Companion to C: Sanctorale

{1}
November 29: Vigil of Saint Andrew.

The Sanctorale begins with the date closest to the beginning of Advent, the beginning of the church year. Advent begins on the Sunday nearest to the Feast of Saint Andrew, November 30.

The image is from the Breviary, 1531, Sanctorale:1r. As the beginning of the Sanctorale, this page often contains an especially elaborate image.

Ant. Unus ex duobus (after John 1:37, 40.)

{2}
Hymn. Andrea pie
This Hymn appears in only five non-Sarum sources in CANTUS; it is widespread in AH.
AH-51: 107.
The translation appears in The Order of Vespers: 82*.
Another–very loose–translation appears in The Anglican Breviary: E5.  The stanza that appears in Skinner, The Daily Service Hymnal (1864): 137, is not really a translation.

{3}
V. Dilexit Andream Dominus (after Eph. 5:2.)

Ant. Ambulans Jesus juxta mare Galilee (after Mat. 4:18-20.)

{6}
November 30: Saint Andrew
Inferior Double Feast

Invit. Adoremus victoriosissimum regem Christum

The Antiphons at Matins appear to be a later set than are typically found for this feast, replacing ‘Vidit Dominus Petrum’ etc.
The first 6 antiphons are in reverse! modal order, 6-1.

Ant.1.  Andreas apostolus dixit
In CANTUS this chant appears in only 7 sources, two of which are Sarum. It appears to date from the 13th century.

{7}
Ant. 2. Ego crucis Christi
In CANTUS this chant appears in only 12 sources, two of which are Sarum. It appears to date from the 12th century.

Ant. 3. Cunque carnifices
In CANTUS this chant appears in only 13 sources, two of which are Sarum. It appears to date from the 12th century.

{8}
Lessons. Proconsul Egeas Patras
The Lessons are from the apocryphal Acts of Andrew.  tr. WR.
A translation of the Acts of Andrew may be found at New Advent, Fathers of the Church (newadvent.org).
The Lessons continue on the Octave of S. Andrew {37}.

Resp. 1. Dum perambularet Dominus

{10}
Resp. 2. Mox ut vocem Domini

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Resp. 3. Homo Dei ducebatur

{12}
Ant. 4. Cum pervenisset beatus Andreas

{13}
Ant. 5. Antequam te ascenderet

{14}
Ant. 6. Amator tuus semper fui

{15}
Resp. 4. Doctor bonus et amicus Dei

{16}
Resp. 5. O bona crux

{18}
Resp. 6. Oravit sanctus Andreas

{19}
Ant. 7. Accedentes carnifices

Ant. 8. Omnis interea populus

{20}
Ant. 9. Tunc sanctus Andreas ait

{21}
Homily. Audistis, fratres charissimi
Trans. WR.
The Homily is also translated in David Hurst, Forty Gospel Homilies : Gregory the Great (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1990): 10.

Resp. 7. Expandi manus meas

{23}
Resp. 8. Eilexit Andream Dominus

{24}
‘. . . Gloria in excelsis Deo . . . bone voluntatis.’, Luke 2:14.

‘. . . In me sunt Deus . . . laudationes tibi.’, Ps. 55:12.

Resp. 9. Vir iste in pupulo suo

{26}
Ant. 1. Salve crux preciosa

Ant. 2. Beatus Andreas orabat

Ant. 3. Non me permittas

{27}
Ant. 4. Maximilla Christo amabilis

Ant. 5. Qui persequebatur justum

{28}
Ant. Concede nobis hominem justum

{29}
Responsory. Vir perfecte.
In CANTUS it appears in only one non-Sarum source, F-AS 893 (Arras, Bibliothèque municipale, 893 (olim 465)). Other chant sources, if they have a Responsory at Second Vespers, typically repeat a Responsory from Matins, such as ‘Dilexit Andream’.
This Responsory is in metre and rhyme, 8p7pp x4, a a b b. The Verse is 8p7pp x2, c c.

{31}
Prose. O morum doctor egregie.
This Prose appear in only one source in CANTUS, the ‘Penpont’ Antiphonal. That this Prose appears in the GB-AB 20541 E (after 1320) but not in GB-Cu Mm.ii.9 (13th c.)
may suggest the period during which is was officially incorporated into the Sarum Use.
As Jenifer Raub points out (‘Sarum Liturgical Printing in Tudor London’ (Phd. diss., Royal Holloway College, University of London, 2011:364), this Prose and four others, Sospitati dedit egros, Inviolata integra et casta, Crux fidelis terras celis, and Eterne virgo memorie, also appear at the end of the Sarum Processionals beginning in 1555.
The Prose takes as its melodic basis the beginning of the repetenda, ‘Et astantes’, but the following phrase appears to be based on a transposed repetition of the pattern (with ‘tonal’ answer!). The following two phrases appear to be derived from the melody of the Responsory Verse, and so to lead naturally back to the Repetendum.
It is worthy of note, too, that although the sources for the Responsory include no B-flats, the sources indicate B-flat throughout the Prose.
All of the phrases end with the same rhyme ‘-ie’, but they are only loosely metrical.

{32}
Ant. Domine Jesu Christe Magister bone
The more common Antiphon in this position is ‘Cum [or Dum] pervenisset beatus Andreas’.

{33}
In sexta feria ante Adventum
Invit. Dilexit Andream Dominus
This Invitatory appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{34}
Ant. 1. Vidit Dominus Petrum et Andream

Ant. 2. Venite post me

Ant. 3. Relictis rhetibus suis

{35}
Ant. 4. Andreas Christi famulus

Ant. 5. Dignum sibi Dominus

{36}
Ant. 6. Ego si patibulum

Ant. 7. Christus me misit

Ant. 8. Salve crux que in corpore

{37}
Ant. 9. Biduo vivens

Lessons: Accedentes carnifices
This is a continuation of the Acts of Andrew.  tr. WR.
A translation of the Acts of Andrew may be found at New Advent, Fathers of the Church (newadvent.org).

{39}
Ant. Videns Andreas crucem

{41}
December 4: The Deposition of Saint Osmund.
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. December 3, 1099) Bishop of Sarum. Canonized 1456/1457, from which time his deposition (burial) was celebrated officially, and his name enrolled in the Roman Martyrology. For further information, see the Translation of St. Osmund, July 16.  That his feast day is apparently the day after his death may be understood if the new taken is taken to begin at sundown rather than midnight.

{42}
December 6:  Saint Nicholas
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

(15 March 15, 270–December 6 343) Bishop of Myra.
The celebration of this Feast in the west appears to date from the translation of the relics in 1087. (W. Frere (Antiphonale Sarisburiense: xxix. indicates the XI century.)
This Office is said to have been composed by Reginold of Eichstätt (10th. c.) (David Hiley, Western Plainchant: A Handbook (Oxford:Clarendon Press, 1993):274.)

Resp. Beatus Nicholaus jam triumpho

{43}
Prose. Oportet devota.
This Prose appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS. It appears to be a later addition to the Sarum repertoire, since it has been added in the lower margin of GB-Cu Mm.ii.9:335. However in GB-AB 20541:183v it is integral. It is clearly constructed on the melisma ‘Oportet’ that begins the repetendum of the Responsory.

{44}
Ant. O Pastor eterne

{46}
Invit. Adoremus Regem seculorum

Ant. 1. Nobilissimus siquidem

{47}
Ant.2. Postquam domi puerilem

Ant. 3. Pudore bono repletus Dei

{48}
Lessons. Beatus Nicholaus ex illustri

Trans. WR.

Resp. 1. Confessor Dei Nicholaus

{49}
‘. . . omnibus qui possidet : non potest meus esse discipulus.’, Luke 14:33.

{50}
Resp. 2. Operibus sanctis Nicholaus

{51}
Resp. 3. Quadam die tempestate

{52}
Ant. 4. Auro viginum incestus

Ant. 5. Innocenter puerilia

Ant. 6. Gloriam mundi sprevit

{54}
Resp. 4. Audiens Christi confessor

{55}

‘. . . Quodcunque petieritis . . . et fiet vobis.’, after John 14: 13-14.

‘. . . pontificalem . . . infulam.’

W. H. Rich Jones, Vetus Registrum Sarisberense: 182, describes the ‘infula’ as a chasuble.  Warton B. Marriot, Vestiarium Christianum (London: Rivingtons, 1868): 190 suggests that ‘infula’ had ‘nearly the meaning (in some instances) of an “official vestment,” context alone determining what the nature of that vestment might be.’  Latin dictionaries refer to it as one of the two ribbons that adorn a mitre, hence standing for the mitre itself.

{56}
Resp. 5. Qui cum audissent sancti Nicholai nomen

{57}
Resp. 6. Beatus Nicholaus jam triumpho

‘. . . tres juvenes . . .’, that is, young men from the armada.

{58}
Ant. 7. Pontifices almi divina

{59}
Ant. 8. Sanctus quidem triticum

Ant. 9. Muneribus datis neci sunt

{60}
Resp. 7. Summe Dei confessor Nicholae

{62}
Resp. 8. Servus Dei Nicholaus

{63}
Lesson ix.
Psalm 30: 2-6, is the abbreviated form of the Psalm that is used daily at Compline (see [370]).  The inclusion of ‘Domine’ (O Lord), not part of the Vulgate version, may have been taken from the Responsory at Compline in Passiontide (see [389]).

‘. . . sancte Syon . . .’, the monastery of Holy Sion, near Myra.

{64}
Resp. 9. Ex ejus tumba marmorea

{65}
Prose. Sospitati dedit
(In other sources this appears as ‘Sospitati reddit’.) This Prose also appears in the York Breviary (and other sources as well). Each line is 8p7pp, with an ending rhyme on ‘-io’.

{66}
Ant. 1. Beatus Nicholaus adhuc puerulus

{67}
Ant. 2. Ecclesie sancte frequentans

Ant. 3. Juste et pie vivendo

Ant. 4. Amicus Dei Nicholaus

{68}
Ant. 5. O per omnia laudabilem virum

Ant. Copiose charitatis

{70}
Ant. O Christe pietas

{72}
December 7: The Octave of Saint Andrew.
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung buy two.

The Lessons are a continuation of the Acts of Andrew from the Feast Day.  tr. WR.

{75}
December 8: The Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Minor Double Feast

Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense: xxix.) places the general establishment of this Feast in the 11th century. This would align with the re-invigoration of the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin at Chartres in the same era. See Margot Fassler, ‘Mary’s Nativity, Fulbert of Chartres, and the Stirps Jesse: Liturgical Innovation circa 1000 and Its Afterlife’ Speculum LXXV (2000): 389-434.
However, this Feast does not appear in the ‘Old Ordinal’ (The Use of Sarum II: 106; 177), nor in The Sarum Missal Edited from Three Early Manuscripts: 235.  In the Kalendar of the latter (xxxii), the entry indicates ‘Conceptio sancte Marie.  ix. lec.  Sarum nichil.’   Thus it would seem that at Sarum the feast was adopted in the 14th-15th centuries.  this would accord with the papal authorization of the observance in1476-1477.

(The Roman Catholic dogma of the ‘Immaculate Conception’ was not promulgated until 1854.)

Image: the Names of Mary.  The following somewhat clearer image from a French woodcut ca. 1500 contains the same symbols in a slightly different arrangement.

Symbola-Marie

The text and images include:
God in heaven
‘tota pulchra es amica mea et macula non est in te’ (Cant. 4:7)
the sun; ‘electa ut sol’ (Cant. 6:9)
a star; ‘stella maris’ (Cant. 6:9)
the moon; ‘pulchra ut luna’
a lily; ‘sicut lilium inter spinas’ (Cant 2:2)
a castle gate; ‘porta celi’
a cedar tree; ‘exaltata cedrus’
an olive tree; ‘oliva speciosa’
a castle; ‘turris David cum propugnaculis’ (Cant. 4:4)
a rose plant; ‘plantatio rose’
a mirror; ‘speculum sine macula’
a flowering plant; ‘virga Jesse floruit’ (Is. 11:1)
a well; ‘puteus aquarum viventium’ (Cant. 4:15)
a fountain; ‘fons ortorum’ (Cant. 4:15)
a walled city; ‘civitas Dei’
a fenced garden; ‘ortus conclusus’ (Cant. 4:12)

All of the musical items in the Office are borrowed from the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conception’ for ‘Nativity’.  Likewise are drawn the Chapters, Versicles, Prayers, and the last three Lessons of Matins.  Compline of the Conception is of Advent, whereas Compline of the Nativity is of the Blessed Virgin.

Ant. Dei genitrix virgo
In CANTUS this chant appears in only four non-Sarum sources, all Germanic and monastic, for the Feast of the Assumption (and with the word ‘genetrix’).

GB-AB 20541:185v. indicates for the Feast of the Conception a different Antiphon on the Psalms, ‘Gaude mater ecclesia’ at First Vespers, and different Chapters, taken from Proverbs 8.  See the Appendix.

{78}
Ant. Conceptio tua
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptio’ for Nativitas’.

{79}
Ant. Hodie concepta est
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘concepta’ for ‘nata’.

{80}
Ant. Beatissime virginis Marie
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

Ant. Quando concepta est
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘concepta’ for ‘nata’.

The Lessons at Matins are borrowed from the older Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, September 8. (The first six lessons are an abridgment of those found at the Nativity of the Virgin.)  Tr. WR.  A translation of these lessons is also found in Margot Fassler, ‘Mary’s Nativity, Fulbert of Chartres, and the Stirps Jesse: Liturgical Innovation circa 1000 and Its Afterlife’ Speculum LXXV (2000):389-434.

{81}
Resp. Hodie concepta est
This Responsory repeats the Responsory of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘concepta’ for ‘nata’, and in the Verse, ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

{82}
Resp. Beatissime virginis Marie
This Responsory repeats the Responsory of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

{83}
Resp. Stirps Jesse
This Responsory also appears on the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin.
This Responsory is loosely in metre and rhyme.

{84}
Ant. Hodie concepta est
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘concepta’ for ‘nata’.

{85}
Ant. Benedicta et venerabilis.
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

{86}
Resp. Conceptio gloriose virginis.
This Responsory repeats the Responsory of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptio’ for ‘Nativitas’, and in the Verse, ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

(87)
Resp. Conceptio tua Dei genitrix
This Responsory repeats the Responsory of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptio’ for ‘Nativitas’.

(88)
Resp. Ad nutum Domini
This Responsory also appears on the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin.
This Responsory is loosely in metre and rhyme.

{89}
Ant. Conceptio est hodie
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptio’ for ‘Nativitas’.

Ant. Ista est speciosa
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

{90}
The image is of the Stirps Jesse, the ‘Jesse Tree’.
The Gospel Homily, attributed to Bede, is usually titled ‘Prefatio totius operis premisit’. Tr. WR.
In Zéphir-François-Cicéron Caron, Catalogue des manuscrits de la bibliothèque de la ville d’Arras (Arras: Courtin, 1860):390. this item is listed in a 12th c. manuscript originating in the Abbey of mont. St.-Eloi. of various sermons as following directly after ‘Sermo domini Fulberti Carnotensis episcopi : Approbate consuedinis est apud christianos.’ as ‘Lectionis ejusdem: Prefatio totius operis premisit de quo dicturus.’ This suggests that the latter is attributed to Fulbert of Chartres rather than to Bede, and thus connects these readings with the renovation of the feast at that place.

{93}
Resp. Solem justicie
This Responsory also appears on the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin.
This Responsory is loosely in metre and rhyme.

{94}
Ant. Conceptio est hodie
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptio’ for ‘Nativitas’.

{95}
Ant. Conceptio gloriose virginis
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptio’ for ‘Nativitas’.

{96}
Ant. Cum jocunditate
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘conceptionem’ for ‘nativitatem’.

Ant. Conceptionem hodiernam
This Antiphon repeats the Antiphon of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, substituting ‘Conceptionem’ for ‘Nativitatem’.

{100}
December 13: Saint Lucy
Simple Feast of 9 Lesons with Invitatory sung by two.

‘St. Aldhelm (d. 709) is the first writer who uses her Acts to give a full account of her life and death. This he does in prose in the “Tractatus de Laudibus Virginitatis” (Tract. xliii, P.L., LXXXIX, 142) and again, in verse, in the poem “De Laudibus Virginum” (P.L., LXXXIX, 266). Following him, the Venerable Bede inserts the story in his Martyrology.’ (Catholic Encyclopedia, newadvent.org.)

Ant. Lucia virgo venerabilis
This Antiphon appears in only two nono-Sarum sources in CANTUS, from Jumieges and Worcester.

{102)
The Lessons are largely paralleled in Legenda aurea of Jacobus de Voragine. Tr. WR.

{114}
December 21: Saint Thomas, Apostle
Inferior Double Feast

Hymn. O Thoma Christi perlustrator
This hymn appears in only four non-Sarum sources in CANTUS; it is widespread in AH.
See AH-51: 108.

[The Saints falling between December 25 and January 18 are found in the Temporale.]

{123}
January 19: St. Wulstan
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Wulstan (Wulfstan) (c. 1008 – 20 January 1095), a Benedictine monk, was Bishop of Worcester (1062-1095), and founded Great Malvern Priory in 1085. He was the last pre-conquest English bishop, and was canonized 1203. A full musical Office for Wulstan appears in Wor F-160 (facs):248-252.
See Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds., Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993):279-280.

{128}
January 20: Saints Fabian and Sebastian
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Fabian (c. 200–January 20, 250) was Bishop of Rome.
Sebastian (died January 20, c. 288).

{129}
Invit. Christum suppliciter
This Invitatory appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS. It is clearly related to ‘Christum supliciter regum regem veneremur’, an Invitatory for St. Fusciano AH-XIII: 56.

{150}
January 21: St. Agnes
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 291–304)
See also January 28.

{151}
Memorial of Fabian and Sebastian
Ant. Egregie Christi martyr Sebastiane
This Antiphon appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS. It appears to be related to the Antiphon Egregie Christi martyr for St. Firmin in F-CA 38:347r.

{153}
Lesson. Servus Christi Ambrosius
A partial translation is available in Joan Mueller, A Companion to Clare of Assisi: Life, Writings, and Spirituality (Leiden: Brill, 2010):179 ff.
A French translation appears in Domenico Bartolini, Actes du Martyre de la très-noble vierge romaine sainte Agnès et du martyre des nobles Abdon et Sennen (Paris, 1864):23 ff.

{168}
Resp. Stat a dextris
While the chants for St. Agnes in the Sarum sources are for the most part well represented in other sources, this chant appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS.
In the York Use, the second Antiphon of Lauds has the text of this Responsory (omitting the Verse).

{172}
January 22: St. Vincent
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Vincent of Saragossa (d. ca. 304)

{185}
Resp. Christi miles gloriosus
This Responsory is in rhyme and meter (8787×3).
It appears in 23 CANTUS sources (2 of which are Sarum), the earliest being E-Tc 44.2 (Toledo), ca. 1095.
This text is identical with that of the Lauds Hymn for this day; a highly unusual direct use of a Hymn-text for a Responsory.

{192}
Resp. Preciosus martyr Vincentius
This Responsory appears in only three non-Sarum Sources in CANTUS, E-TC 44.2, F-VAL 114, and GB-WO F,160.

{196}
Hymn. Christi miles gloriosus
This text is also used for the sixth Responsory of Matins on this day.
The hymn appears in only 3 non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{200}
January 25: Conversion of St. Paul
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

Ant. Lux de celo
This Antiphon appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS. (There is a reference to the same text in PL-WRu R 503:33r, but it appears as a cue only, in the Temporale.)

{201}
Ant. Elegit Dominus virum
This Antiphon appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS. It is clearly related to 002829 for the Feast of Saints Fabian and Sebastian, but with different text at the end {128}. See especially CH-E 611:160v. where this melodic form appears with the text for St. Fabian and Sebastian.

{202}
Invit. Laudemus Jesum Christum
Only Sarum sources in CANTUS have this text. (CANTUS groups this Invitatory with the series ‘Laudemus Deum nostrum’.) This Invitatory is akin to ‘Laudemus Jesum Christum quia’ CANTUS 100181, which also appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS. See [7] and 1717.

(204)
The Antiphon Verses found at Matins occur in only 7 CANTUS sources, 2 of which are Sarum.

The York Breviary includes Antiphon Verses at Matins. The first and sixth differ from those of the Sarum Breviary.


Sarum Matins Verses
1 Paternarum traditionem.
2 Per totam Judeam
3 Audivit autem vocem
4 Circunfulsit eum
5 Viri autem illi
6 Prostratus est
7 Saulus autem cadens
8 Surrexit autem Saulus
9 Dixit autem Dominus
York Matins Verses
Et cum iter faceret
Per totam Judeam
Audivit autem vocem
Circunfulsit eum
Viri autem illi
Surrexit autem Saulus
Dixit autem Dominus
Abiit Ananias
Prostratus est

 


{205}
Ant. Et subito circunfulsit eum
This Antiphon appears in only six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{206}
Resp. Saulus adhuc spirans
This Responsory appears in only eight non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{208}
Resp. Ibat igitur Saulus
This Responsory appears in only seven non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{213}
Resp. Vade Anania
This Responsory appears in only eight non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{214}
Resp. Ingressus Paulus in synagogas
This Responsory appears in only nine non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{216}
Ant. Viri autem qui comitabantur
This Antiphon appears in only six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{217}
Ant. Ad manus autem illum
This Antiphon appears in only thirteen non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{218}
Sermon. Grandis fiducia.
A Translation of this Lesson appears in Thomas P. Scheck, St. Jerome: Commentary on Matthew (Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 2008):221-222.

{219}
Lesson. Duodenario quippe numero
A translation of this lesson and the first part of the next appears in Augustine, The City of God Against the Pagans (Loeb Classical Library 416), Book XX: 268 ff.

{221}
Resp. Celebremus conversionem
This Responsory appears in only eight non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{222}
Lauds
The Antiphon Verses at Lauds generally appear in a greater number of CANTUS sources, although the fourth appears in only 7 CANTUS sources, 2 of which are Sarum.

The York Breviary includes Antiphon Verses at Lauds, 2 of which differ from those in the Sarum Breviary.


Sarum Lauds Verses
1 Ostendens quia hic
2 Et abiit Annanias
3 Fuit autem cum discipulis
4 Inter apostolos
5 Stupebant autem omnes
York Lauds Verses
Stupebant autem omnes
Ostendens quia hic
Inte apostolos
In regeneratione
Ut digni efficiamur

 


{223}
Ant. Sub manu continuo
This Antiphon appears in only thirteen non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{224}
Ant. Prostratus est sevissimus
This Antiphon appears in only six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{225}
Ant. Celebremus conversionem
This Antiphon appears in only eleven non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{229}
January 27: St. Julian
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(3rd-4th c.) First bishop of Le Mans.

{231}
January 28: St. Agnes Second Feast
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

‘A second commemoration of St. Agnes occurs on this day in the ancient Sacramentaries of Pope Gelasius and St. Gregory the Great; as also in the true Martyrology of Bede. It was perhaps, the day of her burial, or of a translation of her relics, or of some remarkable favour obtained through her intercession soon after her death. (Alban Butler, The Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints. 12 Vols. (Dublin: James Duffy, 1866): Vol. 1.)

{234}
January 30: St. Bathild
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(ca. 626-January 30, 680.) wife and queen of Clovis II, King of Burgundy and Neustria; canonized ca. 880.

{235}
February 1: Saint Brigid
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(c. 451 – 525), Abbess of Kildare.

{237}
February 2: The Feast of the Purification
Major Double Feast
The first four Antiphons of First Vespers are repeated from Lauds of the Feast of the Circumcision, January 1.

{240}
Hymn. Quod chorus vatum
Text attributed to Rabanus Maurus (ca.776-856).

{244}
Hymn. Quem terra ponthus
Text ascribed to Venantius Fortunatus (c. 530–c. 600/609), Bishop of Poitiers.
The Hymn ‘O gloriosa femina’ {267} is a continuation of this Hymn.

{245}
The 9 Antiphons of Matins are not the common Antiphons used in the Latin Church (which are normally taken from the Feast of the Assumption of Mary), but a later, more elaborate series that can be seen as part of a renewed late medieval devotion to Mary. Indeed ‘Queen of Heaven’ is conspicuous in the 2nd Antiphon, ‘reparatrix’ in the 4th Antiphon and ‘Theotokos’, in the 9th Antiphon. Apparently Marian devotion ‘underwent a notable development in the Cistercian reform movement and in the orders of evangelical apostolic life that arose from the beginning of the twelfth century onwards.’ (Servants of the Magnificat: The Canticle of the Blessed Virgin and Consecrated Life (Rome : General Curia OSM, 1996:62).)
Besides Sarum they appear as a series (in modal order) only in D-AAM (Aachen) and I-Far (Florence) (at the Assumption) in CANTUS. They are also found in the York and Hereford Breviaries. The second Antiphon also appears in F-R 248 from Jumieges (for the Assumption), and the sixth and ninth appear in Worcester F-160 (the former for the Nativity of the Virgin, and the latter for both the Nativity and the Purification of the Virgin). This series of Antiphons thus appears to be primarily an English tradition.

The 9 Antiphons clearly make a group, as they are in modal order. Antiphons 2-6 at Matins appear to be loosely in meter, but not in rhyme. The seventh appears to be in rhyme. As indicated below, the Antiphons (except the last) make reference to the particular Psalms to which they are attached.

Ant. Specialis virgo (cf. Ps. 8:2, 6.)

{246}
Ant. Celi reginam Maria (cf. Ps. 18:2, 6; Mal. 4:2.)

Ant. Virgo creatoris celorum (cf. Ps. 23:3, 4.)

{247}
Lessons. Exultent virgines
Another English translation appears in Edmund Hill, The Works of Saint Augustine: Sermons III/10 (341-400) (Hyde Park, New York: New City Press, 1995):308-311. The attribution to Augustine has been questioned (see Hill, above).

{251}
Ant. Gratia celestis reparatrix (cf. Ps. 44:3; III Reg. 10:18.)

{252}
Ant. Sanctificans Dominus templum (cf. Ps. 45:5.)

{253}
Ant. Aula Maria Dei (cf. Ps. 86:2; Is. 54:11.)

{259}
Ant. Psallite cantantes (cf. Ps. 95:1.)

Ant. Exultet tellus letentur (cf. Ps. 96:1.)

{260}
Ant. Ave o Theotocos

{267}
Ant. Viderunt oculi mei.
Amongst non-Sarum sources in CANTUS, this Antiphon appears only in E-Tc 44.1 and GB-WO F.160.

Hymn. O gloriosa femina
Text ascribed to Venantius Fortunatus (c. 530–c. 600/609).
This hymn is a continuation of the Matins Hymn, ‘Quem terra ponthus’, {244}.

{270}
Resp. Sancta Dei genitrix
This Responsory appears only in seven non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{272}
Resp. Post partum virgo
This Responsory appears only in seven non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{273}
Resp. Speciosa facta es.
This Responsory appears only in three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS, F-AS 893, GB-WO F.160, and TR-Itks 42.

{275}
Resp. Gaude gaude gaude Maria
This special opening appears to be limited to Sarum sources.

{276}
Prose. Inviolata integra et casta
This is one of the most popular of all medieval Proses. It even finds a place in modern chant books (Liber Usualis:1861). In Cantus it appears in 16 sources, 2 of which are Sarum, and a third is Worcester. This Prose is also found in the York Breviary. It clearly takes both its text and its melodic cue from the final line of the Responsory. Each line of text end with the vowel ‘a’.

{278}
Sequence. Letabundus exultet fidelis chorus
Dom Gueranger (The Liturgical Year: Christmas, Vol 1:246) notes that this Sequence is to be found in all the Roman-French Missals and that it dates back at least to the 11th century.
In the Sarum Rite this Sequence appears foremost at the Mass on the fourth day in the Octave of the Assumption. Its use at the Feast of the Purification is unique to Sarum in CANTUS. (Here is is only used when the Purification falls before Septuagesima). (The only other occasions in the Sarum Rite where a Sequence takes the place of a Hymn are Compline of Pentecost and the three following days, and the Feast of the Holy Name.) So far as I have seen, among Sarum Office sources it appears only in the printed Breviaries and Antiphoner. Despite its popularity, it appears in only 2 CANTUS sources.
This Sequence has a strong rhythm in which the lines are typically 7pp7pp4p.
The Sequence was retained in the Dominican Rite at the Third Mass of Christmas Day, at Epiphany, and at the Feast of the Purification. [It is also apparently to be found in Carmelite Missals.]
This Sequence appears in English translation as ‘Come rejoicing’, in The English Hymnal:22, both with the original chant and with a stirring melody by Nicholas Gatty, newly composed for The English Hymal.
Another translation, by J. M. Neale, appears in The Hymnal Noted: #94.

{282}
February 3: St. Blaise
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. 316)

{285}
February 5: St. Agatha
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(ca. 231-251).

Ant. Agatha virgo sacra nobili
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS, A-Gu 29, and F-R 248.

{286}
Invit. Christum venerantes

This Invitatory appears also in the Common of Virgins and on the Feast of St. Cecilia.

Ant. Beata Agatha Quintiano
This Antiphon appears in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{292}
Ant. Si plagas et verbera
This Antiphon appears in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{294}
Resp. Medecinam carnalem
While most of the Sarum Responsories for St. Agatha are part of the general Latin corpus, this one is not. It appears in only ‘R’ of the CAO concordances, and in only 29 non Sarum Sources in CANTUS, whereas the other Responsories appear in more than twice that number of CANTUS sources.

{308}
February 6: Saints Vedast and Amandus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Vedast (d. ca. 540), a Frankish bishop.
Amandus (c. 584 – 675), Bishop of Tongeren-Maastricht.
The first two Lessons concern Amandus, the third, Vedast.

See Sparrow Simpson, ‘St. Vedast’, Journal of the British Archaeological Association XLII (1887): 56-81 (esp. 76-81).

{310}
February 10: Saint Scholastica
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(c. 480 – 10 February 542) Twin sister of St. Benedict of Nursia.

Lessons. Soror beati Benedicti
A translation of these Lessons appears at the OSB site.

{313}
February 14: St. Valentine
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Lessons. Audiens quidam scolasticus
The word ‘presbyteri’ appears to be incorrect. Elphinstone, in the Aberdeen Breviary adds ‘episcopi’ to Valentine’s name in the Kalendar, and omits ‘presbyteri’ in the Lesson. This is of some import, as there is confusion amongst two or three Saint Valentines associated with February 14. See F. C. Eeles, ‘Which St. Valentine is commemorated in the Prayer Book Kalendar?’, Transactions of the St. Paul’s Ecclesiological Society V (1905): 158-162.

(315)
February 16: Saint Juliana
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Juliana of Nicomedia (d. 304).

{318}
February 22: St. Peter’s Chair
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

This Feast is known as St. Peter’s Chair at Antioch, distinguishing it from the (non-Sarum) Feast of St. Peter’s Chair at Rome, January 18.

This Feast shares the following chants with The Feast of Saint Peter in Chains, August 1:
Solve jubente, Antiphon on the Psalms at Vespers.
Tu es pastor ovium, Antiphon on Magnificat at Vespers.
Quodcumque ligaveris, Ninth Responsory at Matins.
Quodcumque ligaveris, Antiphon on Benedictus at Lauds.
The latter two are also shared with the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul, June 29.

{320}
Invit. Pastori summo jubilemus
This Invitatory is in metre, 5p9p 5p8p, and rhyme, ab ab. In CANTUS it appears in 7 non-Sarum sources. It is also found in the York Breviary.

{321}
The Antiphons of Matins for a series in modal order. In CANTUS they occur only in two or three non Sarum sources, generally the same sources as found for the series of Matins Antiphons at the Purification (February 2).
York Use follows the same list for the first 8 Antiphons, but has ‘Solve jubente’ for the ninth.
The Antiphons are in hexameters, but not in rhyme.

It is surprising that much of the liturgy for this day comes from the Common of Confessors (as in the Breviarium Romanum, 1568), seeing that proper Responsories for Matins are found in other traditions.

Ant. Pontificalis apex
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

Ant. Hic super excelse
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{322}
Ant. Antiochena polis
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{324}
Ant. Hujus amore Deus
This Antiphon appears in only one non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

Ant. Pande tuis celos
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{325}
Ant. Sydera scansurus
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{326}
Ant. Qui regni
This Antiphon appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{328}
Ant. Hic celi terreque
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

Ant. Primus vocatione
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{330}
Resp. Quodcumque ligaveris
The V. (based on Matthew 16:16-18) seems to have been influenced by a sense of metre and rhyme.

{331}
The York use provides five proper Antiphons for Lauds.

{334}
February 24 (February 25 in leap years): Saint Matthias
Inferior Double Feast

{340}
March 1: Saint David, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 500 – c. 589), Bishop of Mynyw (St David’s). Canonized by Callixtus II in 1120.
While the Breviary 1531 indicates that all is from the common, ‘fiant, cetera’ which appears in 1519-S:60r. would suggest that the nine Lessons themselves were at some time considered proper to the Sarum feast.
The Sarum Breviary also includes a proper Antiphon to the Magnificat and Prayer (non Sarum).

The Penpont Antiphonale (GB-AB 20541 E) contains a full set of proper chants for the office. They will be found in the Appendix.
See Owain Tudor Edwards, Matins, Lauds and Vespers for St David’s Day: the Medieval Office of the Welsh Patron Saint in National Library of Wales MS 20541 E (Cambridge: Cambridge Univerity Press, 1990).
See also Gillian Lander, ‘Sources of Inspiration for the composer-poet of the Office for St David of Wales found in the Office for St Thomas Becket: An examination of
these Offices in the Penpont Antiphonal MS 20541E’ B. Mus. diss., Auckland Unviersity, 2011.

Ant. Gloriose presul David
In GB-AB 20541:208v. this appears for the Memorial of Saint David.
This appears to be the only musical source for this Antiphon.

{341}
The Lessons are based on the Vita beati Davidis archiepiscopi et confessoris by Rhigyfarch (1056/7-1099). See J. W. James, ed. Rhigyfarch’s Life of Saint David: the basic mid twelfth-century Latin text with introduction, critical apparatus and translation (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1967).

{346}
March 2: Saint Chad, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(ca. 634 – March 2, 672) Bishop of Mercia (Lichfield). Trans. August 2, 1296.
Like Saint David’s, Saint Chad’s Feast is all from the Common in the use of Sarum. However, the Breviary 1531 includes the full rhymed office of nine lessons according to the Use of Lichfield. Only one chant, ‘Sis pro nobis’, survives for this feast.
The Psalter [521] includes the Feast of the Translation of Saint Chad [521] and the Commemoration of Saint Chad [524].
See also R. Hyett Warner, The Life and Legends of Saint Chad (Wisbech: Leach & Son, n. d.).

The York Use includes nine lessons but no proper chants.

{378}
March 7: Saints Perpetua and Felicity
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(believed to have died in 203 AD.)
See J. Armitage Robinson, The Passion of St. Perpetua: Together with an Appendix Containing the Original Latin Text of the Sicilian Martyrdom (Cambridge, 1891).
See also Petr Kitzler, From Passio Perpetuae to Acta Perpetuae: Recontextualizing a Martyr Story in the Literature of the Early Church (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2015).

{382}
March 12: Saint Gregory, Pope and Doctor
Inferior Double Feast

(c. 540–March 12, 604). Saint Gregory the Great.
While the Sarum Use contains no proper chants for this feast, the monastic use of Worcester F-160 contains a full set of chants, and the York Breviary also contains these texts.

[March 17: Saint Patrick
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two..
This feast appears only in the Kalendars of some Sarum Missals. There is nothing for St. Patrick in the Breviary (except the mention of his name in the Litany). Nine Lessons foir St. Patrick appear in the Sarum-derived Breviarium Aberdonense, (1510), pars hyemalis, fo. S-70v.
The feast can of course be celebrated with all from the Common of one Bishop and Confessor.]

{387}
March 18: Saint Edward, King and Martyr (see also June 20)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 962 – 18 March 978). Buried at Shaftesbury; translated, June 20, 1001 (or 1008). Edward was never canonized.

{391}
March 20: Saint Cuthbert, Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 634 – 20 March 687), Bishop of Lindisfarne, translated 999; translated to Durham Cathedral, 1104.
Worcester F-160 contains a full set of chants, and the York Breviary also contains these texts.
See Christopher Hohler, ‘The Durham Services in Honour of Saint Cuthbert’, The Relics of Saint Cuthbert, ed C. F. Battiscombe (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1956):155-191.

{397}
March 21: Saint Benedict
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 480–543 or 547)

{404}
March 25: The Annunciation
Minor Double Feast
(Known also as Lady Day)

{405}
Hymn. Ave maris stella
Performing trans. in G. H. Palmer, The Order of Vespers, 72*. Vv. 1 and 7. by Athelstan Riley, Hours of the Blessed Virgin Mary, ‘Little Office;, 1891.
Scholarly trans. R. A. Knox, The Westminster Hymnal, 1939: 101.

{410}
Hymn. Quem terra ponthus ethera
Ascribed to Fortunatus (530-609)
Trans. J. M. Neale.
The Hymn for Lauds, ‘O Gloriosa virginum’, is a continuation of this Hymn.

{431}
Hymn. O gloriosa femina
Ascribed to Fortunatus (530-609)
Performing trans. Percy Dearmer, The English Hymnal:215.
Scholarly trans. J. W. Doran (The Directory of Plainsong) and N. J. Blacker, (The Hymner), Matthew Britt, The Hymns of the Breviary and Missal (1925):151.
This Hymn is a continuation of the Matins Hymn, ‘Quem terra ponthus’.

{435}
Ant. Virgo Dei genitrix
This Antiphon appears in only 4 non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{438}
April 3: Saint Richard of Chichester
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(1197 – April 3, 1253, Canonized 1262, Translated June 6, 1276.
The Sarum Use gives only a proper Prayer; the rest is from the common.
Andrew Hughes notes a rhymed Office for St. Hugh in Rome: Biblioteca Allesandrina (Universitaria) 120 (‘British Rhymed Offices’, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy, ed. Susan Rankin and David Hiley (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993): 274.

{439}
April 4: Saint Ambrose
Inferior Double Feast
(c. 340–April 4, 397) Bishop of Milan. In many Kalendars his feast day is December 7, the date of his ordination.

{445}
April 14: Saints Tiburtius and Velerianus (and Maximus)
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

According to the Acts of St. Cecilia (see November 22), Tibertius was the husband of Cecilia, and Valerianus was his brother.  Maximus was an official that was martyred with the brothers.  They were Buried April 14.
Removed from the General Roman Kalendar in 1969.

The Lessons are based on the Acts of St. Cecilia.

‘. . . cornicularius . . .’, an aide to a magistrate.

‘. . . purpureus . . .’, i.e. noble (Gueranger: 104).

{446}

‘. . . abjicite opera tenebrarum, et induimini arma lucis.’, after Rom. 13;12.

{447}
April 19: Saint Alphege
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(953 – April 19, 1012), Bishop of Winchester, Archbishop of Canterbury; canonized 1078.

{448}
April 23: Saint George
Inferior Double Feast (Major Double according to provincial constitutions.) See [910].
‘The cult of St. George developed after 1415, when, in a flourish of nationalism, it was promoted by Henry V and the feast elevated to a double.’ (William Smith, The Use of Hereford:114.) St. George was already mentioned by Bede, and the saint gained great prominence in England as patron of the Order of the Garter, founded in 1348 by Edward III.

{451}
April 25: Saint Mark
Inferior Double Feast

{454}
April 28: Saint Vitalis
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Saint Vitalis of Milan

{456}
April 30: Deposition of Saint Erkenwald, Bishop and Confessor
London Synod: Three Lessons with Rulers of the Choir.

Bishop of London (675-693); translated (February 1, May 13, and) 1140, November 14, 1148. The November 14 Date was commemorated at St. Paul’s.
It is not clear as to why the lessons for the Deposition of St. Erkenwald are printed following the feast of his Translation {1671} in the Breviary 1531, rather than here.

A Mass for Saint Erkenwald is printed in William Sparrow Simpson, Documents Illustrating the History of S. Paul’s Cathedral (London: Camden Society, 1880):15.
A Prayer appears in the same volume (p. 16), reprinted from the Sarum Hore beate virginis quarto, Paris, 1533: fo. 24.
Pages 17-24 contain the texts for a full Office and Mass (including a Sequence) for Saint Erkenwald, printed from British Library Add Mss 5810:fo. 198.

{457}
May 1: Saints Philip and James
Inferior Double Feast

{464}
Resp. Domine ostende nobis Patrem
This Responsory appears in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, E-Tc 44.1.

{465}
Resp. Non turbetur cor vestrum
This Responsory is unique to Sarum in CANTUS.

{467}
May 3: The Invention of the Holy Cross
Minor Double Feast

{469}
Prose. Crux fidelis terras celis
This Prose appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS.
It has rhyming couplets of 8+7, 8+7, and is in fact in the form of a Hymn.

John Mason Neale, Hymni Ecclesiæ, a Breviariis quibusdam et Missalibus Gallicanis, Germanis, Hispanis, Lusitanis, desumpti. (Oxford and London: Parker, 1851):182, indicates that the Sarum text is a part of a larger text found in Breviario Bracharensi [Braga], however I have not yet found this text in the Braga Breviary. The Sarum version omits the third and fourth stanzas.
Crux est signum quod est dignum
Conservare perditos:
Crux est dies per quam quies
Redditur ad timidos.

Crux est satis fida ratis:
Crux est horror demonum:
Crux est scutum nimis tutum
Et tropheum militum.

{470}
Hymn. Impleta sunt que concinit
This text is Verses 4-8 of the Hymn ‘Vexilla regis prodeunt’, 1056.
It is rarely found as a separate Hymn. In CANTUS, besides Sarum it appears only in sources from Worcester, Wurzburg, Jumieges, Augsburg, Cologne, and Aachen.
The Breviarium Romanum uses ‘Vexilla regis’.

{473}
Ant. O crux gloriosa
This Antiphon is in rhyme, and more or less in metre.

{475}
Hymn. Pange lingua gloriosi
This Hymn is repeated from Passiontide, 1064.

{483}
Hymn. Crux fidelis inter omnes
This Hymn is a portion of the Hymn ‘Pange lingua gloriosi’. It appears in only 7 non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{486}
Resp. Dicite in nationibus
This Responsory appears in only four non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{488}
Resp. Per tuam crucem

{491}
May 6: Saint John before the Latin Gate
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

The image depicts Saint John, who, placed in a vat of boiling oil before the Latin Gate, in the presence of Emperor Domitian, is unharmed.
The location of this event is commmemorated in Rome by both the Basilica of San Giovanni a Porta Latina and the Chapel of San Giovanni in Oleo.

{496}
May 7: John of Beverley
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(d 721) Bishop of York, canonized 1037, translated Oct 25, 1307.

{499}
May 9: The Translation of Saint Nicholas.
This would appear to be a Non-Sarum Feast: see the Kalendar.

The feast commemorates the translation of the relics from Myra to Bari in 1087.

{500}
May 10: Saints Gordianus and Epimachus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(d. Rome, 362 and Alexandria, 250)

{502}
May 12: Saints Nereus, Achileus, and Pancras
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

{504}
May 19: Saint Dunstan
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(909 – May 19, 988); Abbot of Glastonbury Abbey, Bishop of Worcester, Bishop of London, Archbishop of Canterbury, canonized 1029.
See William Stubbs, Memorials of Saint Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury (London: Longman, 1874).

Saint Pudentiana
(2nd century, Rome) daughter of Saint Pudens, sister of Praxedes.

{508}
May 25: Saint Aldhelm
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 639 – 25 May 709), Abbot of Malmesbury Abbey, first Bishop of Sherborne. (Sherborne was a see from 705 until it was transfered to Old Sarum in 1075.)
Aldhelm was translated by Dunstan 980; his name appears in the Roman martyrology.

Saint Urban
Pope, 222 to May 23, 230.

{513}
May 26: St. Augustine (of Canterbury)
Inferior Double Feast

The only musical items in CANTUS for this Feast are a Responsory, ‘Alme pater Augustine’, and an Antiphon, ‘Exultet in hac die’, found in GB-WO F-160:223r.
An Office for St. Augustine appears in AH 13: 17. (London Harl. 4664).
An Antiphon for St. Augustine, ‘Anglorum primas’, appears in AH 28: 286.

{516}
May 28: Saint Germain
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

c(. 496 – May 28, 576) Abbot, Bishop of Paris, canonized in 754.

{517}
May 31: Saint Petronilla
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(1st or 3rd century, Rome)

{519}
June 1: Saint Nichomede
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(A Roman martyr)

{520}
Saints Marcellinus and Peter
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. 304, Rome)

{522}
June 5: Saint Boniface and companions
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(c. 675?, Wessex, – June 5, 754, Frisia) Boniface was the first archbishop of Mainz, and Apostle of the Germans.

{523}
June 8: Saints Gildard and Medard
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Gildard (c. 448–June 8, 525) was Bishop of Rouen 488-525.
Medard (456–June 8, 545) was Bishop of Vermandois-Noyon.

{525}
June 9: The Translation of Saint Edmund, Bishop (see also November 16)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons (or 3) with Invitatory sung by three.

(1175–1240), from 1219 (or 1222) Treasurer of Salisbury Cathedral; from 1233(34), Archbishop of Canterbury. Edmund died while in France and was buried at Pontigny. Canonized 1246; translated 1247.
The Sarum Rite provides only a proper Prayer.
A rhymed Office (London Sloan 1999) appears in AH-13: 43.
Another rhymed Office, found in several Cistercian sources, appears in AH 25-88; no music survives.
See Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds., Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993): 262-263.

Saints Primus and Felician
(d. ca. 297)

{528}
June 11: Saint Barnabas
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons (or 3) with Invitatory sung by three.

{532}
June 12: Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Date unknown, Rome.

{534}
June 14: Saint Basil
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Saint Basil the Great (ca. 330–January 1 or 2, 379), Bishop of Caesarea Mazaca in Cappadocia.

{535}
June 15: Saints Vitus, Modestus and Crescentia
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. ca. 303)
The Martyrology of Bede and the Old English Martyrology list Vitus by himself. Most of the medieval abbeys in England celebrated Vitus and Modestus without Crescentia, but five which followed the Sarum Rite added her name.

{537}
June 16: The Translation of St. Richard (of Chichester) (see also April 3)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(1197 – April 3, 1253), Canonized 1262, Translated June 16, 1276.
Tthe Sarum use provides only a proper Prayer.

Saints Cyriacus (Quriaqos) and Julietta
(d. 304, Tarsus)

June 18: Saints Mark and Marcellian
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. c. 286, Rome)

{541}
June 19: Saints Gervase and Protase
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(2nd. c.)

{543}
June 20: The Translation of Edward, King and Martyr
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons (or 3) with Invitatory sung by two.

(see also March 18)
(c. 962 – 18 March 978). Buried at Shaftesbury; translated, June 20, 1001 (or 1008). Edward was never canonized.
The Sarum Use give the Prayer only, with Lessons from the other Feast.

{544}
June 22: Saint Alban, First Martyr of England
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Ant. Ave prothomartyr Anglorum
This Antiphon is in metre and rhyme.  The same text and music (with appropriate changes) appears in the Antiphon ‘Ave rex gentis Anglorum’ for St. Edmund, King and Martyr {1695}.
This Antiphon does not appear in CANTUS.

An Anglo-Saxon Office survives in New York, Pierpont Morgan Library 926 (11th. c.), originating from St. Albans Abbey.
See K. D. Hartzell, ‘A St. Albans Miscellany in New York’, Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch 10 (1975):20-61; John Bergsagel, ‘Anglo-Scandinavian Musical Relations before 1700’, Report of the Eleventh Congress of the International Musicological Society (Copenhagen, 1974):263-271; ‘Liturgical Relations between England and Scandinavia as seen in Selected Musical Fragments from the 12th and 13th Centuries’, Föredrag och diskussionsinlägg frän Nordiskt Kollokvium 3 (Helsinki, 1976):11-26; Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy, ed. Susan Rankin and David Hiley (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993): 252-253.

{550}
June 23: Saint Etheldreda
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Æthelthryth, Audrey (ca. 636–June 23, 679) Queen of Northumbrian, Abbess of Ely from 672.
translated 695 from a common grave to the new church at Ely.

{552}
June 24: Saint John the Baptist
Minor Double Feast

Hymn. Ut queant laxis
This Hymn is attributed to Paul the Deacon (c. 720s – April 13, 799) (John Julian, A Dictionary of Hymnology (New Tork: Scribner’s, 1889):1202; David Hiley, Western Plainchant (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993):281). This is denied by Karl Neff (Die Gedichte des Paulus Diaconus (Munich: Beck, 1908)).
Neither of the Sarum melodies for this Hymn is the melody which Guido d’Arezzo famously used as the basis of his solmization system, ut re mi fa sol la. That melody may be found, for example, in LU:1504.
All three Hymns for this Feast are in fact parts of a single continuous Hymn written ins Sapphic stanzas, 11 11 11 5.

{559]
Hymn. Antra deserti teneris
This is part 2 of the Vespers Hymn, Ut queant laxis.
This Hymn is written as a Sapphic stanza, 11 11 11 5.

{567}
Resp. Johannes vocabitur
This Responsory appears in only 4 non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{577}
Hymn. O nimis felix
This is part 3 of the Vespers Hymn, Ut queant laxis.
This Hymn is written as a Sapphic stanza, 11 11 11 5.
While the Hymn Antra deserti shares the melodies with the Hymn at Vespers, this Hymn has a different melody.

{581}
Ant. Factum est in die octavo
This Antiphon appears in only 2 non-Sarum sources in CANTUS. More commonly found in this position is ‘Puer qui natus est nobis’.

{587}
June 26: Saints John and Paul
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. ca. 362, Rome)

{589}
Resp. Paulus et Johannes dixerunt ad Julianum
This Responsory appears in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{591}
Resp. Paulus et Johannes dixerunt ad Terentianum
This Responsory appears in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{594}
Ant. Beati martyres Christi Joannes et Paulus
This Antiphon appears in only six non-Sarum source in CANTUS. ‘Astiterunt justi ante Dominum’ is perhaps the most commonly found chant in this location.

{601}
June 28: Saint Leo
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(611–June 28, 683) Pope Leo II 682-683.

(603)
The Vigil of the Apostles Peter and Paul

{605}
Hymn. Aurea Luce
Attributed to H. Elphis (d.493), daughter of Festus, Consul at Rome, sister of the mother of St. Placidus, a disciple of St. Benedict, first wife of the Roman philosopher-poet Boethius.

{611}
June 29: Saints Peter and Paul
Minor Double Feast

{635}
June 30: The Commemoration of Saint Paul
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

Invit. Laudemus Jesum Christum in passione apostoli Pauli
This Invitatory shares the CANTUS ID 001098 with ‘Laudemus Deum nostrum in conversione apostoli Pauli’, but only the Sarum sources in CANTUS have the text ‘Jesum Christum in passione’.

The Antiphon Verses found at Matins occur in only 7 CANTUS sources, 2 of which are Sarum. The York Breviary includes Antiphon Verses at Matins. The first and sixth differ from those of the Sarum Breviary.

{664}
July 2: The Visitation of Blessed Mary
Major Double Feast
This Feast, associated with the Franciscans, was extended to the universal church in 1389.
In the Sarum Use this Feast has an Octave.
The Office is said to be by John Horneby. It is found in AH 24-32, and appears in Oxford, Bodleian Library Laud misc. 299. (Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon, 1993): 280, citing K. Schlager, ‘Reimoffizien’, Geschichte der katholischen Kirchenmusik 1, ed. K. G. Fellerer (Kassel, 1972), 296.) As Hughes notes, a number of the melodies are borrowed from the Thomas Becket office.
None of the chants for this Feast appear in CANTUS.
The chants for this office are entirely in metre and rhyme.
This Office also appears in the York Breviary (Paris 1526) and the Aberdeen Breviary (1510). (In the York Use this Feast falls on April 2.)
The Hereford Use has a different office, ‘Accedunt laudes virginis’ AH-24:29 which is very widespread, appearing in over 100 sources in AH.
Pius V abolished the rhythmical office, the vigil, and the octave; in the Breviarium Romanum (1568) all of the chants are repeated from the Nativity of the Virgin.

The theme of this Office originates in Luke 1:39-56.

An analysis of this office appears in The Dublin Review 109 (October, 1891):384.

At First Vespers
The six Antiphons of First Vespers are in modal order, 1-6. The first five follow the Goliardic metric pattern 8pp7p x2 with the rhyme ab ab.

Ant. Eterni Patris Filius (cf. Ps. 109:3.)

{665}
Ant. Lilium convallium (cf. Cant. 2:1.)

{666}
Ant. Lucernam veri luminis (cf. Luke 8:16, 11:33, 15:8.)

Ant. Conforta mater filios (cf. Ps. 147:3.)

{670}
Ant. In psalterio decacordo (cf. Ps. 143:9; Luke 1:49, 52.)
This Antiphon follows the metric pattern 8p7pp x4 with the rhyme ab ab cd ed.

{675}
The first eight Antiphons of Matins are in modal order. (The Responsories bear no relation to modal order.)

Ant. Pater matris Filio (cf. Ps. 8:3.)

Ant. Sol in tabernaculo (cf. Ps. 18:6.)

{679}
Resp. Benedictam predicat senex (cf. Luke 1:46.)

{680}
Ant. Stat in regis (cf. Ps. 44:10-11.)

Ant. Dei tabernaculum (cf. Ps. 45:5.)

{681}
Ant. Florida sterilitas (cf. Ps. 86:3.)

{682}
Resp. Laudis cum preconio (cf. Luke 1:48.)

{683}
Resp. Christi sanctuarium (cf. Luke 1:48.)

{685}
Ant. Per te mater (cf. Ps. 95:1.)

Ant. Per te lux est orta (cf. Ps. 96:11.)

{686}
Ant. Dum cepit virgo salutare (cf. Ps. 97:2.)

{690}
The five Antiphons on the Psalms at Lauds are in modal order, but with the omission of modes 4-6.

Ant. Scandit montes aurora

{697}
Ant. Exultat virgo virginum (cf. Luke 1:55.)

{712}
Saints Processus and Martinian
(ca. 3rd. c., Rome)
Presumably with the institution of the Feast of the Visitation Saints Processus and Martinian were relegated to a Memorial.

{714}
Daily within the Octaves of the Apostles
That the rubric says ‘quando . . . fit servitium’ is an indication of the older practice, before the institution of the Feast of the Visitation, during which vacant days (typically July 3 and 5) would be of the Octave of Peter and Paul. However with the institution of the Feast of the Visitation, these days become part of the Octave of the Visitation. Nevertheless the Octave Day of the Apostles (July 6) takes precedence over the Octave of the Visitation.

July 3
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Rulers of the Choir

{719}
July 4: The Translation and Ordination of Saint Martin
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Rulers of the Choir

See Yossi Maurey, Medieval Music, Legend, and the Cult of St Martin: The Local Foundations of a Universal Saint (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014).

July 5
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Rulers of the Choir

{725}
July 6: The Octave of the Apostles Peter and Paul
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Rulers of the Choir

Ant. O gloriosi apostoli.
This Antiphon appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{731}
July 7: The Translation of Saint Thomas the Martyr
Minor Double of 9 Lessons with Rulers of the Choir
Some sources indicate a Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

The translation to a new shrine in the Trinity Chapel at Canterbury Cathedral took place on Tuesday, July 7, 1220. This event has great significance for both the design of Salisbury Cathedral, and as a spur to the canonization of Osmund. See Tim Tatton-Browm and John Crook, Salisbury Cathedral: the Making of a Medieval Masterpiece (London: Scala, 2009):36-37.
The Sarum chants are all re-used from the principal feast on December 29.
The York Use has the Common of a Martyr.

{753}
The Feast of Relics (the Sunday after the Translation of Saint Thomas)
Major Double Feast
The Sarum Feast of Relics has been on September 15 until 1252 when that date was used for the Octave of the Nativity of Blessed Mary, at which time the change was made.
In CANTUS the Feast of Relics appears only in English sources (GB-AB 20541, GB-Cu Mm.ii., and GB-WO F.160).
See Bradford Lee Eden, ‘The Feast of Relics in Medieval England’, Pecia VIII-XI (2005): 301-303.

{756}
Resp. Justi in perpetuum vivent
In CANTUS this Responsory appears only in Sarum sources.
It is also found in the York Use.
The unique doxology verse is not listed in CANTUS.

{758}
Ant. Lucem tuam
This Antiphon appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{764}
Resp. Letamini justi
This Responsory appears in only six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{769}
Ant. Tradiderunt corpora
This Antiphon appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{771}
Resp. Corpora sanctorum
This Responsory appears only in Sarum sources in CANTUS.

July 8
Of the Octave of the Visitation with Rulers of the Choir

July 9
The Octave of the Visitation with Rulers of the Choir
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

{781}
July 10: The Seven Holy Brothers
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. ca. 150, Rome)

{783}
July 11: The Translation of Saint Benedict
This is the date of Benedict’s translation to the Abbey of Fleury (now Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire) in the 7th century.

{787}
July 15: The Translation of Saint Swithun
Bishop of Winchester, d. 863, translated July 15, 971.
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons (or 3) with Invitatory sung by two.
See Michael Lapidge, The Cult of St Swithun (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2003).

(d. 862 Winchester) Translated July 15, 971; translated to the new Norman church in 1093; shrine moved to the new retrochoir in 1476.
Swithun is not in the Roman Martyrology, but is in the Sarum Martirology.

AH 13-91 gives a rhymed office text from the 13th-14th c. as printed in the Breviariuum Nidrosiense (Paris, 1519).
The York Use provides five Lessons for this feast.

{788}
July 16: The Translation of Saint Osmund
Simple Feast of Nine Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(The Feast Day of Osmund’s Deposition is December 4.)  Osmund succeeded Heremann as Bishop of Sarum in 1078, and died Dec 3, 1099.
Osmund’s remains were enshrined in the east end of (Old) Sarum Cathedral, over which a foramina tomb-shrine was built. This foramina shrine remains today in Salisbury Cathedral.
Osmund’s remains were first translated from Old Sarum to the New Salisbury Cathedral on Trinity Sunday, June 14, 1226, where they were placed in the south arcade of the newly built Trinity Chapel of Salisbury Cathedral, surmounted by the same foramina tomb-shrine.  (Tim Tatton Brown and John Crook, Salisbury Cathedral: The Making of a Medieval Masterpiece (Lond: Scala Books, 2009):52.) It would appear that the design to focus the eastern arm of Salisbury Cathedral around a shrine of Osmund was planned from the beginning.
In 1228 the Bishop of Sarum and the canons applied to Gregory IX for Osmund’s canonization but not until some 200 years afterwards, the final proceedings having taken place in December 1456, on 1 January 1457, the bull was issued by Callistus III. (A. R. Malden, ed., The Canonization of Saint Osmund (Salisbury: Bennett Brothers, 1901:224-35.)
The letter was written from Rome on the 13th of December, 1456, and was received and solemnly published at Salisbury on the 15th of January following. (The Canonization of Saint Osmund, xxxi.)
In this Bull, December 4, the day following Osmund’s death, was officially established as his Feast Day (the deposition, or interment). Shortly after, on July 16, 1457, Osmund’s translation was again effected, when his remains were relocated from the south arcade bench of the Trinity Chapel to a more prominent shrine behind the High Altar, in the middle of the Trinity (Salve, Lady) Chapel of Salisbury Cathedral. This shrine was destroyed, along with Osmund’s relics, at the reformation.  Today the the original foramina shrine remains on the south arcade bench of the Trinity Chapel, while the tomb slab (which also appears to originate from Old Sarum) is located in the centre of the Chapel.

Presumably the proper texts and music for this feast were composed in or around 1457; thus they are among the latest additions to the Sarum liturgy.

A lengthy account of Saint Osmund is given by Francis Goldie in Saints of Wessex and Wiltshire (London: Burns and Oates, 1885): 45-66.

For texts of this Commemoration and Feast, see also Carl Horstman, ed., Nova Legenda Anglie, 2 Vols. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1901): Vol. 2, pp. 239-252.

Andrew Hughes offers the following comments on the chants: ‘Modal order is strict except at MR4 and 5, where modes 3 and 7 appear [in fact these Responsories are in modes 4 and 5 respectively-ed.].  Noteworthy, too, is the transposition of MA2, mode 2, a fifth up, and MA5, mode 5, a fourth up.  I know of few similar examples.  All psalm antiphons and the Magnificat antiphon for second vespers are in rhymed goliardic metre, 7pp6p.  All the other items are in hexameters, mostly rhymed at the caesura, and MR3 and 6 include elegiac couplets.  The reappearance of classical metres in such profusion is surely a sign of the Renaissance revival of classical studies.’ Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon, 1993): 270-271.
It should also be noted that the series’ of Antiphons form a narrative continuity: the Antiphons of First vespers are laudatory; the Antiphons of Matins are biographical; the Responsories are more of emotive and relational; the Antiphons of Lauds are of a moralistic tone.
(Although Saint Osmund is in a sense–after his canonization–the Patron of Salisbury Cathedral, he is not the Patron in the liturgical sense. The Virgin Mary is the Patroness of the Cathedral. Nevertheless, this Feast may have been celebrated at Salisbury as a Principal Double in terms of ceremony.)

The York Use provides nothing for either Feast of St. Osmund.

First Vespers

1 Ant. Suscipe cum gaudio
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

All the Antiphons of this Office, except the Antiphon on the Magnificat at First Vespers and on the Benedictus at Lauds, are in Goliardic Verse (7pp6p x2).

2 Ant. Confessoris Dominum
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{789}
3 Ant. Exit ejus spiritus
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{790}
4 Ant. Iste domum Domini
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

5 Ant. Lauda Syon Dominum
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

This last of the Psalm-Antiphons at Vespers is double the length of the others.

{791}
Resp. Miles et alme pater
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.
This Responsory is repeated as the ninth of Matins.
Another translation, by F. G. Gilliat Smith, appears in The Dublin Review, CXIV (January 1894): 38:
O gentle Osmund, thou soldier and father,and founder of God’s flock,
Offer our prayer to Christ, and purge away our offences;
Thus may we also enter the heavenly citadel with thee.

The Responsories of this Office are in Leonine pentameters and hexameters. They frequently, but not consistently display internal rhyme.
It may be that ‘Osmunde’ is an addition to the first line of this Responsory, seeing that it extends the hexameter by one foot. ‘Miles et alme pater Dei gregis auctor.’ seems to be a more natural line. Compare the first Antiphon of Matins, ‘Natus mox renascitur’.

{792}
Ant. Confessor Domini
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

The Antiphon on the Magnificat is in Leonine verse.

{794}
Matins
Invit. Omnipotens Dominus
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

The Invitatory is in Leonine pentameter.

Ant. Natus mox renascitur
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

F.G. Gilliat Smith, The Dublin Review CXIV (January 1894): 37, notes a curious play on the word ‘Osmundus’:
Natus mox renascitur
Osmundus fonte lotus
A cuntis piaculis
Effectus mundus totus.

Among the Antiphons of this Office, only this one breaks the regularity of the Goliardic Verse 7pp6p by having as its first line 7pp7p. It may thus be conjectured that ‘Osmundus’ is a substitution for an earlier two-syllable name of some other Saint. Compare the Responsory ‘Miles et alme pater’ at Vespers above.

{795}
Ant. Adolsecens profuit
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Ant. Juventutis terminos
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{796}
Resp. Presulis Osmundi
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{797}
Resp. Ecce sacerdorem
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

F. G. Gilliat Smith, in the Dublin Review, CXIV (January 1894): 38, notes that this Responsory is based on Ecclesiasticus 50:1, 4, which is read at Lauds and Terce.

{798}
Resp. O presul noster
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Another translation, by F. G. Gilliat Smith, appears in The Dublin Review, CXIV (January 1894): 38:
Yea, it is meet with thee to rejoice, most glorious pontiff,
Who having gone from this valley of mourning, rejoicest for ever,
Ever made glad by the face of thy Jesus-vision of splendour,
And who abidest still our protctor, eshepherd, and father.

{799}
Ant. Vir effectus prospere
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{800}
Ant. Utrobique regia
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Ant. Sed et domus Domini
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{801}
Resp. Proposito plebi
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.
An analysis of this chant appears in Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon, 1993): 245-246.

{803}
Resp. In regnum quondam
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{804}
Resp. Confessor Christi
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{805}
Ant. Comes factus Sagie
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Ant. Postremo Dorsetie
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{806}
Ant. Jam celestem obtinens
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{807}
Resp. Ante Deum magnas virtutes
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Lec. Interea sancta sepe fata.
Richard Beauchamp (d. 1481), Bishop of Salisbury, 1450-1481 (not to be confused with Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick (1382-1439)).  He was originally interred in the now demolished chantry chapel at the south-east end of the Cathedral.  His tomb is now located between the south arches of bay 17 in the nave of the Cathedral.

{808}
Resp. Infirmos curat
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{810}
In laudibus
Ant. Hic Osmundus
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Ant. Sanctus iste stabilis
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{811}
Ant. Ob decus ecclesie
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Ant. Benedicta Neustria
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

Ant. Qui cum sanctis
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{812}
Ant. Prudentem servum
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{814}
Ant. Salve celeberrime pater
Translation © 2015 by Matthew Carver. Used with permission.

{816}
In commemoratione sancti Osmundi.
This service is ‘doubtless for weekly use’. (Christopher Wordsworth, ed., The Tracts of Clement Maydeston: With the Remains of Caxton’s Ordinale, 183.) Wordsworth adds ‘It is natural to suppose that this office was written for use at Salisbury itself (as well as for any churches which might have St. Osmund’s name in their dedication titles). . . Possibly the Sarum people may have taken a leaf out of the Lincoln book and introduced a Monday commemoration ; or else we may suppose that in the process of time they adopted a commemoratio de Festo Loci on Tuesday as in other places.  If they did so they thereby reduced the Pie of two commemorations to be but a dead letter.’

{817}
Ant. Pastor pius ad gregis gaudium.
This Antiphon text appears to be based on the Antiphon Pastor cesus for the Feast of Saint Thomas Becket, 438.
The verse form is 10.10.10.10.10.10; aaaaaa.

{818}
Ant. Bone Jesu Osmundi meritis.
This Antiphon text seems related to the Responsory Jesu Bone per Thome for the Feast of Saint Thomas Becket, 457.
The verse form is 10.10.10.10; aaaa.

{820}
July 17-23: Within the Octaves of Saint Osmund
The full octave was celebrated at Salisbury Cathedral with Rulers of the Choir.
The Addition of the Feast of the Translation of St. Osmund with Octave has the effect of changing July 17 and 18 from the Feasts of St. Kenelm and St. Arnulph to the second and third days in the Octave of St. Osmund; July 19, formerly a feria becomes the fourth day of the Octave; the Feasts of St. Margaret and St. Mary Magdalene remain, but the Feasts of St. Praxedis and St. Appolinaris become the sixth day and the Octave day.

{829}
July 17: Saint Kenelm
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(ca. 812-819) Kenelm seem rather a legendary figure; he is not in Roman Martirology, but is in the Sarum Martyrology.

{833}
July 18: Saint Arnulph of Metz
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(c. 582 – 640)

{834}
July 20: Saint Margaret
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(289-304, Antioch)

{841}
July 21: Saint Praxedis
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(d. 165, Rome)

{843}
July 22: Saint Mary Magdalene
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

Many of the Sarum chant items for this feast appear only a few times in CANTUS.
The closest concordances are F-Pn lat. 12044, , F-VAL 114, and I-AO 6.
[The York Use has quite different, very elaborate content.]

First Vespers

Resp. O certe precipuus
In CANTUS this Responsory appears in only one non Sarum source; ‘Hic certe precipuus’ appears in three non-Sarum sources.

{844}
Hymn. Collaudemus Magdalene
This Hymn is unique to Sarum in CANTUS.

{848}
Invit. Eternum trinumque
This Invitatory is in metre and rhyme.

{849}
Hymn. Estimavit ortolanum
This Hymn is unique to Sarum in CANTUS.

{853}
Resp. Letetur omne seculum
This Responsory is in metre and rhyme.

{854}
Resp. Pectore sincero
This Responsory appears in only six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{855}
Resp. Felix Maria

{858}
Resp. Beata es Maria
This Responsory is rhymed.

{859}
Resp. Eternis accumulata
This Responsory appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{861}
Resp. Optimam partem
This Responsory appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{862}
Ant. O certe precipuus
This Antiphon is unique to Sarum in CANTUS; however there are three non-Sarum entries for the Antiphon ‘Hic certe precipuus’. Compare the Responsory at First Vespers.

Ant. Tulerunt Dominum
This Antiphon appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{864}
Resp. Fragrans Jesus
This Responsory appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{865}
Resp. Celsi meriti
This Responsory appears in only four non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{867}
Resp. O felix sacrorum
This Responsory appears in six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{868}
The chants of Lauds are more generally to be found in CANTUS and presumably represent an older layer of the liturgy (compare the Purification (February 2) above).

Ant. Pectore sincero
This Antiphon is in hexameters.

{869}
Ant. Quo tecum captent
This Antiphon is in hexameters.

Hymn. O Maria noli flere
This Hymn is unique to Sarum in CANTUS.

{874}
Ant. Inclita sancte Marie Magdalene
This Antiphon is unique to Sarum in CANTUS.
It is in metre and rhyme.
The most commonly found Antiphon at this position is ‘Mulier quae erat’, but there are some 26 different choices amongst 72 sources in CANTUS!

{876}
July 23: Saint Apollinaris
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.
The Octave of the Translation of Saint Osmund.

First Bishop of Ravenna.

{878}
July 24: Saint Christina
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Saint Christina of Bolsena, also known as Christina of Tyre (3rd. c.).
(Not to be confused with Christina Mirabilis (c. 1150–July 24, 1224, Belgium), also venerated on July 24.)

{882}
July 25: Saint James
Inferior Double Feast

Saint Christopher (d. ca. 251, Asia Minor)
Saint Cucuphas (269, Scillis- ca. 304, Sant Cugat del Vallès)

{888}
July 26: Saint Anne, Mother of Mary
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

St. Anne was venerated in the west from 13th c. (Douai 1291), and became universal in the west as late as 1584. According to Andrew Hughes the feast was obligatory in England from ca. 1382. ‘This office was probably written by the English Dominican, Thomas Stubbs, circa 1320-83.’ Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon, 1993): 253. Hughes notes resemblances of this office to that of Saint Dominic. This Office appears in the late 14th c. ‘Denchworth’ Breviary (Oxford Bodleian Library Lat. liturg. b. 14.), in the printed breviaries, and in the Sarum Antiphonale, 1520.

See also Kati Ihnat, ‘Early Evidence for the Cult of Anne in Twelfth-Century England’, Traditio, 69 (2014): 1-44; Michael Alan Anderson, St. Anne in Renaissance Music: Devotion and Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.); Michael Alan Anderson, ‘Symbols of Saints: Theology, Ritual, and Kinship in Music for John the Baptist and St. Anne (1175-1563).’ Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 2008; AH V:39; LMLO: AN26.

The Antiphons and Responsories are in rhyme and metre.
The York Use has the Common of a Matron.

Ant. Felix Anna cella mundicie
This Antiphon is in the metre 4p6pp x4, rhyme a a a a
This metre is used also for the Invitatory and for the Antiphon to the Magnificat at Second Vespers.

Hymn. Ave mater Anna
This Hymn uses the Melody of ‘Ave maris stella’, associating this holy mother with her daughter.
AH-19: 72.
Richard Pfaff, (The Liturgy in Medieval England: A History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009): 257-258) indicates the presence of the Hymns used for this Sarum Office of St. Anne in BL Harley 2951: 113v-115v, an English Cistercian Hymnal of the late 13th century.

{890}
Ant. Hec est radix
This Antiphon is in the metre 8p8p7pp x 2, and rhyme a a b c c b (a Victorine Sequence).
The text is stanzas 3-4 of the Sequence Gaude mater Anna. (Hermann Adalbert Daniel, Ludwig Splieth, Reinhold Vormbaum, eds. Thesaurus hymnologicus V. (1856): 552.) It appears as stanzas 5-6 of the same Sequence in AH-55: 61. The text also appears as stanzas 5-6 in the Sequence ‘Celi regem attolamus’ (Joseph Kehrein, ed., Lateinische Sequenzen des Mittelalters aus Handschriften und Drucken (Mainz: Florian Kupferberg, 1873): 766.)
Neither of these Sequences appears in the Sarum repertoire. The Mass for St. Anne has instead the Sequence Testamento veteri Anna.

{891}
Matins
Invit. Ad sancte matris Anne memoriam
This Invitatory is in the metre 4p6pp, and rhyme a a.

{892}
Hymn. In Anne puerperio
This Hymn uses the Melody of ‘Quem terra ponthus ethera’ and ‘O gloriosa femina’, another Marian tune.

{894}
The Antiphons of Matins are in modal order.

Ant. Chori plaudant alacriter
This Antiphon is in Ambrosian metre. It is the first stanza of a Hymn for St. Anne (AH-21:192.)

Ant. Pater precelse virginis
This Antiphon is in Ambrosian metre.

{895}
Ant. In tres partes
This Antiphon is in 7pp7pp x2 metre, and in rhyme a a.

{896}
The Responsories of Matins are in modal order.

Resp. Felix Anna flos ortorum
This Responsory is in 8p7pp x3, V x 1 metre, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b
The first five Responsories all follow this pattern.
(Andrew Hughes (‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds., Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993): 253) indicates that all the Responsories are in 8pp7p (i.e. Goliardic) metre; in fact only Responsories 6, 7, and 8 follow this pattern.)

{897}
Resp. Matronarum hec matrona
This Responsory is in 8p7pp x3, V x 1 metre, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b

{898}
Resp. Ex conceptu conjugali
This Responsory is in 8p7pp x3, V x 1 metre, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b

{899}
Ant. Annos quoque plurimos
This Antiphon is in 7pp7pp x2 metre, and in rhyme a a.

Ant. Exprobrat hinc pontifex
This Antiphon is in 8pp7pp x2 metre, and in rhyme a a.

{900}
Ant. Joachim ex opprobrio
This Antiphon is in Ambrosian metre.

{901}
Resp. Ex Judee crevit spina
This Responsory is in 8p7pp x3, V x 1 metre, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b

{902}
Resp. Quam potens esse diceris
This Responsory is in 8p7pp x3, V x 1 metre, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b

{904}
Ant. Joachim et conjugi
This Antiphon is in 7pp7pp x2 metre, and in rhyme a a.

{903}
Resp. O quam digne veneraris
This Responsory is in the Goliardic metre, 8pp7p x3, V x 1, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b
Responsories 6-8 follow this pattern.

{905}
Ant. Preces vestre sunt accepte
This Antiphon is in Ambrosian metre.

Ant. Hinc cognovit se mutuo
This Antiphon is in 8pp7pp x2 metre, and in rhyme a a.

{907}
Resp. Eva mater corruptele
This Responsory is in the Goliardic metre, 8pp7p x3, V x 1, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b

{908}
Resp. Anna mater matris Christi
This Responsory is in the Goliardic metre, 8pp7p x3, V x 1, and rhyme a b a b a b | a b

{909}
Resp. Beata virgo virginum
This Responsory is in the 8pp7pp x3, V x 1 metre, and a b a b a b | a b rhyme.

{910}
The Antiphons of Lauds are in modal order.
The five Antiphons on the Psalms are all in Ambrosian metre.

Ant. Omnis sanctorum concio
This Antiphon shares its opening line with the first stanza of a Hymn for St. Anne (AH-19: 18.), but the rhyme scheme is different (a b a b versus a a b b).
Omnis sanctorum concio
Claro laudi praeconio
Matrem atollat virginis
Tam gloriosi nominis.

{911}
Ant. Ex Joachim quem habuit
This Antiphon uses a variant the text of the third verse of the Hymn ‘Chori plaudant alacriter’ (AH-21: 192.)
Ex Joachim, quem habuit
Vitae virum eximiae,
Coeli reginam genuit,
Matrem solis, justitie.

Ant. Stirps Jesse clara diluit
This Antiphon is closely related to the third stanza of a Hymn for St. Anne (AH-19: 18.), but the rhyme scheme is different (a b a b versus a a b b).
Stirps Jesse clara floruit,
Dum Anna rosam genuit,
Quae tuilt Deum filium,
Florem virtutum omnium.

{912}
Hymn. Felix Anna pre aliis
This Hymn repeats the Melody of ‘In Anna puerperio’.

{914}
Ant. Anna stellam matutinam
This Antiphon has the metre 8p8p7pp x 2, rhyming a a b, c c b (a Victorine Sequence). It is taken from the seventh and eighth Verses of the Sequence ‘Gaude mater Anna’ (AH-55: 61):
Anna stellam matutinam,
Stellam maris et reginam
Peperit clementiae.
Cum qua vere jam laetatur
Quia Deum contemplatur
Revelata facie.

Compare the Antiphon ‘Hec est radix Anna’ {890}.

{916}
Ant. Anna florem portavit gratie
This Antiphon has the metre 4p6pp x4, rhyming a a a a [ab ab cb db].

{918}
July 27: The Seven Holy Sleepers
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

The Seven Sleepers of Epehesus, ca. 250.

{920}
July 28: Saint Sampson (of Dol)
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(ca. 480- 564), bishop in Wales and Brittany.
The Sarum Use has only a proper Prayer.
The York Use has three Lessons.

{921}
July 29: Saints Felicius, Simplicius, Faustinus, and Beatrice
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Saint Felix, Martyr (Rome).
Simplicius, Faustinus, and Beatrice d. 302 or 303, Rome.

{923}
July 30: Saints Abdon and Sennen
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. ca. 250, Rome)

{925}
July 31: Saint Germanus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(c. 378 – c. 448) Bishop of Auxerre.

{926}
August 1: Peter in Chains
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

‘This feast was originally the dedication feast of the church of the Apostle [Peter], erected on the Esquiline Hill, [Rome], in the fourth century. The church was rebuilt by Sixtus III (432-40) at the expense of the Byzantine imperial family. Either the solemn consecration took place on 1 August, or this was the day of dedication of the earlier church. Perhaps this day was selected to replace the heathen festivities which took place on 1 August. In this church, which is still standing (S. Pietro in Vincoli), were probably preserved from the fourth century St. Peter’s chains, which were greatly venerated, small filings from the chains being regarded as precious relics.’ (‘St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles’, Catholic Encyclopedia (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11744a.htm).)
Many of the chants in this feast are found only rarely outside of Sarum. This is a surprising occurrence in view of the wide distribution of the Office in the west.

{929}
Ant. Misit Herodes rex
This Antiphon is found in only three non-Sarum source in CANTUS.

Ant. Videns autem quia
This Antiphon is found in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{930}
Resp. Misit impius Herodes
This Responsory is only found in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{931}
Resp. Videns autem callidus
This Responsory is found in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{933}
Resp. Cumque tyrannus immitis
This Responsory is found in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{934}
Ant. Cunque producturus eum
This Antiphon is found in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{936}
Resp. Petrus quidem apostolus
This Responsory is only found in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{937}
Resp. Cum vero producturus eum
This Responsory is found in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{938}
Resp. Ecce angelus Domini
This Responsory is found in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{939}
Ant. Transeuntes primam et secundam
This Antiphon is only found in Sarum sources in CANTUS.

Ant. Et exeuntes processerunt
This Antiphon is found in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{942}
Resp. Dixit angelus ad Petrum
This Responsory is found in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{946}
Ant. Exiens Petrus sequebatur eum
This Antiphon is found in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS, A-Gu 30 and F-R 248.

{951}
August 2: St. Stephen
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Stephen I (Bishop of Rome 254-257).

{952}
August 3: The Invention of (the relics of) Saint Stephen
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(415)

(978}
August 5: Saint Oswald, King and Martyr
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

6(ca. 604-642), King of Northumbria; translated 909, because of Viking raids, to Gloucester.
A rhymed monastic Office for Saint Oswald is found in AH 13-81, and an Antiphon at AH 28 app. (See Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy, ed. Susan Rankin and David Hiley (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993):271.
The Sarum Use provides three Lessons (from Bede’s history) and a Prayer.
The York Use provides six Lessons which are different.

{980}
Saint Dominic
The rubric indicates that this Office is not part of the Sarum Kalendar.

(1170– August 6, 1221) Founder of the Dominican Order. Canonized in 1234.
Dominic is more typically commemorated on August 4 (or 8).

{981}
August 5: Blessed Virgin Mary of the Snows
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.
This Feast would appear to take the place of Saint Oswald.

This is the Feast of the Dedication of the Basilica of St Mary Major in Rome.
This local Feast was extended throughout Rome in 14th c., and presumably spread from there. It was perhaps adopted at Sarum in the 16th. c. because of its Marian theme.
Apparently entered the general Roman calendar as late as the Breviarium Romanum of 1568.
This Office was however clearly in wide circulation at an earlier date. It appears in 9 CANTUS sources, the earliest being a 13th c. Italian Franciscan source, the other sources generally of the late 14th and early 15th centuries.
The Sarum Use provides the text only, in the printed Breviaries of 1516 and 1531. Sarum music survives only for the items that are repeated from other feasts, particularly the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin (September 8). In the edition music has been adopted from other sources to make performance possible.

Ant. Sancta Maria sucurre miseris
The text of this Antiphon is taken from Sermo IX, De Annuntiatione Dominica by Bishop Fulbert of Chartres (ca 951-ca 1029). The prayer is sometimes attributed to St. Augustine, Book 10, Sermon 18, de Sanctis, since Bishop Fulbert’s sermon appeared in the collected works of St. Augustine at one time.

{995}
August 6: The Transfiguration
Minor Double Feast

This feast originated in the in 9th c. In 1457, Pope Callistus III extended the feast throughout the Latin church in memory of the victory over the Turks at Belgrade in, the news of which reached Rome on August 6.
Rather than exhibiting versified chants as is typical of later offices, this office generally uses prose, since the texts are largely taken from the Bible.
The Sarum music appears only in the 1520 Antiphonale.
Some of the chants appear to be later additions to the Gregorian repertoire:
First Vespers, Ants. 2,3,4,5, and Resp.
Matins, Invit., Ants. 3 and 5.
Lauds, Ant. 2, and Ant. on Benedictus.
Second Vespers, Resp. and Ant. on Magnificat.

First Vespers:
The Antiphons of First Vespers are in modal order.

Ant. Assumpsit Jesus

{997}
Resp. Assumens Jesus Petrum
The Verse ‘Ne videntes’ is in rhyme.

{998}
Hymn. Celestis formam glorie
Anon.

{1002}
Ant. Visionem quam vidistis
This Antiphon is somewhat versified: 8p7pp 8pp7pp.

{1003}
Invit. Christum Regem regum
This Invitatory is in rhyme and metre.

{1005}
Hymn. O Sator rerum
Anon.
This Hymn appear in only one CANTUS source, I-BV 20 (Beneventan).

{1007}
The Antiphons of Matins are in modal order.

Ant. Hodie Dominus Jesus Christus facie

{1009}
The Responsories of Matins are in modal order.

Resp. Assumptus hodie
This Responsory does not appear in CANTUS.

(1015)
Resp. Claruit magnitudo Dei
This Responsory does not appear in CANTUS.

{1021}
Resp. Descendentibus illis
The Verse is in metre and rhyme.

{1027}
Hymn. O nata lux
Anon.

{1038}
August 7: The Feast of the Most Sweet Name of Jesus
Major Double Feast

This Feast developed under the influence of John of Vercelli, OP, 1205-83 (after 1274) and Beranardino or sienna, a Franciscan 1380-1444. Walter Frere indicates its establishment in 1457 or 1480 (Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix.). It was officially adopted by the Franciscans in 1530; however it became universal (in the Roman Church) only in 1721.
It appears in Sarum printed Breviaries from 1494, and in the 1520 Antiphonale.
(The calendar of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer stipulates a festival “The Name of Jesus” to be observed on 7 August as had been the practice in Durham, Salisbury and York and Aberdeen. (Catholic Encyclopedia.)
In the Sarum Rite this feast is provided with a full Octave, squeezed in between the Transfiguration and the Assumption.

The texts are generally very closely connected to biblical sources, and thus are generally not in rhyme or metre. Most of the music is uniquely found in the 1520 Antiphonale.

I am tempted to expand on Andrew Hughes’s comment regarding the taking of of classical meters as a signal of Renaissance sensibility (‘British Rhymed Offices’, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds. (Oxford:Clarendon Press, 1993):271), and to suggest that the reversion to texts of a more bibilical derivation, neither metered nor rhymed, represents a new kind of fundamentalism, the result of which was, in the Breviarium Romanum of 1568, a wholesale excision rhymed offices in favour of a biblical emphasis. At the same time came an excision of virtually all of the chant in the later style.
Devotion to Mary and to Jesus in an personal way, as exemplified in this office, represents a new sensibility that touches upon values espoused by reformers both protestant and catholic, and signals the waning of the Medieval church.

The introduction of the Feasts of the Transfiguration and the Holy Name caused considerable change to the Sarum Kalendar, as summarized beow.


Old Kalendar
August 5 Oswaldi
August 6 Sixti
August 7 Donati
August 8 Cyriaci
August 9 Romani
August 10 Lawrence
August11 Tiburtius
August 12 Oct. of Lawrence
August 13 Ipolitus
August 14 Eusebius
August 15 Assumption
New Kalendar
August 5 Oswaldi
August 6 Transfiguration
August 7 Holy Name
August 8 Oct. Holy Name
August 9 Oct. Holy Name
August 10 Lawrence
August 11 Oct. Holy Name
August 12 Oct. Holy Name
August 13 Ipolitus
August 14 Octave of the Holy Name
August 15 Assumption

 


Several of the chants are found in two 16th. c. Augsburg sources in CANTUS, D-Mbs Clm 4304 and D-Mbs Clm 4306.

First Vespers
The Antiphons at First Vespers are in modal order.

Ant. A solis
This Antiphon appears in two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS, but with a different chant.

{1041}
Resp. Magnificate Dominum mecum
This Responsory does not appear in CANTUS

{1046}
Ant. Ego autem in Domino gaudebo
This Antiphon has the same incipit at CANTUS 205504, but the text is longer that that found in the two CANTUS sources.

{1048}
Seq. Alma chorus Domini
The conclusion of the text of this Sequence, as it appears at Compline of Pentecost, is modified from ‘Salvivicet nos. Sit cui secla. Per omnia doxa.’ to ‘Nominibus his. Signatur Jesus. Sint Domino laudes’. This seems to be unique to Sarum sources.

{1051}
Matins
Invit. Honoremus exaltemus
This Invitatory is in metre and rhyme.

Hymn. Jesu dulcis memoria
attributed to St. Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-1153).
The use of the Christmas melody (Christe Redemptor omnium) associates this feast with the incarnation.

{1053}
The antiphons of matins are in modal order.

Ant. Hii in curribus

{1054}
Ant. Secundum nomen tuum
This Antiphon is in rhyme.

{1055}
The Responsories are in modal order.

Resp. Tu es ipse Rex meus

{1057}
Resp. Salvos fac nos Domine
This Responsory, borrowed from Saturday per annum, is found in several CANTUS sources, but with different verses.

{1060}
Ant. Sit nome ejus
This Antiphon is in rhyme.

{1067}
Resp. Ecce concipies et paries
This Responsory is commonly found at the Feast of the Annunciation.

{1072}
The Antiphons of Lauds are in modal order.

Ant. Vocatum est nome ejus Jesus

{1084}
August 6: Saint Sixtus and Companions
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.
This Feast was superseded by the Feast of the Transfiguration.

(d. August 6, 258) Bishop of Rome (257-258).

{1085}
August 7: Saint Donatus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.
This Feast was superseded by the Feast of the Holy Name.

(d. August 7, 362?) Bishop of Arezzo.

{1088)
August 10: Saint Lawrence
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.
(c. 225–August 10, 258, Rome) Deacon.

(1090}
August 13: Saint Hippolytus
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(170, Rome–235, Sardinia)

{1097}
Ant. Puer meus noli timere
Although this Antiphon is catalogued as 004411 in CANTUS, its text is shorter, omitting the last phrase, ‘et odor ignis non erit in te’. As such, this Antiphon is unique to Sarum in CANTUS.

{1132}
Resp. Expoliavit veste Ipolitum
This Responsory is unique to Sarum in CANTUS.

{1138}
August 14: Saint Eusebius
(d. c. 357, Rome)

{1143}
August 8: Saint Ciriacus and Companions, Martrys
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(d. c. 303, Rome)
With the introduction of the Feast of the Holy Name with Octave, this feast becomes a memorial, except where Ciriacus is the patron (which is not likely in England).

Of the Octave of the Name of Jesus with Rulers of the Choir

{1145}
August 9: Saint Romanus, Martry
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(d. 258, Rome)
With the introduction of the Feast of the Holy Name with Octave, this feast becomes a memorial, except where Romanus is the patron (which is not likely in England).

Of the Octave of the Name of Jesus with Rulers of the Choir

August 10
Of the Octave of the Name of Jesus with Rulers of the Choir

{1147}
August 11: Saint Tiburtius, Martry
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(3rd. c., Rome)
With the introduction of the Feast of the Holy Name with Octave, this feast becomes a memorial, except where Tiburtius is the patron (which is not likely in England).

Of the Octave of the Name of Jesus with Rulers of the Choir

August 12
The Octave of the Name of Jesus with Rulers of the Choir

August 13
Of the Octave of the Name of Jesus with Rulers of the Choir

August 14: The Octave of the Name of Jesus
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three; Rulers of the Choir

{1157}
August 15: The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Principal Double Feast
The image illustrates the story that the apostles were miraculously transported to Mary’s death-bed to witness her passing.

{1159}
Ant. Qualis est dilectus
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1161}
Hymn. O quam glorifica

{1163}
Ant. Ascendit Christus super celos
This Antiphon appears in only seven non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1178}
Resp. Quam pulchra es amica mea
This Responsory appears in only six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1188}
Resp. Post partum virgo
This Responsory appears in only six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1189}
Resp. Speciosa facta es
This Responsory appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1190}
Resp. Candida virginitas
This Responsory appears in only five non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1190}
Sequence. Letabundus exultet fidelis
This Sequence appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1193}
Quotidie infra octavas

Hymn. Quem terra ponthus ethera
Text ascribed to Venantius Fortunatus (c. 530–c. 600/609), Bishop of Poitiers.
The Hymn ‘O gloriosa femina’ {267} is a continuation of this Hymn.

August 16
Of the Octave of the Assumption with Rulers of the Choir

August 17
Of the Octave of the Assumption with Rulers of the Choir

August 18
Of the Octave of the Assumption with Rulers of the Choir

August 19
Of the Octave of the Assumption with Rulers of the Choir

August 20
Of the Octave of the Assumption with Rulers of the Choir

August 21
Of the Octave of the Assumption with Rulers of the Choir

August 22
The Octave of the Assumption with Rulers of the Choir

{1223}
August 23: Saints Timothy and Apollinaris
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(d. 290, Reims.)

{1224}
August 24: Saint Bartholomew
Inferior Double Feast

{1229}
August 27: Saint Ruphus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(died c. 295) Bishop of Capua, disciple of St Apollinaris of Ravenna.

{1231}
August 28: St. Augustine
Inferior Double Feast

(November 13, 354–August 28, 430), Bishop of Hippo Regius.
The Sarum Office is of nine lessons with all of the rest from the Common of Confessors.

The ‘Barwell’ Antiphoner, GB-Cu Mm.ii.9:501 ff., includes a full set of chants for this feast (see the Appendix). This source is in fact an Augustinian one, which accounts for the inclusion of the full office which is not part of the Sarum Use. The office is common to about 16 souces in CANTUS, although there is considerable variation in the precise contents.

{1238}
Ant. Misit Herodes rex
This Antiphon appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1239}
August 29: The Beheading of Saint John the Baptist
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.
This feast is said to mark either the martyrdom of John, or the finding of his head, or the translation of his head.

{1240}
Ant. Johannis baptista arguebat
This Antiphon appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1244}
Ant. Herodes enim metuebat
This Antiphon appears in only five non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

Ant. Audito eo multa faciebat
This Antiphon appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1246}
Resp. Petiis puella caput
This Responsory appears in only five non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1248}
Ant. Cumque introisset filia
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1249}
Ant. Juravit Herodes puelle
This Antiphon appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

Ant. Ait puella matri sue
This Antiphon appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1257}
Ant. Accedentes discipuli
This Antiphon appears in only one non-Sarum sources in CANTUS, F-R 248.

{1259}
August 30: Saints Felix and Adauctus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. 303, Rome)

{1261}
August 31: Saint Cuthberga
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. ca. 718) Abbess of Wimbourne.

{1262}
September 1: Saint Giles
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(ca. 650-710), French hermit. Walter Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense:xxix) suggests that this feast dates to the 12th. century.

{1267}
September 4: Translation of Saint Cuthbert (see March 20)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons (or 3) with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 634 – 20 March 687), Bishop of Lindisfarne, translated 999; translated to Durham Cathedral, 1104.

{1268}
September 5: Saint Bertin
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(c. 615–709) Abbot, Saint-Omer.

{1271}
September 8: The Nativity of the Blessed Virgin
Major Double Feast
The distinctive qualities of this Marian Feast stem from the liturgical content created at Chartres Cathedral at the time of Fulbert.  See Margot Fassler, The Virgin of Chartres : Making History Through Liturgy and the Arts (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010): 81 ff. and Margot Fassler, ‘Mary’s Nativity, Fulbert of Chartres, and the Stirps Jesse: Liturgical Innovation circa 1000 and Its Afterlife’ Speculum LXXV (2000):389-434.

The image is of the Stirps Jesse, the ‘Jesse Tree’.

Many of the chants are re-used (with adjustments) for the Feast of the Conception of the Blessed Virgin, (December 8).

Ant. Dei genitrix virgo
The Antiphons of First Vespers seem to have some connection to a modal order, three being in proper sequence: 1 2 7 4 8.

{1274}
Hymn. Ave maris stella
The Hymn is repeated from the Feast of the Annunciation (March 25).

{1277}
Ant. Hodie nata est beata virgo Maria
The Antiphons of Matins are in modal order.

{1279}
The image is again of the Jesse tree.

The Lessons are repeated (with some abbreviation) for the later Feast of the Conception of the Blessed Virgin, December 8.  Tr. WR. A translation of these Lessons is also found in Margot Fassler, ‘Mary’s Nativity, Fulbert of Chartres, and the Stirps Jesse: Liturgical Innovation circa 1000 and Its Afterlife’ Speculum LXXV (2000):389-434.

{1282}
Resp. Stirps Jesse.  Apparently composed at Chartres in the 11th c. see Margot Fassler, ‘Mary’s Nativity, Fulbert of Chartres, and the Stirps Jesse‘ Speculum LXXV (2000):418.
This Responsory is in hexameters.

{1288}
Resp. Ad nutum Domini. Apparently composed at Chartres in the 11th c. see Margot Fassler, ‘Mary’s Nativity, Fulbert of Chartres, and the Stirps Jesse‘ Speculum LXXV (2000):418.
This Responsory is in rhymed hexameters

{1290}
The Gospel Homily, attributed to Bede, is usually titled ‘Prefatio totius operis premisit’. Tr. WR.
In Zéphir-François-Cicéron Caron, Catalogue des manuscrits de la bibliothèque de la ville d’Arras (Arras: Courtin, 1860):390. This item is listed in a 12th c. manuscript originating in the Abbey of mont. St.-Eloi. of various sermons as following directly after ‘Sermo domini Fulberti Carnotensis episcopi : Approbate consuedinis est apud christianos.’ as ‘Lectionis ejusdem: Prefatio totius operis premisit de quo dicturus.’ This suggests that the latter is attributed to Fulbert of Chartres rather than to Bede, and thus connects these readings with the renovation of the feast at that place.

{1295}
Resp. Solem justicie. Apparently composed at Chartres in the 11th c. see Margot Fassler, ‘Mary’s Nativity, Fulbert of Chartres, and the Stirps Jesse‘ Speculum LXXV (2000):418.
This Responsory is in rhymed hexameters

{1304}
Resp. Speciosa facta es.
This Responsory is not commonly found in CANTUS, the only other source being GB-WO F-160.
It also appears in the York Breviary.

{1306}
Processional Chants in honour of the Virgin. These chants were sung at the entry into the Quire following processions throughout the year.

{1308}
Ant. Speciosa facta es
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS, F-Pn n.a.lat. 1535, and I-AO 6.

{1311}
Daily during the octave

{1312}
Ant. Benedicta tu in mulieribus
It is unusual to have a separate set of matins antiphons for use during an octave. Typically the antiphons of the feast day would be re-used. It is apparent from the style that the antiphons on the feast day are in a more elaborate style, and that they most likely represent a newer layer; and that the antiphons for use during the octave represent an older layer that was originally used on the feast day itself.

September 9
Of the Octave of the Nativity of Mary with Rulers of the Choir

September 10
Of the Octave of the Nativity of Mary with Rulers of the Choir

September 11
Of the Octave of the Nativity of Mary with Rulers of the Choir

September 12
Of the Octave of the Nativity of Mary with Rulers of the Choir

September 13
Of the Octave of the Nativity of Mary with Rulers of the Choir

{1333}
September 14: Exaltation of the Holy Cross (see also May 3)
Minor Double Feast

{1335}
Hymn. Impleta sunt que concinit
This Hymn appears in CANTUS in five non-Sarum sources.
York use the hymn ‘Arbor decora.’

{1338}
Ant. O crux gloriosa
This processional antiphon is in rhyme.

{1356}
Resp. O crux gloriosa
This Responsory shares the same text as the Antiphon at First Vespers.

{1368}
September 15: The Octave of the Nativity of Blessed Mary
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

{1372}
September 16: St. Edith (of Wilton)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(961-September 15, 984) daughter of King Edgar (ruled 959-975); associated with Dunstan. Following her death in 984, she became the patron saint of her community at Wilton Abbey in Wiltshire and churches were dedicated to her in Wiltshire and in other parts of Anglo-Saxon England. Her biography was written by Goscelin. Wilton, it should be noted, is in very close proximity to Salisbury.

{1377}
September 17: Saint Lambert
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(c. 636 – c. 700), Bishop of Maastricht (Tongeren) from about 670 until his death. His major shrine is at Liege.

{1379}
September 21: Saint Matthew
Inferior Double Feast

{1394}
Ant. Spiritu intelligentie
This Antiphon appears in only eight non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1405}
September 22: Saint Maurice and Companions
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Maurice (250, Thebes-287, Agaunum, Switzerland) was leader of the Theban Legion.

{1410}
September 23: Saint Tecla
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

First century follower of Paul the Apostole.

{1411}
September 25: Saint Firmin
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(c. 272, Pamplona-September 25 303, Amiens) First Bishop of Pamplona.

{1412}
September 26: Saints Cyprian and Justina
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. September 26, 304, Nicomedia)

{1413}
September 27: Saints Cosmas and Damian
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. ca. 287, Aegea, Syrai)

{1416}
September 29: St. Michael, Archangel
Inferior Double Feast

Ant. Excelsi Regis filium
This Antiphon is in metre and rhyme
This Antiphon appears in only four non-Sarum sources in CANTUS. It also appears in the York Breviary.

{1417}
Hymn. Tibi Christe splendor Patris
Text, Rabanus Maurus (c. 776-856).

{1420}
Invit. Cuncta agmina angelorum
This Invitatory appears in only eight non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.
This Invitatory is in rhyme and partially in metre.

{1443}
Resp. Ascendit fumus aromatum
This Responsory appears in only six non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1439}
Hymn. Christe sanctorum decus angelorum
Text, Rabanus Maurus (c. 776-856).

{1450}
September 30: Saint Jerome
Inferior Double Feast

(c.  347, Stridon, Dalmatia–September 30, 420, Bethlehem) priest, confessor, theologian, historian, Doctor of the Church.

{1456}
October 1: Saint Remigius
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Remigius (c. 437–January 13, 533) was Bishop of Reims and Apostle of the Franks.
October 1 commemorates the translation of his relics to the Abbey of Saint-Rémy in 1099.
Germanus (c. 380- July 31, 448, Ravenna) was Bishop of Auxerre. His remains were interred on October 1 at the Oratory of Saint Maurice, Auxerre. St. Germanus was the titular saint of many churches in England, including Selby Abbey. In the Roman Catholic Church his feast day is July 26.
Vedast (d. February 6, 539, Arras) was Bishop of Arras and Cambrai from 499. Vedast was venerated throughout Belgium as well as England (from the 10th century), where he was known as Saint Foster. The spread of his cult was aided by the presence of Augustinians from Arras in England in the 12th century. Three ancient churches in England (in London (St Vedast Foster Lane), Norwich, and Tathwell) were dedicated to him. In the Roman Catholic Church his feast day is February 6.
Bavo (622-659, Ghent) was a hermit.

Saint Leodegario
(c. 615–October 2, 679) Bishop of Autun.

{1457}
October 2: Thomas of Hereford
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(Thomas de Cantilupe) (c. 1218 – August 25, 1282) canonized 1320.
The Sarum Use does not include this saint, who is proper to the diocese of Hereford. The inclusion of proper lessons in the 1531 Breviary allows it to be used within the that diocese. This is surprising, seeing that Hereford had its own Use. In comparison, no provision is made in the Sarum books for feasts proper to York, which also had its own Use. The distinction is that Hereford (like Sarum) is within the province of Canterbury, whereas York is a separate province.

The traditional Sarum Kalendar includes on this date Saint Leodegar (Leger) (of Poitiers)
(c. 615 – October 2, 679), Bishop of Autun (659-679).

{1460}
October 6: Saint Faith
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Saint Faith of Conques (3rd-4th c.)

{1463}
October 7: Saints Mark, Marcellus, and Apuleius
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Mark (d. October 7, 336) Pope. While he is described as a martyr here, this does not appear to be the historical case.
Marcellus, and Apuleius (3rd-4th c.)

{1464}
October 9: St. Dionysius (Denis)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(b. Italy, d. 3rd. c. Montmartre) Bishop of Paris.
The Office of St. Dionysius is widespread and varied, with chants dating from the late 10th century. It was added to the Roman Calendar as late as the Breviarium of 1568, with only three lessons and no proper chants.

{1491}
October 10: Saint Gereon
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. ca. 304, Cologne)

{1492}
October 11: Saint Nicasius and Companions
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. ca. 285, Vexin)

{1495}
October 13: The Translation of Saint Edward, King and Confessor (Edward the Confessor) (see also January 5)
Inferior Double Feast

(1003 – January 5, 1066.), ruled 1042-1066. His cult developed in the 12th century, as Osbert, prior of Westminster Abbey, worked for Edward’s canonization, which was effected on February 7, 1161, and he was translated on October 13, 1163. Henry III constructed a new tomb in the rebuilt Westminster Abbey, into which Edward was translated, again on October 13, in 1269.
Walter Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense, xxix) suggests 1222 as the commencement of liturgical devotion to Edward, but his Feast does not appear on the earlier Sarum Kalendars (see J. Wickham Legg, ed., The Sarum Missal (Oxford: Clarendon, 1916):xxx.)
See Frank Barlow, ed. The Life of King Edward Who Rests at Westminster attributed to a monk of Saint-Bertin (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992); Jerome Bertram, trans., Life of St. Edward the Confessor by St. Aelred of Rievaulx (Southampton: Saint Austin, 1990); Jane Patricia Freeland, trans., “The Life of Saint Edward, King and Confessor,” in Aelred of Rievaulx: The Historical Works, ed. Marsha L. Dutton (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 2005): 123-243; and Jennifer N. Brown, “Translating Edward the Confessor: Feminism, Time, and Hagiography”, MFF lXIII-1 (2007): 46-57.

{1500}
October 14: Saint Callixtus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(Pope, ca. 218-223)

{1502}
October 15: Saint Vulfrannus (Wulfram)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 640 – March 20, 703), Archbishop of Sens. His feast day is March 20. He was translated October 15, 1058, to the collegiate church of Our Lady in Abbeville, which was then re-dedicated in Wulfram’s name.

{1503}
October 16: St. Michael in Mount Tumba (see also September 29)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

This Feast is not found in the York Kalendar.

{1511}
October 17: The Translation of Saint Etheldreda [Audrey] (see June 23)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(ca. 636–June 23, 679) Abbess of Ely. translated October 17, 1106. (Walter Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense, xxix) suggests 1480 as the introduction of this feast.)

{1514}
October 18: Saint Luke
Inferior Double Feast

{1518}
Homily. Dominus et Salvator noster fratres charissimi
Homily 17, PL 1139.
trans. WR.
Another translation is available in Gregory the Great: Forty Gospel Homilies, (Cistercian Publications, 1990).

{1521}
October 19: The Deposition of Saint Frideswide
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 650 – October 19, 727) abbess at Oxford; translated to to a new shrine, 1180.
(Walter Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense, xxix) suggests 1480 as the introduction of this feast.)

{1525}
October 21: The Eleven Thousand Virgins
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(Walter Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense, xxix) suggests the 12th century as the introduction of this feast.)
The Breviary 1531 provides only a Prayer and three Lessons.
GB-Cu Mm.ii.9 and GB-AB 20541 E provide proper music for at least three lessons; The Sarum Antiphonale 1520 provides music for nine lessons. This is found in the Appendix.
In general the content of this feast is borrowed from Commons of Virgins.

{1537}
October 23: Saint Romanus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

(d. ca. 640) Bishop of Rouen.

{1538}
October 25: Saints Crispin and Crispinian
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. 286, Rome) Major shrine as Soissons.

The Memorial of John of Beverley is in reference to his translation on October 25.
‘On 16 December 1416 Henry ordered the Bishop on London to celebrate the feasts of all three saints [Crispin, Crispinian, and John] on 25 October each year, throughout his diocese and in perpetuity, in commemoration. . . . Similar instructions were issued throughout the South of England, indeed all parts of the country forming the Archdiocese of Canterbury.’ (Stephen Cooper, Agincourt: Myth and Reality 1415-2015 (Barnsley:Praetorian Press, 2014):131.

This memorial is referenced in the famous St. Crispin speech in Shakespeare’s Henry V, Act IV Scene iii 18–67.

The York Use has nine lessons for St. John.

{1541}
October 28: Saints Symon and Jude
Inferior Double Feast

{1546}
Homily: Merito magister bonus.
An English translation is available at New Advent: Fathers of the Church: Tractates on the Gospel of John (Augustine): Tractate 87 and Tractate 88.

{1549}
October 31: Saint Quentin
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Quentin of Amiens (d. ca. 287)

{1551}
November 1: All Saints
Major Double Feast
The image illustrate the four orders of saints, Apostles and Evangelists, Martyrs, Confessors, and Virgins.

The York Use has a Vigil of All Saints.

{1553}
Ant. Omnes electi Dei
This appears in only 6 non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1555}
Hymn: Jesu Salvator seculi
attr. Rabanus Maurus (776-856)

{1557}
Ant. Beati estis sancti Dei omnes
The Breviarium Romanum has ‘Angeli, archangeli’; the Dominican Breviaries (1492 and 1933) follow Sarum.

{1574}
Ant. Virgines sancte Dei
This Antiphon appears in only 4 non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

{1586}
Ant. Te gloriosus apostolorum chorus
This Antiphon is based upon the Cancticle ‘Te Deum’.

{1584}
Hymn. Christe Redemptor omnium.

Users may find the following a more practical English version of stanza 6: ‘From lands wherein thy faithful dwell, We pray thy people thrive and swell :” etc. (Courtesy of Jonathan Marler.)

{1588}
Resp. Justi in perpetuum vivent (Wisdom 5:16-17)
This Responsory is also found at First Vespers of Many Confessors out of Eastertide. The Vulgate has ‘cogitatio illorum’. This Responsory has a unique doxology text.
This Responsory is unique to Sarum in CANTUS.

There is a 5-part polyphonic setting by John Sheppard (c. 1515-1558), in which the Cantus firmus is in the cantus voice.

{1589}
Ant. Salvator mundi salva nos omnes
The Breviarium Romanum has ‘O quam gloriosum’; the Dominican Breviaries (1492 and 1933) follow Sarum.

{1591}
November 2: The Commemoration of the Dead
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

‘The Council of Oxford, 1222, declared All Souls’ Day a holy day of the second class, upon which only works of necessity were to be done.’ (Shakespere Wood, ‘All Souls’ Day and its Octave in Rome’, The Churchman LII (December 5, 1885):640.

{1601}
November 3: Saint Winifred
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

A 7th-century Welsh Saint, around whom many historical legends have formed.
In 1138, relics were carried to Shrewsbury to form the basis of an elaborate shrine.
(Walter Frere (Graduale Sarisburiense, xxix) suggests 1415 as the introduction of this feast.)

{1610}
November 6: Saint Leonard (of Noblac/Limoges)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(d. 599.)
In the 12th century, although there is no previous mention of Leonard either in literature, liturgy or in church dedications, his cult rapidly spread, at first through Frankish lands, following the release of Bohemond I of Antioch in 1103 from a Danishmend prison, where the successful diplomacy was inspired by Leonard of Noblac. In 1103 Bohemond I of Antioch visited the Abbey of Noblac, where he made an offering in gratitude for his release. Leonard’s cult spread through all of Western Europe: in England, 177 churches are dedicated to him.

The Penpont Antiphoner contains texts for proper Antiphons and Responsories. While staff lines have been drawn, no music is recorded.
CH-SGs 388 is the only other Cantus source for the Feast of Saint Leonard; it contains a completely different set of chants.
The York Breviary has 9 lessons, with the rest from the Common.

{1613}
November 8: The Holy Four Crowned Martyrs
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Four unknown martyrs, the names of whom were later learned to be Severus, Severianus, Carpophorus, and Victorinus, along with Claudius, Castorius, Symphorian, Nicostratus, and Simplicius, martyred between 287 and 305, are venerated on this day.

{1615}
November 9: Saint Theodore
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Theodore of Amasea (d. February 17 306)

This day would also be the Feast of the Icon of the Saviour. See the Psalter, [527].

{1617}
November 11: Saint Martin
Simple Feast of 9 Lesson with Invitatory sung by three.

(Sabaria ca. 316-November 8, 397, Candes) Bishop of Tours.

{1654}
November 13: Saint Brice
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(c. 370 – 444 AD), Bishop of Tours, succeeding Martin of Tours in 397.

{1657}
Ant. Post excessum
It is very unusual for an office to contain only proper antiphons for Lauds. However, among CANTUS sources this seems to be the norm for this feast.

{1665}
November 14: The Translation of Saint Erkenwald (See also April 30.)
9 Lessons

(d. 693) Bishop of London, 675 and 693.
The inclusion of the lessons for this non-Sarum feast in the Breviary 1531 makes the book suitable for use in the diocese of London.

{1671}
The Deposition of Saint Erkenwald (April 30)
Non Sarum

It is not clear as to why these lessons are printed at this point in the Breviary 1531, rather than with the other feasts of April {456}.

{1673}
November 15: Saint Machutus (Malo)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(520 – November 15, 621) founder of Saint-Malo, a commune in Brittany, France.

{1678}
November 16: Saint Edmund, Bishop and Confessor (See also June 9.)
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by three.

(1175–1240), from 1219 (or 1222) Treasurer of Salisbury Cathedral; from 1233(34), Archbishop of Canterbury. Edmund died while in France and was buried at Pontigny. Canonized 1246; translated into a more honorable sepulchre, 1247.

{1684}
November 17: Saint Hugh (of Lincoln), Bishop and Confessor
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(1135/40 – November 16, 1200) Bishop of Lincoln 1186-1200; canonised 1220.

November 18: The Octave of Saint Martin
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

{1695}
November 20: Saint Edmund, King and Martyr
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

(ca. 841 – November 20, 869) King of East Anglia (ca 855-869). translated into the new church at Bury St. Edmunds, April 29, 1095; November 23, 1198. In 1219 Edmund’s remains were forcibly translated to Saint Sernin, Toulouse.

GB-Cu Mm.ii.9:597 ff. contains a complete set of Antiphons and Responsories for this feast. See the Appendix.
Andrew Hughes dates this office to the late 11th century. It also exists in a monastic version. (See Andrew Hughes, ‘British Rhymed Offices’, Susan Rankin and David Hiley, eds, Music in the Medieval English Liturgy (Oxford: Clarendon, 1993): 260.)
This Office is discussed in Thomson, Rodney M. ‘The Music for the Office of St. Edmund King and Martyr’, Music & Letters 65 (1984):189-93. See also James Boniface MacKinlay, Saint Edmund, King and Martyr (London and Leamington: Art and Book Company, 1893).

Ant. Ave rex gentis Anglorum
This Antiphon is in metre and rhyme.  It appears in only two non-Sarum sources in CANTUS.

The same text and music (with appropriate changes) appears in the Antiphon ‘Ave prothomartyr Anglorum’ for St. Alban {544}.
See also Manfred E. Bukofzer, ‘Two fourteenth-century Motets on St. Edmund’, Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Music (London: J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd,1951):17-33.

November 21 would be the Feast of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin. See the Psalter, [555].

{1701}
November 22: Saint Cecilia
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.
(d. November 22, 230, Rome)

Sherry L. Reames, ‘The Office for Saint Cecilia’, Thomas J. Heffernan and E. Ann Matter, eds., The Liturgy of the Medieval Church (Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute Publications, 2005): 219-241. gives an extensive description and analysis of the text of this office.

Ant. Triduanas a Domino (see Lesson 9)

Santa Cecilia in Travestere was founded, according to tradition, by St. Urban on the site of St. Cecilia’s house.  The placement of this antiphon at the beginning of the Office may be an indication that the Office was used for the anniversary of the dedication of this church.  However, in CANTUS this antiphon appears at this particular location in only two non-Sarum soruces, D-MZb D, and PL-Kkar 1 (Rkp 12).  In CANTUS sources it most commonly appears as the fifth of Lauds, a location that reflects its place at end of the narrative.

Ant. Virgo gloriosa (see Lesson 2)

This text also appears in Responsory 2

Gueranger, Life of Saint Cecilia: 55, citing St. Jerome and and St. John Chrysostom, notes the early Christian custom of carrying the Gospel concealed beneath clothing .

{1702}

Invit. Christum venerantes

This Invitatory appears also in the Common of Virgins, and on the Feast of St. Agatha.

This Invitatory appears in only three non-Sarum sources in CANTUS, F-CA 38, F-VAL 114, and PL-WRu R 503.

In the York Use this Invitatory uses the Venite of Mode II.

{1703}

Ant. 1. Cecilia virgo

This text also appears in Responsory 6.

Ant. 2. Expansis manibus

Ant. 3. Cilicio Cecilia

This text also appears in Responsories 2 and 6.

{1704}

Lessons. Beata Cecilia virgo clarissima
Trans. WR
Sherry L. Reames, ‘The Second Nun’s Prologue and Tale’, Robert M. Correale ed., Sources and Analogues of the Canterbury Tales, Vol. 1 (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2002): 516-52 gives a translation of ‘In festo Sancte Cecilie virginis et martyris’, Paris, Bib. Nat. ms. latin 3278, a late 13th c. manuscript that to a large extent similar to the Sarum text.

The lessons draw primarily on the anonymous Passio S. Cecilie, but are also at times closely related to the Legenda Aurea of Jacobus de Voragine. The original source is the anonymous In passione sancte Cecilie virginis, dating from the 5th century.  It appears in Jacobo Laderchio, S. Caeciliae virginis et martyri acta (Rome, 1723): 1-39.

See also Sherry L. Reames, ‘Mouvance and Interpretation in Late-Medieval Latin: The Legend of St. Cecilia in British Breviaries’, Tim William Machan, ed.,  Medieval Literature: Texts and Interpretation (Binghamton, New York:  Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 1991): 159-189.

See also Prosper Gueranger, Life of Saint Cecilia (Philadelphia: Peter F. Cunningham, 1866).

‘Et cantantibus organis, illa in corde suo soli Domino decantabat . . .’ was the impetus for the adoption of St. Cecilia as the patroness of music and of the imagery of Cecilia playing the organ, both of which appear to have developed in the 16th. century.   However, the point here seems to be, in fact, that while the music was playing (at the wedding feast), Cecilia was, instead of joining in, rather, praying (singing in her heart) to God.  This is depicted in the following illumination:

Illumination in a manuscript (dated 1463) of Jean de Vignay’s French translation of Vincent de Beauvais, Speculum historiale, Bibliothèque Nationale, Fr. 51 (Le Mirouer Historial), fol. 8.

Here follows an early image of St. Cecilia playing the organ:

Anonymous 16th. c. oil on canvas (Wikimedia commons)

Tiburtius and Valerian (and Maximus) are commemorated on April 14, the day of their burial.

‘. . . ut non confundar.’, Ps. 118:80.

Resp. 1. Cantantibus organis (see Lesson 1)

This text also appears in Antiphon 4 of Matins, and in Antiphon 1 of Lauds.

{1706}

Resp. 2. Virgo gloriosa (see Lesson 1)

This text also appears in the Antiphon to Magnificat at First Vespers, Antiphon 3 of Matins, and Responsory 6.

[1707]

St. Urban: Pope Urban I  (175-230).  Urban is not commemorated in the Sarum Kalendar, but appears in the York and Roman Kalendar on May 25.  St. Urban appears in the Sarum Martyrology on May 25.

Resp. 3. Cecilia me misit (cf. Legenda aurea, line 45; see Lesson 4)

The text-form of this Responsory is unusual in that the Verse repeats text from the beginning.

{1708}
Ant. 4. Biduanis ac triduanis

This text also appears in Responsory 1.
This Antiphon appears in only one non-Sarum source in CANTUS, F-AS 893.

Ant. 5. Fiat Domine cor meum (see Lesson 1)

This text also appears in Responsory 1.

{1709}

Ant. 6. Domine Jesu Christe seminator (see Lesson 4)

This text also appears in Responsory 5.  This Antiphon shares the same melodic incipit with Responsory 5.

‘. . . Cecilia faumla tua quasi apes . . .’ Gueranger, Life of St. Cecilia: 68, points out that the ‘Acts of Saint Cecilia’ has ‘quasi ovis’ (like a lamb), and believes that the alteration, both here and in the Antiphon ‘Cecilia famula tua’, fifth of Lauds, dates from the ninth century.  ‘Bee’ may have been chosen as a symbol of chastity.

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Resp. 4. Beata Cecilia dixit

This text also appeas in Antiphon 7.

‘. . . Unus Dominus . . . et in omnibus nobis.’, Eph. 4:5-6. On account of these words, Gueranger, Life of St. Cecilia:69, declares the old man to be St. Paul.

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Resp. 5. Domine Jesu Christe (see Lesson 4)

This text also appears in  Antiphon 6.

This Responsory shares the same melodic incipit with Antiphon 6.

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A lacuna appears here in GB-Cu Mm.ii.9, the principal manuscript source used for the Antiphonale Sarisburiense. That manuscript continues with the fifth Antiphon of Lauds of the Common of Apostles.

Resp. 6. Cilicio Cecilia

This text also appears in Antiphons 1 and 3 of Matins, and in Responsory 2.

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Ant. 7. Beata Cecilia dixit (cf. Legenda aurea, line 91)

This text also appears in Responsory 4.

Ant. 8. Credimus Christum (see Lesson 8)

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Ant. 9. Nos scientes sanctum nomen (see Lesson 8)

The text originates in line 166 of the Passion of St. Cecilia.

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‘. . . Almachius . . .’, Turcius Almachius.

Resp. 7. Ceciliam intra cubiculum (see Lesson 5)

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‘Apparitores autem . . .’  The story in fact continues at this point with the martyrdom of Saints Valerian, Tiburtius, and Maximus, found on April 14, {445}.

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Resp. 8. O beata Cecilia

This text also appears at the Memorial of St. Cecilia (below).

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Resp. 9. Dum aurora finem daret (cf. Rom. 13:12; see the Lessons for Tiburtius and Valerian, April 14)

This text also appears in the Antiphon to the Benedictus.

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Ant. 1. Cantantibus organis (see Lesson 1)

This text also appears in Responsory 1.

Ant. 2. Est secretum Valeriane (see Lesson 2)

Ant. 3. Valerianus in cubiculo (see Lesson 5)

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Ant. 4. Benedico te Pater

Ant. 5. Ceciia famula tua (see Lesson 4)

Ant. Dum aurora finem daret (cf. Rom. 13:12; see the Lessons for Tiburtius and Valerian, April 14)

This text also appears in Responsory 9

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November 23: St. Clement
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Clement, Bishop of Rome 88-99.

Ant. Dedisti Domine habitaculum

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Memorial of St. Cecilia

Ant. O beata Cecilia

This text also appears in Responsory 8.

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November 24: Saint Grisogonus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Crysogonus (d. November 24, ca. 304, Aquileia)

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November 25: Saint Katherine
Simple Feast of 9 Lessons with Invitatory sung by two.

Katherine of Alexandria (ca. 287-November 25, 305).

Many of the chants of this office are in metre and rhyme. For the most part the chants are found in sources across Europe.

Ant. Ave virginum gemma Katherina
This Antiphon appears in only two non-Sarum sources. PL-KIk 1 and F-Pn lat. 15182.

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Lessons. Maxentius imperator
See also Jacobus de Voraigne, The Golden Legend, trans. William Granger Ryan (Princeton: Princeton Univeristy Press, 1993): 720-727.

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November 26: Saint Linus
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Bishop of Rome, ca. 67-76.
Although venerated on November 26 in the Sarum and York Uses, his name appears on September 23 in the Roman Martyrology.

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November 29: Saints Saturninus and Sisinnius
Simple Feast of 3 Lessons with Invitatory sung by one.

Saturninus, Priest in Rome and Sisinnius, Deacon in Rome, (both b. Carthaginia, d. Rome, c. 309) were sentenced to hard labor for their faith.
Saint Saturninus, Bishop of Toulouse (b. Patras, d. c. 257, Toulouse), is also venerated on this day.

Lessons. Beatus Saturninus
trans. WR.
See also Jacobus de Voraigne, The Golden Legend, trans. William Granger Ryan (Princeton: Princeton Univeristy Press, 1993): 728.

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Synodals and Provincials of the Diocese of Norwich
These items accommodate the Sarum liturgy to the Diocese of Norwich.

Saint David (see March 1)

Saint Chad (see March 2)

Saint Felicis
Felix of Burgundy, also known as Felix of Dunwich (b. Burgundy-d. March 8, 647 or 648), first Bishop of the East Angles. Feast Day March 8.

Translation of Saint Edmund, King (see November 20)
Presumably the Translation referred to here was that to the church at Bury St. Edmunds, April 29, 1095.

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Saint John, Bishop (see May 7)
This identification can be made to John of Beverley seeing that the Prayer is proper to this saint.

Saint Dominic
(1170, Caleruega-August 6, 1221, Bologna) Founder of the Order of Friars Preachers, also known as the Dominicans. Canonized, July 3, 1234; Feast Day August 4 (or 8) on account of the Feast of the Transfiguration. (See August 6).

Saint Francis
(1181 or 1182-October 3, 1226, Assisi) Founder of the men’s Order of Friars Minor, the women’s Order of Saint Clare, the Third Order of Saint Francis and the Custody of the Holy Land. Canonized July 16, 1228; Feast Day October 4. Seeing that Francis died in the evening of October 3, this could be reckoned as the beginning of October 4 (days being reckoned from sundown). (Compare St. Osmund, December 4.)