against Airy Tempests

Against Assaults on the Church

For Sailors

For Benefactors and Health of the Living

Against Adversaries

Of Saints Katherine, Margaret, and Mary Magdalene

Memorial for those with Fever, of Saint Sigismund

Memorial against Pagans

Memorial of the Incarnation

Memorial for Penitents

Memorial of the Resurrection in Easter-tide

Memorial of All Saints throughout the Year

Memorial for the Universal Church

Memorial for Peace

Memorial for the King and Queen

Nuptial Mass

Mass for a Second Marriage

Mass for Pregant Women

The Blessing of Bread on Sunday

Office for Pilgrims

Mass for those going on a Journey

Mass for the Dead

Memorial on Trentals

Memorial on Anniveraries

Memorial for a Bishop

Memorial for Brethren and Sistren

Memorial for Benefactors

Memorial for an Abbot

Memorial for a Priest

Memorial for a Father and a Mother

Memorial for Anyone Deceased

Memorial for a Deceased Friend

Memorial pro defuncto morte prevento

Memorial for Men of a Family

Memorial for Women of a Family

Memorial for a Woman Deceased

Memorial for Trentals

Memorial for Benefactors

Memorial for Those at Rest in the Cemetery

Memorial for Those to be kept in Prayer

Memorial of the Faithful Departed

General Prayers

Prose for the Dead
Sequence. Dies ire dies illa
Attr. Thomas of Celano
Trans. (Performine Edition) William Josiah Irons, 1848. Irons’ translation, as it appears in The Words of the Hymns in the Appendix of the Brompton Metrical Psalter (1861): 29, begins:
‘Day of Wrath ! O Day of mourning,
See once more the Cross returning–
Heav’n and earth in ashes burning!’
The Edition follows The English Hymnal (1906): #351 here.
Trans. (Scholarly Edition) William Josiah Irons, 1848, as altered in The English Hymnal (1906): #351.
It would appear that the original poetic text ended at ‘mei finis’.
An extensive article on this Hymn is found in John Julian A Dictionay of Hymnology: 295-301.

Mass for the Avoidance of Death

Mass of St Sebastian in time of Plague

Mass in Commemoration of St. Erasmus

Mass for St. Roch

Mass in Commemoration of St. Christopher

Mass for St. Anthony

Mass for St. Raphael

Mass for St. Gabriel

Mass of the Compassion or Lamentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
this Mass appears in fvirtually identical form in Robert Lippe, ed. Missale Romanum Mediolani (London, 1907), Vol. II: 339. It is here indicated to be found only in the Paris Editions of 1515, 1530 and 1540.

Feast of Saint Armagillus

Armagillus (Armel), d. ca. 570; feast day August 16.  St. Armel was popularized by King Henry VII.

Sequence. Corde lingua mente tota

Mass for St. Barbara

C-01 Kyriale

1*
Kyries with Latin Verses

Typically the Sarum sources present the Kyries with Latin Verses as given here. However, Manchester, Rylands Latin MS 24:21-24 follows each invocation with a repetition of the same melody on the text ‘Kyrie eleyson’, doubling the length of the piece.

Deus Creator omnium
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.
Deus Creator omnium is the beginning of the Vespers Hymn for Saturdays, by St. Ambrose.

3*
Kyrie Rex Genitor
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

4*
Kyrie fons bonitatis
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

6*
Kyrie omnipotens Pater
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

8*
Kyrie Rex splendens
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

10*
Lux et origo
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

11*
Cunctipotens Genitor
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

13*
Conditor Kyrie
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

14*
Orbis factor
anon. trans. © 2014 by Matthew Carver.

17*
Kyries without Latin Verses

Kyrie : O Rex clemens

Kyrie : Rex sempiterne

18*
Kyrie : Conditor Kyrie

19*
Kyrie : Rex splendens
(Vatican VII)

The following extracts relating to this piece are taken from William Stubbs, ed. Memorials of Saint Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury (London: Longman, 874).

From the Introduction, pp. cxiv-cxv.
Of Dunstan’s musical ability it is possible that we have a trace in the trope or cantus “Kyrie rex splendens,” which according to the Salisbury use is appointed to be sung on his festival after the officium. . . .  All, however, that can be said of it is that it may be Dunstan’s.  The history of it is this.  Eadmer relates a story of Dunstan falling sleep one Sunday at mass, whilst waiting for Edgar who had gone out hunting.  In his sleep he heard a solemn service in heaven, and when he awoke dictated to his servants a “Kyrie Eleyson” which he had learned there, which, according to the biographer, was in his days sung in many places among the solemn ceremonies of the mass.  It would seem a natural conclusion that the “Kyrie rex splendens” which was sung only on the feasts of Dunstan and S. Michael should be identified with this; and although William of Malmesbury does not notice it except in a very cursory way, it must been believed soon after his day.  Higden is, however, the first writer who distinctly states that the kyrie which Dunstan learned contained the “modulos harmoniae” which were contained in the trope so famous among the English, “Kyrie rex splendens.”  The statement is copied by Capgrave, and appears also in Bromton, and possibly in other writers of the fifteenth century.  If, however, we venture to assume thus much, it may reasonably be questioned whether the words or the music only should be attributed to Dunstan.  Higden’s language seems to refer to the music, that of Eadmer to the words.  It has indeed been thought that as the peculiar tropes or variations on the kyrie are not found until the thirteenth century in the common missals, the music only of this one could even by tradition be Dunstan’s.  But this is a mistake, for we possess a tropary dating nearly if not quite from Dunstan’s days [MS. Bodl. 775], which contains a large number of kyries, both words and music.  In this we do not find Kyrie rex splendens, but several forms of expression more or less coinciding with it.  If we suppose that Dunstan wrote the trope, it would not of course appear at once in the service books, but there is nothing in it inconsistent with this antiquity.  It may have been many times remodelled like the other kyries and rearranged afterwards

From the Life of St. Dunstan by Eadmer, p. 207.

‘Alio quodam tempore rex in die Dominica mane venatum lvit, et Dunstanum, qui tunc forte secum erat, Missam suam donec rediret differre petivit.  Appropinquante igitur hora tertia vir Dei ad ecclesiam procedit, et indutus sacris vestibus, regem sicut ei promiserat exspectabat.  Stabat ergo cubitis innixus altari, orationi ac lacrymis deditus.  Tum subito sopore leviter in coelum rapitur, et beatis angelorum agminibus associatus, audit eos summae Trinitati in laudem modulatis vocibus decantantes atque dicentes, “Kyrie eleyson, Christe eleyson, Kyrie eleyson.”  Quorum melodiam coelestium contemplator edoctus ad se reversus est.  Et conversus ad suos interrogat rexne venerit annon.  At ubi eum nondum venisse accepit ad suas preces sese convertit.  Factoque non grandi intervallo, iterum extra se ductus audivit in coelis altisona voce dici, “Ite, Missa est.”  Ad quod cum “Deo gratias” responderetur, accurrentes clenci regis regem adesse vociferantur, sacerdotem ut festinantius Missam celebret obsecrant.  At ille versus ab altari Missam se habere pronunciat, et aliam se ea die celebraturum abnegat.  Depositisque vestibus sacris a suis de re inquiritur, quod latebat operitur.  Ex hoc itaque sumpto sermone regem in diebus Dominicorum deinceps a venatu prohibuit.  “Kyrie eleyson” vero quod in coelestibus didicit, suos docuit, idque multis in locis hodie sancta ecclesia inter Missarum solennia canit.’

From Capgrave’s Life and Miracles of Dunstan, p. 346.

Quodam tempore rex Edgarus adhuc vivens, dum venatum pergeret, Dunstanum donec rediret Missam differre rogavit. Appropinquante hora tertia, vir Dei sacris induitur vestibus, regem exspectat, stans cubitis innixus altari, lacrymis deditus et orationi. Et ecce! subito sopore leniter pressus, raptus in coelum et junctus angelis audit eosdem Trinitati modulatis vocibus canere, “Kyrie eleyson, Christe eleyson, Kyrie eleyson.” Et rediens ad se interrogat rex advenisset. Respondetur, “Non.” Iterum ergo orat, et iterum in coelum raptus audit ibi altisona voce dici, “Ite, Missa est.” Cumque responderetur, “Deo gratias;” accurrerunt clerici regem adesse dicentes. Quibus ille respondit quod jam Missam audierat, nee aliam eo die auditurus vel celebraturus erat. Interrogatus quare, visionem aperit, et sumpto ex hoc sermone prohibuit regi ne ulterius in die Dominico venatum iret. “Kyrie eleyson,” quod in coelo audierat suos clericos docuit. Cujus modulos harmoniae adhuc continet tropus ille apud Anglos famosus, “Kyrie rex splendens.”

In a later footnote on p. 357 Stubbs comments on the above:

‘The story told by Eadmer p. 207, represents Dunstan as learning in his sleep a heavenly melody of the Kyrie eleyson. This melody, as we learn from Capgrave (p. 346 above), was identified in his days with the cantus Kyrie Rex splendens, which, as appears from the rubric above, was in some special way connected with the festival of S. Dunstan. In the Winchester Troper of the tenth century, now MS. Bodl. 775, which contains most of the Kyries mentioned in the last nore in a ruder and earlier form that that in which they appear in the Salisbury Missal, this particular Kyrie is not found. It may therefore have been originally drawn up by Dunstan; but it is impossible to say with anything like certainty that the words given in the text represent the original form.’

See also William Chappell, ‘On the use of the Greek language, written phonetically, in the early Service Books of the Church in England . . .’ Archaeologia XLIV (1881):389-402, esp. 401-402. and the plate labelled ‘A Kyrie eleyson by Saint Dunstan’.

20*
Kyrie : Cunctipotens Genitor
(Vatican IV)

21*
Kyrie : Rex summe

22*
Kyrie : Orbis factor
(Vatican ‘Ad libitum’ X)

Kyrie : Lux et origo
(Vatican I)

23*
Kyrie : Kyrie : Kyrie Deus sempiterne

24*
Kyrie : Kyrie omnipotens

25*
Kyrie VIII

Kyrie I

26*
Kyrie II

Kyrie V

Kyrie III

27*
Gloria in excelsis VIII
(Vatican III)

29*
Gloria in excelsis II
(Vatican XI)

30*
Gloria in excelsis VIII
(Vatican X)

32*
Gloria in excelsis IV
(Vatican IV)

34*
Gloria in excelsis VIII
(Vatican V)

36*
Gloria in excelsis VI

38*
Gloria in excelsis I

39*
Gloria in excelsis III
(Vatican XIV)

41*
Gloria in excelsis VII
(Vatican IX)
This Gloria contains the famous ‘Spiritus et alme’ tropes for the Blessed Virgin.

44*
Sanctus I
(Vatican II)

Sanctus VI
(Vatican VIII)

45*
Sanctus VIII
(Vatican IV)

46*
Sanctus II
(Vatican XI)

47*
Sanctus V
(Vatican VII)

Sanctus VIII
(Vatican XIII)

48*
Sanctus II

49*
Sanctus II
(Vatican XV)

Sanctus II
(Vatican XII)

50*
Sanctus II
(related to Vatican XVIII)

51*
Agnus Dei II
(Vatican XII)

Agnus Dei VII
(Vatican IV)

52*
Agnus Dei VIII
(Vatican XIV)

53*
Agnus Dei VIII
(Vatican VI)

54*
Agnus Dei IV

Agnus Dei II
(Vatican II)

55*
Agnus Dei VIII
(Vatican VII)

Agnus Dei I

56*
Agnus Dei I
(Vatican XV)

Agnus Dei VIII
(Vatican XVIII)

61*
Benedicamus Domino and Ite missa est.

The earliest printed Sarum Missals available (1489, 1494-Venice, 1497-Morin, 1497-Paris, 1504-Verard), essentially those identified by Dickinson as type A, contain a series of 12 settings of both ‘Benedicamus Domino’ and ‘Ite missa est’.  (These are numbered 1, 2, 3, 4a, 5, 6, 7, 8a, 9a, 10, 11, 12 in the Edition.)  Beginning with the 1500-Pynson Missal, we find the following set of 10 ‘Benedicamus Domino’ lacking the associated ‘Ite missa est’: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9a, 4b, 12, 10.   This trend continues through the subsequent Missals of Dickinson types B and C.  Beginning with the 1511-Hopyl-Brykman Missal we find the following set of 10 ‘Benedicamus Domino’: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8b, 9b, 12, 10.  This order is generally followed in Dickinson’s D type Missals.  The manuscript Gradual, British Museum Lansd. 462, also contains a set of 10 ‘Benedicamus Domino’ in the following order: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9a, 10, 12, 4a.  The printed Graduals contain the same set of 10 ‘Benedicamus Domino’ as Lansd. 462, but with no. 4a in 9th position.  Regarding the variations presented in nos. 4a and b, 8a and b, and 9a and b, it should be noted that all these melodies are related to one another, and the first three and last two syllables are set the same in all cases.  These variations may have arisen either through varied performances or through manuscript errors.

Ite missa est.
This may mean literally ‘Go, it has been sent.’ or ‘Go, it is the dismissal.’ In the English edition, ‘Go, the mass is ended.’ accomodates the music effectively, and is similar to the commonly used ‘Go forth, the mass is ended.’

It appears that normally there would be no audible response to the ‘Benedicamus Domino’ or the ‘Ite missa est’ at Mass. (Compare the silent response to the Versicle at Matins, Lauds, and Vespers, and note also that elsewhere throughout the Ordinary of the Mass the responses are printed in full.) When ‘Deo gratias’ does appear at Mass it seems to be only in the Graduals, as at no. 17 and at the ferial response, which is the same music as that of the office. (See Robertson, Anne Walters. ‘Benedicamus Domino: the Unwritten Tradition’, JAMS XLI-1 (1988):1-62.)

(1.)  This melody is recognizeable as a variant of Missa de Angelis. (LU:39.)
The following remarks are of interest: ‘. . . the Kyrie . . .is a work probably of Norman origin, and dating from the 14th century.  At that time the Graduale of the Cathedral of Rouen included this Kyrie among certain chants “ad libitum” for the solemnity of feasts.  In the following century, again in Rouen, we find this Kyrie already given the title “de Angelis”; and, in England, where, for the most part, the customs were the same as those of Normandy, we find, from that time, the Benedicamus sung thereafter to the air of one of the sections of this Kyrie.’ (‘The “Missa de Angelis”‘, analysis by A. Gastoue, trans. Albert Gingras, The Caecilia, December 1933, p. 375.)  Francis Burgess, The English Gradual, v. notes the resemblance of this melody to the Missa de Angelis.  However, there is no other evidence to suggest that anything more of Missa de Angelis than ‘Benedicamus’ and ‘Ite missa est’ were used in the Sarum Mass.

63*
(6.)  Francis Burgess, The English Gradual, v. notes the resemblance of this melody to the Missa de Angelis.

65*
(11.) This melody, too, appears to be derived from the Kyrie of Missa de Angelis; in this case, from the final Kyrie.

66*
(17.) This melody is taken from the Alleluya of the Mass for the Vigils of Easter and Pentecost, 744.