Companion to B: Temporale

Title page of the Sarum Antiphonale 1519-1520
The upper panel represents the Virgin and Child together with the three kings, patrons of the city of Cologne.  The arms of the city of Cologne are in the upper left corner; the device of the printer, Francis Byrckman in the upper right.  The central panel represents Saint Ursula and the eleven thousand virgins, reputeddly martryed at Cologne.  The lower panel represents the Maccabees, martyrs, for whom a shrine was kept at the Church of Saint Andrew, Cologne. (Procter and Wordsworth, Breviarium ad usum Sarum, Vol. III, p. lxxi.)

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The Rubrics, or Pie, orignally a separate volume, have been distributed through the course of the Temporale where it is most convenient. They indicate the principal events in the calendar for each year beginning with a different day of the week (A-G). During the season of the moveable feasts (Septuagesima through to Deus omnium) the possible arrangements of the calendar are multiplied to 35 on account of the potential for Easter to fall on any day between March 22 and April 25.

Each ‘history’ is identified by the incipit of the first Responsory of Matins. The Advent ‘history’ Isaiah is named by the responsory Aspiciens a longe.

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The image is of the Annunciation.

5
First Sunday of Advent
Principal Privileged Sunday

The image is of the Annunciation. These images are unusual in that they include a crowd of onlookers. More typically the Annunciation is portrayed as a private event.

Ave Maria.   cf. Luke 1:28.
In the Breviary 1531, the Ave Maria prayer includes the non-scriptural continuation, ‘Sancta Maria, mater Dei, ora pro nobis’ &c, whereas most other Sarum sources omit this continuation.

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V. Deus in adjutorium meum intende (Ps. 69:2)
The rubrics do not make clear whether the Choristers also make the Sign of the Cross here.
. . . in pectore vel coram facie sua . . .
The Sign of the Cross in those days was typically a small gesture on the forehead (as a reminder of the mark of the cross received in baptism), or less commonly on the breast; not the familiar form of today that traces a large cross from forehead to breast and from shoulder to shoulder.
Tertullian (d. ca. 250): “In all our travels and movements, in all our coming in and going out, in putting on our shoes, at the bath, at the table, in lighting our candles, in lying down, in sitting down, whatever employment occupies us, we mark our foreheads with the sign of the cross” (De corona, 30).
See Catholic Encyclopedia, ‘Sign of the Cross‘.
However, in The Myroure of oure Ladye (ed. 1872):80, we find these instructions ‘ye begynne wyth youre honde at the hedde downewarde, and then to the lyfte syde, and after to the righte syde . . . and after this, ye bryng your hande to your breste’.

The Compline Hymn Cultor Dei appears ambiguous: does it suggest a single cross covering both forehead and breast, or separate crosses?: ‘Fac cum vocante somno, Castum petis cubile : Frontem locumque cordis, Crucis figura signet.’  (When sleep is calling, ask thee purity in bed :  let the form of the cross be signed on the forehead and the place of the heart). [390].

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Magno tonali: the Great Tonary, or the Sarum Tonary.

1 Ant. Benedictus (Ps. 143:1)
The music indicates that the Psalm-intonation is omitted at the beginning of the Psalm-Tone in this case.  This provides a continuity between the intonation of the  Antiphon and the continuation of the same Verse in the Psalm.  However, in the Psalter [359]. the indication is that the Psalm-intonation is used. It would seem that there is some variation in the practice.

. . . sed in iij. . . . sed raro in iiij.
The meaning seems to be that if the Antiphon begins with the first word of the following Psalm, then it is convenient to omit the Psalm-intonation and join the first phrase of the Psalm directly to the end of the Antiphon-intonation. But if the Antiphon-intonation carries as far as two or (rarely) three words, then it is appropriate to make a separate phrase of the continuation of the Psalm, and thus employ the Psalm-intonation.

. . . Et quod psalmus non incipiatur, antequam illa variatio perficiatur.
The Choir is not to begin singing the Psalm until the leader has completed the Psalm-tone ending, that is, the entire first verse. This is different from most Psalm chanting today, in which the Choir joins the leader after the mediation of the first verse. Presumably in those days the choristers had to wait until they had heard the ending before joining in the Psalm. (Today choristers can see the Psalm-tone ending in their chant books.) In practice, therefore, the first verse of the Psalm will be sung by a leader on one side of the choir; then the Psalm will be taken up by the other side of the choir; and then will be continued by the choir alternating by sides.

. . . reincipiatur antiphona a succentore vel a cantore . . .
This rubric indicates that after the conclusion of the Psalm(s) the Antiphon is intoned by a leader and then continued by the full Choir. This differs from typical contemporary practice in which the Antiphon following the Psalm(s) is sung from its beginning by the full Choir.

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5 Ant. Lauda Hierusalem (Ps. 147:1)
The intonation uses A rather than the B-flat of the antiphon, providing a smoother connection to the beginning of the Psalm Tone. This variation is highly unusual.  Further, the antiphon itself, unlike regular mode IV antiphons, ends on A.

This antiphon belongs to a group of ferial antiphons identified as Mode IV.vii, all of which bear the characteristic B-flat-A (or F-E) gesture.  (See the Sarum Tonary).  There is disagreement amongst sources as to how these antiphons are to be related to their psalm tones.  While the practice outlined here is the transposition of the antiphon up a fourth so that the finalis of the antiphon matches the reciting tone of the psalm, other sources suggest different approaches.  Indeed, the Sarum Tonary itself may imply that these antiphons would normally be sung ending on E, not A.  This practice is to be seen also in the Dominican Vesperarum Liber (1900).  On the other hand, the Solesmes Antiphonale Monasticum (1934, 2006) has the antiphons ending on A, but attaches them to a ‘Tonus irregularis’ in which the psalm-tone itself includes B-flat.

. . . Rector chori prosequatur hoc modo . . .
This is the beginning of the Psalm-Tone. Seeing that the text of the Antiphon intonation is continued by the opening words of the Psalm, it will be found convenient for the leader to sing the intonation of the Antiphon and the beginning of the Psalm Tone as a single phrase.
After the Ruler has intoned ‘Hierusalem Dominum’ as indicated, the Ruler’s side will continue and complete the first Verse of the Psalm. The other side will sing the next verse, and so on in alternation.

Neuma
The Neuma follows directly, commencing with the beginning of the final syllable of the Antiphon. It is shown separately here in order to indicate its theoretical relation to the Antiphon so that the same principle can be applied in other cases. The eight Neumas, one for each mode, are found at 80*.  Because this antiphon ends on A, the neuma is transposed up a fourth.

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. . . ad altare converso . . .
In the Sarum Rite recitation is typically done facing the Altar (as an offering to the Lord).

. . . non cantando . . .
i.e. not melodically inflected. This is particularly a reminder not to sing the Chapter in the manner of the Epistle Lesson at Mass.

Chapter. Erit in novissimis.
This example does not show the full nature of the Tone for the Chapter, which also has an inflection at the end of each sentence. Sentences ending on weak syllable inflect to A; sentences ending on strong syllables inflect A-B (except the last, which invariably ends on F). See 92*.

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Resp. Ecce dies veniunt (Jer. 23:5; 6b; V. 6a.)
The verses are based on the standard mode VIII melody, but the ending is modified to match the melody of the responsory, ‘in terra’.

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. . . ad gradum chori.
Soloists singing responsory verses at the quire step face the altar.

Hymn. Conditor alme syderum. Anon, 7th. c.
Perf. trans. J. M. Neale, The Hymnal Noted, 1851: 10.
Schol. trans. R. A. Knox, The Westminster Hymnal, 1939: 1.

The Sarum sources do not appear to provide any specific directions for performance of the Hymn. We may presume that it was begun by a leader, and continued by that same side of the Choir to the end of the first Verse. Subsequent verses, including the doxology would then be sung alternately. Would the Amen be sung by the side that sings the last Verse, or by the other side, or by both together? Whilst a definitive answer is lacking at present, the editor suggests that both sides sing the Amen together.

The modern Dominican tradition indicates that the first phrase of a Hymn is to be intoned by a leader. See Hymnarium O.P., (2013).
LU:234 begins E C E G G A F G, a commonly found variant.

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V. Rorate celi (Is. 45:8.)
The Roman Use divides the verse after ‘justum’.

The employment of a silent Response is an unfamiliar practice in our day. The silent Response is employed at Matins, Lauds, Vespers, and Compline–whenever the Versicle ends with a melisma. (Palmer, Order of Vespers:12, indicates a sung Response.)

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Ant. Ecce nomen Domini (Is. 30:27; cf. Sap. 1:7)

The leader will sing the entire first verse of the Magnificat, after which the other side of the Choir will take up the second verse.

From the end of the Canticle and Antiphon to the end of the service the following form is used (on Sundays and Feasts):

V. Dominus vobiscum. R. Et cum spiritu tuo.

V. Oremus.  Proper prayer of the day or feast.

V. Dominus vobiscum. R. Et cum spiritu tuo.

V. Benedicamus Domino.

Memorials as appointed, each consisting of:

Antiphon

Versicle and Response

Oremus.

Prayer

V. Dominus vobiscum. R. Et cum spiritu tuo.

V. Benedicamus Domino.

The Versicle ‘Dominus vobiscum’–wherever it may appear–is properly said only by those in major holy orders (Deacons, Priests, and Bishops). In individual or group lay-recitation it is appropriate to substitute ‘V. Domine exaudi orationem meam. R. Et clamor meus ad te veniat.’ followed by ‘V. Oremus.’  (as is done in the Sarum Books of Hours). The V. and R. may be sung simply on the reciting tone of the following Prayer, or may use the inflections of the Preces (as at Lauds, Prime, Vespers and Compline), [188].

In the Performing Edition this alternate text is ‘V. Hear my prayer, O Lord. R. And let my cry come unto thee. V. Let us pray.’

In the Scholarly Edition this alternate text is ‘V. O Lord, hear my prayer. R. And let my cry come unto thee. V. Let us pray.’

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Prayer. Excita quesumus Domine potentiam

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The Manner of Concluding the Prayers
[This section would more logically appear before the Versicle on 15.] The object of this section is to indicate the proper endings for the prayers that appear throughout the Breviary and Missal. In order to save space, the endings of the prayers are seldom given in full. The choice of ending is dependent upon the Person(s) of God to whom the prayer is addressed. The correct endings are intended to be memorized in accordance with these rubrics.  (It should be noted also that if the full conclusion is used it will always carry on to the final close, ‘Per omnia secula seculorum.’  The Response will be ‘Amen.’)

The following is a complete list of the terminations and their translations.
(a) A prayer addressed to the Father:
Latin: Per Dóminum nostrum Jesum Christum Fílium tuum qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitáte Spíritus Sancti Deus. Per ómnia sécula seculórum.
English Scholarly Edition: Through our Lord Jesus Christ thy Son, who liveth and reigneth with thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God, for ever and ever.
English Performing Edition: Through Jesus Christ thy Son our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.
Short form:
 Latin: Per Dóminum nostrum Jesum Christum Fílium tuum.
English Scholarly Edition: Through our Lord Jesus Christ thy Son.
English Performing Edition: Through Jesus Christ thy Son our Lord.

(b) A prayer addressed to the Father but mentioning Christ near the beginning:
Latin: Per eúndem Dóminum nostrum Jesum Christum Fílium tuum qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitáte Spíritus Sancti Deus. Per ómnia sécula seculórum.
English Scholarly Edition:
Through the same our Lord Jesus Christ thy Son, who liveth and reigneth with thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God, for ever and ever.
English Performing Edition:
Through the same Jesus Christ thy Son our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.
Short form:
Latin: Per eúndem Dóminum nostrum Jesum Christum Fílium tuum.
English Scholarly Edition:Through the same our Lord Jesus Christ thy Son.
English Performing Edition:Through the same Jesus Christ thy Son our Lord. .

(c) A prayer addressed to the Father, that concludes by mentioning the Son:
 Latin: Qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitáte Spíritus Sancti Deus. Per ómnia sécula seculórum.
English Scholarly Edition:Who liveth and reigneth with thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God, for ever and ever.
English Performing Edition:Who liveth and reigneth with thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.
[No short form.]

(d) A prayer addressed to the Son but mentioning the Father:
Latin: Qui tecum vivis et regnas in unitáte Spíritus Sancti Deus. Per ómnia sécula seculórum. 
English Scholarly Edition: Who livest and reignest with thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God, for ever and ever.
English Performing Edition: Who livest and reignest with thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.
[No short form.]

(e) A prayer addressed to the Son:
Latin: Qui cum Deo Patre et Spíritu Sancto vivis et regnas in unitáte Spíritus Sancti Deus. Per ómnia sécula seculórum.
English Scholarly Edition: Who livest and reignest with God the Father in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God, world for ever and ever.
English Performing Edition: Who livest and reignest with God the Father in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.
[No short form.]

(f) In a prayer which mentions the Holy Ghost,
Latin: the phrase ‘in unitáte Spíritus Sancti’ is replaced by ‘in unitáte eundem Spíritus Sancti’
 English: the phrase ‘in the unity of the Holy Ghost’ is replaced by ‘in the unity of the same Holy Ghost’.

(g) A Prayer addressed to the Father but mentioning the Trinity:
Latin: In qua vivis et regnas Deus. Per ómnia sécula seculórum.
 English Scholarly Edition:  In which livest and reignest God, for ever and ever.
 English Performing Edition:  In which livest and reignest one God, world without end.
[No short form.]

(h) A Prayer addressed to the Trinity:
Latin: Qui vivis et regnas Deus. Per ómnia sécula seculórum.
English Scholarly Edition: Who livest and reignest God, for ever and ever.
English Performing Edition: Who livest and reignest one God, world without end.
[No short form.]

(i) A Prayer addressed to the Son but mentioning the Holy Ghost:
Latin: Qui cum Patre et eódem Spíritu Sancto vivis et regnas Deus. Per ómnia sécula seculórum.
English Scholarly Edition: Who with the Father and the same Holy Ghost livest and reignest God, for ever and ever.
English Performing Edition: Who with the Father and the Same Holy Ghost livest and reignest one God, world without end.
[No short form.]

(Short endings are used for all but the last of a group of Memorials.)

In the Performing Edition all endings, when possible, are printed in full.

The following are the sources of the incipits given in this section.
Concede nos famulos (Common of Feasts of the blessed Virgin.)
Deus qui miro ordine (St. Michael.)
Deus qui de beate Marie (Memorial of St. Mary in Advent.)
Largiere nobis clementissime (St. Mary Magdalene.)
Omnipotens sempiterne Deus dirige actus (Prime on Sundays.)
Da nobis quesumus Domine imitari que colimus (St. Stephen.)
Fidelium Deus (Vespers, Office of the Dead.)
Deus qui sanctam crucem (Memorial of the Holy Cross.)
Excita quesumus Domine potentiam (First Sunday in Advent.)
Omnipotens sempiterne Deus qui dedisti famulis (Trinity Sunday.)
Proficiat nobis ad salutem (Trinity Sunday, Postcommunion.)
Deus qui corda (Memorial of the Holy Ghost.)

In addition to the above endings, we occasionally find ‘Per Christum’ or ‘Per Christum Dominum’, which is an abbreviation of ‘Per Christum Dominum nostrum’. See for example the Prayer ‘Eternam ac justissimam’ at the Easter Vigil, page 717 of the Latin Noted Missal.

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V. Benedicamus Domino
There will normally be two ‘Benedicamus Domino’, one to conclude the service proper, and another to conclude the Memorials.  Presumably in the case where there are no Memorials or Procession, there will be only a single ‘Benedicamus Domino’.
There is no indication in the Sarum sources of an audible response ‘Deo gratias’. Compare the Versicle after the Hymn, above, 12.  However, the response ‘Deo gratias.  Alleluya’ is sung from Easter until Trinity Sunday.

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There are besides the short endings which are typically used for the prayers that follow after the first prayer, when a number of Prayers follow in close proximity; that is ‘Per (eundem) Christum Dominum nostrum.’ Memorials use these abbreviated endings.

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Memorial of Saint Mary
Ant. Ave Maria gratia plena (after Luke 12:26.)

Three antiphons are used at the Memorial of St. Mary in Advent; ‘Ave Maria’ and ‘Beata es Maria’ are based on the words of the Angel, while ‘Ne timeas Maria’ is based on the words of Elizabeth.  The latter two also appear as antiphons to the Magnificat, on the first and second Sundays in Advent.  ‘Ave Maria’ is privileged, being used on first vespers of Sundays, and on feasts of 9 lessons.  ‘Ave Maria’ appears not to be used at the canonical hours, apart from the memorial.  In other uses ‘Ave Maria’ typically appears at the Benedictus on the fourth Sunday of Advent, or at the Feast of the Annunciation.

‘ . . . et in sabbato . . . ‘ i. e. at First Vespers of Sunday.

V. Egreditur virga (Isaiah 11:1.)
In the Latin text ‘Jesse’ takes an accent on the final syllable (being a Hebrew word). In the English text ‘Jesse” takes an accent on the first syllable.

Unlike the Versicle after the Hymn, here the Response is sung aloud.

The Versicle is sung on the ‘low’ note, F; the Prayer on the ‘high’ note, C.

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Vespers of St. Mary
Besides the full (or Great) Office which is sung daily, is a parallel, second (or Little) Office of devotion to the blessed Virgin. This Office is sung ‘recto tono’ (not said) each day, except on days when the Full Service of the Virgin takes place. This Office is not the same as that found in the Books of Hours.
‘ . .  . it is not unlikely that its diffusion is largely due to the marked devotion to the Blessed Virgin which is characteristic of the Church in England under the guidance of St. Dunstan and St. Ethelwold. . . .  In the eleventh century we learn from St. Peter Damian that it was already commonly recited amongst the secular clergy of Italy and France, and it was through his influence that the practice of reciting it in choir, in addition to the Great Office, was introduced into several Italian monasteries. . . . The Austin Canons also retained it, and, perhaps through their influence, in the course of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, it developed from a private devotion into part of the daily duty of the secular clergy as well. By the fourteenth century the recital of the Little Office had come to be an almost universal practice and was regarded as obligatory on all the clergy.’ ‘Little Office of Our Lady’, Catholic Encyclopedia, newadvent.org.
In the Roman Catholic Church the Little Office as an epilogue to the Divine Office was suppressed in 1910. It continues to be said amongst Carmelites and Carthusians.

. . . sine nota . . .
‘without note’ This is an indication that Vespers (and Matins and Lauds) of St. Mary are to be sung ‘recto tono’, on a single, low pitch (such as F).

. . . in capella que dicitur Salve. . . .
The Salve Chapel is (normally) the Lady Chapel. It is so named from the Mass of our Lady ‘Salve sancta parens’. (Christopher Wordsworth, Ceremonies and Processions of the Cathedral Church of Salisbury (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1901):221.). In Salisbury Cathedral it is now known as the Trinity Chapel, and is located at the extreme east end of the Church. (‘From this day [September 28, 1225] until the Reformation, the principal eastern altar, although dedicated to the Holy Trinity and All the Saints, was used for the daily mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary.’ Tim Tatton-Brown and John Cook, Salisbury Cathedral: The Making of a Medieval Masterpiece (Londons: Scala, 2009):48.)

Ant. Prophete predicaverunt.
This Antiphon appears in the full service as the second Antiphon Lauds of Wednesday (Quattuor temporum) in the third week of Advent.
The selection of Psalms is chosen to avoid duplicating  those of the full service.

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Chap. Ecce virgo concipiet

V. Diffusa est gratia (Ps 44:3.)

Ant. Ne timeas Maria (Luke 1:30.)
This Antiphon is taken from the Antiphon to the Magnificat at Second Vespers of the First Sunday of Advent.

Prayer. Concede nos famulos tuos

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The following Memorials are attached to the Daily (said) Office of the Virgin. They are thus said, not sung.

Memorial of the Holy Ghost
In modern Roman Catholic practice this Memorial forms part of the Chaplet of the Holy Spirit and of the Pentecost Novena.

Ant. Veni Sancte Spiritus
The text is the from first part of the Antiphon for First Vespers of Pentecost.
Although it has no CANTUS number, it is not unique to Sarum.

V. Emitte spiritum (Ps 103:30.)
The Vulgate has ‘Emittes’

Prayer. Deus qui corda fidelium
The Prayer is found in the modern Roman Missal as the third Collect at the votive Mass of the blessed Virgin after Pentecost.
Tr. Adrian Fortescue, Roman Missal, 3rd. ed. 1922.

Memorial of the Saint of the Place
This Memorial consists of the Antiphon on Magnificat (or Benedictus at Lauds) from the Feast of the Saint, together with the Versicle following the Hymn (at Vespers or Lauds as appropriate), and the Prayer of the day.
It should be noted, however, that on some saints’ days the Antiphon at Second Vespers is different from those at First Vespers and at Lauds. In this case one could choose between the two Vespers Antiphons, or one could alternate. There seems to be no specific Sarum rubric covering this occurrence.
The Church of Sarum has the peculiarity of being dedicated to the Virgin, which means that a daily Memorial of the Saint of the Place is redundant, seeing that a Memorial of the Virgin will already have occurred on any day in which the Full Service of the Virgin is not offered. Likewise, in locations that are not dedicated, this Memorial would properly be omitted. For this reason the rubics are directed to Benefices and Parish Churches.

Memorial of Relics
If the location of the Office has no relics, it would be appropriate to omit this Memorial.

Ant. Corpora sanctorum (after Eccles. 44:14.)
This text is used for the Alleluya at Mass in the Common of Many Martyrs.

V. Beati qui habitant (Ps 83:5.)

Prayer. Propitiare quesumus
Adapted from the Feast of Relics.

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Prayer. Presta quesumus omnipotens
Adapted from the Feast of Relics.

Memorial of All Saints
This memorial will be said (recto tono) if it follows the daily (said) Office of the Virgin. It will be sung if it follows the Vespers or Lauds of the Day.

Ant. Ecce Dominus veniet (see Zechariah 14:5-6.)

This antiphon is borrowed from Lauds of this day.

V. Ecce apparebit Dominus (see Apoc. 14:14; Deut. 33:2; Jude 1:14.)

Prayer. Conscientias nostras quesumus Domine

Memorial of Peace
This Memorial is an indulgenced prayer of Pius IX, 1848.

Ant. Da pacem Domine (after Eccles. 50:25.)

V. Domine fiat pax. (see Ps. 121:7.)

Prayer. Deus a quo sancta desideria
This Prayer originates as the Collect for the Mass for Peace; it is the source for the Evening Collect for Peace in the BCP.

Prayer. Deus auctor pacis et amator
This Prayer originates as the Postcommunion for the Mass for Peace; it is the source for the Morning Collect for Peace in the BCP.

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At Compline of Advent
V. Converte nos (Ps. 84:5.)

V. Deus in adjutorium

Ant. Miserere (Ps. 4:2.)

27
Ps. 30 is abbreviated here; only the first 6 verses of 26 are included. Evidently the intention is to include ‘In manus tuas . . .’ at Compline. The full Psalm is sung on Mondays at Matins.

. . . nullum psalmum exaltando . . .
This is to indicate that even if the singing pitch has dropped through the course of the Psalms, it should not be interrupted to restore the pitch.

Chap. Tu in nobis

Hymn. Te lucis ante terminum
Anon, 7th century.
Trans. J. M. Neale, The Hymnal Noted, 9.
This is the ordinary Hymn throughout the year. The appropriate variable doxologies are not printed in the Breviarium 1531 or the Hymnale Sarum, or in the Antiphonale 1519.

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V. Custodi nos Domine (after Ps 16:8.) Old Roman
This versicle is often divided thus in non–Sarum use:
V. Cutodi nos Domine ut pupillam oculi.
R. Sub umbra alarum tuarum protege nos.

Ant. Veni Domine visitare

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The Preces at Compline largely follow the pattern of Prime.

Pater noster.  The leader does not say the beginning ‘Pater noster’ aloud, but all commence the Lord’s Prayer silently.

V. In pace in idipsum (Ps 4:9.)

Credo in Deum. The leader says ‘Credo in Deum’ aloud, and all continue the Apostles’ Creed.

30
V. Benedictus es Domine (cf. Dan 3:56)

The Confiteor and Misereatur form a dialogue between Priest and Choir, following which the Priest pronounces the Absolutionem.  It is normally led by the most senior Priest.

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V. Deus tu conversus (Ps 84:7-8.)

V. Fiat misericordia (Ps 32:22.)

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V. Domine Deus virtutem (Ps 70:20.)

V. Domine exaudi orationem (Ps 101:2.)

Prayer. Illumina quesumus Domine
This Prayer is not part of the current Roman Compline.

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V. Exaudi Domine vocem. (Ps 26:7.)

. . . sine nota . . .
This is thought to mean not ‘without note’ but rather ‘recto tono’, that is on a single pitch (such as F) but without any melodic inflections.

V. Exurge Domine (Ps 43:26.) Old Roman.

V. Domine Deus virtutem (Ps 79:20.)

V. Domine exaudi orationem (Ps 101:2.)

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For the Peace of the Church
The Devotion ‘For the Peace of the Church’ is separate from Compline proper.  It is repeated at the morning Service. [60].

. . . sine nota . . .
i.e. recto tono.

V. Exurge Domine (Ps. 43:26.)

V. Domine Deus converte nos (Ps. 79:20.)

V. Domine exaudi orationem meam (Ps. 101:2)

Prayer. Ecclesie tue quesumus
Known as the Collect against the persecutors of Holy Mother Church. The final clause does not appear in the Roman form; rather, it appears at the end of the Collect for the Second Sunday after the Epiphany.

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Compline of Saint Mary.
This Office also appears in the Psalter at [477].
This Office (and also Prime, Terce, Sext, and None of Saint Mary) would be said (i.e. sung recto tono) in convent, by the Officiant of the Lady Mass and the other Vicars who are required to take part, that is as a gathered community, rather than individually, in the Lady Chapel. See p. 73.

Ant. Beata es Maria

Chap. Sicut cynamomum

Hymn. Virgo singularis
A. J. Collins is incorrect in suggesting that this Hymn was lost; he evidently was unaware that it is an excerpt from the Hymn ‘Ave maris stella’. See ‘Middle-English Devotional Pieces’, The British Museum Quarterly, XVI-4 (Dec., 1940): 87-88. [Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4422230, Accessed: 16-06-2016 18:14 UTC.]

V. Elegit eam Deus

Ant. Ecce ancilla Domini (Luke 1:38.)

Prayer. Gratiam tuam quesumus
This Collect is the Postcommunion for the Feast of the Annunciation. It is the Collect for the Annunciation in the BCP. It also concludes the ‘Angelus’.

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At Matins of Advent.
V. Domine labia mea. (Ps. 50:17)

V. Deus in adjutorium meum. (Ps. 69:2)

Invit. Ecce venit Rex

‘Officium principalis rectoris . . .’
Seeking the Invitatory chant from the Cantor may seem unneccessary, but perhaps, coming as it does at the beginning of the Office, serves as a reminder of the hierarchy of responsibility for the musical performance of the Office.

39
‘. . . nisi a passione Domini usque ad diem pasche . . . ‘
During that period the ‘Gloria Patri’ is omitted and the repetitions of the Invitatory Antiphon commence with the latter part of the Antiphon.

‘. . . in festis duplicibus . . . ‘
On Double Feasts the Invitatory Antiphon is first sung through by the Rulers of the Choir and is then repeated by the full Choir, after which the Psalm begins. On other days the Invitatory Antiphon is intoned by one or more leaders, and continued by the full Choir, after which (with no repetition) the Psalm begins.

‘Post primum tercium et quintum . . .’
In singing the Invitatory the repetitions of the Antiphon take two forms, Integrum (Whole) and Altera (Latter)–the second half of the Antiphon only, commencing at †. The form of the whole Invitatory is as follows:
Antiphon
(Antiphon repeated on Double Feasts)
Verse 1
Antiphon (Whole)
Verse 2
Antiphon (Latter)
Verse 3
Antiphon (Whole) (re-establishing the pitch if necessary)
Verse 4
Antiphon (Latter)
Verse 5
Antiphon (Whole)
Verse 6
Antiphon (Latter)
Antiphon (Whole)

(The terms Integrum (Whole) and Altera (Latter) do not appear in this context in the Sarum sources; they are adopted from the Nocturnale Romanum (2002, ed. Holger Peter Sandhofe).

Hymn. Verbum supernum prodiens
Anon., c. 10th c.
EP trans. J. M. Neale, The Hymnal Noted, 1851, 11.
ES trans. Ronald Knos, The Westminster Hymnal, 1939, 2.
Another translation, by Charles Bigg, is available in The English Hymnal, no. 2. (High Word of God, who once didst come.’
Thomas Aquinas wrote a eucharistic hymn that begins the same way: ‘Verbum supernum prodiens Nec Patris linquens dexteram’.

41
1 Ant. Non auferetur sceptrum (cf. Gen 49:10.)
The series of nine Antiphons for Advent cycle through the 8 modes; Antiphon 9 uses Mode IV.  The first three Antiphons are based on Genesis.

The Roman Breviaries, both pre- and post-Tridentine, have a different set of Antiphons: ‘Veniet ecce rex’ etc. which also exhibits a cycle of modes, and which likewise appears to be a relatively late addition to the repertoire.

The ‘Non auferetur sceptrum’ series is also found in the York, Hereford, and Rouen Breviaries among others.

. . . nullum psalmum exaltando . . .
This indicates that even if the pitch has fallen during the psalm singing, there should be no interruption to restore the pitch.

2 Ant. Erit ipse expectacio (Gen. 49:10-11.)
The only non-Sarum source in CANTUS for this chant is Beneventan.

42
3 Ant. Pulchriores sunt oculi (Gen. 49:12.)

V. Ex Syon species decoris (Ps. 49:2.)  This text also appears as the V. of R. 3 on the Vigil of the Nativity.

43
V. Jube domine benedicere.
AS:9. unambiguously sets ‘domine’ with three distinct notes. ‘domine’ refers to the priest being addressed. In cases where the office is recited alone, ‘Domine’ would be appropriate, since in this case it is the Lord God that is being addressed. See Catholic Encyclopedia: Gospel in the Liturgy.   In the edition ‘domine’ is translated ‘lord’ in order to distinguish the Sarum tradition from ‘domne’ of the Roman tradition (Breviarium Romanum (1568), 107), which is typically translated as ‘sir’. See also William Maskell, The Ancient Liturgy of the Church of England. 44. (although note that Maskell here uses ‘domne’ without especial warrant).

44
Lectio. Visio Esaie
This example does not show the full detail of the tone for the Lessons, since it so happens that each sentence (except the last) ends on an accented syllable. Sentences ending on weak syllables will inflect to A. See 91*.

V. Hec dicit Dominus (after Isaiah 45:22 or Zacharias 1:3.)

45
V. Tu autem Domine (based on Ps 40:11.)

1 Resp. Aspiciens a longe (V 1, Ps 48:3; V 2, Ps 79:2; V 3, Ps 79:3.)
This first Matins Responsory is also the most elaborately organized in the entire Antiphonale. Each of the first thee Verses is sung by a different boy; the fourth Verse is sung by all three boys together. Each repetenda is shorter than the previous one. The whole Responsory (up to ‘In populo Israel’) is repeated again at the end.

47
. . . ex parte cantoris . . .
the Cantor’s side. Normally the two sides into which the choir is divided are named ‘Choir’ and ‘other’, the Choir side being the side that takes the lead. As the weeks proceed ‘Choir’ and ‘other’ will alternate from side to side. From this text it appears that on the first week of Advent the ‘Choir’ side will be the south, the Dean’s side (decani), and that the ‘other’ side will therefore be the north (cantoris).

48
2 Resp. Aspiciebam in visu (Dan 7:13.)

50
3 Resp. Missus est Gabriel (based on Luke 1:26-33.)
Note the unusual tritone leaf (B-F) at the return of the repetenda.

51
4 Ant. Bethlehem non est minima (Matthew 2:6; 1:21.)

5 Ant. Ecce virgo concipiet (Isaiah 7:14.)

52
6 Ant. Orietur in diebus (Ps. 71:7; 11.)
In CANTUS this text is usually set to Mode III, and is used for the Nativity.

V. Egredietur virga (Isaiah 11:1.)

53
Sermon ‘Igitur quoniam post tempus’
Trans. WR.
Another English translation appears in Boniface Ramsey, The Sermons of Maximus of Turin (Paulist Press, 1989):46.
‘Sicut fulgur choruscans de sub celo . . .’, Luke 17:24
‘. . . ita erit adventus filii homini.’, Mat. 24:27.
‘In illa nocte erunt duo . . . rt una relinquetur.’, after Luke 17:34 and Mat. 24:41.

4 Resp. Ave Maria gratia plena (Luke 1:28, 35.)

54
. . . Quando dicitur V. Gloria Patri . . .
This may occur when the Responsory is used after the third Lesson on a feria (during the week).

55
5 Resp. Suscipe verbum
In the York Use this Responsory appears on the Third Sunday of Advent.
Responsories 6-8 appear as 5-7 in the York Use.
The English Performing version reflects the rhyme of the Verse.
The English Scholarly version is a literal rendering.

56
Lesson 6
‘Universum stratum ejus fersasti in infirmitate ejus.’, Ps. 40:4.
‘Surge tolle grabatum tuum et ambula.’, Mark 2:9; John 5:8.

6 Resp. Salvatorem expectamus (cf. Titus 2:12.)

57
7 Ant. Nox precessit (Rom. 13:12.)
‘appropinquabit’ replaces the Vulgate ‘appropinquavit’.

58
8 Ant. Hora est jam (after Rom. 13:11.)

9 Ant. Gaudete in Domino (Phil. 4:4.)

59
V. Egredietur Dominus (after Isaiah 25:21.)
The Response is said silently.
Note that this Versicle is not the same as CANTUS 008043, which omits the final words ‘a peccatis eorum’. The inclusion of the final words, albeit sub silentio appears to be a Sarum peculiarity.

Homily. Betphage, domus bucce
Trans. WR

60
7 Resp. Audite verbum (after Jer. 31:10, 4:5.)

Lesson 8
61
‘Omnes enim peccaverunt : et egent gloria Dei.’, Rom. 3:23
‘Super quem nullus adhuc hominum sedit . . .’, Mark 11:2

8 Resp. Ecce virgo concepit (V. Is. 9:6-7.)
The York Use has ‘Obsecro Domine’ here.

62
Lesson 9
‘Quid solvitis pullum ?’, Luke 19:33
‘. . . ad simulacra muta prout ducebatur incedens.’, after I Cor. 12:2
‘Hoc in Zacharia scriptum est.’ cf. Zach. 9:9
‘Discite a me : quia mitis sum et humilis corde.’, Mat. 11:29

9 Resp. Letentur celi (Ps. 95:11; Is. 49:13; V. Ps. 71:7, 11.)

63
. . . Non dicatur Te Deum.
When the Te Deum is sung, the ninth Responsory ends after the Repetenda following the V. Gloria Patri. When Te Deum is not sung, the main part of the Responsory is repeated again from the beginning.

The Ferial Responsories appear on Wednesday because that is the first occasion on which they can occur during the week. They may, however, be deferred to a later weekday, or indeed be omitted entirely on account of an abundance of Feasts and Commemorations.

V. Emitte agnum Domine (Is. 16:1.)
‘Syon’, as a transliteration of the Hebrew, is here accented on the final syllable. In the English versions it is accented on the first syllable.

64
At Lauds.
V. Deus in adjutorium (Ps. 69:2.)

1 Ant. In illa die (Joel 3:18.)

2 Ant. Jocundare filia Syon (after Zach. 9:9; see also Sophonias 3:14.)

65
3 Ant. Ecce Dominus veniet (after Zach. 14:5-6)
Psalms 62 and 66 are sung as one continuous Psalm.

4 Ant. Omnes sitientes (Is. 55:1, 6.)

Gloria Patri is omitted at the Benedicite because the Benedicite includes its own unique doxology.

66
5 Ant. Ecce veniet propheta magna
Psalms 148-150 are sung as one continuous Psalm.

Hymn. Vox clara ecce intonat
Anon (Ambrosian), 5th-6th c,. cento
Trans. G. H. Palmer, The Diurnal, 157.
(The familiar 1849 translation by Edward Caswall, ‘Hark! an awful voice is sounding’ [rev. Hark! a thrilling voice is sounding’], Lyra Catholica (1849):46, is in a different metre, 87.87.)

67
V. Vox clamantis in deserto (Mat. 3:3)
The Response is said silently.

68
A Spiritussanctus in te descendet (after Luke 1:35)

Memorial of Saint Mary
Ant. Missus est Gabriel (after Luke 1:26)

An extensive analysis of this Antiphon appears in Richard Porterfield, ‘Melodic Function and Modal Process in Gregorian Chant‘, Ph. D. diss., City University of New York, 2014:6-42.

V. Egredietur virga (Is. 11:1)

Prayer. Deus qui de beate Marie
This is the Prayer for the Annunciation; it also used for the Memorial of the blessed Virgin at Mass during Advent.

69
. . . sine nota . . .
i. e. recto tono.

. . . statim post vesperas . . .
The meaning ought to be that Vespers of Saint Mary is said directly after Vespers of the day, and Matins (and Lauds) of Saint Mary is said directly after Matins (and Lauds) of the day.

70
In Advent at the Hours of Saint Mary
Invit. Ave Maria (after Luke 1:28.)

Sunday and Monday
Ant. Benedicta tu in mulieribus (Luke 1:28)

V. Specie tua (Ps. 44:5)

Tuesday
Ant. Specie tua (Ps. 44:5)

V. Diffusa est gratia (Ps. 44:3)

Wednesday
Ant. Gaude Maria virgo

71
V. Specie tua (Ps. 44:5)

72
V. Sancta Dei genitrix

Ant. Prophete predicaverunt

V. Elegit eam Deus

A. Spiritus Sanctus in te (after Luke 1:35, 30)

73
At Prime of the Blessed Virgin
Hymn. Memento salutis auctor
Anon. The first stanza is the third stanza of the Hymn ‘Christe redemptor omnium’. The second stanza is the third stanza of the Hymn ‘Mater Dei sanctissima’ (AH-12: #73).
Stanza 1 trans. J. M. Neale.
Stanza 2 trans. Fr. Edward Caswall, Lyra Catholica, 1848, 247.

74
Chap. Egredietur virga de radice Jesse

Resp. Ave Maria (after Luke 1:28.)

At Terce.
Ant. Missus est Gabriel (after Luke 1:26.)

Chap. Non secundum visionem

Resp. Diffusa est gratia (Ps 44:3.)

75
At Sext.
Ant. Angelus Domini nunciavit (after Luke 1:26-35

Chap. Et percutiet terram

Resp. Specie tua (Ps 44:5.)

V. Adjuvabit eam (Ps 45:6.)  Old Roman

At None.
Ant. Ave Maria (after Luke 1:28.)

76
Chap. Locutus est Dominus ad Achaz

Resp. Adjuvabit eam (Ps 45:6.)

V. Elegit eam Deus

[Hec antiphona . . . ]
The Devotion or Suffrage to Mary indicated here in the 1519 Antiphonale is found in its complete form near the end of the Processionale. There appear to be no further rubrics regarding the performance of this Devotion.

Ant. Salve Regina
The form that appears in the Processionale is interspersed with a Hymn, ‘Virgo mater ecclesie’. This also appears in the Books of Hours, but is absent from the Breviaries.

Salve regína misericórdie. Vita dulcédo et spes nostra salve. Ad te clamámus éxules fílii Eve. Ad te suspirámus geméntes et flentes in hac lachryimárum valle. Eya erto advocáta nostra : illos tuas misericórdes óculos ad nos convérte. Et Jesum benedíctum fructum ventris tui nobis post hoc exílium osténde. O clemens. O Pia. O dulcis María.
V. Virgo mater ecclésie etérne porta glórie : est nobis refugium, apud Patrem et Fílium, o clemens.
V. Virgo clemens virgo pia, virgo dulcis o María : exáudi preces ómnium, ad te pie clamántium o pia.
V. Funde preces tuo nato crucifízo vulneráto : et pro nobis flagelláto, spinis puncto felle potáto : o dulcis.
V. Gloriósa Dei mater, cujus natus extat Pater : ora pro nobis ómnibus, quodXX tuam memóriam ágimus : o María.
V. Dele cuplas miserórum, terge sordes peccatórum dona nobis beatórum vitam tuis précibus : o mitis.
V. Ut nos salvat a peccátis, pro amóre sue matris : et ad regnum claritátis non ducat Rex pietátis.
O clemens. O pia. O dulcis. O mitis María salve.

V. Ave María grátia plena Dóminus tecum.
R. Benedícta tu in muliéribus et benedíctus fructus ventris tui.

Orémus.

Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus qui gloriose virginis et matris Marie corpus et animam ut dignum Filii tui habitaculum effici mereretur Spiritu Sancto cooperante mirabiliter preparasti : da ut cujus commemoratione letemur ejus pia intercessione ab instantibus malis a subitanea morte et improvisa liberemur. Per eundem Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.
Almighty, everlasting God, who by the cooperation of the Holy Spirit didst prepare the body and soul of the glorious virgin and mother Mary to become a worthy dwelling for thy Son : grant that we who rejoice in her commemoration may by her loving intercession be delivered from present evils and from sudden and unexpected death. Through the same Christ our Lord. Amen.

77
At Prime of Advent.
Hymn. Jam lucis orto sydere
The Hymn possibly dates to the 8th century.  Ambrosian metere (iambic dimeter).  It is sung daily at Prime throughout the year.
The melody for Sundays in Advent is that of ‘Verbum supernum prodiens’ of Matins in Advent and ‘Vox clara ecce intonat’ of Lauds in Advent.
The translation is by J. M. Neale, The Hymnal Noted, 4.
See John Julian, A Dictionary of Hymnology (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1892):577.

79
Terce.
Resp. Veni ad liberandum nos (V based on Ps 79:3; )

80
V. Timebunt gentes (Ps 101:16.)

81
Sext.
Chap. Nox precessit

Resp. Ostende nobis Domine

V. Memento nostri Domine (Ps. 105:4.)

82
None.
Chap. Sicut in die honeste ambulemus

Resp. Super te Hierusalem (after Is. 60:2.)

V. Domine Deus virtutum (Ps 79:4-5.)

83
Afer Mass, before the Meal.
This devotion is known familiarly as the ‘Litany of the Faithful Departed’.

. . . sine nota . . .
i.e. ‘recto tono’.

V. Credo videre (Ps 26:13)

Prayer. Absolve quesumus Domine
A somewhat different form of this Prayer appears in the Liber Usualis:1766.

84
At Second Vespers.
1 Ant. Sede a dextris. (Ps 109:1.)

2 Ant. Fidelia omnia (Ps 110:7.)

3 Ant. In mandatis ejus (Ps 111:1.) Gallican

85
4 Ant. Sit nomen Domini (after Ps 112:2.)

5 Ant. Nos qui vivimus (Ps 113:26.)

Resp. Tu exurgens (after Ps 101:14.)

86
Ant. Ne timeas Maria (Luke 1:30.)

This antiphon and ‘Beata es Maria’ that follows share much in common.  The first is the declaration of the angel to Mary, the second is that of Elizabeth to Mary.  The melodies are very similar.  Both antiphons are used at the Magnificat at Vespers in Advent, on the first and second Sundays, and both are used at the Memorial of St. Mary in Advent.

87
Memorial of Saint Mary
Ant. Beata es Maria (after Luke 1:45.)

V. Egredietur virga (Is. 11:1.)

‘Etiam in commemoratione festi loci . . .’  It is not clear why the Memorial at the Commemoration of the Feast of the Place should use the ‘festal’ rather than the ‘ferial’ antiphon.

The Antiphon Beata es Maria appears on the second Sunday in Advent.

89
Rubrics of the Office of the Dead.

90
V. Complaceat tibi Domine (Ps. 39:14.)

91
In quotidianis obsequiis . . . ‘  This indicates that the third Responsory should conclude at the end of the repetendam, omitting a final repetition of the main part of the Responsory.

Ant. Requiem eternam

Kyrie eleyson

92
Prayer. Tibi Domine commendamus.
The translation is based upon that found in The Life, Letters, and Sermons of Bishop Herbert de Losinga, ed Edward Merick Goulburn and Henry Symonds. (Oxofrd and London: James Parker and Co,, 1878) Vol. 1:339.

94
V. Requiem eternam

97
Monday in the first week of Advent
Matins
Invit. Regem venturum Dominum

V. Ex Syon species (Ps 49:2.)
The ferial Versicles are taken from the Sunday in rotation.

98
Resp. Aspiciebam
The Responsories are taken from the Sunday in rotation, along with the ferial Repsonsories (feria iv). If all weekdays were ferias the series of ferias i, ii, and iii would be repeated on ferias v, vi, and sabbato.

99
Lauds
Ant. Miserere mei (Ps 50:1.)
This is the ferial Antiphon from the Psalter.

Chap. Ecce dies veniunt

100
V. Vox clamantis (after Is. 40:3 and the four Gospels.)

Ant. Angelus Domini
This text is used as the opening Versicle of the non-liturgical ‘Angelus’.

Preces.
These are the ferial Preces from the Psalter, 185.

104
Memorial of St. Mary
Ant. Spiritussanctus in te (Luke 1:35.)
This Antiphon uses ‘descendet’ rather than the Vulgate ‘superveniet’.

Memorial of All Saints
Ant. Ecce Dominus veniet

105
Prime
Ant. Veni et libera nos

Terce
Ant. Tuam Domine excita potentiam

106
Chap. Qui venturus est
This Chapter is based the same text as Advent 3, Responsory 3. Only the first phrase is from Hebrews.

Sext
Ant. In tuo adventu

Chap. Prope est ut veniat
Only the first phrase is taken literally from Isaiah.

107
None
Ant. Veni Domine et noli tardare

This Antiphon also appears at Lauds of Friday in the third week of Advent, 215.

Chap. Venite ascendamus

Vespers
Chap. In diebus illis salvabitur Juda

108
Ant. Hierusalem respice (after Bar. 4:36.)
This Antiphon appears to be the basis of the longer Palm Sunday Antiphon of the same name (see Noted Missal:488).

Memorial of blessed Mary
Ant. Ne timeas Maria (after Luke 1:30-31)

109
Tuesday in the first week of Advent
Matins
V. Egredietur virga (Is. 11:1)

111
Lauds
Ant. Leva Hierusalem oculos

Vespers

112
Ant. Querite Dominum (Is. 55:6.)

Wednesday in the first week of Advent
Matins

113
2 Resp. Obsecro Domine (Exod. 4:13; 3:7; Ps 103:3.)

114
3 Resp. Alieni non transibunt (Joel 3:17-18; Hosea 14:4.)

115
Lauds

116
Ant. De Syon exhibit lex (Is. 2:3.)

Vespers
Ant. Veniet fortior me (Luke 3:16.)
This antiphon has much in common with Mode V. The ambiguity is apparent in the diversity with which flats are applied in the sources. Some continental sources in CANTUS–A-Gu 29:7v. (Benedictine, ca. 1400) and A-KN 1011:6v. (Augustinian, 14th c.) and A-KN 1013:6v.(Augustinian, 12th c.) avoid the problem by avoiding B and B-flat throughout. Others appear to use B-natural throughout. F-Pn lat. 15181:114r. (Notre Dame de Paris, ca. 1300) uses B-flat throughout.

117
Thursday in the first week of Advent
Matins

118
Lauds
Ant. Benedicta tu in mulieribus (Luke 1:42.)

Vespers

119
Ant. Expectabo Dominum (Is. 8:17.)

Friday in the first week of Advent
Matins

120
Lauds
Ant. Ecce veniet Deus et homo

121
Vespers
Ant. Ex Egypto vocavi (Hosea 11:1.)

Saturday in the first week of Advent
Matins

122
Lauds
Ant. Syon noli timere

125
Memorial of St. Mary
Ant. Sub tuam protectionem

126
Prayer. Concede nos famulos tuos

127
Full service of blessed Mary

128
First Vespers

Compline

Matins
Invit. In honore beatissime Marie virginis

129
1 Ant. Benedicta tu in mulieribus (after Luke 1:28.)

2 Ant. Sicut mirra electa (after Eccles. 24:20.)

3 Ant. Speciosa facta es (cf. Song of Songs 2:13, 7:6; Ps 138:11.)

130
4 Ant. Specie tua (Ps 46:5.)

5 Ant. Adjuvabit eam (Ps 46:5.)

6 Ant. Sicut letantium (Ps 86:7.)

131
7 Ant. Gaude Maria virgo
cf. Purification, Responsory 9.

8 Ant. Dignare me laudare te

9 Ant. Rorate celi desuper (Is. 45:8.)

132
Lessons. Missus est angelus Gabriel
Trans. WR
‘Missus est angelus . . . et nomen virginis Maria.’, Luke 1:26
‘Dominus fortis et potens : Dominus potens in prelio.’, Ps. 23:8
‘dominus virtutum ipse est Rex glorie.’, Ps. 23:10
‘Et ingressus angelus ad eam . . . in mulieribus.’, Luke 1:28

133
‘Que cum audisset . . . esset ista salutatio.’, LUke 1:29

Lesson 2
‘Ecce concipiesn in utero . . . nomen ejus Jesum.’, Luke 1:31
‘Ipse enim [(inquiens)] salvum faciet populum suum, a peccatis eorum.’, Mat. 1:21.
‘Hic erit magnus . . . non erit finis.’, Luke 1:32

134
‘Quomodo fiet istud : quoniam virum non cognosco ?’, Luke 1:34

Lesson 3
‘Quomodo fiet istud : quoniam virum non cognosco ?’, Luke 1:34
‘Spiritussanctus superveniet in te . . . obumbrabit tibi.’, Luke 1:35
‘Ideoque quod nascetur . . . Filius Dei.’, Luke 1:35
‘Et ecce Elizabeth . . . in senectute sua.’, Luke 1:36

135
‘Ecce ancilla Domini . . . verbum tuum.’, Luke 1:38

Lauds

136
Prime

Terce

Sext

None

142
Second Sunday of Advent
Major Privileged Sunday
First Vespers

Chap. In die illa erit germen

Note: the Responsory Docebit nos will be sung with ‘Gloria Patri’ (which is not indicated in the Latin and Scholarly editions). Only in Passiontide and in the Office of the Dead is the ‘Gloria Patri’ omitted.

Ant. Orietur sicut sol (cf. Deut. 32:2)

Prayer. Excita domine corda nostra

143
Matins
Invit. Rex noster adveniet
This text is also used for Responsory 9.

1 Resp. Hierusalem cito veniet. V. from Ps. 80:9-10 (Old Roman)

145
2 Resp. Ecce Dominus veniet. cf. Zach. 14:5-6
The York Use has ‘Alieni non transibunt’ here, and ‘Ecce Dominus veniet’ appears as the third Responsory.

See also the Memorial at First Vespers in Advent 1.

146
3 Resp. Civitas Hierusalem.  V. Is. 40:10
In the York Use ‘Civitas Hierusalem’ is the fourth Responsory.

Lessons of Maximus, ‘Superiore Dominica capitulum evangelicum’
Trans. WR.
Another English translation appears in Boniface Ramsey, The Sermons of Maximus of Turin (Paulist Press, 2002).
‘In illa nocte erunt duo in lecto uno . . .’Luke 17:34
‘Erunt duo molentes . . . una relinquetur.’, Luke 17:35

147
4 Resp. Ecce veniet Dominus. after Apoc. 14:14; V. Ps. 71:8
In the York Use ‘Ecce veniet Dominus’ is the fifth Responsory.

148
Lesson 5
‘Non veni legem solvere : sed adimplere.’, after Mat. 5:17
‘Omnes declinaverunt . . usque ad unum.’, Ps. 13:3
‘Lex autem iram operatur . . . ‘, Rom. 4:15

149
5 Resp. Sicut mater consolatur.  V. Is. 46:13
In the York Use ‘Sicut mater consolatur’ is the sixth Responsory.

Lesson 6

150
‘. . . rotam in medo rote esse connexam.’, Ezech. 10:10
‘Lac vobis potum dedi : non escam.’, I Cor. 3:2
‘Perfectorum autem est solida . . . exercitatos habent.’, Heb. 5:14
‘Sacrificium Deo spiritus contribulatus.’, Ps. 50:19
‘. . . sermo Dei currat et clarificetur in nobis.’, cf. II Thes. 3:1

6 Resp. Hierusalem plantabis vineam.  V. Zach. 9:9
In the York Use ‘Hierusalem plantabis vineam’ is the seventh Responsory; the Verse is ‘Deus a Libano’. (Matthew Cheung Salisbury, The Secular Liturgical Office in Late Medieval England (Turnhout: Brepols, 2015): 43, indicates the Verse ‘Exulta satis’.)

151
Homily ‘Dominus ac Redemptor noster’
Trans. WR
Another English translation appears in Toal, The Sunday Sermons of the Great Fathers, Vol 1:17.

152
‘Exurget gens contra gentem . . . et fames.’, Luke 21:10
‘Erunt signa in sole . . . et fluctuum.’, Luke 21:25

7 Resp. Egredietur Dominus de Samaria.  V. after Is.16:5

153
8 Resp. Docebit nos Domnius Is. 2:3

154
Lesson 9
‘. . . et in bono opere sollicitudo confirmet.’, after II Thes. 2:17
‘Arescentibus hominibus . . . virtutes celorum movebuntur.’, Luke 21:26
‘Et tunc videbunt filium hominis . . . et majestate.’, cf. Luke 21:26

9 Resp. Rex noster adveniet.  V. after John 1:29
This text is also used for the Invitatory.

155
Resp. feriale. Leva Hierusalem oculos.  V. Mich. 4:2

156
Lauds
1 Ant. Ecce in nubibus

2 Ant. Urbs fortitudinis. after Is. 26:1

157
3 Ant. Ecce apparebit Dominus.  cf. Hab. 2:3

4 Ant. Montes et colles  Is. 55:12

158
5 Ant. Ecce Dominus noster

Chap. Quecunque enim scripta sunt

Ant. Super solium David  Is. 9:7

159
Prime

Terce

Sext
Chap. Deus autem patientie

None
Chap. Deus autem spei

Vespers

160
V. Rorate celi desuper

Ant. Beata es Maria (after Luke 1:45.)

Memorial of St. Mary

The Antiphon ‘Ne timeas Maria’ is substituted on this occasion so as to avoid duplication with the preceding Antiphon ‘Beata es Maria’, which is the usual Antiphon at the Memorial of St. Mary in Advent.

161
Feria 2
Matins

162
Lauds
Ant. De celo veniet dominator Dominus

Vespers
Ant. Ecce Rex venit

Feria 3
Matins

163
Lauds
Ant. Super te Hierusalem  Is. 60:2

Vespers
Ant. Vox clamantis in deserto (Is. 40:3; cf. Mat. 3:3, Mark 1:3, Luke 3:4)

164
Feria 4
Matins

Lauds
Ant. Ecce mitto angelum meum (after Mat. 11:10, Mark 1:2; Luke 7:27)

165
Vespers
Syon renovaberis

Feria 5
Matins

166
Lauds
Ant. Tu es qui venturus es (cf. Mat. 11:3, Luke 7:19, 20)

Vespers
Ant. Qui post me venit (cf. Mat. 3:11, Mark 1:7, Luke 3;16, John 1:27)

167
Feria 6
Matins

168
Lauds
Ant. Dicite pusillanimes  cf. Is. 35:4

Vespers
Ant. Cantate Domino canticum novum.  Is. 42:10

Sabbato
Lauds
Ant. Levabit Dominus signum.  cf. is. 11:12

172
Third Sunday of Advent
Major Privileged Sunday
First Vespers
Chap. Non auferetur sceptrum

Ant. Ante me non est formatus Deus.  Is. 43:10, 45:23

Prayer. Aurem tuam quesumus Domine

173
Matins
Invit. Ecce venit jam plenitudo temporis.  after Gal. 4:4

174
1 Resp. Ecce apparebit Dominus.  cf. Deut. 33:2; Apoc. 14:4, 19:16; V. Hab. 2:3

See also Advent II, Lauds, Ant. 3

175
2 Resp. Bethleem civitas Dei summi.  after Mich. 5:2; V. Zach. 9:10

176
3 Resp. Qui venturus est veniet.  see Hab. 2:3; V. see Heb. 10:37

See also Advent II, Lauds, Ant. 3.

177
Sermon of blessed Augustine. Legimus sanctum Moysen
Trans. WR
A French translation appears in Ouevres completes de Saint Augustin XX (Paris, 1873), Sermon 245:435.
‘Audi Israel . . . Deus unus est.’, Mark 12:29
‘. . . non potest numerari . . .’, cf. III Reg. 3:8
‘Magnus Dominus . . . non est numerus.’, Ps. 146:5

178
‘. . . Jesus plenus Spiritu Sanco regressus est ab Jordane.’, Luke 4:1

4 Resp. Egypte noli flere
The York Use has the Responsory ‘Suscipe verbum’.
In the York Use ‘Egypte noli flere’ is the fifth Responsory.

180
5 Resp. Prope est ut veniat.  Is. 14:1; V. see R. 3 above.
In the York Use ‘Prope est ut veniat’ is the sixth Responsory.

181
Lesson 6
‘Tu es sacerdos . . . ordinem Melchisedech.’, Ps. 109:4
‘Virgam virtutis tue emittet Dominus ex Syon.’, Ps. 109:2
‘Exiet virga de radice Jesse . . . sapientie et intellectus.’, Is. 11:1-2
‘Quoniam ipse per sanguinem . . . que in terris.’, cf. Col. 1:20

182
6 Resp. Descendet Dominus sicut pluvia.  see Ps. 71:6, 7, 111
In the York Use ‘Descendet Dominus sicut pluvia’ is the seventh Responsory.

Homily of blessed Gregory. ‘Querendum nobis est’
Trans. WR
Another translation appears in Toal, The Sunday Sermons of the Great Fathers, I:45.
‘Ecce agnus Dei, ecce qui tollit peccata mundi . . .’, John 1:29
‘Qui est de terra . . . super omnes est . . .’, John 3:31
‘Tu es qui venturus es : an alium expectamus ?’, Maat. 11:3

183
7 Resp. Veni Domine et noli tardare.  V.  Ps. 79:3
In the York Use ‘Veni Domine et noli tardare’ is the eighth Responsory.

Lesson 8
‘Tu es qui venturus es : an alium expectamus ?’, Maat. 11:3

184
8 Resp. Erumpant montes.  cf. Ps. 71:3

Lesson 9
‘Cecus vidunt . . . scandalizatus in me.’, Mat. 11:5
‘Beatus qui non fuerit scandalizatus in me . . .’, Mat. 11:5

185
9 Resp. Ecce radix Jesse.  V. Is. 11:5
The York Use has ‘Montes Israel’, the ninth Responsory of the fourth Sunday in Advent in the Sarum Use.

Lauds
1 Ant. Veniet Dominus et non tardabit.  cf. Heb. 10:37; I. Cor. 4:5

186
2 Ant. Hierusalem gaude

3 Ant. Dabo in Syon salutem.  Is. 46:13

4 Ant. Montes et omnes colles.  cf. is. 40:4

187
5 Ant. Juste et pie vivamus.  Tit. 2:12

Chap. Sic nos existimet homo

188
Ant. Johannes autem cum audieest.  Mat. 11:2

Prime

Terce

189
Sext
Chap. Michi autem pro minimo est

None
Chap. Nolite ante tempus judicare

Vespers
Ant. Ite dicite Johanni.  cf. Mat. 11:5; Luke 7:22

191
Feria 2
Matins

192
Lauds
1 Ant. Ecce veniet Dominus

2 Ant. Dum venerit Filius hominis

3 Ant. Ecce jam veniet plenitudo temporis.  after Gal. 4:4

193
4 Ant. Haurietis aquas in gaudio.  Is. 12:3

5 Ant. Egredietur Dominus de loco sancto suo.  cf. Is. 26:21

Ant. Egredietur virga de radice Jesse.  cf. Is. 11:1; Ps. 71:19; Luke 3:6

194
Vespers
Ant. Elevare, elevare.  after Is. 52:2

Feria 3
Matins

195
Lauds
1 Ant. Ecce Dominus noster cum virtute

2 Ant. Emitte agnum Domine.  after Is. 16:1

196
3 Ant. Ut cognoscamus Domine.  after Ps. 66:3

4 Ant. Da mercedem Domine.  Eccl. 36:18

5 Ant. Lex per Moysen data est.  John 1:17

197
Ant. Tu Bethleem terra Juda.  after Mat. 2:6

Vespers
Ant. Erumpant montes jocunditatem.  cf. Ps. 71:3; V. see Resp. 8 above

198
Feria 4 (Ember Day)
Matins
Invit. Prope est jam Dominus

‘. . . spirulam id est palmam de terra sancta . . .’
The spirula may be a palmer’s staff.  ‘[Palm branches] could not be preserved during so long a journey as that from the Holy Land; [Palmers] appear to have been supplied with staves of palm, of which the make was not always uniform.’ See Thomas Dudley Fosbroke, British Monachism: Or, Manners and Customs of the Monks and Nuns of England 3rd. edition (London: M. A. Nattali, 1843.):316. The object so described would resemble the staff with which the angel Gabriel is so frequently depicted. [DuCange Glossarium: PALMARIUS [Palmatus], Peregrinus. Palmarii porro dicebantur, qui peregrinationem Hierosolymitanam seu ex voto ac pietatis intuitu, vel cruce ac sacra expeditione suscepta, in patriam redierant, quod in signum exactae istius peregrinationis palmarum, quarum ferax est Syria, ramos prae manibus redeundo deferrent.; Petrus Damianus lib. 2. Epist. 15: Ex Hierosolymitana peregrinatione deveniens Palmam ferebat in manu. Sed palma juncta maxime utebantur.]
Although all the available Sarum breviaries agree on ‘spirulam’, ‘spiculam’ would perhaps make more sense.
Although it is possible that this symbol relates to the ancient connection of the ember days with agricultural themes: ‘in June for a bountiful harvest, September for a rich vintage, and in December for the seeding.; hence their feriae sementiva, feriae messis, and feri vindimiales. ‘ Mersham, Francis, ‘Ember Days’, The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. V. Retrieved November 26, 2008 from New Advent: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05399b.htm, the symbolism of the angel Gabriel seems much more likely.

199
Homily of the Venerable Bede. Exordium nostre redemptionis
Trans. WR
This homily also appears in Bede, Advent Homily 3, CCL 122:14-17.

1 Resp. Clama in fortitudine.  V. Is. 40:9

200
Lesson 2
‘Dominus [(inquit)] fortis et potens, Dominus potens in prelio.’, Ps. 23:8
‘Ad virginem despnsatam . . . et nomen virginis Maria.’, LUke 1:27
‘Memor esto igitur Jesum Christum . . . secundum evangelium meum.’, II Tim. 2:8

201
2 Resp. Orietur stella ex Jacob.  see Num. 24:17; V. 71:11 (see Resp. 6 above)

Lesson 3

202
‘Ingressus autem angelus . . . benedicta tu in mulieribus.’, Luke 1:28

3 Resp. Egredietur Dominus.  Zach. 14:3; V. Is. 2:2
The York Use has the Responsory ‘Modo veniet Dominus’, the second Responsory of Ember Friday in the Sarum Use.

203
Lauds
1 Ant. Rorate celi desuper

See Advent I, First Vespers, V.

204
2 Ant. Prophete predicverunt

See Vespers of the Virgin, Ant. 1

3 Ant. Spiritus Domine super me.  cf. Luke 4:18

4 Ant. Ecce veniet Dominus.  I Kings 2:8

205
5 Ant. Annunciate populis.  see I Para. 16:35

Ant. Missus est Gabriel

This Antiphon also appears at the Memorial of St. Mary, Advent I, at Lauds.

Prayer. Presta quesumus omnipotens Deus : ut redemptionis nostre

206
Memorial of St. Mary

Vespers
Ant. Quomodo fiest istud.  see Luke 1:34

Feria 5
Matins

208
Lauds
1 Ant. De Syon veniet Dominus

2 Ant. Convertere Domine aliquantulum.  cf. Heb. 10:37

3 Ant. De Syon veniet qui regnaturus est

209
4 Ant. Ecce Deus noster et honorabo eum.  see Exod. 15:3

5 Ant. Dominus legifer noster.  see Is. 33:22

Ant. Vigilate animo

210
Vespers
Ant. Letamini cum Hierusalem.  Is. 66:10

Feria 6 (Ember Day)
Matins
Invit. Prope est jam Dominus

211
Homily of the Venerable Bede. Lectio quam audivimus sancti evangelii
Trans. WR
See also’ The Complete Works of Bede V:295, Homily XL, and in Lawrence Martin and David Hurst, Bede the Venerable: Homilies on the Gospels I (Cistercian Publications, 1991), 1.4.
‘. . . ubi neque nubent . . . angeli Dei in celo . . .’, Mat. 22:30

1 Resp. Precursor pro nobis
The York Use has the Responsory ‘Egredietur Dominus’, the third Responsory of Ember Wednesday in the Sarum Use.

212
Lesson 2
‘Ecce ancilla Domini : fiat michi secundum verbum tuum.’, Luke 1:38
‘Quanto magnus es humilia te in omnibus . . .’, Sir. 3:20

213
2 Resp. Modo veniet Dominus.  cf. Is. 7:14; V. Ps. 71:7
The York Use has ‘Precursor pro nobis’, the first Responsory of this day in Sarum Use.

Lesson 3
‘Ut audivit autem . . . repleta est Spiritu Sancto Helizabeth.’, Luke 1:41

214
‘. . . Spiritu Sancto replebitur adhuc ex utero matris sue.’, Luke 1:15
‘Repleta est ergo . . . et exclamavit voce magna.’, Luke 1:41

3 Resp. Videbunt gentes justum tuum.  Is. 62:2

215
Lauds
1 Ant. Constantes estote

This text appears also at the Vigil of the Nativity, Resp. 2

2 Ant. Ad te Domine levavi animam meam. Ps. 142:8-9

3 Ant. Veni Domine et noli tardare

This Antiphon also appears at Nones in the ferias of Advent, 107.

216
4 Ant. Deus a Libano veniet

5 Ant. Ego autem ad Dominum aspiciam. after Mich. 7:7

Ant. Ex quo facta est vox salutationis.  see Luke 1:44

217
Prayer. Excita quesumus Domine potentiam

Vespers

Saturday
Matins

218
Homily of blessed Gregory. Redemptoris precursor quo tempore verbum
Trans. WR
See also PL-76:1160, and David Hurst, Forty Gospel Homilies: Gregory the Great (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1990), Homily 6, pp. 35-49.
‘Omne regnum seipsum divisum, desolabitur.’, Luke 11:17

1 Resp. Emitte agnum Domine

The Responsory text appears also as the Versicle before Lauds daily throughout Advent, and as the text of Ant. 1 at Lauds on Tuesday of this week.  The Verse text appears also  as the Versicle at Vespers throughout Advent.

219
Lesson 2
‘Et venit in omnem regionem . . . in remissionem peccatorum.’, Luke 3:3
‘Predicans baptismum penitentie in remissionem peccatorum.’, Mark 1:4
‘Vox clamantis in deserto . . . facite semitias ejus.’, Mat. 3:3

2 Resp. Germinaverunt campi heremi/  V. Ps. 49:2

The Vers text is also used for the Versicle at the First Nocturn of Advent I.

220
Lesson 3
‘Ego vox clamantis in deserto.’, Mat. 3:3
‘Parate viam Domini : rectas facite semitas ejus.’, Mat. 3:3
‘Omnis vallie implebitur . . . et collis humiliabitur.’, Is. 40:3

221
‘Omnis qui se exaltat . . . exaltabitur.’, Luke 14:11
‘Qui emitte fontes in convallibus.’, Ps. 103:10
‘Et convalles abundabunt frumento.’, Ps. 64:14 (Old Roman)

3 Resp. Radix Jesse qui exurget.  V. see Is. 52:15; 11:10
The York Use has the Responsory ‘Paratus esto Israel’.

222
Lauds
1 Ant. Veniet Dominus in potestate magna

This chant appears in only one early 11th. c. source in CANTUS, E-Tc 44.1.

2 Ant. Intuemini quantus sit gloriosus iste

3 Ant. Veniet iterum angelus tuus

223
4 Ant. Expectetur sicut pluvia

5 Ant. Paratus esto Israel

Ant. Omnis vallis implebitur.  Luke 3:5-6; see Is. 40:4

224
Prayer. Deus, qui conspicis quia ex nostra

227
Fourth Sunday of Advent
Major Privileged Sunday

Some of the variety exhibited amongst the uses on this day is due to its early history as a ‘dominica vacat’, and thus not being assigned proper chants at an early stage.

Vespers
Chap. Ecce ego mittam in fundamentis

Prayer. Excita quesumus Domine potentiam tuam

Matins
Invit. Prestolantes Redemptorem.  cf. Luke 21:28
This chant appears in only five CANTUS sources.

228
1 Resp. Canite tuba in Syon

This Responsory shares both the text and the melodic incipit with Ant. 1 of Lauds (below)

229
2 Resp. Octavadecima die.  V. Lev. 11:45

231
3 Resp. Non auferetur sceptrum (cf. Gen. 10, 12.)
This Responsory uses the texts of the first three Antiphons of Sunday Matins in Advent.

232
Sermon of blessed Augustine. Vos inquam convenio o Judei
Trans. WR
See PL-42:1123. This sermon has apparently now been confidently assigned to Quodvultdeus, a younger contemporary and friend of Augustine (John Bloe, ‘Music Notation in the Archivo San Pietro C 105 and in the Farga Breviary, Chigi C. VI. 177’, Early Music History, Vol 18:1 ff.)
‘Quousque animas nostras suspendis ?’, John 10:24
‘Tu de teipso . . . testimonium tuum non est verum.’, cf. John 5:31
‘Nonne scriptum est in lege vestra : . . . verum sit ?’, cf. John 8:17
‘. . . quod duorum hominum testimonium verum sit.’, cf. John 8:17
‘Ecce [(inquit)] virgo in utero concipiet . . . nomen ejus Emmanuel . . .’, Is. 7:14
‘. . . quod est interpretatum Nobiscum Deus.’, Mat. 1:23
‘Hic est [(inquit)] Deus noster . . . cm hominibus conversatus est.’, Bar. 3:38

233
‘Veni ascendamus in montem Domini.’, Is. 2:3; Mich. 4:2
‘Mons Dei mons uber . . . habitare in ipso ?., cf. Ps. 67:16; cf. Augustine, The Confessions, trans. J. G. Pilkington (Edinburghu: T. & T. Clark, 1876:210 n.
‘Alii Heliam . . . umnum ex prophetis.’, Mat. 16:13
‘Tu es Christus Filius Dei.’, Joh. 6:70

4 Resp. Me oportet minui.  see John 3:30; 1:27; V. John 1:19; 18:37

234
Lesson 5
‘Prophetam vobis suscitabit Deus de fratribus vestris.’, c. f. Acts 7:37
‘Omnis anima . . . populo suo.’, c. f. Acts 3:23
‘Non est [(inquit)] propheta . . . nisis in patria sua.’, Mark 6:4 (c. f. Mat. 13:57)
‘Adorabunt [(inquit)] eum omnes . . . omnes gentes servient illi.;’, Ps. 71:11
‘Dixit Dominus Domino meo . . . scabellum pedum tuorum.’, Ps.109:1
‘Quare [(inquit)] tumultuate . . . . adversus Christum ejus.’, after Ps. 2:1
‘Domine [(inquit)] audivi auditum tuum . . . et expavi.’, c. f. Hab. 3:2
‘Verbum caro factum est : et habitavit in nobis.’, John 1:14
‘Post hec in terris . . . conversatus est.’, Bar. 3:38

235
5 Resp. Ecce jam veniet
The York Use has ‘Virgo Israel revertere’, the sixth Responsory in the Sarum series.

236
Lesson 6 Sufficiunt vobis
‘Tu de teipso testimonium . . . tuum non est verum ?’, John 8:13
‘Nunc dimittis Domine servum tuum . . . salutare tuum.’, Luke 2:29
‘Tu puer propheta Altissimi . . . parare vias ejus.’, Luke 1:76
‘Unde michi hoc . . . infans in utero meo.’, Luke 1:43
‘Quem me suspicamini . . . calciamenti ejus.’, c. f. Acts 13:25

237
‘. . . ad corrigiam calciamenti ejus solvendam dignum . . .’, c. f. Mark 1:7; Luke 3:16; John 1:27
‘Ecce [(inquit)] Agnus Dei ecce qui tollit peccata muindi.’, John 1:29
‘Tu venis ad me baptizari : et ego a te debeo baptizari.’, c. f. Mat. 3:14
‘Qui havet sponsam . . . propter vocem sponsi.’, John 3:29
‘Non sum missis nisi ad oves que perierunt domus Israel.’, Mat. 15:24
‘Vobis primum oportuerat . . . convertimur nos ad gentes.’, Acts 13:46
‘Jam nova progenies celo demittitur alto . . .’, Virgil Ecologues IV, 7
‘Nonne tres viros . . . similis est Filio Dei.’, Dan. 3:91-92

238
‘In lege [(inquit)] vestra scriptum . . . verum sit . . .’, John 8:17

239
6 Resp. Virgo Israel revertere
The York Use has ‘Juravi dicit Dominus’, the seventh Responsory in the Sarum series.

240
Homily of blessed Gregory. Ex hujus nobis lectionis verbis
Trans. WR
This homily appears in the Latin Secular Breviary of 1911, and translations appear in the Anglican Breviary, Monastic Matins, The Stanbrook Breviary, and The Roman Breviary (Marquess of Bute). In the Breviarium Romanum 1529 and 1568 it appears on the Third Sunday of Advent.
‘Nam confessus est . . . non sum ego Christus.’, John 1:20

241
7 Resp. Juravi dicit Dominus
The York Use has the Responsory ‘Non discedimus’.

Lesson 8
‘Helias jam venit . . . quecumque voluerunt.’, Mat. 17:12

242
‘Et si vultis scire . . . ipse est Helias.’, after Mat. 11:14

8 Resp. Intuemini quantus sit iste

Lesson 9
‘Non sum Helias.’, after John 1:21
‘Ipse precedet ante illum in spiritu et virtute Helie.’, Luke 1:17

243
9 Resp. Montes Israel.  V. (Is. 45:8.)

The Verse text is also used as the Versicle at Vespers throughout Advent, and as Ant. 1 at Lauds of Wednesday in the third week of Advent.
The York use has the Responsory ‘Nascetur nobis’.

244
Lauds
1 Ant. Canite tuba in Syon

This Antiphons shares both the text and the melodic incipit with Resp. 1 (above).

2 Ant. Ecce veniet desideratus.  cf. Hag. 2:8

245
3 Ant. Erunt prava in directa.  cf Is. 40:4; Luke 3:5

4 Ant. Dominus veniet occurite

246
5 Ant. Omnipotens sermo tuus Domine

Chap. Gaudete in Domino semper

Ant. Ego vox clamantis in deserto.  John 1:23

This antiphon appears to be an atypical choice for this spot, which in most uses has ‘Ave Maria’.  It appears in only 8 sources in CANTUS, and never at this Sarum location.  the variety of traditions found here reflects the fact that in earlier times this was a ‘dominica vacat’. This choice matches the Gospel reading for this day–which is different from that in the Roman Use (Luke 3:1-6).

247
Prime

Terce

Sext
Chap. Nichil solliciti sitis

None
chap. Pax Dei que exuperat

Vespers

249
Feria 2
Matins

250
Lauds
Ant. Dicit Dominus penitentiam agite

Vespers

Feria 3
Matins

251
Lauds
Ant. Consurge consurge.  Is. 51:9

252
Vespers

Feria 4
Matins

253
Lauds
Ant. Ponent Domino gloriam.  Is. 42:12; cf. Hab. 2:3; Heb. 10:37

Vespers

254
Feria 5
Matins

255
Lauds
Ant. Consolamini consolamini.  Is. 40:1

Vespers

Feria 6
Matins

256
Lauds
Ant. Dies Domini sicut fur.  I Thess. 5:2; Luke 12:40

Vespers

257
Resp. Festina ne tardaveris

The text of the Verse appears also in the Antiphon at None on ferias in Advent.

258
O Antiphons
The Roman usage has only seven advent ‘O Antiphons’, omitting ‘O Virgo virginum’ and beginning one day later. It is a common misconception that ‘O Virgo virginum’ is a peculiarly English supplement to the standard list of seven antiphons. That ‘O Virgo virginum’ was in fact widespread throughout Europe is indicated by its appearance in 56 CANTUS sources, only one being English, as opposed to 80 sources for the others. Four other ‘O Antiphon’ texts appear with some frequency in CANTUS; Saint-Gall 388 itself contains 12 ‘O Antiphons’.
Nevertheless, ‘O Virgo virginum’ addressed to Mary, rather than Jesus, and omitting a clause beginning ‘veni et . . . ‘ appears to be a later addition to the core of seven.
The fact that the initial letters read backwards spell ‘vero cras’ (truly tomorrow) or ‘ero cras’ (tomorrow I will be [there]) may be no more than a coincidence.

The antiphon ‘O Rex gloriose’ for the feast of the Ascension matches the melody and text-style of the Advent O antiphons.

December 16
Ant. O Sapientia

December 17
Ant. O Adonay

259
December 18
Ant. O Radix Jesse

260
December 19
Ant. O Clavis David

December 20
Ant. O Oriens

261
December 21
Ant. O Rex gentium

December 22
Ant. O Emmanuel

262
December 23
Ant. O Virgo virginum

On the Feast of St. Thomas, Apostle
Ant. O Thoma Didime

263
Memorial of Advent on the Day of St. Thomas
{At Lauds}
Ant. Nolite timere quinta enim die veniet

264
The image is of the Nativity.

Vigil of the Nativity
The title appears before Matins of December 24, and is repeated before Vespers on the same day. From Matins through None there are variable portions depending upon the day of the week; but from Vespers onward the content is invariable.

The Vigil of the Nativity is notable for its re-use of texts, as follows:
‘Hodie scietis’: Invit.; V. at Matins R. 1; A-2 at Lauds; Versicle at Lauds and Sext; R. at None. This text, with the addition of ‘et salvabit vos’ is used for the Officium and the Gradual at Mass.
‘Constantes estote’: R. 2 at Matins; Versicle at Matins and None; R. at Terce.
‘Judea et Hierusalem’: R. 2 at Matins; A. 1 at Lauds
‘Crastina die delebitur’: Versicle ‘Ante Laudes’; A-3 at Lauds; Versicle at Terce. This text is also used for the Alleluya Verse at Mass.
‘Propter Syon’: A-4 at Lauds; Chapter at Lauds.
‘Crastina erit’: A-5 at Lauds; R at Sext.

The above items include all the Psalm-Antiphons of Lauds (except ‘Expectetur’, which is proper to the Saturday Canticle), all the Versicles, and all the Responsories at the Little Hours.

Invit. Hodie scietis.

V. Constantes estote.  cf. 2 Par. 20:17

265
Omelia Origensis. Qui fuit necessitas. Pseudo-Origen.
Trans. WR.
‘Daniel intra lacum leonum . . . ‘, see Bel and the Dragon

1 R. Sanctificamini hodie.  cf. Ex. 16:7

267
2 R. Constantes estote
The first part of the Responsory uses the text of the above Versicle.  The next part, ‘Judea . . . vobiscum’ appears as the first Antiphon of Lauds.

268
‘Inventa est in utero habens.’ Mat. 1:18.
‘Joseph autem vir . . . traducere.’ Mat. 1:19.

3 R. De illa occulta.  V.  Ps. 49: 2-3

269
V. Crastina die delebitur

1 A. Judea et Hierusalem.

270
2 A. Hodie scietis

3 A. Crastina die delebitur

4 A. Propter Syon non tacebo.  Is. 62: 1

271
4 A.  Expectetur sicut ros.  after Deut. 32:2
This antiphon is based on the second verse of the Saturday canticle.  It therefore is a more suitable choice for Saturday.

5 A. Crastina erit vobis.  cf. I Kings 11:9

Chap. Propter Syon non tacebo

V. Hodie scietis quia veniet Dominus

272
A. Cum esset desponsata.  cf. Mat. 1:18, 20

Prayer. Deus qui nos redemptionis nostre

273
Prime
‘Hoc etiam generaliter fit . . . ‘
This rubric indicates that when a Responsory with Alleluya is sung at Terce, Sext, and None, then the Responsory at Prime (Jesu Christe) will also be sung with Alleluya.

Terce

274
R. Constantes estote.  cf. II Par. 20: 17

V. Crastina die erit vobis.  cf. I Reg. 11: 9

Sext

Chap. Videbunt gentes justum tuum

275
R. Crastina erit vobis salus

V. Hodie scietis

None

R. Hodie scietis

276
V. Constantes estote.  cf. II Par. 20: 17

277
The Vigil of the Nativity: First Vespers {of the Nativity}

This Vespers is structurally First Vespers of the Day (as indicated in Risby12r), and no longer the Vigil.  However the use of the term ‘Vigil’ here reflects the fact that the texts are still in anticipation of the Nativity.  This is most clearly shown in the withholding the Christmas hymn-doxology ‘Gloria tibi Domine, Qui natus . . .’ until matins, as reinforced in the rubric that follows the hymn.  It will be noted also that the prayer is that of the vigil.

F. E. Gilliat Smith, ‘Two Mediaeval Christmas Offices’, The Dublin Review 116 (1895): 46-62, compares the Sarum Office with that of St. Donat’s, Bruges, as found in Breviarium ad usum insignis ecclesie sancti Donatiani Brugen (ca 1520).

1 A. Rex pacificus

278
2 A. Magnificatus est Rex pacificus.  cf III Reg. 10: 23

3 A. Scitote quia prope est regnum Dei.  cf. Mat 24: 33; Hab. 2: 3

4 A. Levate capite vestra.  Luke 21: 28

5 A. Completi sunt dies Marie.  cf. Luke 2:3-4

279
Chap. Populus gentium qui ambulabat

R. Judea et Hierusalem

280
H. Veni Redemptor gentium
Text St. Ambrose of Milan (340-397).
Trans. (Performing edition) J. M. Neale and others, The English Hymnal, #14.
(Neale’s original appears in The Hymnal Noted, #12.)
Trans. (Scholarly Edition) J. D. Chambers,  The Psalter, or Seven Ordinary Hours of Prayer : 339

According to F. E. Gilliat Smith, ‘Two Mediaeval Christmas Offices’, The Dublin Review 116 (1895): 51, “During the singing of the hymn, two thurifers entered the chancel, each bearing in his hands a silken cope, which he presented to the officiating clergyman, who, retaining one for himself, handed the other to the priest who was to incense the high altar. When this had been done both priests proceeded to incense the other altars, each with his own thurible. The celebrant, leaving the choir by the northern gates, and preceded by one cerofer and a sacrist bearing his wand of office, incensed the altars of St. Martin, St. Catherine, the Holy Apostles and the Blessed Trinity, while his assistant similarly attended, passing through the southern gates, incensed the altars of St. Nicholas, St. Mary Magdalene, and St. Stephen.”
(The altars censed by the celebrant extend from the North Choir Transept to the Lady Chapel; those censed by the assistant are the corresponding ones to the south.)

282
V. Tanquam sponsus. Ps. 18: 6

A. Dum ortus fuerit.  after Ps. 18: 6

284
Compline
The Office of Compline appears also in the Psalter [376].

288
The day of the Nativity
Principal Double Feast

Several texts are used repeatedly on this day:
‘Tanquam sponsus’ is found in the Versicle at First Vespers and Matins Nocturn 1, A. 2 and R. 3 at Matins
‘Dominus dixit’ is found at A. 1 at Matins and in the Officium and Alleluya at the first Mass.
‘Verbum caro’ is found at the Versicle at Matins Nocturn 3, in the Versicle Ante Laudes, in R. 9, in the R. at Terce, and in the Antiphon on Nunc Dimittis at Compline.
‘Quem vidistis’ is found at R. 4. of Matins and A. 1 of Lauds
‘Notum fecit’ is found at A. 9 of Matins, and in the Versicle at Sext, and in the R. at None.
‘Ipse invocavit me’ is found at the Versicle of Nocturn 2, at A. 7 at Matins and the Versicle of Terce and the R. at Sext
‘Letentur celi’ is found at A. 8 at Matins and at the Offertory at the first Mass.
‘Benedictus qui venit’ is found at the Antiphon on the Benedictus at Lauds, and at the Versicle at Lauds and None, and at the Gradual at the second Mass.
‘Tecum principium’ is found at A. 1 of second Vespers and at the Gradual at the first Mass.

Matins
Invit. Christus natus est.  cf. Is. 9: 6

289
H. Christe Redemptor omnium
Anon., 6th c.
Trans. (Performing edition) J. M. Neale, The English Hymnal, #17.
Trans. (Scholarly Edition) J. D. Chambers, Laude Syon: 69.

291
The Antiphons of Matins are taken from their associated psalms.

1 Ant. Dominus dixit ad me.  Ps. 2: 7
This Antiphon is repeated at Matins of the Circumcision.

2 Ant. Tanquam sponsus.  Ps. 18: 6

292
3 Ant. Diffusa est gratia.  Ps. 44: 3

V. Tanquam sponsus.  Ps. 18: 6

293
Non dicitur Qui hodierna die . . . ‘
This rubric is a reminder that the Sarum Use does not include those words in the conclusion of the Lesson. In comparison, the York Use concludes this Lesson only with ‘Hec dicit Dominus Deus, qui hodierna die de virgine nasci dignatus est : convertimini ad me et salvi eritis.’ (Thus saith the Lord God, who this day deigned to be born of a virgin, Turn unto me : and ye shall be saved.’) This is an example of a trope.

Sarum differs from the Roman Rite in its Responsories for this Day:

Number Sarum Rome
1 Hodie nobis celorum Hodie nobis celorum
2 Hodie nobis de celo Hodie nobis de celo
3 Descendit de celis Quem vidistis
4 Quem vidistis O magnum mysterium
5 O magnum mysterium Beata Dei genitrix
6 Te laudant angeli Sancta et immaculata
7 Beata dei genitrix Beata viscera Marie
8 Beata viscera Marie Verbum caro factum
9 Verbum caro factum

1 R. Hodie nobis celorum Rex.  cf. Luke 2: 14

F. E. Gilliat Smith, ‘Two Mediaeval Christmas Offices’, The Dublin Review 116 (1895): 54. suggests that the elevated location of the boys is ‘possibly the triforium, or perhaps a platform erected for the purpose–behind the high altar.’ I believe the location to be the triforium, which at Salisbury Cathedral has five arched openings at the east end.

295
2 R. Hodie nobis de celo

‘. . . illuxit dies redemptionis . . . felicitatis eterne’, see Lesson 5 below.

296
3 R. Descendit de celis.  Ps. 18: 6

298
4 A. Suscepimus Deus. Ps. 47: 10

5 A. Orietur in diebus.  Ps. 71: 1

299
6 A. Veritas de terra orta est.  Ps. 84: 12

V. Ipse invocavit me.  Ps. 88: 27

Sermon of St. Isidore. Natalis Domini
Trans. WR.   Another translation appears in Thomas Louis Knoebel, Isidore of Seville : De ecclesiasticis officiis  (New York: Newman Press, 2008):49.

300
‘Verbum caro factum est’.  John 1: 14

4 R. Quem vidistis pastores

301

Sermon of St. Leo. Exultemus in Domino
Trans. WR.  Another translation appears in New Advent: Sermons of St. Leo the Great: Sermon 22.
‘ . . . illuxit nobis . . . felicitatis eterne’ see Resp. 2 above.

Beginning at the ‘Tome to Flavian’ ( ‘Nam quia gloriabitur’; For since the Devil), the translation is based on that found at ‘monachos.net’.

302
5 R. O magnum mysterium

‘in medio duum animalium’ cf. Hab. 3: 2 (Septuagint version): ‘In the midst of two animals’.

303
Lesson. Ingreditur ergo hujus mundi
Trans. WR.

304
6 R. Te laudant angeli

305
7 A. Ipse invocavit me.  Ps. 88: 27

306
8A. Letentur celi.  Ps. 95:11; I Para. 16: 31

9 A. Notum fecit Dominus.  Ps. 97: 2

V. Verbum caro.  John 1: 14

307
As John Hackney points out (Ordinale Sarisburiense-Harley 1001:68, n. 154), the three homilies of this Nocturn relate to the Gospel Lections at the three Masses of this day.  (Hence Gregory’s mention of not being ‘able to speak at length concerning the Gospel Lesson’.)

Omelia beati Gregorii. Quia largiente Domino
Trans. WR.  Another translation appears in David Hurst, ed. Gregory the Great: Forty Gospel Homilies (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1990):50.
‘Deleantur de libro . . . non scribantur’, Ps. 68: 29.
‘ Ego sum panis . . . celo descendi’, John 6: 51.
‘In propria venit’, John 1: 11.
‘Omnis caro fenum’, Is. 40: 6.
‘Nisi granum frumenti . . . ipsum solum manet’, John 12: 24.

308
7 R. Beata Dei genitrix.  cf. Luke 1: 45

Omelia venerabilis Bede. Nato in Bethleem
Trans. WR.  Another translation appears in Lawrence Martin and David Hurst, Bede the Venerable: Homilies on the Gospels I (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1991): #7.

‘pastoribus qui in regione . . . super gregem suum’, cf. Luke 2: 8.

309
‘exortum est in tenebris . . . miserator Dominus’, cf. Ps. 111: 4.
‘Ego sum pastor bonus . . . ovibus suis’, John 10: 11.
‘Si diligis (inquit) me pasce oves meas’, cf. John 21: 17.
‘Confirma fratres tuos’, Luke 22: 32.

8 R. Beata viscera.  cf. Luke 11: 27

310
Omelia venerablisis Bede. Quia temporalem mediatoris
Trans. WR.  Another translation appears in Lawrence Martin and David Hurst, Bede the Venerable: Homilies on the Gospels I (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1991): #8.

311
‘In principio erat verbum’, John 1: 1.
‘Et verbum erat apud Deum’, John 1: 1.
‘Et Deys erat verbum’, John 1: 1.
‘Hoc erat in principio apud Deum’, John 1: 2.
‘Omnium per ipsum . . . est nichil’, John 1: 3.

9 Resp. Verbum caro factum est.  John 1: 14

In the York Use, the ninth Responsory is ‘Descendit de celis’. This is followed by the Prose ‘Facture dominans’, which is then followed by the ‘Liber generationis’.

313
Liber generationis
The music cycles through six melodic phrases.

318
The first Mass of Christmas (Dominus dixit) occurs, according to the title, ‘In gallicantu’, at cockcrow, which would typically be sometime between midnight and dawn. Lauds follows after the mass.

V. Verbum caro.  John 1: 14

Lauds
1 A. Quem vidistis

319
2 A. Genuit puerpera Regem

3 A. Angelus ad pastores

320
4 A. Facta est cum angelo

5 A. Parvulus filius hodie

321
Chap.  Apparuit gratia Dei

H. A solis ortus cardine
Text, Sedulius.
Trans. (Performing version) J. M. Neale, Collected Hymns: 109.
Trans. (Scholarly version) J. D. Chambers, Lauda Syon: 72.
Another translation, by R. A. Knox, appears in The Westminster Hymnal, #8.

323
V. Benedictus qui venit (Ps. 117: 26-27.)
The V. in the Roman Use is ‘Notum fecit Dominus’.
F. E. Gilliat Smith, ‘Two Mediaeval Christmas Offices’, The Dublin Review 116 (1895): 59, suggests that the Sarum Versicle contains “words full of meaning, and singularly appropriate on any day of the year, when we take into consideration the hour at which lauds was sung–sunrise, the peculiar construction of English churches, with their vast east windows, and the almost reverential awe with which the primitive and medieaval Christianity regarded the sun, which for them was a figure and type of Christ, doubly so, on the morning of Christmas, when they betoken, in a special manner, the first dawning of the Sun of Righteousness.” It must be noted, however, that, unlike many of the English cathedrals, Salisbury has no especially large east window.  Indeed, large eastern windows are more typically a feature of the later phases of Gothic architecture, i.e. the 14th century.

A. Gloria in excelsis.  Luke 2: 9
The Vulgate has ‘Gloria in altissimis Deo’.

324
Prayer.  Concede quesumus omnipotens Deus : ut nos unigeniti tui

Benediction. Verbum Patris hodie
This benediction is in metre and rhyme, 7ppx8.
Trans. WR. (maintaining the metre, but not the rhyme).
F. E. Gilliat Smith, ‘Two Mediaeval Christmas Offices’, The Dublin Review 116 (1895): 59, explains: ‘an interpolation utterly unknown in the breviary of to-day–a species of sequence or prose, which the rubric calls a Benedicamus, probably because the rhyming verses of which it is composed were originally written on the Neuma of the day[‘]s Benedicamus, much in the same way as Mass sequences were written on the Alleluiatic Neuma. It consists of two quaint strophes of eight verses each, the first of which was sung by two canons vested in surplices. We venture thus to render the words of their song:-

God’s Word made flesh on this glad day,
From the pure Shrine, wherein He lay,
Goes forth, man’s debt of sin to pay;
To lead him back to Heaven’s way
Whom Satan’s guile had made to stray.
Angels singing, passing sweet,
Heav’nly canticles most meet,
Fitly thus God’s advent greet.

Then two other canons, from the opposite side of the choir, likewise clad in white surplices, lifting up their voices made response:-

Lo! a messenger of light
Bathed in glory, shining bright,
Meets the shepherds’ startled sight,
Tells of peace mid sin’s dark night.
Christ, great Shepherd, peace bestow
On thy children here below,
Wakening them from sin and woe
By angels sweetly singing,
Thine advent meetly hymning,
Their homage duly bringing.”

325

Memorial of St. Mary
A. Ecce completa sunt

326
Prayer. Deus qui salutis eterne beate Marie

Benedicamus Domino

After Lauds follows the second Mass of Christmas, Lux fulgebit, the Mass ‘In aurora’, at dawn or daybreak.

Prime

327.
Terce
R. Verbum caro.  John 1: 14

328
V. Ipse invocavit me.  Ps. 88:27

The third Mass of the day, Puer natus, preceded by a procession, takes place after Terce.  See John Hackney, Ordinale Sarisburiense-Harley 1001:70, note 162.

Sext
R. Ipse invocavit me.  Ps. 88:27

V. Notum fecit Dominus.  Ps. 97: 2

329
None
R Notum fecit Dominus.  Ps. 97: 2

V. Benedictus qui venit.  Ps. 117: 26-27

Second Vespers
The Antiphons on the Psalms are taken from their associated Psalms.

1 A. Tecum principium.  Ps. 109: 3

330
2 A. Redemptionem misit Dominus.  Ps. 110: 9

3 A. Exortum est in tenebris.  Ps. 111: 4, Old Roman

331
4 A. Apud Dominum misericordia.  Ps. 129: 7

5 A. De fructu ventris tui.  Ps. 131:11

‘. . . et in ipsis octavis.’ that is, within the Octaves of the Nativity and the Epiphany.

332
A. Hodie Christus natus est (cf. Luke 2: 11, 13-14; Ps. 32: 1.)
In LU:413 The first word, ‘Hodie’ is set F.GA.A, matching the subsequent third repetition of that word.
The York Use has here the Ant. Hodie intacta virgo Deum (3104).

333
Procession to the Altar of St. Stephen
In Salisbury Cathedral the Altar of St. Stephen is at the east end of the south aisle. Presumably the Procession would go out through the west Quire Door, turn right and continue east along the north aisle, turn south at the east end and arrive at the altar.  The return would continue the clockwise movement back to the great transept, and thence into the Quire through the west Quire Door.

Resp. Sancte Dei preciose
This Responsory is in regular metre and rhyme, 8p7pp. It uses the text of the first two stanzas of the Hymn, ‘Sancte Dei preciose’ (see page 365).
Trans. J. M. Neale, The Hymnal Noted, #15.
While is was widespread in the later middle ages, it was removed from the Roman books at the Tridentine reform.

334
Prose. Te mundi climata
In CANTUS this chant appears only in the Sarum source GB-AB 20541.

335
Non dicetur Gloria Patri ad hanc processionem . . .’ The ‘Gloria Patri’ will be sung when this R is sung at Matins.

Prayer.  Da nobis quesumus Domine imitare

V.Speciosus forma.  Ps. 44: 3

336
A. Tu principatum tenes

This first of the memorial antiphons for St. Stephen will also appear as the final memorial antiphon on the eve of the Octave of St. Stephen.  Thus it represents the proper antiphon for the non-existent first vespers of St. Stephen.  The same plan is followed in regards to St. John, the Holy Innocents, and St. Thomas the Martyr.

Antiphons at the Memorial of the Nativity
In order to complete the memorials of the Nativity  through to the Circumcision (the octave day), the first two of this series will be repeated, on the eve and the day of St. Silvester.

A. Virgo hodie fidelis.  cf. Luke 1: 28

337
A. Lux orta est.  cf. Ps. 96: 11; Is. 9:2; Mat. 4: 16

A. Hodie intacta virgo
This antiphon is in metre and rhyme: 77 77 77, -a -a -b.

338
A. Gaudeamus omnes fideles

A. Nesciens mater

339
A. Virgo verbo concepit

A. Beatus venter

A. Virgo Dei genitrix

340
A. Pastores dicite

Compline
The Office of Compline appears also in the Psalter [379].

A. Natus est nobis hodie

341
A. Alleluya. Verbum caro factum est.

342
The day of St. Stephen
Minor Double Feast
Because the Nativity, as a principal double feast, has both vespers, and since a minor double feast must have at least one vespers, St. Stephen and the following days have no first vespers, but have second vespers.  The same principle, but at a lower level, affects the octave days of St. Stephen, St. John, and the Innocents, coming directly after the Circumcision.
The fact that ‘Stephen’ in Greek means ‘crown’ is reflected several times in this office: Matins Antiphons 5 and 9, Versicle 2, Responsories 4 and 8; Antiphon on the Benedictus, Responsories at Terce and Sext, and Antiphon on the Magnificat.

Matins
Invit.  Christum natum

343
1 Ant. Beatus Stephanus (cf. Ps. 1:2-3)
The Antiphons at Matins are in modal order; Antiphon 9 is in Mode VIII.
The Ants. carefully combine elements of the Stephen narrative with allusions to the associated psalms.

2 Ant. Constitutus a Deo (cf. Ps. 2:6, 11)
The Responsories are not in modal order.

344
3 Ant. In tribulatione (cf. Ps. 3:2, 7-8)

345
Sermon of blessed Fulgentius
Trans. WR.  The first three lessons, more or less, appear in the Roman and Monastic Breviaries, other English translations thus appear in The Anglican Breviary, The Roman Breviary (Stanbrook), the Roman Breviary (Bute), and Monastic Matins.

1 Resp. Hesterna die Dominus

347
2 Resp. Videbant omnes Stephanum.  cf. Acts 6:15, 8

348
3 Resp. Impetum fecerunt unanimes.  cf. Acts 7:56, 55; 6:8
The verse is in rhyme, as is the doxology. The rhyme is not preserved in the translation.

V. on the octave day: Et testes deposuerunt.  Acts 7:57

350
4 Ant. Lumine vultus tui.  cf. Ps. 4:7, 6, 9

351
5 Ant. Benedictionis tue Domine

6 Ant. O quam admirabile.  cf. Ps. 8:2, 6

In York Use a Prose for St. Stephen appears at (second) Vespers, whereas in Sarum Use a Prose for St. Stephen appears the previous evening.  The York Prose is ‘Conserva super hanc familiam’.

Ant. Benedictionis tue Domine (cf. Ps. 5:12)

352
4 Resp. Impii super justum
The V. is metered 8×6, rhyming a a a a b b. The translation reflects the metre but preserves the rhyme scheme only in the final two lines.
The Responsory text is repeated at the Antiphon on the Benedictus

V. on the octave day: Continuerunt aures suas.  Acts 7:56

354
Lesson 5
‘Quoniam quem dilicit Dominus corripit . . .’, Prov. 3:12

5 R3sp. Lapidabant Stephanum.  Acts 7:58-59

356
6 Resp. Lapides torrentes illi

7 Ant. In Domino Deo suo confisus.  cf. Ps. 10:2

357
8 Ant. Sine macula beatus Stephanus.  cf. Ps. 14:1-2

358
9 Ant. Domine virtus et leticia.  cf. Ps. 20:4-5
This Antiphon is in metre (more or less pentameters) and rhyme (a a b b c c).
The translation is in prose.

V. Justus ut palma.  Ps. 91:13
‘Non dicitur ulteris.’ that is, the text ‘florebit in domo Domini’ is not said (see Versicle CANTUS 008117).
This Versicle is from the Common of Martyrs.

Lesson 7: Homily of the Venerable Bede
Trans. WR

359
‘Et vos implete mensuram patrum vestrorum.’, Mat. 23:32
‘Ecce ego mitto ad vos prophetas, et sapientes, et scribas.’, Mat. 23:34

7 Resp. Intuens in celum.  cf. Acts 7:55
The repetition of text from the Responsory into the Verse (‘vidit gloriam Dei et ait’) is very unusual.

360
Lesson 8

361
‘A sanguine Abel . . . filii Barachie.’, Mat. 23:35; cf. II Para. 24:20

8 Resp. Patefacte sunt janue celi
The Responsory text is repeated at the Antiphon of (Second) Vespers.

Lesson 9 c. f. Mat. 23:34ff.

362
‘Deus meus Deus meus ut quid me dereliquisti.’, Mat. 27:46; Mark 15:34

363
V. Ora pro nobis
This Versicle is used widely on feasts of saints.  It is also found in the non-liturgical ‘Angelus’.

Lauds
The antiphons at Lauds represent an earlier chant tradition than those at Matins.

1 Ant. Lapidaverunt Stephanum.  cf. Acts 7:58

2 Ant. Lapides torrentes

364
3 Ant. Adhesit anima mea.  cf. Ps. 62:9, 2

4 Ant. Stephanus vidit celos apertos.  cf. Acts 7:55

5 Ant. Ecce video celos apertos.  after Acts 7:55

365

Chap. Stephanus plenus gratia

Hymn. Sancte Dei preciose
Trans. J. M. Neale, The Hymnal Noted, #15.
This text is also used for Resp. 9.

366
V. Justus germinabit.  cf. Hos. 14:6
This Versicle is from the Common of Martyrs.

Ant. Impii super justum
The text is repeated from Resp. 4.

Memorial of the Nativity
Beginning here memorial antiphons for the Nativity cycle through the nine antiphons, after which the first two are repeated again.

367
Prime

Terce
Resp. Gloria et honore.  Ps. 8:6-7

Sext

368
Chap. Cum autem esset Stephanus

Resp. Posuisti Domine.  after Ps. 20:4

None
Chap. Positis autem genibus

369
Resp. Justus ut palma.  after Ps. 91:13

Vespers
Ant. Tecum principium
Within the Octave of Christmas, and indeed all the way through to the Octave of the Epiphany, the Antiphons on the Psalms at Vespers (and the Psalms themselves) are repeated from Christmas Day. This practice obtains in the Roman Breviary only within the Octave of Christmas.

370
A. Patefacte sunt janue celi
The text is repeated from Responsory 8.

Memorial of the Nativity
Ant. Lux orta est super nos

371
Procession to the Altar of St. John
Resp. In medio ecclesie.  after Eccl. 15:5; Jer. 1:9

Prose. Nascitur ex Zebedeo
In CANTUS this chant appears only in the Sarum source GB-AB 20541.

373
V. Valde honorandus.  cf. John 13:25
This text is also used for the Antiphon below.

Prayer. Ecclesiam tuam quesumus Domine

Ant. Valde honorandus. cf. John 13:25
This text is also used for the Versicle above.

374
The day of St. John
Minor Double Feast

Matins
Invit. Adoremus regem apostolorum

Hymn. Bina celestis.
Trans. J. M. Neale, The Hymner: p. 114.

376
The Antiphons at Matins are in modal order; Antiphon 9 is in Mode IV.
The Responsories are not in modal order.
Ants. 1-3 are drawn from the first lesson.

1 Ant. Johannes apostolus.  cf. Mat. 4:21
This text is taken from the first sentence of the first Lesson (but note the variation, ‘electus’ and ‘dilectus’, ‘chosen’ and ‘beloved’).

377
2 Ant. Supra pectus.  cf. John 13:23
This text is taken from the second sentence of the first lesson.

3 Ant. Quasi unus de paradisi
This text is taken from the continuation of the second sentence of the first lesson.

Lesson 1.
According to Nathanael Bonwetch, Die Apokalypse Abrahams, Studien zur Geschichte der Theologia und der Kirche I (Leipzig: Deichert, 1897): 26, 378, these lessons are from a sermon of blessed Isidore the Bishop; they are based on ‘The Acts of John’.
Trans. WR

1 Resp. Valde honorandus est
The V. repeats the text of Ant. 1.

379
2 Resp. Hic est discipulus.  John 21:24
(The V. in the Roman Use repeats the text of Ant. 2.)

381
3 Resp. Iste est Johannes
The verses ‘Johannes is theologus’ and ‘Gloria sit altissimo’ are in rhymed hexameters.  Presumably the verse ‘Valde honorandus’ is the original verse for this responsory.

382
. . . nisi fit solemnitas sacerdotis‘  The precise meaning of this phrase is not clear.  It would seem that the priest who will be celebrating the principal mass at the high altar should not sing the verse.

V. Valde honorandus (see Resp. 1)

4 Ant. In ferventis olei dolium

5 Ant. Propter insuperabilem

384
6 Ant. Occurrit beato Johanni

385
4 Resp. In illa die

386
5 Resp. Ecce puer meus.  Is. 42:1

387
Lesson 6
‘Non veniat michi pes superbie . . .’, Ps. 35:12

388
6 R. Apparuit caro suo
This text is found at the end of Lesson 4; it is used in the following Antiphon as well.
Here there is a variation (‘me’ for ‘meus’).

389
7 Ant. Apprauit caro suo
This text is found at the end of Lesson 4; it is used in the preceding Responsory as well.

8 Ant. Expandens manus suas
This text is found near the end of Lesson 5.

390
9 Ant. Domine suscipe me
This text is take from the middle of Lesson 6.

391
Lesson 7. Homily of the Venerable Bede
Trans. WR Another English translation appears in Lawrence T. Martin and David Hurst, Bede The Venerable: Homilies on the Gospel Book One: Advent to Lent I (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1991): 1.9.
‘Sequere me.’, John 21:19

392
7 Resp. Sic eum volo manere.  John 21:22

393
8 Resp. Diligebat autem eum Jesus
The text comes from Lesson 8

Lesson 9
‘Non (inquit Dominus) eum volo consummari donec veniam.’, c. f. John 21:23

395
Lauds
1 Ant. Hic est discipulis ille.  after JOhn 21:24

2 Ant. Hic est discipulis meus,  after John 21:22

3 Ant. Ecce puer meus electus.  after Is. 42:1

396
4 Ant. Sunt de hic stantibus.  after Mat. 16:28

5 Ant. Sic eum volo manere.  John 21:22

Chap. Qui timet Deum faciet bona

397
Ant. Iste est Johannes
This text also appears in Resp. 3 above.

Memorial of the Nativity

398
Memorial of St. Stephen
Ant. Sepelierunt Stephanum

Prime

Terce
Resp. In omnem terram.  Ps. 18:5

399
Sext
Chap. Cibavit illum Dominus pane vite

Resp. Constitues eos principes.  df. Ps. 44:17

400
None
Chap. In medio ecclesie

Resp. Nimis honoratis sunt.  after Ps. 138:17

401
Vespers
Ant. In medio ecclesie.  Eccl. 15:5

402
Memorial of the Nativity

Memorial of St. Stephen
Beginning here the memorial antiphons for St. Stephen cycle through Tu principatum, (memorial at second vespers of the Nativity), followed by the psalm-antiphons of lauds, and then those of matins, continuing as far as the second or third antiphon of matins, at lauds of St. Silvester.

Procession of the Boys
Resp. Centum quadraginta quattuor milia

404
Prose. Sedentem in superne majestatis arce
In CANTUS this chant appears only in the Sarum source GB-AB 20541.
This Prose appears in the York Use, where it is sung after the ninth Responsory of Matins.

405
Prayer.  Deus cujus hodierna die preconium innocentes martyres

‘. . . a duobus vel tribus, extra regulam.’  ‘extra regulam‘ would appear to refer to the normative ‘duo clerici de secunda forma’ (see p. 332).

406
Ant. Princeps ecclesie

V. Adjutorium nostrum.  Ps. 123:8

407
V. Sit nomen Domini benedictum.  Ps. 112:2

408
Compline

Memorial of the Holy Innocents
Ant. Innocentes pro Christo

Prayer.  Deus cujus hodierna die preconium

411
The day of the Holy Innocents
Minor Double Feast

Natins
Invit. Venite adoremus Dominum
This Invitatory is also used on the Feasts of Relics and of All Saint.

412
The Antiphons at Matins are in modal order; Antiphon 9 is in Mode IV.
1 Ant. Herodes videns.  after Mat. 2:16

2 Ant. Christus infans non depexit

413
3 Ant. Arridebat parvulus

Lessons.
The Lessons are attributed to a Bishop Saint Severin, though which of the several saints of that name, is unclear.
According to D. Petri Chrysologi, Archiepiscopi Ravennatis . . . opus Homiliarum (Paris, 1585), the ascription to Severin is incorrect, and the true author is Peter Chrysologus: “Qui non recte tamen D. Severini titulo circunfertur”. 383. Ser PL-LII:604-607, Homilia 38; PL-XCV:1174-75
Trans. WR. Another English Translation by Ganss appears in Fathers of the Church 17: Saint Peter Chrysologus, Selected Sermons:254-259.
‘Herodes enim videns . . . finibus ejus.’, after Mat. 2:16

414
1 Resp. Sub altare Dei

415
2 Resp. Sub throno Dei

417
3 Resp. Dignus a dignis laudatur
The text is taken from Lesson 4, towards the end.

418
4 Ant. Norunt infantes
This text is taken from the middle of Lesson 4.

5 Ant. Erigitur itaque infantium
This text is taken from Lesson 4, towards the end.

6 Ant. Dignus a dignis laudatur

419
Lesson 4
According to Susan Boynton (1998) this sermon is by Pseudo Chrysostom
Trans. WR
Antiphons 4-6 are taken from this text.

4 Resp. Effuderunt sanguinem sanctorum

420
Lesson 5
Antiphon 7 and Responsory 6 are taken from this text.
‘Vox in Rama . . . quia non sunt.’, Mat. 2:18, after Jer. 31:15

421
5 Resp. Isti sunt sancti.  The V. text also appears in Resp. 2 above.

422
6 Resp. Norunt infantes
The text of the Responsory is from Lesson 4; the text of the Verse is from towards the end of Lesson 5.

423
7 Ant. Dicunt infantes Domino

8 Ant. Licuit sanguine loqui.  See Resp. 6 above.  The text is taken from Lesson 5.

424
9 Ant. Vindica Domine sanguinem

V. Justorum anime.  after Sap. 3:1

Lesson 7. Homily of the Venerable Bede
Trans. WR. Another English translation appears in Lawrence T. Martin and David Hurst, Bede The Venerable: Homilies on the Gospel Book One: Advent to Lent (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1991): 1.10.
‘. . . in omnibus finibus ejus . . .’, Mat. 2:16

425
‘Sive vivimus Domino . . . Domini sumus.’, Rom. 14:8

7 Resp. Isti sunt sancti

426
‘Vox in Rama [id est] in excelsis . . . ploratus et ululatus . . .’, Mat. 2:18
‘. . . quia non sunt . . .’, Ma. 2:18
‘Cum vos persecuti . . . fugite in aliam . . .’, Mat. 10:23

8 Resp. Adoraverunt viventem

428
Lauds
1 Ant. Herodes iratus.  Mat. 2:16

429
2 Ant. A bimatu et infra.  after Mat. 2:16

3 Ant. Vox in Rama.  after Mat. 2:18

4 Ant. Sub throno Dei.  See Resp. 1 above.

430
5 Ant. Laudes reddant pueri
This Antiphon appears in only 2 non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.
The typical Antiphon in this location is ‘Cantabant sancti canticum’, 439.

Chap. Vidi supra montem Syon

Ant. Hi sunt qui cum mulieribus.  Apoc. 14:4

431
Memorial of the Nativity

Memorial of Saint Stephen

Memorial of St. John
Beginning here the memorial antiphons for St .John cycle through Valde honorandus, (memorial at second vespers of St. Stephen), followed by the psalm-antiphons of lauds, and then those of matins, continuing as far as the second or third antiphon of matins, at lauds of St. Stephen.

Prime

432
Terce
Resp. Letamini in Domino.  Ps. 31:12

Sext
Chap. Hi sunt qui cum mulieribus

None
Chap. Hi empti sunt ex omnibus

Vespers

433
Ant. Ecce vidi Agnum stantem.  after Apoc. 14:1

434
Memorial of the Nativity

Memorial of Saint Stephen

Memorial of St. John

435
Procession to the Altar of St. Thomas.
Resp. Jacet granum
Text: see the final sentence of Lesson 5 for St. Thomas, p. 450.
Another translation, by F. G. Gilliat Smith, appears in The Dublin Review, CXIV (January 1894): 32 (while it maintains the metre, it includes two extra lines):
The wheaten grain lies prone before the flail,
The righteous man, hewn down by impious swords,
Thereby exchanging squalid earth for heaven.
The vineyard’s keeper falls beside the vine.
The captain on the battle-field lies low,
The husbandman within his threshing floor.
From squalid earth, Christ’s martyr mounts to heaven.

436
Prose. Clangat pastor
This prose is in rhyme, each line ending ‘ea’, like the Responsory.
In CANTUS this chant appears only in the Sarum source GB-AB 20541.
Another translation, by F. G. Gilliat Smith, appears in The Dublin Review, CXIV (January 1894): 32:
Sound ye the gladsome trump of victory,
For this, that God’s own vineyard might be free,
Which, clad in human flesh, himself had freed
By dying on the purple blood-stained cross.
The savage beast of prey becomes a lamb,
The shepherd’s cruel death converts his foe,
Christ’s marble pavement flows all red with blood.
Thus Thomas wins the martyr’s laurel crown,
And like the wheaten grain, from husk set free,
Is garnered in the storehouse of the King.

437
Prayer.  Deus pro cujus ecclesia

Memorial of St. Thomas

438
Ant. Pastor cesus
Another translation, by F. G. Gilliat Smith, appears in The Dublin Review, CXIV (January 1894): 33:
The watchful pastor, slain amid his flock,
Their peace procures, by pouring out his blood.
O joyous sorrow ! O most mournful joy !
The sheep draw breath, the shepherd lyeth low,
And weeping Mother church applauds a son
Who, by his death a victor, mounts to Heaven.

439
Antiphons at the Memorial of the Holy Innocents

‘. . . et postea de nocturnis . . .’  In fact no antiphons of matins are needed for the memorials of the Holy Innocents.

Ant. Laverunt stolas suas.  after Apoc. 7:14

Ant. Ambulabunt mecum in albis.  after Apoc. 3:4, 5

Ant. Cantabant sancti.  cf. Apoc. 14:3
This Mode VIII antiphon has the range associated with Mode VII.
While the translations have ‘sung’ (past participle) following the usage of KJV and D-R, normal English grammar would have ‘sang’ (simple past tense).

441
St. Thomas the Martyr
Minor Double Feast
The image is a stock image for bishops.

Thomas Becket, Chancellor of England and later Archbishop of Canterbury ,was assassinated in Canterbury Cathedral on this day in 1180.  He was canonized in 1173. The translation of his relics into the new shrine in Canterbury Cathedral took place on July 7, 1220, just a few months after the laying of the foundation stones of the new Salisbury Cathedral.  In 1536 Henry VIII suppressed the feasts of St. Thomas; the shrine was destroyed in 1538.  Today a single candle burns at the former location of the shrine.

For historical background, see:
Analecta Hymnica XIII: 92.
Denis Stevens ‘Music in Honor of St. Thomas of Canterbury’, Musical Quarterly 56 (1970): 311-48.
H. Husmann, ‘Uberlieferung der Thomas-Offizien’, Organicae voces : Festschrift Joseph Smuts van Waesberghe (Amsterdam, 1963), 87-8.
Andrew Hughes, ‘Chants in the Rhymed Office for St. Thomas of Canterbury’, Early Music XVI (1988):185-201.
Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon, 1993): 275-8.
Kay Brainerd Slocum, Liturgies in Honour of Thomas Becket (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004).
Andrew Hughes, (ed Helsen and Getz) The Becket Offices: Paradigms for Liturgical Research 2 Vols. (Lions Bay, BC:The Institute of Medieval Music, 2014).

The author of this Office appears to be Benedict, Abbot of Peterborough (d. 1194), a monk of Christ Church, Canterbury. This English Office [TH21] ‘was widespread over almost the whole of Europe.’ (Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’:275.) Its original form followed the monastic order of 13 antiphons and 12 responsories at Matins. The secular form found here uses the first 8 Antiphons of the monastic cursus (the ninth, Felix locus, does not appear in the monastic cursus), and uses Responsories 1-3, 6-8, and 10-12 of the monastic cursus.

The chants of this Office are entirely in metre and rhyme: the Responsories and Prose, and the principal (final) Antiphon of each Hour are all in a tetrameter [/ . / . / . . / . .] [10pp]. The other Antiphons are in the goliardic metre [7pp6p]. The Invitatory is in a pentameter [/ . / . / . / . / . .] [11pp].

Chant-translations © 2018 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

An edition and translation of the text of the office appears in Sherry Reames, ‘Liturgical Offices for the Cult of St. Thomas Becket’, Thomas Head, ed., Medieval Hagiography: An Anthology (New York: Routledge, 2001):561-593.  This article also includes notes that explain allusions in the text.

Matins
Invit. Assunt Thome martyris solennia

Hymn. Martyr Dei
In the York Use the Hymn is Deus tuorum militum.

The Antiphons at Matins are in modal order, 1-8 + 1. Antiphons 1-8 are biographical; the ninth is a prayer.

442
1 Ant. Summo sacerdotio

2 Ant. Monachus sub clerico

3 Ant. Cultor agri Domini.  cf. Cant. 2:15

443
The Passion of St. Thomas, Martyr
John of Salisbury (John of Chartres) (d. 1180) was secretary to Archbishop Theobald of Canterbury, and then to his successor, Thomas Becket. He was in Canterbury at the time of Beckedt’s assassination (1174), and was Bishop of Chartres1176-1180. John of Salisbury’s account appears in ‘Vita et Passio S. Thomae martyris, auctore Joanne’, James Cragie Robertson, ed., Materials for the History of Thomas Becket II (London: Longman & Co., 1876):299-352, and in Inos Biffi, ed., Vita Anselmi : Giovanni di Salisbury, Anselmo e Becket, due vite (Milan 1990):151-212. A translation is available in Ronald E. Pepin, Anselm and Becket. Two Saints’ Lives by John of Salisbury (Toronto, 2009):78-95.
The breviary text is abstracted from and based upon John’s Vita Thomae.
Trans. WR.

444
1 Resp. Studens livor

445
2 Resp.  Thomas manum mittit

446
. . . lapis vivus . . .’, c. f. I Pet. 2:4-5
‘Neque enim aurum tam anxia examinatum exuri potuit. . .’, c. f. Wisd. 3:5-6; Zech. 13:9
‘. . . vel domus supra firmam petram fundata convelli.’, c. f. Mat. 7:25

Resp. Jacet Granum
In the York and Herefored Uses the Responsory is ‘Lapis iste’.

4 Ant. Nec in agros

447
5 Ant. Exulat vir optimus

6 Ant. Exulantis predia

Lesson 5

448
‘Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini.’, Ps. 118:26; Mat. 21:9

4 Resp. Ex summa rerum
In the York and Hereford Uses the Responsory is ‘Post sex annos’.

449
Lesson 5
‘Turbati sunt igitur insipientes corde . . .’, c. f. Ps. 75:6
‘Si me queritis : sinite hos abire.’, John 18:8
Part of this Lesson is used for the text of the Responsory ‘Jacet granum’.

450
‘Sic itaque granum frumenti . . . palatio commutavit.’ See R. Jacet granum, p. 435.

5 Resp. Mundi florem
In the York and Hereford Uses the Responsory is ‘Ex summa rerum’.
Another translation, by F. G. Gilliat Smith, appears in The Dublin Review, CXIV (January 1894): 35:
The earth’s fair flower by the earth is crushed,
But hush thee Rachel cease thy sad lament,
For when the Martyr sealed his faith in death
A second Abel blossomed in the land.
V. The shattered casket, and his blood poured out
Filled heaven with a mighty voice of prayer
When Holy Thomas, dying, sealed his faith.

Lesson 6

451
‘. . . diviserunt sibi vestimenta sua . . .’, Ps. 22:18; Mat. 27:35
‘Vox in Rama audita est, ploratus et ululatus multus’, Jer. 31:15; Mat. 2:18.

6 Resp. Christe Jesu per Thome
In the York and Hereford Uses the Responsory is ‘Jacet granum’.

452
7 Ant. Sathane satellites

453
8 Ant. Strictis Thomas ensibus

9 Ant. Felix locus
In the York and Hereford Uses the Antiphon is ‘Hosti pandit ostium’.

454
Lesson 7
Homily of blessed Gregory.
Trans. WR
Other English Translations are found in David Hurst, Gregory the Great: Forty Gospel Homilies (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1990): #15, and Toal 2:316.

7 Resp. Thome cedunt
In the York and Hereford Uses the Responsory is ‘Mundi florem’.

456
8 Resp. Novis fulget
In the York and Hereford Uses the Responsory is ‘Christe Jesu per Thome’.

Lesson 9

457
‘. . . et regnum adversus regnum . . . seipsum fieret divisum . . .’, c. .f Luke 11:17
‘. . . Venient ad te . . . pedum tuorum.’, after Is. 60:14.

”. . . (secundum Dyonisium) . . . ‘, Dionysius Exiguus, a 6th century monk of Scythia Minor, inverntor of the Anno Domini era.

9 Resp. Jesu bone per Thome
In the York Use the Responsory is ‘Ferro pressus’.

Another translation, by F. G. Gilliat Smith, appears in The Dublin Review, CXIV (January 1894): 36:
Lord Jesus, by the merits of thy Saint
Forgive us, we beseech thee, all our sins.
O thou who bade the sleeping maid arise,
Who, at the city gate, called back to life
The widow’s son, and from the very grave
Bade Lazarus come forth and live again,
Visit the home, the gateway and the tomb
And raise us from the triple death of sin
V. And in Thy wonted pity purify
Our souls by thought or word or deed defiled.
O raise us from the triple death of sin.
So shall we praise and bless the Triune God,
Raised from the bitter threefold death of sin.

458
V. Ora pro nobis beate Thoma

Lauds
The Antiphons at Lauds are in modal order, 1-6.

1 Ant. Granum cadit (cf. Joh. 12:24-25; Mark 14:3)

459
2 Ant. Totus orbis martyris

3. Ant. Aqua Thome

460
4 Ant. Ad Thome memoriam

5 Ant. Tu per Thome sanguinem

461
Ant. Opem nobis o Thoma

Memorial of the Nativity

Memorial of St. Stephen

Memorial of St. John

462
Memorial of the Holy Innocents
Beginning here the memorial antiphons for the Holy Innocents cycle through Innocentes, (memorial at second vespers of St. John) and the three memorial antiphons, followed by the psalm-antiphons of lauds, continuing as far as the fourth or fifth antiphon of lauds, at lauds of the octave of St. John.

Prime

Terce

Sext

None

Vespers

463
Ant. Salve Thoma virga justicie
In the Hereford Use the Antiphon is ‘Felix locus felix’.

Memorial of the Nativity

Memorial of St. Stephen

464
Memorial of St. John

Memorial of the Innocents

465
Sixth day in the Nativity of the Lord
At Matins (nine psalms.)

Sermon from the Venerable Bede
Trans. WR

Lesson 1
‘Fotinianos’ (Photinianus, Photinus), 4th c., denied the Holy Spirit and held that Jesus was the son of Joseph.

Lesson 2
‘Et benedixit illis Symeon . . . contradicetur’, Luke 2:34.
‘Ego sum resurrectio . . . non morietur in eternum.’, Joh. 25-26.

466
‘. . . lapis offensionis et petra scandali . . . verbo nec credunt.’, after 1 Pet. 2:8.
‘Si non venissem . . . non habent de peccato suo.’, after Joh. 15:22.
‘Chisti bonus odor . . . in his qui pereunt’, II Cor. 2:15.

Lesson 3
‘Nam de secta hac . . . ei contradicitur.’, Acts 28:22.
‘Nos enim [(inquit)] . . . gentibus autem stulticiam.’, I Cor. 1:23.
‘Et tuam ipsius animam pertransibit gladius.’, Luke 2:35.

467
Lauds
Chap. Quanto tempore heres parvulus est

Ant. Dum medium silentium.  after Sap. 18:14-15
Compare the Officium for this day.

468
Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus dirige actus nostros

Memorial of the Nativity
The Memorial of the Nativity at Lauds seems to be redundant seeing that the sixth day is treated as part of the Octave of Christmas. Nevertheless it appears consistently in the Sarum Breviaries and also in the Missal. A similar indication appears in Breviarium Romanum 1568:213.

Memorial of St. Stephen

Memorial of St. John

Memorial of the Innocents

469
Memorial of St. Thomas
Beginning here the memorial antiphons for St. Thomas cycle through Pastor cesus, (memorial at second vespers of the Holy Innocents) and the psalm-antiphons of lauds, and continuing with the antiphons of matins as far as the second or third antiphon of matins, at lauds of the octave of the Holy Innocents.

Prime

Terce Sext None

If the Sixth Day is a Sunday:
Lesson 1. Sermon of blessed Maximus
See PL-LVII:249-252. The ascription to Maximus appears doubtful.
Trans. WR

471
Lesson 5.
Sermon 11 of the tempore, old series; sermon 127 of the new series.
Trans. WR

Lesson 6
‘Spiritus Sanctus superveniet in te . . . Filius Dei.’, Luke 1:35

472
Prime

Terce Sext None

[Vespers of the Sixth Day of Christmas is omitted because of the Feast of St. Silvester.]

473
Saint Silvester
The image is a stock image for bishops.

Vespers
Prayer. Da quesumus omnipotens Deus : ut beati Silvestri

Memorial of the Nativity

Memorial of St. Stephen

474
Memorial of St. John

Memorial of the Innocents

Memorial of St. Thomas

Matins

Lesson 1
Trans. WR

476
Sermon of blessed Fulgentius
PL-LXV:727.
Trans. WR
‘. . . nunciate [(ait propheta)] diem de die salutare ejus.’ Ps. 95:2

477
‘. . . sponsus procedens de thalamo suo.’, Ps. 18:6.

480
Lesson 7. Homily of blessed Gregory
Trans. WR
Another translation appears in David Hurst, Gregory the Great, Forty Gospel Homilies (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1990): #18, p. 126.

481
V. Ora pro nobis beate Silvester

482
Memorial of the Nativity

Memorial of St. Stephen

Memorial of St. John

Memorial of the Innocents

Memorial of St. Thomas

483
Prime

Terce

Sext

None

484
Vigil of the Circumcision
The image represents the circumcision of Christ.

Vespers
Ant. Qui de terra est.  after John 3:31-33

485
Prayer. Deus qui nobis nati Salvatoris diem

Compline
Compline appears also in the Psalter, [380].

Ant. Nato Domino.  after Apoc. 7:10

487
January 1: Circumcision
Minor Double Feast
The image is of the circumcision of Christ.
Many parts of this feast are repeated from Christmas, the Circumcision also being the Octave Day of Christmas.

I have not found an explanation as to why memorials of the octaves of St. Stephen, St. John, the Holy Innocents, and St. Thomas are not made on this feast, seeing that all those feasts are minor doubles.  The exception, a memorial of St. Stephen at second vespers, is on account of its being the memorial of first vespers of the octave of St. Stephen.

Matins
1 Ant. Dominus dixit ad me.  Ps. 2:7
This Antiphon is repeated from Matins of Chrstimas Day.

488
2 Ant. In sole posuit tabernaculum suum.  Ps. 19:5
This text appears also in a Gradual for Saturday in the Ember Days of Advent.

3. Ant. Elevamini porte eternales.  Ps. 24:7

Lessons of the Venerable Bede
Trans. for this edition by Lawrence Martin, 2012 (used with permission), edited WR.

Lesson 1
‘. . . Deo credidisset, reputatumque ei esset ad justitiam . . .’, Rom. 4:3; Gen. 15:6
‘. . . signum accepit circuncisionis . . . que est in preputio.’, Rom. 4:11
‘. . . ab omni inquinamento carnis et spiritus . . .’, II Cor. 7:1

489
1 Resp. In principio erat Verbum.  John 1:1-4

490
Lesson 2
‘Nisi quis renatus . . . regnum Dei . . .’, John 3:5
‘Masculus cujus preputii . . . pactum meum irritum fecit.’, Gen. 17:14
‘. . . justus ex fide vivit . . .’, Rom. 1:17
‘. . . sine fide impossibile est placare Deo.’, Heb. 11:6
2 Resp. Benedictus qui venit.  Ps. 117:26-27; 22

491
Lesson 3
‘. . . in iniquitatibus concepti . . .’, Ps. 50:7
‘. . . peccatum mundi tolleret . . .’, John 1:29
‘. . . primus octava die circuncisionem accepisse perhibetur.’, cf Gen 21:4

3 Resp. Ecce Agnus Dei.  John 1:30, 27, 32

492
4 Ant. Speciosus forma. Ps. 44:3

5 Ant. Suscepimus Deus. Ps. 47:10

493
6 Ant. Homo natus est in ea. Ps. 86:5

Lesson 4
‘Quicunque enim baptizati sumus . . . in novitate vite ambulemus.’, Rom 6:3-4
‘Si enim credimus . . . adducet cum eo.’, I Thess. 4:14
‘Filii seculi hujus nubunt . . . cum filii sunt resurrectionis.’, Luke 20:34-36

494
4 Resp. Nesciens mater virgo virum

Lesson 5

495
‘. . . quia lex per Moysen . . . per Jesum Christum facta est.’, John 1:17

5 Resp. Continet in gremio

496
Lesson 6
‘Ex operibus legis . . . cognitio peccati.’, Rom. 3:20
‘Usque ad legem . . . non erit in mundo.’, Rom. 5:13
‘Lex autem subintravit : ut abndaret delictum.’, Rom. 5:20
‘Nam concupiscentiam . . . est in me omnem concupiscentiam.’, Rom. 7:7-8
‘. . . ubi abundavit delictum : superabundavit et gratia.’, Rom. 5:20
‘. . . quare petrinis ad circuncidendum . . . ‘, see Jos. 5:2-3
‘. . . petra erat Cristus.’, I Cor. 10:4
‘Et super hanc [(inquit)] petram edificabo ecclesiam meam.’, Mat. 16:18

6 Resp. Confirmatum est cor virginis

497
7 Ant. Exultabunt omnia ligna silvarum. Ps. 95:12-13 (Old Roman)

498
8 Ant. In principio et ante secula. after John 1:1

9 Ant. Ante luciferum genitus. cf. Ps. 109:3

V. Notum fecit Dominus. Ps. 97:2

499
Lesson 7
Homily of the Venerable Bede
Trans. WR. Another English translation appears in Lawrence T. Martin and David Hurst, Bede The Venerable: Homilies on the Gospel I (Kalamazoo, Cistercian Publications, 1991): #1.11.

‘. . . Et posquam consummati sunt . . . in utero conciperetur.’, Luke 2:21
‘Quia ubi venit plenitudo temporis . . . ut adoptionem filiorum reciperemus.’, Ga. 4:4

7 Resp. O Regem celi

500
8 Resp. Congratulamini michi. V: Luke 1:48

501
Lesson 9
‘Nisi quis renatus fuerit . . . introire in regnum Dei . . .’, John 3:5
‘Masculus cujus preputii caro circuncisa . . quia pactum meum irritum fecit . . .’, Gen. 17:14

502
Lauds
1 Ant. O admirabile commercium

503
2 Ant. Quando natus est ineffabiliter. cf. Ps. 71:6
This antiphon is used at the memorial of St. Mary on Sundays from the Octave of St. Stephen to the Purification.  It is related to antiphon ‘Quando concepta est virgo sacratissima’ for the Conception of St. Mary and ‘Quando natus est virgo sacratissima’, but it is by no means the same.  (Frere, in his index indicates that they are the same.)

3 Ant. Rubum quem viderat
This antiphon is used at the memorial of St. Mary on ferias and feasts of 3 lessons from the Octave of St. Stephen to the Purification.

504
4 Ant. Germinavit radix Jesse

5 Ant. Ecce Maria genuit. after John 1:29

505
Ant. Mirabile mysterium declaratur

Prime

506
Terce

‘. . . cum oratione hujus diei.’ i.e. the Circumcision.

Sext

None

Vespers
Ant. Magnum hereditatis mysterium

507
Memorial of St. Stephen

The antiphon, Tu principatum, on the eve of the octave, repeats the memorial antiphon from the eve of St. Stephen.

508
Octave of St. Stephen
Matins

Lessons of blessed Maximus
These lessons are also attributed to Leo I and to Pseudo Augustine.
Trans. WR

1 Resp. Stephanus servus Dei. cf. Acts 7:55
This item is unusual in that the Verse repeats extensively the text of the Responsory.

509
Lesson 2 (4)
‘Domine [(inquit)] ne statuas illis hoc peccatum.’, Acts 8:59

510
Lesson 6
Si enim [(inquit)] dimiseritis . . . peccata vestra.’, Mat. 6:14

511
Lauds

Memorial of St. John

Memorial of the Innocents

Memorial of St. Thomas

Memorial of St. Mary

512
Prime

513
Vespers

Memorial of St. John

The antiphon, Valde honorandus, on the eve of the octave, repeats the memorial antiphon from the eve of St.John.

Memorial of the Innocents

Memorial of St. Thomas

Memorial of St. Mary

514
On the Octave of St. John
Matins

Lessons
Trans. WR

1 Resp. Hic est beatissimus evangelista. cf. John 21:20

516
2. Resp. Qui vicerit faciam illum. after Apoc. 3:12; 2:7

517
Lauds

518
Memorial of the Innocents

Memorial of St. Thomas

Memorial of St. Mary

Prime

Vespers

519
Memorial of the Holy Innocents

The antiphon, Innocentes pro Christo, on the eve of the octave, repeats the memorial antiphon from the eve of the Holy Innocents.

Memorial of St. Thomas

Memorial of St. Mary

520
The Octave of the Holy Innocents
Matins

Lessons
Trans. WR. Another English translation is to be found at breviary.net.

1 Resp. Cantabant sancti canticum novum

523
Lauds

Memorial of St. Thomas

Memorial of St. Mary

Prime

Vespers

524
Memorial of St. Thomas

The antiphon, Pastor cesus, the final memorial of the octave of St. Thomas, repeats the memorial antiphon from the eve of St. Thomas.

Memorial of St. Edward
Prayer. Deus qui unigenitum Filium tuum

Memorial of St. Mary

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