Companion to C: Sanctorale 1: December-July

{1}
November 29: Vigil of Saint Andrew.

The Sanctorale begins with the date closest to the beginning of Advent, the beginning of the church year. Advent begins on the Sunday nearest to the Feast of Saint Andrew, November 30.

The image is from the Breviary, 1531, Sanctorale:1r. As the beginning of the Sanctorale, this page often contains an especially elaborate image.

Vespers

Vespers of this vigil is also referred to as First Vespers of the feast.  Vespers of the vigil is distinguished from the feast by having an independent prayer.

Ant. Unus ex duobus (after John 1:37, 40.)

{2}
Hymn. Andrea pie
This Hymn appears in only five non-Sarum sources in CANTUS; it is widespread in AH.
AH-51: 107.
The translation appears in The Order of Vespers: 82*.
Another–very loose–translation appears in The Anglican Breviary: E5.  The stanza that appears in Skinner, The Daily Service Hymnal (1864): 137, is not really a translation.

{3}
V. Dilexit Andream Dominus (after Eph. 5:2.)

Ant. Ambulans Jesus juxta mare Galilee (after Mat. 4:18-20.)

{4}

Prayer. Quesumus omnipotens Deus, ut beatus Andreas

This is the prayer of the vigil.

Prayer. Majestatem tuam Domine suppliciter exoramus.

This is the prayer of the day.  It is used at first vespers in year E when Advent Sunday falls on the feast of St. Andrew.  In that case the previous prayer is used for the procession (for the sake of variety).

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‘. . . infra vero adventum de omnibus sanctis in redeunto and. Salvator mundi. . . .’  As indicated below, the antiphon and versicle for All Saints appear here since within Advent a memorial to the Virgin has already been made.

‘Et sic fiat processio in omnibus festis sanctorum . . . quorum altaria sunt in ecclesia’.  The selection of such processions after First Vespers is determined by the dedications of altars (other than the high altar) in the specific church.  See Terrence Bailey, The Processions of Sarum (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1971):18.

At Salisbury Cathedral these would presumably be St. Andrew (the parochial altar in the north aisle of the nave), St. Nicholas, St. Stephen, St. Thomas of Canterbury, the Holy Trinity, the Holy Cross, St. John the Baptist, the Holy Relics, St. Peter, St. Mary Magdalene, St Lawrence, St. Denis and St. George, St. Michael, All Saints, St. Margaret, St. Edmund the Confessor, St. Martin, St. Katherine, the Eleven Thousand Virgins (from the latter part of the 15th c.), and the Shrine Altar of St. Osmund (from 1456).  There may also have been at some time altars dedicated to St. John the Evangelist, and possibly to St. Anne.  This list does not claim to be definitive, but merely representative.  Processions would presumably not be made to the altars of chantry chapels.

We may presume that the procession on St. John’s eve would have been to the Altar of the Apostles, and that on the Holy Innocents perhaps to the altar of All Saints (or to that of Stephen and the martyrs).

{6}
November 30: Saint Andrew
Inferior Double Feast

Invit. Adoremus victoriosissimum regem Christum

The Antiphons at Matins appear to be a later set than are typically found for this feast, replacing ‘Vidit Dominus Petrum’ etc.
The first 6 antiphons are in reverse! modal order, 6-1.

Ant.1.  Andreas apostolus dixit
In CANTUS this chant appears in only 7 sources, two of which are Sarum. It appears to date from the 13th century.

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Ant. 2. Ego crucis Christi
In CANTUS this chant appears in only 12 sources, two of which are Sarum. It appears to date from the 12th century.

Ant. 3. Cunque carnifices
In CANTUS this chant appears in only 13 sources, two of which are Sarum. It appears to date from the 12th century.

{8}
Lessons. Proconsul Egeas Patras
The Lessons are from the apocryphal Acts of Andrew.  tr. WR.
A translation of the Acts of Andrew may be found at New Advent, Fathers of the Church (newadvent.org).
The Lessons continue on the Octave of S. Andrew {37}.

Resp. 1. Dum perambularet Dominus

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Resp. 2. Mox ut vocem Domini

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Resp. 3. Homo Dei ducebatur

This Responsory is used at vespers of the Vigil.

The Verse has an unusual inflection in the first phrase.

{12}
Ant. 4. Cum pervenisset beatus Andreas

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Ant. 5. Antequam te ascenderet

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Ant. 6. Amator tuus semper fui

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Resp. 4. Doctor bonus et amicus Dei

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Resp. 5. O bona crux

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Resp. 6. Oravit sanctus Andreas

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Ant. 7. Accedentes carnifices

Ant. 8. Omnis interea populus

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Ant. 9. Tunc sanctus Andreas ait

{21}
Homily. Audistis, fratres charissimi
Trans. WR.
The Homily is also translated in David Hurst, Forty Gospel Homilies : Gregory the Great (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1990): 10.

Resp. 7. Expandi manus meas

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Resp. 8. Eilexit Andream Dominus

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‘. . . Gloria in excelsis Deo . . . bone voluntatis.’, Luke 2:14.

‘. . . In me sunt Deus . . . laudationes tibi.’, Ps. 55:12.

Resp. 9. Vir iste in pupulo suo

{26}
Ant. 1. Salve crux preciosa

Ant. 2. Beatus Andreas orabat

Ant. 3. Non me permittas

{27}
Ant. 4. Maximilla Christo amabilis

Ant. 5. Qui persequebatur justum

{28}
Ant. Concede nobis hominem justum

{29}
Responsory. Vir perfecte.
In CANTUS it appears in only one non-Sarum source, F-AS 893 (Arras, Bibliothèque municipale, 893 (olim 465)). Other chant sources, if they have a Responsory at Second Vespers, typically repeat a Responsory from Matins, such as ‘Dilexit Andream’.
This Responsory is in metre and rhyme, 8p7pp x4, a a b b. The Verse is 8p7pp x2, c c.

{31}
Prose. O morum doctor egregie.
This Prose appear in only one source in CANTUS, the ‘Penpont’ Antiphonal. That this Prose appears in the GB-AB 20541 E (after 1320) but not in GB-Cu Mm.ii.9 (13th c.)
may suggest the period during which is was officially incorporated into the Sarum Use.
As Jenifer Raub points out (‘Sarum Liturgical Printing in Tudor London’ (Phd. diss., Royal Holloway College, University of London, 2011:364), this Prose and four others, Sospitati dedit egros, Inviolata integra et casta, Crux fidelis terras celis, and Eterne virgo memorie, also appear at the end of the Sarum Processionals beginning in 1555.
The Prose takes as its melodic basis the beginning of the repetenda, ‘Et astantes’, but the following phrase appears to be based on a transposed repetition of the pattern (with ‘tonal’ answer!). The following two phrases appear to be derived from the melody of the Responsory Verse, and so to lead naturally back to the Repetendum.
It is worthy of note, too, that although the sources for the Responsory include no B-flats, the sources indicate B-flat throughout the Prose.
All of the phrases end with the same rhyme ‘-ie’, but they are only loosely metrical.

{32}
Ant. Domine Jesu Christe Magister bone

The choice of the second ending for the psalm tone reflects in particular the way that the opening motive echoes that of the ‘O’ antiphons.
The more commonly found antiphon in this position is ‘Cum [or Dum] pervenisset beatus Andreas’.

{33}
‘Quando festum sancti Andree in quinta feria . . . ‘

The earliest weekday that the Feast of St. Andrew can occur before the first Sunday of Advent is Thursday November 30, in year A.  In this case Friday December 7 will be of the Octave of St. Andrew as indicated.  The principal here is that days within the octave of St. Andrew (apart from Sundays, feasts and commemorations) are observed fully outside of Advent, but only kept as memorials within Advent.  The octave day itself is observed fully (vespers-none) in year C; in other years it is displaced by a commemoration or, in year D, by the deferral of the feast of St. Nicholas.  If commemorations were not observed, the octave of St. Andrew could be observed in years A, B, C, F and G.

In sexta feria ante Adventum
Invit. Dilexit Andream Dominus
This Invitatory appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{34}
Ant. 1. Vidit Dominus Petrum et Andream

Ant. 2. Venite post me

Ant. 3. Relictis rhetibus suis

{35}
Ant. 4. Andreas Christi famulus

Ant. 5. Dignum sibi Dominus

{36}
Ant. 6. Ego si patibulum

Ant. 7. Christus me misit

Ant. 8. Salve crux que in corpore

{37}
Ant. 9. Biduo vivens

Lessons: Accedentes carnifices
This is a continuation of the Acts of Andrew.  tr. WR.
A translation of the Acts of Andrew may be found at New Advent, Fathers of the Church (newadvent.org).

{39}
Ant. Videns Andreas crucem

{40}

Ad vesperas . . . cum antiphonis prima die de nocturnis . . .

In year A, the only year in which a day within the octave of St. Andrew is observed with all its proper antiphons at matins, memorials of the octave on subsequent days use antiphons from matins of the feast day at vespers and lauds.  The memorial at lauds on December 6 uses Unus ex duobus.  The memorials of the octave day repeat the antiphons of the magnificat and benedictus on the day of the feast.

Quod si festum sancti Andree quavis alia feria . . . antiphona Vidit Dominus . . .’

In all other years antiphons for memorials at vespers and lauds are taken from the day within the octave, thus providing the maximum variety of antiphons within the octave of St. Andrew.  Again the antiphons appear to be one less than the required number.  The memorial at vespers on December 5 is Videns Andreas crucem.  The memorial at lauds on December 6 uses Unus ex duobus.  The memorials of the octave day repeat the antiphons of the magnificat and benedictus on the day of the feast.

{41}
December 4: The Deposition of Saint Osmund.
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. December 3, 1099) Bishop of Sarum. Canonized 1456/1457, from which time his deposition (burial) was celebrated officially, and his name enrolled in the Roman Martyrology. For further information, see the Translation of St. Osmund, July 16.  That his feast day is apparently the day after his death may be understood if the new taken is taken to begin at sundown rather than midnight.

It would appear that in most places following the Use of Sarum this office was taken from the Common of One Confessor and Bishop, as the Pica indicates.  However, the rubric at {828} indicates that on this day all can be said as on the Translation of St. Osmund (July 16), with appropriate change of text from ‘translation’ to ‘deposition’.  Presumably this was the practice at Salisbury Cathedral itself, but it was unlikely to have occurred elsewhere, in particular due to lack of access to the music.

{42}
December 6:  Saint Nicholas
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

(15 March 15, 270–December 6 343) Bishop of Myra.
The celebration of this Feast in the west appears to date from the translation of the relics in 1087. (W. Frere (Antiphonale Sarisburiense: xxix. indicates the XI century.)
This Office is said to have been composed by Reginold of Eichstätt (10th. c.) (David Hiley, Western Plainchant: A Handbook (Oxford:Clarendon Press, 1993):274.)

Resp. Beatus Nicholaus jam triumpho

{43}
Prose. Oportet devota.
This Prose appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS. It appears to be a later addition to the Sarum repertoire, since it has been added in the lower margin of GB-Cu Mm.ii.9:335. However in GB-AB 20541:183v it is integral. It is clearly constructed on the melisma ‘Oportet’ that begins the repetendum of the Responsory.  Indeed it forms an insertion or trope in the text “Oportet . . . committere”.

{44}
Ant. O Pastor eterne

{45}
‘Deinde eat processio ad altare sancti Nicholai . . .’

{46}
Invit. Adoremus Regem seculorum

Ant. 1. Nobilissimus siquidem

{47}
Ant.2. Postquam domi puerilem

Ant. 3. Pudore bono repletus Dei

{48}
Lessons. Beatus Nicholaus ex illustri
Trans. WR.

Resp. 1. Confessor Dei Nicholaus

{49}
‘. . . omnibus qui possidet : non potest meus esse discipulus.’, Luke 14:33.

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Resp. 2. Operibus sanctis Nicholaus

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Resp. 3. Quadam die tempestate

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Ant. 4. Auro viginum incestus

Ant. 5. Innocenter puerilia

Ant. 6. Gloriam mundi sprevit

{54}
Resp. 4. Audiens Christi confessor

{55}
‘. . . Quodcunque petieritis . . . et fiet vobis.’, after John 14: 13-14.

‘. . . pontificalem . . . infulam.’
W. H. Rich Jones, Vetus Registrum Sarisberense: 182, describes the ‘infula’ as a chasuble.  Warton B. Marriot, Vestiarium Christianum (London: Rivingtons, 1868): 190 suggests that ‘infula’ had ‘nearly the meaning (in some instances) of an “official vestment,” context alone determining what the nature of that vestment might be.’  Latin dictionaries refer to it as one of the two ribbons that adorn a mitre, hence standing for the mitre itself.

{56}
Resp. 5. Qui cum audissent sancti Nicholai nomen

{57}
Resp. 6. Beatus Nicholaus jam triumpho

‘. . . tres juvenes . . .’, that is, young men from the armada.

{58}
Ant. 7. Pontifices almi divina

{59}
Ant. 8. Sanctus quidem triticum

Ant. 9. Muneribus datis neci sunt

{60}
Resp. 7. Summe Dei confessor Nicholae

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Resp. 8. Servus Dei Nicholaus

{63}
Lesson ix.
Psalm 30: 2-6, is the abbreviated form of the Psalm that is used daily at Compline (see [370]).  The inclusion of ‘Domine’ (O Lord), not part of the Vulgate version, may have been taken from the Responsory at Compline in Passiontide (see [389]).

‘. . . sancte Syon . . .’, the monastery of Holy Sion, near Myra.

{64}
Resp. 9. Ex ejus tumba marmorea

{65}
Prose. Sospitati dedit
(In other sources this appears as ‘Sospitati reddit’.) This Prose also appears in the York Breviary (and other sources as well). Each line is 8p7pp, with an ending rhyme on ‘-io’.

{66}
Ant. 1. Beatus Nicholaus adhuc puerulus

{67}
Ant. 2. Ecclesie sancte frequentans

Ant. 3. Juste et pie vivendo

Ant. 4. Amicus Dei Nicholaus

{68}
Ant. 5. O per omnia laudabilem virum

Chap. Ecce sacerdos.

There is no apparent reason why the Chapter of the Common at Lauds, Benediction omnium’ is not appointed here.

Ant. Copiose charitatis

{70}

Chap. Ecce sacerdos.

There is no apparent reason why the Chapter of the Common at Lauds, Benediction omnium’ is not appointed here.

Ant. O Christe pietas

This melody was reused for ‘O quam suavis’ (first vespers of Corpus Christi).

{72}
December 7: The Octave of Saint Andrew.
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung buy two.

This Feast has no first or second vespers because of the feasts that immediately precede and follow it.

The Lessons are a continuation of the Acts of Andrew from the Feast Day.  tr. WR.

{75}
December 8: The Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Minor Double Feast

Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense: xxix.) places the general establishment of this Feast in the 11th century. This would align with the re-invigoration of the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin at Chartres in the same era. See Margot Fassler, ‘Mary’s Nativity, Fulbert of Chartres, and the Stirps Jesse: Liturgical Innovation circa 1000 and Its Afterlife’ Speculum LXXV (2000): 389-434.
However, this Feast does not appear in the ‘Old Ordinal’ (The Use of Sarum II: 106; 177), nor in The Sarum Missal Edited from Three Early Manuscripts: 235.  In the Kalendar of the latter (xxxii), the entry indicates ‘Conceptio sancte Marie.  ix. lec.  Sarum nichil.’   Thus it would seem that at Sarum the feast was adopted in the 14th-15th centuries.  this would accord with the papal authorization of the observance in1476-1477.

(The Roman Catholic dogma of the ‘Immaculate Conception’ was not promulgated until 1854.)

Image: the Names of Mary.  The following somewhat clearer image from a French woodcut ca. 1500 contains the same symbols in a slightly different arrangement.

Symbola-Marie

The text and images include:
God in heaven
‘tota pulchra es amica mea et macula non est in te’ (Cant. 4:7)
the sun; ‘electa ut sol’ (Cant. 6:9)
a star; ‘stella maris’ (Cant. 6:9)
the moon; ‘pulchra ut luna’
a lily; ‘sicut lilium inter spinas’ (Cant 2:2)
a castle gate; ‘porta celi’
a cedar tree; ‘exaltata cedrus’
an olive tree; ‘oliva speciosa’
a castle; ‘turris David cum propugnaculis’ (Cant. 4:4)
a rose plant; ‘plantatio rose’
a mirror; ‘speculum sine macula’
a flowering plant; ‘virga Jesse floruit’ (Is. 11:1)
a well; ‘puteus aquarum viventium’ (Cant. 4:15)
a fountain; ‘fons ortorum’ (Cant. 4:15)
a walled city; ‘civitas Dei’
a fenced garden; ‘ortus conclusus’ (Cant. 4:12)

All of the musical items in the Office are borrowed from the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conception’ for ‘Nativity’.  Likewise are drawn the Chapters, Versicles, Prayers, and the last three Lessons of Matins.  Compline of the Conception is of Advent, whereas Compline of the Nativity is of the Blessed Virgin.

Ant. Dei genitrix virgo
In CANTUS this chant appears in only four non-Sarum sources, all Germanic and monastic, for the Feast of the Assumption (and with the word ‘genetrix’).

GB-AB 20541:185v. indicates for the Feast of the Conception a different Antiphon on the Psalms, ‘Gaude mater ecclesia’ at First Vespers, and different Chapters, taken from Proverbs 8.  See the Appendix.

Psalms at Vespers on Feasts of the Blessed Virgin

The Sarum Use has the following:

First vespers: Pss. 112, 116, 145, 146, 147.

Second vespers: Pss. 109, 110, 111, 129, 131.  (This series also appears in the Daily Office of the Blessed Virgin on Tuesdays, when the regular series 121-125 appears in the canonical vespers.)

The Hereford Use appears to follow the Sarum order of psalms.

The York Use employs Pss. 109, 110, 111, 129, and 131 regularly at both vespers of the Blessed Virgin.  This is the same as the Pss. at second vespers in the Sarum Use.

The Roman Use has, at both vespers: Pss. 109, 112, 121, 126, 147.  This set also appears in the Sarum Breviary at the more recently added feasts of the Visitation and the Presentation of the Virgin, suggesting a later importation from Roman Use.  In light of this analysis it may be appropriate on those feasts to use the Sarum psalms series instead.

The lately added Feast of Blessed Mary the Virgin of the Snows indicates ‘Psalms of our Lady’, which may well be interpreted as employing the psalms that pertain to the local usage, although in light of the above it would most likely have been originally intended to mean the Roman set, assuming that this too was a Roman importation.

The Dominican Use appears to follow the Sarum order at first vespers, but the Roman order at second vespers.

{78}
Ant. Conceptio tua
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptio’ for Nativitas’.

{79}
Ant. Hodie concepta est
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘concepta’ for ‘nata’.

{80}
Ant. Beatissime virginis Marie
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

Ant. Quando concepta est
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘concepta’ for ‘nata’.

The Lessons at Matins are borrowed from the older Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, September 8. (The first six lessons are an abridgment of those found at the Nativity of the Virgin.)  Tr. WR.  A translation of these lessons is also found in Margot Fassler, ‘Mary’s Nativity, Fulbert of Chartres, and the Stirps Jesse: Liturgical Innovation circa 1000 and Its Afterlife’ Speculum LXXV (2000):389-434.

{81}
Resp. Hodie concepta est
This Responsory repeats the Responsory of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘concepta’ for ‘nata’, and in the Verse, ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

{82}
Resp. Beatissime virginis Marie
This Responsory repeats the Responsory of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

{83}
Resp. Stirps Jesse
This Responsory also appears on the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin.
This Responsory is loosely in metre and rhyme.

{84}
Ant. Hodie concepta est
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘concepta’ for ‘nata’.

{85}
Ant. Benedicta et venerabilis.
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

{86}
Resp. Conceptio gloriose virginis.
This Responsory repeats the Responsory of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptio’ for ‘Nativitas’, and in the Verse, ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

(87)
Resp. Conceptio tua Dei genitrix
This Responsory repeats the Responsory of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptio’ for ‘Nativitas’.

(88)
Resp. Ad nutum Domini
This Responsory also appears on the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin.
This Responsory is loosely in metre and rhyme.

{89}
Ant. Conceptio est hodie
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptio’ for ‘Nativitas’.

Ant. Ista est speciosa
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

{90}
The image is of the Stirps Jesse, the ‘Jesse Tree’.
The Gospel Homily, attributed to Bede, is usually titled ‘Prefatio totius operis premisit’. Tr. WR.
In Zéphir-François-Cicéron Caron, Catalogue des manuscrits de la bibliothèque de la ville d’Arras (Arras: Courtin, 1860):390. this item is listed in a 12th c. manuscript originating in the Abbey of mont. St.-Eloi. of various sermons as following directly after ‘Sermo domini Fulberti Carnotensis episcopi : Approbate consuedinis est apud christianos.’ as ‘Lectionis ejusdem: Prefatio totius operis premisit de quo dicturus.’ This suggests that the latter is attributed to Fulbert of Chartres rather than to Bede, and thus connects these readings with the renovation of the feast at that place.

{93}
Resp. Solem justicie
This Responsory also appears on the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin.
This Responsory is loosely in metre and rhyme.

{94}
Ant. Conceptio est hodie
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptio’ for ‘Nativitas’.

{95}
Ant. Conceptio gloriose virginis
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptio’ for ‘Nativitas’.

{96}
Ant. Cum jocunditate
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

Ant. Conceptionem hodiernam
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptionem’ for ‘Nativitatem’.

{100}
December 13: Saint Lucy
Simple Feast of 9 Lesons with Invitatory sung by two.

‘St. Aldhelm (d. 709) is the first writer who uses her Acts to give a full account of her life and death. This he does in prose in the “Tractatus de Laudibus Virginitatis” (Tract. xliii, P.L., LXXXIX, 142) and again, in verse, in the poem “De Laudibus Virginum” (P.L., LXXXIX, 266). Following him, the Venerable Bede inserts the story in his Martyrology.’ (Catholic Encyclopedia, newadvent.org.)

Ant. Lucia virgo venerabilis
This Antiphon appears in only two nono-Sarum sources in CANTUS, from Jumieges and Worcester.

{102)
The Lessons are largely paralleled in Legenda aurea of Jacobus de Voragine. Tr. WR.

{114}
December 21: Saint Thomas, Apostle
Inferior Double Feast

Hymn. O Thoma Christi perlustrator
This hymn appears in only four non-Sarum sources in CANTUS; it is widespread in AH.
See AH-51: 108.

[The Saints falling between December 25 and January 18 are found in the Temporale.]

{123}
January 19: St. Wulstan
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Wulstan (Wulfstan) (c. 1008 – 20 January 1095), a Benedictine monk, was Bishop of Worcester (1062-1095), and founded Great Malvern Priory in 1085. He was the last pre-conquest English bishop, and was canonized 1203. A full musical Office for Wulstan appears in Wor F-160 (facs):248-252.
See Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds., Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993):279-280.

{128}
January 20: Saints Fabian and Sebastian
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Fabian (c. 200–January 20, 250) was Bishop of Rome.
Sebastian (died January 20, c. 288).

{129}
Invit. Christum suppliciter
This Invitatory appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS. It is clearly related to ‘Christum supliciter regum regem veneremur’, an Invitatory for St. Fusciano AH-XIII: 56.

{150}
January 21: St. Agnes
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 291–304)
See also January 28.

{151}
Memorial of Fabian and Sebastian
Ant. Egregie Christi martyr Sebastiane
This Antiphon appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS. It appears to be related to the Antiphon Egregie Christi martyr for St. Firmin in F-CA 38:347r.

{153}
Lesson. Servus Christi Ambrosius
A partial translation is available in Joan Mueller, A Companion to Clare of Assisi: Life, Writings, and Spirituality (Leiden: Brill, 2010):179 ff.
A French translation appears in Domenico Bartolini, Actes du Martyre de la très-noble vierge romaine sainte Agnès et du martyre des nobles Abdon et Sennen (Paris, 1864):23 ff.

{168}
Resp. Stat a dextris
While the chants for St. Agnes in the Sarum sources are for the most part well represented in other sources, this chant appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS.
In the York Use, the second Antiphon of Lauds has the text of this Responsory (omitting the Verse).

{172}
January 22: St. Vincent
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Vincent of Saragossa (d. ca. 304)

{185}
Resp. Christi miles gloriosus
This Responsory is in rhyme and meter (8787×3).
It appears in 23 CANTUS sources (2 of which are Sarum), the earliest being E-Tc 44.2 (Toledo), ca. 1095.
This text is identical with that of the Lauds Hymn for this day; a highly unusual direct use of a Hymn-text for a Responsory.

{192}
Resp. Preciosus martyr Vincentius
This Responsory appears in only three non-Sarum Sources in CANTUS, E-TC 44.2, F-VAL 114, and GB-WO F,160.

{196}
Hymn. Christi miles gloriosus
This text is also used for the sixth Responsory of Matins on this day.
The hymn appears in only 3 non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{200}
January 25: Conversion of St. Paul
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

Ant. Lux de celo
This Antiphon appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS. (There is a reference to the same text in PL-WRu R 503:33r, but it appears as a cue only, in the Temporale.)

{201}
Ant. Elegit Dominus virum
This Antiphon appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS. It is clearly related to 002829 for the Feast of Saints Fabian and Sebastian, but with different text at the end {128}. See especially CH-E 611:160v. where this melodic form appears with the text for St. Fabian and Sebastian.

{202}
Invit. Laudemus Jesum Christum
Only Sarum sources in CANTUS have this text. (CANTUS groups this Invitatory with the series ‘Laudemus Deum nostrum’.) This Invitatory is akin to ‘Laudemus Jesum Christum quia’ CANTUS 100181, which also appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS. See [7] and 1717.

(204)
The Antiphon Verses found at Matins occur in only 7 CANTUS sources, 2 of which are Sarum.

The York Breviary includes Antiphon Verses at Matins. The first and sixth differ from those of the Sarum Breviary.


Sarum Matins Verses
1 Paternarum traditionem.
2 Per totam Judeam
3 Audivit autem vocem
4 Circunfulsit eum
5 Viri autem illi
6 Prostratus est
7 Saulus autem cadens
8 Surrexit autem Saulus
9 Dixit autem Dominus
York Matins Verses
Et cum iter faceret
Per totam Judeam
Audivit autem vocem
Circunfulsit eum
Viri autem illi
Surrexit autem Saulus
Dixit autem Dominus
Abiit Ananias
Prostratus est

 


{205}
Ant. Et subito circunfulsit eum
This Antiphon appears in only six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{206}
Resp. Saulus adhuc spirans
This Responsory appears in only eight non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{208}
Resp. Ibat igitur Saulus
This Responsory appears in only seven non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{213}
Resp. Vade Anania
This Responsory appears in only eight non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{214}
Resp. Ingressus Paulus in synagogas
This Responsory appears in only nine non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{216}
Ant. Viri autem qui comitabantur
This Antiphon appears in only six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{217}
Ant. Ad manus autem illum
This Antiphon appears in only thirteen non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{218}
Sermon. Grandis fiducia.
A Translation of this Lesson appears in Thomas P. Scheck, St. Jerome: Commentary on Matthew (Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 2008):221-222.

{219}
Lesson. Duodenario quippe numero
A translation of this lesson and the first part of the next appears in Augustine, The City of God Against the Pagans (Loeb Classical Library 416), Book XX: 268 ff.

{221}
Resp. Celebremus conversionem
This Responsory appears in only eight non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{222}
Lauds
The Antiphon Verses at Lauds generally appear in a greater number of CANTUS sources, although the fourth appears in only 7 CANTUS sources, 2 of which are Sarum.

The York Breviary includes Antiphon Verses at Lauds, 2 of which differ from those in the Sarum Breviary.


Sarum Lauds Verses
1 Ostendens quia hic
2 Et abiit Annanias
3 Fuit autem cum discipulis
4 Inter apostolos
5 Stupebant autem omnes
York Lauds Verses
Stupebant autem omnes
Ostendens quia hic
Inte apostolos
In regeneratione
Ut digni efficiamur

 


{223}
Ant. Sub manu continuo
This Antiphon appears in only thirteen non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{224}
Ant. Prostratus est sevissimus
This Antiphon appears in only six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{225}
Ant. Celebremus conversionem
This Antiphon appears in only eleven non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{229}
January 27: St. Julian
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(3rd-4th c.) First bishop of Le Mans.

{231}
January 28: St. Agnes Second Feast
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

‘A second commemoration of St. Agnes occurs on this day in the ancient Sacramentaries of Pope Gelasius and St. Gregory the Great; as also in the true Martyrology of Bede. It was perhaps, the day of her burial, or of a translation of her relics, or of some remarkable favour obtained through her intercession soon after her death. (Alban Butler, The Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints. 12 Vols. (Dublin: James Duffy, 1866): Vol. 1.)

Antiphone et psalmi feriales.’  There seems to be no particular reason why the antiphon is from the feria, rather than ‘Hec est virgo prudens’ from the Common of Virgins.

{234}
January 30: St. Bathild
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(ca. 626-January 30, 680.) wife and queen of Clovis II, King of Burgundy and Neustria; canonized ca. 880.

{235}
February 1: Saint Brigid
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(c. 451 – 525), Abbess of Kildare.

{237}
February 2: The Feast of the Purification
Major Double Feast
The first four Antiphons of First Vespers are repeated from Lauds of the Feast of the Circumcision, January 1.

{238}
5 Ant. Magnum  hereditatis mysterium

Chap. Ecce ego mitto angelum meum

Resp. Videte miraculum matris Domini

{240}
Hymn. Quod chorus vatum
Text attributed to Rabanus Maurus (ca.776-856).

{241}
V. Responsum accepit Symeon (after Luke 2:26)

Ant. Homo erat in te (Luke  2:25)

The Vulgate has ‘consolationem’, not ‘redemptionem’.

{242}
Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus majestatem tuam supplices

Compline

Ant. Virgo verbo concepit

{243}
Ant. Glorificamus te Dei genitrix

Matins
Invit. Ecce venit ad templum

{244}
Hymn. Quem terra ponthus ethera
Text ascribed to Venantius Fortunatus (c. 530–c. 600/609), Bishop of Poitiers.
The Hymn ‘O gloriosa femina’ {267} is a continuation of this Hymn.

{245}
The 9 antiphons of matins are not the common antiphons used in the Latin church (which are normally taken from the Feast of the Assumption of Mary), but a later, more elaborate series that can be seen as part of a renewed late medieval devotion to Mary. Indeed ‘Queen of Heaven’ is conspicuous in the 2nd antiphon, ‘reparatrix’ in the 4th antiphon and ‘Theotokos’, in the 9th antiphon. Apparently Marian devotion ‘underwent a notable development in the Cistercian reform movement and in the orders of evangelical apostolic life that arose from the beginning of the twelfth century onwards.’ (Servants of the Magnificat: The Canticle of the Blessed Virgin and Consecrated Life (Rome : General Curia OSM, 1996:62).)
Besides Sarum they appear as a series (in modal order) only in D-AAM (Aachen) and I-Far (Florence) (at the Assumption) in CANTUS. They are also found in the York and Hereford Breviaries. The second antiphon also appears in F-R 248 from Jumieges (for the Assumption), and the sixth and ninth appear in Worcester F-160 (the former for the Nativity of the Virgin, and the latter for both the Nativity and the Purification of the Virgin). This series of antiphons thus appears to be primarily an English tradition.

The 9 antiphons clearly make a group, as they are in modal order. Antiphons 2-6 at matins appear to be loosely in meter, but not in rhyme. The seventh appears to be in rhyme. As indicated below, the antiphons (except the last) make reference to the particular Psalms to which they are attached.

1 Ant. Specialis virgo (cf. Ps. 8:2, 6.)

{246}
2 Ant. Celi reginam Maria (cf. Ps. 18:2, 6; Mal. 4:2.)

3 Ant. Virgo creatoris celorum (cf. Ps. 23:3, 4.)

{247}
Lessons. Exultent virgines
Another English translation appears in Edmund Hill, The Works of Saint Augustine: Sermons III/10 (341-400) (Hyde Park, New York: New City Press, 1995):308-311. The attribution to Augustine has been questioned (see Hill, above).

{248}
1 Resp. Adorna thalamum tuum

{249}
2 Resp. Postquam impleti sunt dies

{251}
3 Resp. Obtulerunt pro eo

4 Ant. Gratia celestis reparatrix (cf. Ps. 44:3; III Reg. 10:18.)

{252}
5 Ant. Sanctificans Dominus templum (cf. Ps. 45:5.)

{253}
6 Ant. Aula Maria Dei (cf. Ps. 86:2; Is. 54:11.)

{254}
4 Resp. Symeon justus et timoratus

{256}
5 Resp. Responsum acceperat Symeon

{258}
6 Resp. Videte miraculum matris Domini

{259}
7 Ant. Psallite cantantes (cf. Ps. 95:1.)

8 Ant. Exultet tellus letentur (cf. Ps. 96:1.)

{260}
9 Ant. Ave o Theotocos

Lessons from a Homily of the Venerable Bede

{261}
7 Resp. Cum inducerent puerum Jesum

{263}
8 Resp. Suscipiens Jesum in ulnas suas

{264}
9 Resp. Gaude Maria virgo
Compare this responsory at second vespers {275}

{265}
V. Responsum accepit Symeon (Luke 2:26)

Lauds
1 Ant. Simeon justus et timoratus

{266}
2 Ant. Responsum accepit Symeon

3 Ant. Accipiens Symeon puerum

{267}
4 Ant. Nunc dimittis Domine servum

5 Ant. Viderunt oculi mei.
Amongst non-Sarum sources in CANTUS, this Antiphon appears only in E-Tc 44.1 and GB-WO F.160.

Hymn. O gloriosa femina
Text ascribed to Venantius Fortunatus (c. 530–c. 600/609).
This hymn is a continuation of the Matins Hymn, ‘Quem terra ponthus’, {244}.

{268}
V. Suscepimus Deus misericordiam tuum

Ant. Senes puerum portabat

Prime

Terce

{269}
Resp. Sancta Dei genitrix

Resp. Sancta Dei genitrix

{270}
Resp. Sancta Dei genitrix . . . alleluya
This Responsory appears only in seven non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

Sext

{272}
Chap. Ipse enim quasi ignis

Resp. Post partum virgo

Resp. Post partum virgo . . . alleluya
This Responsory appears only in seven non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{273}
None

Chap. Et conflabit eos

Resp. Speciosa facta es

{274}
Resp. Speciosa facta es
This Responsory appears only in three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS, F-AS 893, GB-WO F.160, and TR-Itks 42.

Second Vespers

{275}
Resp. Gaude gaude gaude Maria
This special opening appears to be limited to Sarum sources.

{276}
Prose. Inviolata integra et casta
This is one of the most popular of all medieval proses. It even finds a place in modern chant books (Liber Usualis:1861). In CANTUS it appears in 16 sources, 2 of which are Sarum, and a third is Worcester. This prose is also found in the York Breviary. It clearly takes both its text and its melodic cue from the final line of the responsory. Each line of text end with the vowel ‘a’.

{278}
Sequence. Letabundus exultet fidelis chorus
Dom Gueranger (The Liturgical Year: Christmas, Vol 1:246) notes that this sequence is to be found in all the Roman-French Missals and that it dates back at least to the 11th century.
In the Sarum Rite this sequence appears foremost at the nass on the fourth day in the Octave of the Assumption. Its use at the Feast of the Purification is unique to Sarum in CANTUS. (Here is is only used when the Purification falls before Septuagesima). (The only other occasions in the Sarum Rite where a sequence takes the place of a hymn are Compline of Pentecost and the three following days, and the Feast of the Holy Name.) So far as I have seen, among Sarum Office sources it appears only in the printed breviaries and antiphoner. Despite its popularity, it appears in only 2 CANTUS sources.
This sequence has a strong rhythm in which the lines are typically 7pp7pp4p.
The sequence was retained in the Dominican Rite at the Third Mass of Christmas Day, at Epiphany, and at the Feast of the Purification. [It is also apparently to be found in Carmelite Missals.]
This sequence appears in English translation as ‘Come rejoicing’, in The English Hymnal:22, both with the original chant and with a stirring melody by Nicholas Gatty, newly composed for The English Hymal.
Another translation, by J. M. Neale, appears in The Hymnal Noted: #94.

{279}
V. Suscepimus Deus (Ps. 47:10)

Ant. Cum inducerent puerum Jesum

{282}
February 3: St. Blaise
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. 316)

{285}
February 5: St. Agatha
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(ca. 231-251).

First Vespers
Ant. Agatha virgo sacra nobili
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS, A-Gu 29, and F-R 248.

Prayer. Deus qui inter cetera potentie tue

{286}
Matins
Invit. Christum venerantes
This Invitatory appears also in the Common of Virgins and on the Feast of St. Cecilia.

1 Ant. Beata Agatha Quintiano
This Antiphon appears in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{287}
2 Ant. Ancilla Christsi sum

3 Ant. Summa ingenuitas

Lessons. Quintianus proconsul Sicilie

{288}
1 Resp. Agatha letissime

{289}
2 Resp. Dum ingrederetur beata Agatha

{290}
3 Resp. Beata Agatha ingressa carcerem
The transposition of Mode I in this manner is quite unusual.

{291}
4 Ant. Agatha sancta dixit

{292}
5 Ant. Si ignem adhibeas

6 Ant. Si plagas et verbera

{292}
Ant. Si plagas et verbera
This Antiphon appears in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{293}
4 Resp. Quis es tu qui venisti ad me

{294}
5 Resp. Medecinam carnalem
While most of the Sarum Responsories for St. Agatha are part of the general Latin corpus, this one is not. It appears in only ‘R’ of the CAO concordances, and in only 29 non Sarum Sources in CANTUS, whereas the other Responsories appear in more than twice that number of CANTUS sources.

{295}
6 Resp. Vidisti Domine et expectasti

{296}
7 Ant. Nisi diigenter perfeceris

{297}
8 Ant. Vidisti Domine agonem meum

9 Ant. Propter fidem castitatis

{298}
7 Resp. Ipse me coronavit

{300}
8 Resp. Ego autem adjuta

{301}
9 Resp. Gaudeamus omnes in Domino

{302}
Lauds
1 Ant. Quis es tu qui venisti ad me

{303}
2 Ant. Medicinam carnalem

3 Ant. Gratias tibi ago Domine

{304}
4 Ant. Benedico te Pater Domini mei

5 Ant. Qui me dignatus est

{305}
V. Adducentur regi virgines post eam

Ant. Paganorum multitudo

Prime

{306}
Terce

Sext

None

Second Vespers
V. Adducentur regi virgines

Ant. Agatha letissime

{308}
February 6: Saints Vedast and Amandus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Vedast (d. ca. 540), a Frankish bishop.
Amandus (c. 584 – 675), Bishop of Tongeren-Maastricht.
The first two Lessons concern Amandus, the third, Vedast.

See Sparrow Simpson, ‘St. Vedast’, Journal of the British Archaeological Association XLII (1887): 56-81 (esp. 76-81).

Prayer, Adesto Domine populo tuo

Lessons. Amandus igitur sanctissimus

{310}
February 10: Saint Scholastica
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(c. 480 – 10 February 542) Twin sister of St. Benedict of Nursia.

Prayer. Deus qui beate Scholastice

Lessons. Soror beati Benedicti
A translation of these Lessons appears at the OSB site.

{313}
February 14: St. Valentine
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Prayer. Presta quesumus omnipotens Deus : ut qui beati Valentini

Lessons. Audiens quidam scolasticus
The word ‘presbyteri’ appears to be incorrect. Elphinstone, in the Aberdeen Breviary adds ‘episcopi’ to Valentine’s name in the Kalendar, and omits ‘presbyteri’ in the Lesson. This is of some import, as there is confusion amongst two or three Saint Valentines associated with February 14. See F. C. Eeles, ‘Which St. Valentine is commemorated in the Prayer Book Kalendar?’, Transactions of the St. Paul’s Ecclesiological Society V (1905): 158-162.

(315)
February 16: Saint Juliana
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Juliana of Nicomedia (d. 304).

Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus qui infirma mundi elegis

Lessons. Tempore illo erat quidem senator nomine Eleusius

{318}
February 22: St. Peter’s Chair
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

This Feast is known as St. Peter’s Chair at Antioch, distinguishing it from the (non-Sarum) Feast of St. Peter’s Chair at Rome, January 18.

This Feast shares the following chants with the Feast of Saint Peter in Chains, August 1:
Solve jubente, antiphon on the psalms at vespers.
Tu es pastor ovium, antiphon on Magnificat at vespers.
Quodcumque ligaveris, ninth responsory at matins.
Quodcumque ligaveris, antiphon on Benedictus at lauds.
The latter two are also shared with the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul, June 29.

First Vespers
Ant. Solve jubente Deo

Chap. Petrus apostolus Jesu Christi electis

Hymn. Jam bone pastor

{319}
V. Tu es Petrus

Ant. Tu es pastor ovium

Prayer. Deus qui beato Petro apostolo tuo collatis clavibus

{320}
Matins
Invit. Pastori summo jubilemus
This Invitatory is in metre, 5p9p 5p8p, and rhyme, ab ab. In CANTUS it appears in 7 non-Sarum sources. It is also found in the York Breviary.

Hymn. Jam bone pastor

{321}
The Antiphons of Matins for a series in modal order. In CANTUS they occur only in two or three non Sarum sources, generally the same sources as found for the series of Matins Antiphons at the Purification (February 2).
York Use follows the same list for the first 8 Antiphons, but has ‘Solve jubente’ for the ninth.
The Antiphons are in hexameters, but not in rhyme.

It is surprising that much of the liturgy for this day comes from the Common of Confessors (as in the Breviarium Romanum, 1568), seeing that proper Responsories for Matins are found in other traditions.

Ant. Pontificalis apex
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

1 Ant. Hic super excelse
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

2 Ant. Hic super excelse

{322}
3 Ant. Antiochena polis
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

Lessons from a sermon of Augustine. Institutio festivitatis hodierne

{324}
4 Ant. Hujus amore Deus
This Antiphon appears in only one non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

5 Ant. Pande tuis celos
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{325}
6 Ant. Sydera scansurus
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{326}
7 Ant. Qui regni
This Antiphon appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{328}
8 Ant. Hic celi terreque
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

9 Ant. Primus vocatione
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{328}
Lessons from a Homily of the Venerable Bede. Non quasi nesciens sententiam

{330}
9 Resp. Quodcumque ligaveris
The V. (based on Matthew 16:16-18) seems to have been influenced by a sense of metre and rhyme.  While the verse-melody begins like the usual Mode I verse, the continuation is different; consequently the V. ‘Gloria Patri’ verse seems unusual in that its first half has the standard melody, but the conclusion is different.

{331}
V. Exaltent eum in ecclesia plebis

Lauds
The York use provides five proper Antiphons for the psalms at Lauds.

{332}
Ant. Quodcunque ligaveris super terram

Prime

Terce

{333}
Sext

None

Second Vespers

It is remarkable that the common elements of second vespers are drawn from the common of confessors rather than from the common of apostles.

{334}
February 24 (February 25 in leap years): Saint Matthias
Inferior Double Feast

First Vespers
Hymn. Mathia juste

V. In omnem terram

{335}
Prayer. Deus qui beatum Mathiam apostolorum tuorum

Matins
Lessons. Dum preclara beati Mathie apostoli festivitas

{337}
Homily of Augustine. Confessio non semper est vox peccatoris

{340}
March 1: Saint David, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 500 – c. 589), Bishop of Mynyw (St David’s). Canonized by Callixtus II in 1120.
While the Breviary 1531 indicates that all is from the common, ‘fiant, cetera’ which appears in 1519-S:60r. would suggest that the nine Lessons themselves were at some time considered proper to the Sarum feast.
The Sarum Breviary also includes a proper Antiphon to the Magnificat and Prayer (non Sarum).

The Penpont Antiphonale (GB-AB 20541 E) contains a full set of proper chants for the office. They will be found in the Appendix.
See Owain Tudor Edwards, Matins, Lauds and Vespers for St David’s Day: the Medieval Office of the Welsh Patron Saint in National Library of Wales MS 20541 E (Cambridge: Cambridge Univerity Press, 1990).
See also Gillian Lander, ‘Sources of Inspiration for the composer-poet of the Office for St David of Wales found in the Office for St Thomas Becket: An examination of
these Offices in the Penpont Antiphonal MS 20541E’ B. Mus. diss., Auckland Unviersity, 2011.

Ant. Gloriose presul David
In GB-AB 20541:208v. this appears for the Memorial of Saint David.
This appears to be the only musical source for this Antiphon.

{341}
The Lessons are based on the Vita beati Davidis archiepiscopi et confessoris by Rhigyfarch (1056/7-1099). See J. W. James, ed. Rhigyfarch’s Life of Saint David: the basic mid twelfth-century Latin text with introduction, critical apparatus and translation (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1967).

{346}
March 2: Saint Chad, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(ca. 634 – March 2, 672) Bishop of Mercia (Lichfield). Trans. August 2, 1296.
Like Saint David’s, Saint Chad’s Feast is all from the Common in the use of Sarum. However, the Breviary 1531 includes the full rhymed office of nine lessons according to the Use of Lichfield. Only one chant, ‘Sis pro nobis’, survives for this feast.
The Psalter [521] includes the Feast of the Translation of Saint Chad [521] and the Commemoration of Saint Chad [524].
See also R. Hyett Warner, The Life and Legends of Saint Chad (Wisbech: Leach & Son, n. d.).

The York Use includes nine lessons but no proper chants.

First Vespers
1 Ant. Germanorum quatuor

The first four antiphons on the psalms at first vespers all have the goliardic metre, 7pp6p x2.  This is the same metre as thefirst four psalm-antiphons at first vespers of St. Osmund.  Therefore I have used the same music in recreating both sets of chants.

2 Ant. Summo sacerdotio

{347}
3 Ant. His inerat numerus

4 Ant. Omners evangelium

{348}
5 Ant. Cedda tantum ceteris

Resp. O pastor digne miseris

{349}
Ant. Sis pro nobis

{350}
Ant. Pastor vigil gregis
This antiphon is clearly modelled on ‘Pastor cesus in gregis’ for the feast of St. Thomas Becket.  (So too is the antiphon ‘Pastor pius ad gregis’ for the feast of St. Osmund.)

{351}
Prayer. Deus qui sanctorum tuorum meritis

Matins
Invit. In qua vigent jugiter

{352}
1 Ant. Mundi calcans gloriam

2 Ant. Jugo se supposuit

{353}
3 Ant. Quem cum vite sanctitas

Lessons of the Venerable Bede. ‘Temporibus igitur Oswini’.

{354}
1 Resp. Hunc quem magnum reddit

{355}
2 Resp. Hic legati verbo paruerat

{356}
3 Resp. De quo Deus ita disposuit

{358}
4 Ant. Postes Agnis sanguine

5 Ant. Pugnans contra vicia

{359}
6 Ant. Qui sic fontem frigidum

4 Resp. Legem Christi qui sic tenuerat

{361}
5 Resp. Postquam Cedde lux presens clauditur

{362}
6 Resp. Occurrentes ad eum languidi

{364}
7 Ant. Ab habenis mortui

8 Ant. Et curatis languidis

{365}
9 Ant. Aque mixte pulvere

{366}
7 Resp. Hic in carne vivens

{368}
8 Resp. Cedde sancti contactu loculi

{370}
9 Resp. Pie pastor et pater ovium

{371}
Ante laudes V. Ora pro nobis

Lauds
1 Ant. Claustri clausus carcere

{372}
2 Ant. Cujus fama claruit

3 Ant. Pastor pavit populum

{373}
4 Ant. Presulis officium Cedda

{374}
5 Ant. Deviantes moribus oves

Ant. Presul pie sancte Cedda

{375}
Ant. Pastor pie pro tuis ovibus

{376}
Second Vespers

{377}
Ant. Qui mores docuit purgando

{378}
March 7: Saints Perpetua and Felicity
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(believed to have died in 203 AD.)
See J. Armitage Robinson, The Passion of St. Perpetua: Together with an Appendix Containing the Original Latin Text of the Sicilian Martyrdom (Cambridge, 1891).
See also Petr Kitzler, From Passio Perpetuae to Acta Perpetuae: Recontextualizing a Martyr Story in the Literature of the Early Church (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2015).

{382}
March 12: Saint Gregory, Pope and Doctor
Inferior Double Feast

(c. 540–March 12, 604). Saint Gregory the Great.
While the Sarum Use contains no proper chants for this feast, the monastic use of Worcester F-160 contains a full set of chants, and the York Breviary also contains these texts.

[March 17: Saint Patrick
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two..
This feast appears only in the Kalendars of some Sarum Missals. There is nothing for St. Patrick in the Breviary (except the mention of his name in the Litany). Nine Lessons foir St. Patrick appear in the Sarum-derived Breviarium Aberdonense, (1510), pars hyemalis, fo. S-70v.
The feast can of course be celebrated with all from the Common of one Bishop and Confessor.]

{387}
March 18: Saint Edward, King and Martyr (see also June 20)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 962 – 18 March 978). Buried at Shaftesbury; translated, June 20, 1001 (or 1008). Edward was never canonized.

{391}
March 20: Saint Cuthbert, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 634 – 20 March 687), Bishop of Lindisfarne, translated 999; translated to Durham Cathedral, 1104.
Worcester F-160 contains a full set of chants, and the York Breviary also contains these texts.
See Christopher Hohler, ‘The Durham Services in Honour of Saint Cuthbert’, The Relics of Saint Cuthbert, ed C. F. Battiscombe (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1956):155-191.

{397}
March 21: Saint Benedict
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 480–543 or 547)

{404}
March 25: The Annunciation
Minor Double Feast
(Known also as Lady Day)

{405}
Hymn. Ave maris stella
Performing trans. in G. H. Palmer, The Order of Vespers, 72*. Vv. 1 and 7. by Athelstan Riley, Hours of the Blessed Virgin Mary, ‘Little Office;, 1891.
Scholarly trans. R. A. Knox, The Westminster Hymnal, 1939: 101.

{410}
Hymn. Quem terra ponthus ethera
Ascribed to Fortunatus (530-609)
Trans. J. M. Neale.
The Hymn for Lauds, ‘O Gloriosa virginum’, is a continuation of this Hymn.

{431}
Hymn. O gloriosa femina
Ascribed to Fortunatus (530-609)
Performing trans. Percy Dearmer, The English Hymnal:215.
Scholarly trans. J. W. Doran (The Directory of Plainsong) and N. J. Blacker, (The Hymner), Matthew Britt, The Hymns of the Breviary and Missal (1925):151.
This Hymn is a continuation of the Matins Hymn, ‘Quem terra ponthus’.

{435}
Ant. Virgo Dei genitrix
This Antiphon appears in only 4 non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{438}
April 3: Saint Richard of Chichester
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(1197 – April 3, 1253, Canonized 1262, Translated June 6, 1276.
The Sarum Use gives only a proper Prayer; the rest is from the common.
Andrew Hughes notes a rhymed Office for St. Hugh in Rome: Biblioteca Allesandrina (Universitaria) 120 (‘British Rhymed Offices’, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy, ed. Susan Rankin and David Hiley (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993): 274.

{439}
April 4: Saint Ambrose
Inferior Double Feast
(c. 340–April 4, 397) Bishop of Milan. In many Kalendars his feast day is December 7, the date of his ordination.

{445}
April 14: Saints Tiburtius and Velerianus (and Maximus)
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

According to the Acts of St. Cecilia (see November 22), Tibertius was the husband of Cecilia, and Valerianus was his brother.  Maximus was an official that was martyred with the brothers.  They were Buried April 14.
Removed from the General Roman Kalendar in 1969.

The Lessons are based on the Acts of St. Cecilia.

‘. . . cornicularius . . .’, an aide to a magistrate.

‘. . . purpureus . . .’, i.e. noble (Gueranger: 104).

{446}
‘. . . abjicite opera tenebrarum, et induimini arma lucis.’, after Rom. 13;12.

{447}
April 19: Saint Alphege
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(953 – April 19, 1012), Bishop of Winchester, Archbishop of Canterbury; canonized 1078.

{448}
April 23: Saint George
Inferior Double Feast (Major Double according to provincial constitutions.) See [910].
‘The cult of St. George developed after 1415, when, in a flourish of nationalism, it was promoted by Henry V and the feast elevated to a double.’ (William Smith, The Use of Hereford:114.) St. George was already mentioned by Bede, and the saint gained great prominence in England as patron of the Order of the Garter, founded in 1348 by Edward III.

{451}
April 25: Saint Mark
Inferior Double Feast

{454}
April 28: Saint Vitalis
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Saint Vitalis of Milan

{456}
April 30: Deposition of Saint Erkenwald, Bishop and Confessor
London Synod: Three Lessons with Rulers of the Choir.

Bishop of London (675-693); translated (February 1, May 13, and) 1140, November 14, 1148. The November 14 Date was commemorated at St. Paul’s.
It is not clear as to why the lessons for the Deposition of St. Erkenwald are printed following the feast of his Translation {1671} in the Breviary 1531, rather than here.

A Mass for Saint Erkenwald is printed in William Sparrow Simpson, Documents Illustrating the History of S. Paul’s Cathedral (London: Camden Society, 1880):15.
A Prayer appears in the same volume (p. 16), reprinted from the Sarum Hore beate virginis quarto, Paris, 1533: fo. 24.
Pages 17-24 contain the texts for a full Office and Mass (including a Sequence) for Saint Erkenwald, printed from British Library Add Mss 5810:fo. 198.

{457}
May 1: Saints Philip and James
Inferior Double Feast

{464}
Resp. Domine ostende nobis Patrem
This Responsory appears in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, E-Tc 44.1.

{465}
Resp. Non turbetur cor vestrum
This Responsory is unique to Sarum in CANTUS.

{467}
May 3: The Invention of the Holy Cross
Minor Double Feast

{469}
Prose. Crux fidelis terras celis
This Prose appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS.
It has rhyming couplets of 8+7, 8+7, and is in fact in the form of a Hymn.

John Mason Neale, Hymni Ecclesiæ, a Breviariis quibusdam et Missalibus Gallicanis, Germanis, Hispanis, Lusitanis, desumpti. (Oxford and London: Parker, 1851):182, indicates that the Sarum text is a part of a larger text found in Breviario Bracharensi [Braga], however I have not yet found this text in the Braga Breviary. The Sarum version omits the third and fourth stanzas.
Crux est signum quod est dignum
Conservare perditos:
Crux est dies per quam quies
Redditur ad timidos.

Crux est satis fida ratis:
Crux est horror demonum:
Crux est scutum nimis tutum
Et tropheum militum.

{470}
Hymn. Impleta sunt que concinit
This text is Verses 4-8 of the Hymn ‘Vexilla regis prodeunt’, 1056.
It is rarely found as a separate Hymn. In CANTUS, besides Sarum it appears only in sources from Worcester, Wurzburg, Jumieges, Augsburg, Cologne, and Aachen.
The Breviarium Romanum uses ‘Vexilla regis’.

{473}
Ant. O crux gloriosa
This Antiphon is in rhyme, and more or less in metre.

{475}
Hymn. Pange lingua gloriosi
This Hymn is repeated from Passiontide, 1064.

{483}
Hymn. Crux fidelis inter omnes
This Hymn is a portion of the Hymn ‘Pange lingua gloriosi’. It appears in only 7 non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{486}
Resp. Dicite in nationibus
This Responsory appears in only four non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{488}
Resp. Per tuam crucem

{491}
May 6: Saint John before the Latin Gate
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

The image depicts Saint John, who, placed in a vat of boiling oil before the Latin Gate, in the presence of Emperor Domitian, is unharmed.
The location of this event is commemorated in Rome by both the Basilica of San Giovanni a Porta Latina and the Chapel of San Giovanni in Oleo.

Normally First Vespers of St. John of Beverley will be sung, rather than Second Vespers of St. John the Evangelist.  Second Vespers of St. John the Evangelist may however occur when this feast is deferred to May 8.

{496}
May 7: John of Beverley
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(d 721) Bishop of York, canonized 1037, translated Oct 25, 1307.

{499}
May 9: The Translation of Saint Nicholas.
This would appear to be a Non-Sarum Feast: see the Kalendar.

The feast commemorates the translation of the relics from Myra to Bari in 1087.

{500}
May 10: Saints Gordianus and Epimachus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(d. Rome, 362 and Alexandria, 250)

{502}
May 12: Saints Nereus, Achileus, and Pancras
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

{504}
May 19: Saint Dunstan
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(909 – May 19, 988); Abbot of Glastonbury Abbey, Bishop of Worcester, Bishop of London, Archbishop of Canterbury, canonized 1029.
See William Stubbs, Memorials of Saint Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury (London: Longman, 1874).

Saint Pudentiana
(2nd century, Rome) daughter of Saint Pudens, sister of Praxedes.

{508}
May 25: Saint Aldhelm
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 639 – 25 May 709), Abbot of Malmesbury Abbey, first Bishop of Sherborne. (Sherborne was a see from 705 until it was transfered to Old Sarum in 1075.)
Aldhelm was translated by Dunstan 980; his name appears in the Roman martyrology.

Saint Urban
Pope, 222 to May 23, 230.

{513}
May 26: St. Augustine (of Canterbury)
Inferior Double Feast

The only musical items in CANTUS for this Feast are a Responsory, ‘Alme pater Augustine’, and an Antiphon, ‘Exultet in hac die’, found in GB-WO F-160:223r.
An Office for St. Augustine appears in AH 13: 17. (London Harl. 4664).
An Antiphon for St. Augustine, ‘Anglorum primas’, appears in AH 28: 286.

{516}
May 28: Saint Germain
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

c(. 496 – May 28, 576) Abbot, Bishop of Paris, canonized in 754.

{517}
May 31: Saint Petronilla
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(1st or 3rd century, Rome)

{519}
June 1: Saint Nichomede
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(A Roman martyr)

{520}
Saints Marcellinus and Peter
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. 304, Rome)

{522}
June 5: Saint Boniface and companions
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(c. 675?, Wessex, – June 5, 754, Frisia) Boniface was the first archbishop of Mainz, and Apostle of the Germans.

{523}
June 8: Saints Gildard and Medard
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Gildard (c. 448–June 8, 525) was Bishop of Rouen 488-525.
Medard (456–June 8, 545) was Bishop of Vermandois-Noyon.

{525}
June 9: The Translation of Saint Edmund, Bishop (see also November 16)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons (or 3) with Invitatory sung by three.

(1175–1240), from 1219 (or 1222) Treasurer of Salisbury Cathedral; from 1233(34), Archbishop of Canterbury. Edmund died while in France and was buried at Pontigny. Canonized 1246; translated 1247.
The Sarum Rite provides only a proper Prayer.
A rhymed Office (London Sloan 1999) appears in AH-13: 43.
Another rhymed Office, found in several Cistercian sources, appears in AH 25-88; no music survives.
See Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds., Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993): 262-263.

Saints Primus and Felician
(d. ca. 297)

{528}
June 11: Saint Barnabas
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons (or 3) with Invitatory sung by three.

Only in year 5C will Barnabas be observed within eastertide.

{532}
June 12: Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Date unknown, Rome.

{534}
June 14: Saint Basil
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Saint Basil the Great (ca. 330–January 1 or 2, 379), Bishop of Caesarea Mazaca in Cappadocia.

{535}
June 15: Saints Vitus, Modestus and Crescentia
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. ca. 303)
The Martyrology of Bede and the Old English Martyrology list Vitus by himself. Most of the medieval abbeys in England celebrated Vitus and Modestus without Crescentia, but five which followed the Sarum Rite added her name.

{537}
June 16: The Translation of St. Richard (of Chichester) (see also April 3)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(1197 – April 3, 1253), Canonized 1262, Translated June 16, 1276.
Tthe Sarum use provides only a proper Prayer.

Saints Cyriacus (Quriaqos) and Julietta
(d. 304, Tarsus)

June 18: Saints Mark and Marcellian
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. c. 286, Rome)

{541}
June 19: Saints Gervase and Protase
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(2nd. c.)

{543}
June 20: The Translation of Edward, King and Martyr
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons (or 3) with Invitatory sung by two.

(see also March 18)
(c. 962 – 18 March 978). Buried at Shaftesbury; translated, June 20, 1001 (or 1008). Edward was never canonized.
The Sarum Use give the Prayer only, with Lessons from the other Feast.

{544}
June 22: Saint Alban, First Martyr of England
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Ant. Ave prothomartyr Anglorum
This Antiphon is in metre and rhyme.  The same text and music (with appropriate changes) appears in the Antiphon ‘Ave rex gentis Anglorum’ for St. Edmund, King and Martyr {1695}.
This Antiphon does not appear in CANTUS.

An Anglo-Saxon Office survives in New York, Pierpont Morgan Library 926 (11th. c.), originating from St. Albans Abbey.
See K. D. Hartzell, ‘A St. Albans Miscellany in New York’, Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch 10 (1975):20-61; John Bergsagel, ‘Anglo-Scandinavian Musical Relations before 1700’, Report of the Eleventh Congress of the International Musicological Society (Copenhagen, 1974):263-271; ‘Liturgical Relations between England and Scandinavia as seen in Selected Musical Fragments from the 12th and 13th Centuries’, Föredrag och diskussionsinlägg frän Nordiskt Kollokvium 3 (Helsinki, 1976):11-26; Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy, ed. Susan Rankin and David Hiley (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993): 252-253.

{550}
June 23: Saint Etheldreda
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Æthelthryth, Audrey (ca. 636–June 23, 679) Queen of Northumbrian, Abbess of Ely from 672.
translated 695 from a common grave to the new church at Ely.

{552}
June 24: Saint John the Baptist
Minor Double Feast

Hymn. Ut queant laxis
This Hymn is attributed to Paul the Deacon (c. 720s – April 13, 799) (John Julian, A Dictionary of Hymnology (New Tork: Scribner’s, 1889):1202; David Hiley, Western Plainchant (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993):281). This is denied by Karl Neff (Die Gedichte des Paulus Diaconus (Munich: Beck, 1908)).
Neither of the Sarum melodies for this Hymn is the melody which Guido d’Arezzo famously used as the basis of his solmization system, ut re mi fa sol la. That melody may be found, for example, in LU:1504.
All three Hymns for this Feast are in fact parts of a single continuous Hymn written ins Sapphic stanzas, 11 11 11 5.

{556}
‘. . . cantando ad ymaginem R. Tu puer. . . .’
It would appear that this responsory is sung without the V. ‘Gloria Patri.’

{559]
Hymn. Antra deserti teneris
This is part 2 of the Vespers Hymn, Ut queant laxis.
This Hymn is written as a Sapphic stanza, 11 11 11 5.

{567}
Resp. Johannes vocabitur
This Responsory appears in only 4 non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{577}
Hymn. O nimis felix
This is part 3 of the Vespers Hymn, Ut queant laxis.
This Hymn is written as a Sapphic stanza, 11 11 11 5.
While the Hymn Antra deserti shares the melodies with the Hymn at Vespers, this Hymn has a different melody.

{581}
Ant. Factum est in die octavo
This Antiphon appears in only 2 non-Sarum sources in CANTUS. More commonly found in this position is ‘Puer qui natus est nobis’.

{587}
June 26: Saints John and Paul
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

It is surprising that the antiphons are of the feria rather than from the Common of Many Martyrs.   Compare St. Agnes, second feast, January 28.

(d. ca. 362, Rome)

{589}
Resp. Paulus et Johannes dixerunt ad Julianum
This Responsory appears in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{591}
Resp. Paulus et Johannes dixerunt ad Terentianum
This Responsory appears in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{594}
Ant. Beati martyres Christi Joannes et Paulus
This Antiphon appears in only six non-Sarum source in CANTUS. ‘Astiterunt justi ante Dominum’ is perhaps the most commonly found chant in this location.

{596}

Hymnus. Rex gloriose martyrum.’  While the breviary provides no hymn melody specifically for this feast of three lessons without rulers of the choir, when it falls on Sunday it de facto becomes a feast of nine lessons with rulers, which would then be the second melody.

{601}
June 28: Saint Leo
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(611–June 28, 683) Pope Leo II 682-683.

(603)
The Vigil of the Apostles Peter and Paul

{605}
Hymn. Aurea Luce
Attributed to H. Elphis (d.493), daughter of Festus, Consul at Rome, sister of the mother of St. Placidus, a disciple of St. Benedict, first wife of the Roman philosopher-poet Boethius.
Stanza 3, ‘Jam bone pastor’ appears also on the Feast of St. Peter’s Chair (February 22); stanza 4, ‘Doctor egregie’ appears also on the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul (January 25).
This hymn was greatly revised under Pope Urban VIII in 1632, as ‘Decora lux eternitas’.

{611}
June 29: Saints Peter and Paul
Minor Double Feast

{635}
June 30: The Commemoration of Saint Paul
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

Invit. Laudemus Jesum Christum in passione apostoli Pauli
This Invitatory shares the CANTUS ID 001098 with ‘Laudemus Deum nostrum in conversione apostoli Pauli’, but only the Sarum sources in CANTUS have the text ‘Jesum Christum in passione’.

The Antiphon Verses found at Matins occur in only 7 CANTUS sources, 2 of which are Sarum. The York Breviary includes Antiphon Verses at Matins. The first and sixth differ from those of the Sarum Breviary.

{660}
The Octave of St. John the Baptist

The Octave of St. John the Baptist never has first or second vespers.

Lessons from a Sermon of St. Augustine
Trans. WR

Richard Field, Of the Church, Five Books, Vol. II (Cambridge University Press, 1849): 222. indicates that this sermon was fitted originally to the Feast of the Annunciation.

In the Breviarium Romanum 1568 this sermon, in altered form, appears on the Feast of St. John the Baptist, June 24.  Translations of this form appear in The Anglican Breviary 1955 and The Roman Breviary 1937.

Lesson 1

Lesson 2
‘. . . erraverunt a ventre . . . locuti sunt falsa.’, after Ps. 57:4.

Lesson 3
‘. . . lucerna ardens . . . ‘, John 5:35.

{661}
‘. . . Ego vox clamantis in deserto.’, John 1:23.

Memorial of the Apostles

Ant. Petrus apostolus

{662}

Prime
Ant. O Petre pastor summe
This antiphon is in metre and rhyme.

{664}
July 2: The Visitation of Blessed Mary
Major Double Feast
This Feast, associated with the Franciscans, was extended to the universal church in 1389.
In the Sarum Use this Feast has an Octave.
The Office is said to be by John Horneby. It is found in AH 24-32, and appears in Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 299. (Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon, 1993): 280, citing K. Schlager, ‘Reimoffizien’, Geschichte der katholischen Kirchenmusik 1, ed. K. G. Fellerer (Kassel, 1972), 296.) As Hughes notes, a number of the melodies are borrowed from the Thomas Becket office.
None of the chants for this Feast appear in CANTUS.
The chants for this office are entirely in metre and rhyme.
This Office also appears in the York Breviary (Paris 1526) and the Aberdeen Breviary (1510). (In the York Use this Feast falls on April 2.)
The Hereford Use has a different office, ‘Accedunt laudes virginis’ AH-24:29 which is very widespread, appearing in over 100 sources in AH.
Pius V abolished the rhythmical office, the vigil, and the octave; in the Breviarium Romanum (1568) all of the chants are repeated from the Nativity of the Virgin.

The theme of this Office originates in Luke 1:39-56.

An analysis of this office appears in The Dublin Review 109 (October, 1891):384.

First Vespers
The six Antiphons of First Vespers are in modal order, 1-6. The first five follow the Goliardic metric pattern 8pp7p x2 with the rhyme ab ab.

1 Ant. Eterni Patris Filius (cf. Ps. 109:3.)

{665}
2 Ant. Lilium convallium (cf. Cant. 2:1.)

3 Ant. Paradisus celicum

{666}
4 Ant. Lucernam veri luminis (cf. Luke 8:16, 11:33, 15:8.)

5 Ant. Conforta mater filios (cf. Ps. 147:3.)

Chap. Ego mater pulchre

{667}

Resp. Exulat infans gaudiis

{668}

Hymn. Festum matris gloriose

{670}

V. Diffusa est gratia

Ant. In psalterio decacordo (cf. Ps. 143:9; Luke 1:49, 52.)
This Antiphon follows the metric pattern 8p7pp x4 with the rhyme ab ab cd ed.

Prayer. Deus qui sacratissimam virginem

{670}

Compline

Matins

Invit. Reginam celi glorie

Hymn. Mundi salus affutura

{674}
The first eight Antiphons of Matins are in modal order. (The Responsories bear no relation to modal order.)

1 Ant. Pater matris Filio (cf. Ps. 8:3.)

2 Ant. Sol in tabernaculo (cf. Ps. 18:6.)

{675}

3 Ant. Cepit terra Domini

Lessons. Gloriose virginis Marie matris Domini

{676}

1 Resp. Elizabeth ut virgini

{677}

2 Resp. Exultat infans gaudiis

{679}
3 Resp. Benedictam predicat senex (cf. Luke 1:46.)

{680}
4 Ant. Stat in regis (cf. Ps. 44:10-11.)

5 Ant. Dei tabernaculum (cf. Ps. 45:5.)

{681}
6 Ant. Florida sterilitas (cf. Ps. 86:3.)

{682}
4 Resp. Laudis cum preconio (cf. Luke 1:48.)

{683}
5 Resp. Christi sanctuarium (cf. Luke 1:48.)

6 Resp. Digna quam respiceret

{685}
7 Ant. Per te mater (cf. Ps. 95:1.)

8 Ant. Per te lux est orta (cf. Ps. 96:11.)

{686}
9 Ant. Dum cepit virgo salutare (cf. Ps. 97:2.)

Homily of the Venerable Bede. Postquam fratres beata Maria

7 Resp. Felix parens
Based on ‘Jacet granum’, feast of St. Thomas of Canterbury

{687}

8 Resp. Gloriosa celorum domina

{688}

9 Resp. Regalis stirpis virginem

{689}

Ante Laudes

V. Ora pro nobis sancta Dei genitrix

{690}

Lauds
The five Antiphons on the Psalms at Lauds are in modal order, but with the omission of modes 4-6.

1 Ant. Scandit montes aurora

2 Ant. In concursu matrum cum guadio

3 Ant. Senex plena celesti munere

{691}

4 Ant. Salvatoris conceptus panditur

5 Ant. Mater pia plena virtutibus

{692}

Hymn. O salutaris fulgens stella maris

{693}

V. Elegit eam Deus

{694}

Ant. Redemptor Rex Israel

Prime

Terce

{695}

Sext

Chapter. Surge propera amica mea

None

Chapter. Veni columba mea

Second Vespers

{697}
Ant. Exultat virgo virginum (cf. Luke 1:55.)

Memorie ut supra.‘  This reference is to the prayers for Sts. Processus and Martinian, and for St. Swithun, together with the rubric ‘Memoria de apostolis.’ that appear at first vespers in the 1520 Antiphonale:24v.  These memorials would only take place where the feast of the Visitation was of lower rank, or they would be said at the Office of the Virgin.

Compline

{712}
Saints Processus and Martinian
(ca. 3rd. c., Rome)
Presumably with the institution of the Feast of the Visitation Saints Processus and Martinian were relegated to a Memorial.

{714}
Daily within the Octaves of the Apostles
That the rubric says ‘quando . . . fit servitium’ is an indication of the older practice, before the institution of the Feast of the Visitation, during which vacant days (typically July 3 and 5) would be of the Octave of Peter and Paul. However with the institution of the Feast of the Visitation, these days become part of the Octave of the Visitation. Nevertheless the Octave Day of the Apostles (July 6) takes precedence over the Octave of the Visitation.

July 3
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Rulers of the Choir

{719}
July 4: The Translation and Ordination of Saint Martin
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Rulers of the Choir

See Yossi Maurey, Medieval Music, Legend, and the Cult of St Martin: The Local Foundations of a Universal Saint (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014).

July 5
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Rulers of the Choir

{725}
July 6: The Octave of the Apostles Peter and Paul
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Rulers of the Choir

Ant. O gloriosi apostoli.
This Antiphon appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{731}
July 7: The Translation of Saint Thomas the Martyr
Minor Double of 9 Lessons with Rulers of the Choir
Some sources indicate a Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

The translation to a new shrine in the Trinity Chapel at Canterbury Cathedral took place on Tuesday, July 7, 1220. This event has great significance for both the design of Salisbury Cathedral, and as a spur to the canonization of Osmund. See Tim Tatton-Browm and John Crook, Salisbury Cathedral: the Making of a Medieval Masterpiece (London: Scala, 2009):36-37.
The Sarum chants are all re-used from the principal feast on December 29.
The York Use has the Common of a Martyr.

{753}
The Feast of Relics (the Sunday after the Translation of Saint Thomas)
Major Double Feast
The Sarum Feast of Relics has been on September 15 until 1252 when that date was used for the Octave of the Nativity of Blessed Mary, at which time the change was made.
In CANTUS the Feast of Relics appears only in English sources (GB-AB 20541, GB-Cu Mm.ii., and GB-WO F.160).
See Bradford Lee Eden, ‘The Feast of Relics in Medieval England’, Pecia VIII-XI (2005): 301-303.

{756}
Resp. Justi in perpetuum vivent
In CANTUS this Responsory appears only in Sarum sources.
It is also found in the York Use.
The unique doxology verse is not listed in CANTUS.

{758}
Ant. Lucem tuam
This Antiphon appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{764}
Resp. Letamini justi
This Responsory appears in only six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{769}
Ant. Tradiderunt corpora
This Antiphon appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{771}
Resp. Corpora sanctorum
This Responsory appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS.

July 8
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Rulers of the Choir

July 9
The Octave of the Visitation with Rulers of the Choir
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

{781}
July 10: The Seven Holy Brothers
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. ca. 150, Rome)

{783}
July 11: The Translation of Saint Benedict
This is the date of Benedict’s translation to the Abbey of Fleury (now Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire) in the 7th century.

{787}
July 15: The Translation of Saint Swithun
Bishop of Winchester, d. 863, translated July 15, 971.
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons (or 3) with Invitatory sung by two.
See Michael Lapidge, The Cult of St Swithun (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2003).

(d. 862 Winchester) Translated July 15, 971; translated to the new Norman church in 1093; shrine moved to the new retrochoir in 1476.
Swithun is not in the Roman Martyrology, but is in the Sarum Martirology.

AH 13-91 gives a rhymed office text from the 13th-14th c. as printed in the Breviariuum Nidrosiense (Paris, 1519).
The York Use provides five Lessons for this feast.

{788}
July 16: The Translation of Saint Osmund
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(The Feast Day of Osmund’s Deposition is December 4.)  Osmund succeeded Heremann as Bishop of Sarum in 1078, and died Dec 3, 1099.
Osmund’s remains were enshrined in the east end of (Old) Sarum Cathedral, over which a foramina tomb-shrine was built. This foramina shrine remains today in Salisbury Cathedral.
Osmund’s remains were first translated from Old Sarum to the New Salisbury Cathedral on Trinity Sunday, June 14, 1226, where they were placed in the south arcade of the newly built Trinity Chapel of Salisbury Cathedral, surmounted by the same foramina tomb-shrine.  (Tim Tatton Brown and John Crook, Salisbury Cathedral: The Making of a Medieval Masterpiece (Lond: Scala Books, 2009):52.) It would appear that the design to focus the eastern arm of Salisbury Cathedral around a shrine of Osmund was planned from the beginning.
In 1228 the Bishop of Sarum and the canons applied to Gregory IX for Osmund’s canonization but not until some 200 years afterwards, the final proceedings having taken place in December 1456, on 1 January 1457, the bull was issued by Callistus III. (A. R. Malden, ed., The Canonization of Saint Osmund (Salisbury: Bennett Brothers, 1901:224-35.)
The letter was written from Rome on the 13th of December, 1456, and was received and solemnly published at Salisbury on the 15th of January following. (The Canonization of Saint Osmund, xxxi.)
In this Bull, December 4, the day following Osmund’s death, was officially established as his Feast Day (the deposition, or interment). Shortly after, on July 16, 1457, Osmund’s translation was again effected, when his remains were relocated from the south arcade bench of the Trinity Chapel to a more prominent shrine behind the High Altar, in the middle of the Trinity (Salve, Lady) Chapel of Salisbury Cathedral. This shrine was destroyed, along with Osmund’s relics, at the reformation.  Today the the original foramina shrine remains on the south arcade bench of the Trinity Chapel, while the tomb slab (which also appears to originate from Old Sarum) is located in the centre of the Chapel.

Presumably the proper texts and music for this feast were composed in or around 1457; thus they are among the latest additions to the Sarum liturgy.

A lengthy account of Saint Osmund is given by Francis Goldie in Saints of Wessex and Wiltshire (London: Burns and Oates, 1885): 45-66.

For texts of this Commemoration and Feast, see also Carl Horstman, ed., Nova Legenda Anglie, 2 Vols. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1901): Vol. 2, pp. 239-252.

Andrew Hughes offers the following comments on the chants: ‘Modal order is strict except at MR4 and 5, where modes 3 and 7 appear [in fact these Responsories are in modes 4 and 5 respectively-ed.].  Noteworthy, too, is the transposition of MA2, mode 2, a fifth up, and MA5, mode 5, a fourth up.  I know of few similar examples.  All psalm antiphons and the Magnificat antiphon for second vespers are in rhymed goliardic metre, 7pp6p.  All the other items are in hexameters, mostly rhymed at the caesura, and MR3 and 6 include elegiac couplets.  The reappearance of classical metres in such profusion is surely a sign of the Renaissance revival of classical studies.’ Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon, 1993): 270-271.
It should also be noted that the series’ of Antiphons form a narrative continuity: the Antiphons of First vespers are laudatory; the Antiphons of Matins are biographical; the Responsories are more of emotive and relational; the Antiphons of Lauds are of a moralistic tone.
(Although Saint Osmund is in a sense–after his canonization–the Patron of Salisbury Cathedral, he is not the Patron in the liturgical sense. The Virgin Mary is the Patroness of the Cathedral. Nevertheless, this Feast may have been celebrated at Salisbury as a Principal Double in terms of ceremony.)

The York Use provides nothing for either Feast of St. Osmund.

First Vespers
1 Ant. Suscipe cum gaudio
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

All the Antiphons of this Office, except the Antiphon on the Magnificat at First Vespers and on the Benedictus at Lauds, are in Goliardic Verse (7pp6p x2).

2 Ant. Confessoris Dominum
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{789}
3 Ant. Exit ejus spiritus
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{790}
4 Ant. Iste domum Domini
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

5 Ant. Lauda Syon Dominum
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

This last of the Psalm-Antiphons at Vespers is double the length of the others.

{791}
Resp. Miles et alme pater
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.
This Responsory is repeated as the ninth of Matins.
Another translation, by F. G. Gilliat Smith, appears in The Dublin Review, CXIV (January 1894): 38:
O gentle Osmund, thou soldier and father,and founder of God’s flock,
Offer our prayer to Christ, and purge away our offences;
Thus may we also enter the heavenly citadel with thee.

The Responsories of this Office are in Leonine pentameters and hexameters. They frequently, but not consistently display internal rhyme.
It may be that ‘Osmunde’ is an addition to the first line of this Responsory, seeing that it extends the hexameter by one foot. ‘Miles et alme pater Dei gregis auctor.’ seems to be a more natural line. Compare the first Antiphon of Matins, ‘Natus mox renascitur’.

{792}
Ant. Confessor Domini
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

The Antiphon on the Magnificat is in Leonine verse.

{794}
Matins
Invit. Omnipotens Dominus
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

The Invitatory is in Leonine pentameter.

Ant. Natus mox renascitur
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

F.G. Gilliat Smith, The Dublin Review CXIV (January 1894): 37, notes a curious play on the word ‘Osmundus’:
Natus mox renascitur
Osmundus fonte lotus
A cuntis piaculis
Effectus mundus totus.

Among the Antiphons of this Office, only this one breaks the regularity of the Goliardic Verse 7pp6p by having as its first line 7pp7p. It may thus be conjectured that ‘Osmundus’ is a substitution for an earlier two-syllable name of some other Saint. Compare the Responsory ‘Miles et alme pater’ at Vespers above.

{795}
Ant. Adolsecens profuit
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Ant. Juventutis terminos
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{796}
Resp. Presulis Osmundi
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{797}
Resp. Ecce sacerdorem
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

F. G. Gilliat Smith, in the Dublin Review, CXIV (January 1894): 38, notes that this Responsory is based on Ecclesiasticus 50:1, 4, which is read at Lauds and Terce.

{798}
Resp. O presul noster
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Another translation, by F. G. Gilliat Smith, appears in The Dublin Review, CXIV (January 1894): 38:
Yea, it is meet with thee to rejoice, most glorious pontiff,
Who having gone from this valley of mourning, rejoicest for ever,
Ever made glad by the face of thy Jesus-vision of splendour,
And who abidest still our protctor, eshepherd, and father.

{799}
Ant. Vir effectus prospere
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{800}
Ant. Utrobique regia
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Ant. Sed et domus Domini
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{801}
Resp. Proposito plebi
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.
An analysis of this chant appears in Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon, 1993): 245-246.

{803}
Resp. In regnum quondam
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{804}
Resp. Confessor Christi
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{805}
Ant. Comes factus Sagie
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Ant. Postremo Dorsetie
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{806}
Ant. Jam celestem obtinens
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{807}
Resp. Ante Deum magnas virtutes
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Lec. Interea sancta sepe fata.
Richard Beauchamp (d. 1481), Bishop of Salisbury, 1450-1481 (not to be confused with Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick (1382-1439)).  He was originally interred in the now demolished chantry chapel at the south-east end of the Cathedral.  His tomb is now located between the south arches of bay 17 in the nave of the Cathedral.

{808}
Resp. Infirmos curat
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{810}
In laudibus
Ant. Hic Osmundus
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Ant. Sanctus iste stabilis
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{811}
Ant. Ob decus ecclesie
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Ant. Benedicta Neustria
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Ant. Qui cum sanctis
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{812}
Ant. Prudentem servum
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{814}
Ant. Salve celeberrime pater
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{816}
In commemoratione sancti Osmundi.
This service is ‘doubtless for weekly use’. (Christopher Wordsworth, ed., The Tracts of Clement Maydeston: With the Remains of Caxton’s Ordinale, 183.) Wordsworth adds ‘It is natural to suppose that this office was written for use at Salisbury itself (as well as for any churches which might have St. Osmund’s name in their dedication titles). . . Possibly the Sarum people may have taken a leaf out of the Lincoln book and introduced a Monday commemoration ; or else we may suppose that in the process of time they adopted a commemoratio de Festo Loci on Tuesday as in other places.  If they did so they thereby reduced the Pie of two commemorations to be but a dead letter.’

It will be noted that Lincoln Cathedral, also dedicated to the Virgin, had a weekly commemoration of St. Hugh as early as 1278.  (Op, cit.: xiii.)

{817}
Ant. Pastor pius ad gregis gaudium.
This Antiphon text appears to be based on the Antiphon Pastor cesus for the Feast of Saint Thomas Becket, 438.
The verse form is 10.10.10.10.10.10; aaaaaa.

{818}
Ant. Bone Jesu Osmundi meritis.
This Antiphon text seems related to the Responsory Jesu Bone per Thome for the Feast of Saint Thomas Becket, 457.
The verse form is 10.10.10.10; aaaa.

{820}
July 17-23: Within the Octaves of Saint Osmund
The full octave was celebrated at Salisbury Cathedral with Rulers of the Choir.
The Addition of the Feast of the Translation of St. Osmund with Octave has the effect of changing July 17 and 18 from the Feasts of St. Kenelm and St. Arnulph to the second and third days in the Octave of St. Osmund; July 19, formerly a feria becomes the fourth day of the Octave; the Feasts of St. Margaret and St. Mary Magdalene remain, but the Feasts of St. Praxedis and St. Appolinaris become the sixth day and the Octave day.

{829}
July 17: Saint Kenelm
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(ca. 812-819) Kenelm seem rather a legendary figure; he is not in Roman Martirology, but is in the Sarum Martyrology.

{833}
July 18: Saint Arnulph of Metz
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(c. 582 – 640)

{834}
July 20: Saint Margaret
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(289-304, Antioch)

{841}
July 21: Saint Praxedis
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(d. 165, Rome)

{843}
July 22: Saint Mary Magdalene
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

Many of the Sarum chant items for this feast appear only a few times in CANTUS.
The closest concordances are F-Pn lat. 12044, , F-VAL 114, and I-AO 6.
[The York Use has quite different, very elaborate content.]

First Vespers

Resp. O certe precipuus
In CANTUS this Responsory appears in only one non Sarum source; ‘Hic certe precipuus’ appears in three non-Sarum sources.

{844}
Hymn. Collaudemus Magdalene
This Hymn is unique to Sarum in CANTUS.

{848}
Invit. Eternum trinumque
This Invitatory is in metre and rhyme.

{849}
Hymn. Estimavit ortolanum
This Hymn is unique to Sarum in CANTUS.

{853}
Resp. Letetur omne seculum
This Responsory is in metre and rhyme.

{854}
Resp. Pectore sincero
This Responsory appears in only six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{855}
Resp. Felix Maria

{858}
Resp. Beata es Maria
This Responsory is rhymed.

{859}
Resp. Eternis accumulata
This Responsory appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{861}
Resp. Optimam partem
This Responsory appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{862}
Ant. O certe precipuus
This Antiphon is unique to Sarum in CANTUS; however there are three non-Sarum entries for the Antiphon ‘Hic certe precipuus’. Compare the Responsory at First Vespers.

Ant. Tulerunt Dominum
This Antiphon appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{864}
Resp. Fragrans Jesus
This Responsory appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{865}
Resp. Celsi meriti
This Responsory appears in only four non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{867}
Resp. O felix sacrorum
This Responsory appears in six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{868}
The chants of Lauds are more generally to be found in CANTUS and presumably represent an older layer of the liturgy (compare the Purification (February 2) above).

Ant. Pectore sincero
This Antiphon is in hexameters.

{869}
Ant. Quo tecum captent
This Antiphon is in hexameters.

Hymn. O Maria noli flere
This Hymn is unique to Sarum in CANTUS.

{874}
Ant. Inclita sancte Marie Magdalene
This Antiphon is unique to Sarum in CANTUS.
It is in metre and rhyme.
The most commonly found Antiphon at this position is ‘Mulier quae erat’, but there are some 26 different choices amongst 72 sources in CANTUS!

The York Use has ‘O pietas immensa’, (CANTUS 004054) which is used by Palmer in The Order of Vespers:163*.

{876}
July 23: Saint Apollinaris
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.
The Octave of the Translation of Saint Osmund.

First Bishop of Ravenna.

{878}
July 24: Saint Christina
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Saint Christina of Bolsena, also known as Christina of Tyre (3rd. c.).
(Not to be confused with Christina Mirabilis (c. 1150–July 24, 1224, Belgium), also venerated on July 24.)

{882}
July 25: Saint James
Inferior Double Feast

Hymn. Bina celestis

Memorial to Sts. Christoforo et Cucufato

Saint Christopher (d. ca. 251, Asia Minor)
Saint Cucuphas (269, Scillis- ca. 304, Sant Cugat del Vallès)

Prayer. Deus mundi Creator et Rector

Matins

Lessons. Jacobus apostolus Domini nostri

{885}

Homily. Unde occasionem acceoit hec mulier

Normally Second Vespers will be of St. James; however, in churches dedicated to St. Anne, First Vespers of St. Anne will be sung instead.

{888}
July 26: Saint Anne, Mother of Mary
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

St. Anne was venerated in the west from 13th c. (Douai 1291), and became universal in the west as late as 1584. According to Andrew Hughes the feast was obligatory in England from ca. 1382. ‘This office was probably written by the English Dominican, Thomas Stubbs, circa 1320-83.’ Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon, 1993): 253. Hughes notes resemblances of this office to that of Saint Dominic. This Office appears in the late 14th c. ‘Denchworth’ Breviary (Oxford Bodleian Library Lat. liturg. b. 14.), in the printed breviaries, and in the Sarum Antiphonale, 1520.

See also Kati Ihnat, ‘Early Evidence for the Cult of Anne in Twelfth-Century England’, Traditio, 69 (2014): 1-44; Michael Alan Anderson, St. Anne in Renaissance Music: Devotion and Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.); Michael Alan Anderson, ‘Symbols of Saints: Theology, Ritual, and Kinship in Music for John the Baptist and St. Anne (1175-1563).’ Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 2008; AH V:39; LMLO: AN26.

The Antiphons and Responsories are in rhyme and metre.
The York Use has the Common of a Matron.

Ant. Felix Anna cella mundicie
This Antiphon is in the metre 4p6pp x4, rhyme a a a a
This metre is used also for the Invitatory and for the Antiphon to the Magnificat at Second Vespers.

Chap. Mulierem fortem

Hymn. Ave mater Anna
This Hymn uses the Melody of ‘Ave maris stella’, associating this holy mother with her daughter.
AH-19: 72.
Richard Pfaff, (The Liturgy in Medieval England: A History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009): 257-258) indicates the presence of the Hymns used for this Sarum Office of St. Anne in BL Harley 2951: 113v-115v, an English Cistercian Hymnal of the late 13th century.

{890}

V. Diffusa est gratia

Ant. Hec est radix
This Antiphon is in the metre 8p8p7pp x 2, and rhyme a a b c c b (a Victorine Sequence).
The text is stanzas 3-4 of the Sequence Gaude mater Anna. (Hermann Adalbert Daniel, Ludwig Splieth, Reinhold Vormbaum, eds. Thesaurus hymnologicus V. (1856): 552.) It appears as stanzas 5-6 of the same Sequence in AH-55: 61. The text also appears as stanzas 5-6 in the Sequence ‘Celi regem attolamus’ (Joseph Kehrein, ed., Lateinische Sequenzen des Mittelalters aus Handschriften und Drucken (Mainz: Florian Kupferberg, 1873): 766.)
Neither of these Sequences appears in the Sarum repertoire. The Mass for St. Anne has instead the Sequence Testamento veteri Anna.

Prayer. Deus qui beatam Annam dilectissime genitricis

Memorial of St. James

Procession to the Altar of St. Anne

V. Ora pro nobis beata Anna

Prayer. Quesumus omnipotens Deus : ut qui beata Anne

{891}
Matins
Invit. Ad sancte matris Anne memoriam
This Invitatory is in the metre 4p6pp, and rhyme a a.

{892}
Hymn. In Anne puerperio
This Hymn uses the Melody of ‘Quem terra ponthus ethera’ and ‘O gloriosa femina’, another Marian tune.

{894}
The Antiphons of Matins are in modal order.

1 Ant. Chori plaudant alacriter
This Antiphon is in Ambrosian metre. It is the first stanza of a Hymn for St. Anne (AH-21:192.)

2 Ant. Pater precelse virginis
This Antiphon is in Ambrosian metre.

{895}
3 Ant. In tres partes
This Antiphon is in 7pp7pp x2 metre, and in rhyme a a.

Lessons. Hodie fratres charissimi : beate Anne

{896}
The Responsories of Matins are in modal order.

1 Resp. Felix Anna flos ortorum
This Responsory is in 8p7pp x3, V x 1 metre, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b
The first five Responsories all follow this pattern.
(Andrew Hughes (‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds., Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993): 253) indicates that all the Responsories are in 8pp7p (i.e. Goliardic) metre; in fact only Responsories 6, 7, and 8 follow this pattern.)

{897}
2 Resp. Matronarum hec matrona
This Responsory is in 8p7pp x3, V x 1 metre, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b

{898}
3 Resp. Ex conceptu conjugali
This Responsory is in 8p7pp x3, V x 1 metre, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b

{899}
4 Ant. Annos quoque plurimos
This Antiphon is in 7pp7pp x2 metre, and in rhyme a a.

5 Ant. Exprobrat hinc pontifex
This Antiphon is in 8pp7pp x2 metre, and in rhyme a a.

{900}
6 Ant. Joachim ex opprobrio
This Antiphon is in Ambrosian metre.

{901}
4 Resp. Ex Judee crevit spina
This Responsory is in 8p7pp x3, V x 1 metre, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b

{902}
5 Resp. Quam potens esse diceris
This Responsory is in 8p7pp x3, V x 1 metre, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b

{903}

6 Resp. O quam digne veneraris
This Responsory is in the Goliardic metre, 8pp7p x3, V x 1, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b
Responsories 6-8 follow this pattern.

{904}
7 Ant. Joachim et conjugi
This Antiphon is in 7pp7pp x2 metre, and in rhyme a a.

{905}
8 Ant. Preces vestre sunt accepte
This Antiphon is in Ambrosian metre.

9 Ant. Hinc cognovit se mutuo
This Antiphon is in 8pp7pp x2 metre, and in rhyme a a.

{906}

Homily. Matheus igitur evangelista scribens

{907}
7 Resp. Eva mater corruptele
This Responsory is in the Goliardic metre, 8pp7p x3, V x 1, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b

{908}
8 Resp. Anna mater matris Christi
This Responsory is in the Goliardic metre, 8pp7p x3, V x 1, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b

{909}
9 Resp. Beata virgo virginum
This Responsory is in the 8pp7pp x3, V x 1 metre, and a b a b a b | a b rhyme.

{910}

Before Lauds

V. Ora pro nobis beata Anna

Lauds
The Antiphons of Lauds are in modal order.
The five Antiphons on the Psalms are all in Ambrosian metre.

1 Ant. Omnis sanctorum concio
This Antiphon shares its opening line with the first stanza of a Hymn for St. Anne (AH-19: 18.), but the rhyme scheme is different (a b a b versus a a b b).
Omnis sanctorum concio
Claro laudi praeconio
Matrem atollat virginis
Tam gloriosi nominis.

{911}

2 Ant. Hec prolem devotissime

3 Ant. Ex Joachim quem habuit
This Antiphon uses a variant the text of the third verse of the Hymn ‘Chori plaudant alacriter’ (AH-21: 192.)
Ex Joachim, quem habuit
Vitae virum eximiae,
Coeli reginam genuit,
Matrem solis, justitie.

4 Ant. Stirps Jesse clara diluit
This Antiphon is closely related to the third stanza of a Hymn for St. Anne (AH-19: 18.), but the rhyme scheme is different (a b a b versus a a b b).
Stirps Jesse clara floruit,
Dum Anna rosam genuit,
Quae tuilt Deum filium,
Florem virtutum omnium.

{912}

5 Ant. Anna floret ut lilium

Hymn. Felix Anna pre aliis
This Hymn repeats the Melody of ‘In Anna puerperio’.

{914}

V. Elegit eam Deus

Ant. Anna stellam matutinam
This Antiphon has the metre 8p8p7pp x 2, rhyming a a b, c c b (a Victorine Sequence). It is taken from the seventh and eighth Verses of the Sequence ‘Gaude mater Anna’ (AH-55: 61):
Anna stellam matutinam,
Stellam maris et reginam
Peperit clementiae.
Cum qua vere jam laetatur
Quia Deum contemplatur
Revelata facie.

Compare the Antiphon ‘Hec est radix Anna’ {890}.

{915}

Prime

Terce

Sext

Chapter. Multe filie conggregaverunt

None

Chapter.  Manum suam aperuit inopi

{916}

Second Vespers

Si duplex festum fuerit . . .‘ The Feast of St. Anne would be a double feast where the church was dedicated to St. Anne.

Ant. Anna florem portavit gratie
This Antiphon has the metre 4p6pp x4, rhyming a a a a [ab ab cb db].

{917}

Memorial of the Seven Holy Sleepers

Prayer. Deus qui gloriosos resurrectionis

{918}
July 27: The Seven Holy Sleepers
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

The Seven Sleepers of Epehesus, ca. 250.

Matins

Lessons. Sub Decio imperatore

{920}
July 28: Saint Sampson (of Dol)
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(ca. 480- 564), bishop in Wales and Brittany.
The Sarum Use has only a proper Prayer.
The York Use has three Lessons.

Prayer. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus

Memorial of St. Panthaleone

Prayer. Deus qui hunc diem beati Panthaleonis

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July 29: Saints Felicius, Simplicius, Faustinus, and Beatrice
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Saint Felix, Martyr (Rome).
Simplicius, Faustinus, and Beatrice d. 302 or 303, Rome.

Prayer. Presta quesumus omnipotens Deus : ut sicut populus Christianus

Lessons. Liberio urbis Rome episcopo

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July 30: Saints Abdon and Sennen
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. ca. 250, Rome)

Prayer. Deus qui sanctis martyribus tuis Abdon et Sennen

Matins

Lessons. Decius imperator victor Romam

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July 31: Saint Germanus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(c. 378 – c. 448) Bishop of Auxerre.

Prayer. Exaudi nos Deus salutaris noster : et quia voces

Matins

Lessons. Beatus Germanus Antissiodorensis

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