Sarum time Line

Pre-history

ca. 705: Diocese of Sherbourne founded by St. Aldhelm, Abbot of Malmesbury.

1070: Motte-and-bailey castle built at Old Sarum.

Old Sarum Cathedral

1075: Council of London names Hereman of Wilton Bishop of Sarisberie, uniting the former sees of Sherbourne and Ramsbury into a single diocese. The first cathedral was begun shortly thereafter.

1078: Osmund succeeds Hereman as Bishop of Sarum.

1086, August 1: Domesday Book presented to William I at Old Sarum Castle.

ca. 1089: Cathedral Chapter of 36 canons established.

1092, Tuesday, April 5: First cathedral consecrated.

1099, Dec. 3: Death of Osmund.

Early 12th century

Four principal dignitaries, Dean, Precentor, Chancellor, and Treasurer, established.

ca 1120: Enlargement of the first cathedral completed.

1122: Bishop Roger gives up the title of Abbot of Sherbourne; Prior Thurstan becomes the First Abbot of Sherbourne (as well as a Canon of Salisbury).

ca. 1130s: Bishop Roger extends the transepts and eastern the eastern arm of the first cathedral.

ca. 1150: Bishop Jocelin de Bohon obtains permission from Archbishop Theobald to move the Feast of Relics to September 17.

ca. 1150-70: Bishop Jocelin builds a new residence and cloister to the north of the cathedral, expands the Canons to at least 42.

1184, November 18: Death of Bishop Jocelin.

1194, June 12: Bishop Herbert Poore enthroned at Old Sarum.

ca. 1197-99: Plans begin to be made for the new cathedral and town.

Early 13th century: Dean Richard Poore develops plans for the new cathedral and liturgical practices and customs and ‘Ordinale’ of Sarum.

1208, March 23: England placed under interdict by Pope Innocent III.

1214: Interdict lifted.

1215: Fourth Lateran Council

1217: January 7: Bishop Herbert Poore dies.

1217, June: Richard Poore elected Bishop.

1218, March 29: Pope Honorius III formally approves the removal of the cathedral to New Sarum (Salisbury).

The New Cathedral at Salisbury

1219: April 8: Temporary wooden chapel constructed at the new site, consecrated on Trinity Sunday, June 2, 1219.  The churchyard was dedicated on the same day.

1219, November 1: Official transmigration of the cathedral body to the new site.

1220, Tuesday, April 28: Foundation stones of new cathedral laid.

1225, Sunday September 28: The three eastern altars dedicated.

1225, Monday, September 29: Cardinal Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury preaches and celebrates mass at the new altar.

1225, Thursday, October 2: Visit by King Henry III.

1226, Sunday June 14: Coffins of Osmund, Roger, and Jocelin translated from Old Sarum to the new cathedral on Trinity Sunday.

1228, May: Bishop Richard Poore appointed to Durham Cathedral.

ca. 1236: Choir stalls and pulpitum erected.

1244-45: Commencement of services in the new choir and presbytery.

13th c. Principal historical Sarum manuscripts.

1246: Salisbury adopts the feast of the Deposition of St. Edmund, Archbishop, displacing Ss. Primus and Felician. (Edmund had been Treasurer of Salisbury Cathedral, 122-34).

1247: Salisbury adopts the feast of the Translation of S. Edmund, Archbishop.

1240s: Completion of the treasury and muniment room.

1250s: Completion of the west front.

1258, Sunday September 29: Salisbury Cathedral consecrated by Archbishop Boniface , in the presence of Henry III, Queen Eleanor, Princes Edward and Edmund, and many other dignitaries.

1260-62?: Feast of St. Richard of Chichester adopted.

1263: Chapter House completed.

1264: Salisbury adopts the Feast of Corpus Christi–although its celebration as a feast may have been as late as 1317.

c. 1265: Cloister completed.

1319: Feast of Relics moved from September to May.

1320-30: Spire completed.

1327-1331: Close wall built with stone from the ruins of Old Sarum.

1378: Feast of St. Anne introduced into England. (Frere, 1383?).

1414-15: Diocese of London adopts Sarum Use.

1415: Sts. David, Chad, and Winifred added.

1452: New campaign for the canonization of Blessed Osmund begun.

1456: Feast of the Transfiguration adopted. (1480?)

1456-57: St Osmund canonized (Jan. 1 1457) by Pope Callistus III; Feast of St. Osmund, and Feast of Translation added.

1457, Thursday, July 16: Translation of St. Osmund to a new shrine.  Some believe that the shrine was located in the centre of the Trinity Chapel.  I believe that it was located in the easternmost bay of the presbytery, behind the high altar.

1457: Feast of the Name of Jesus added. (1480?)

ca. 1475: First Sarum Breviary printed.

1479-80: Lierne vault of the central crossing.

1480: Feast of the Visitation added.

ca. 1489: First Sarum Missal printed.

1508: Sarum Gradual Printed.

1518: First Sarum Hymnal printed.

1519-20: Sarum Antiphonale printed.

ca. 1520: Bishop Audley Chapel, with Easter Sepulchre, built to the north of the high altar.

1534: Act of Supremacy.

1536-: Dissolution of monasteries.

1538: Destruction of shrines sanctioned by Henry VIII.

1539: An organ placed on the pulpitum screen.

1542: Sarum Use adopted throughout the Southern Province of the English Church.

1549, Whitsunday: First Prayer Book of Edward VI.  (Sarum Use abolished).

1553: Sarum Use re-established.

1559: Sarum Use abolished, replaced by the Book of Common Prayer.

Reformation

1643: Organ removed.

1648: Dean and Chapter abolished.

1660: Dean and Chapter restored.

1661: Thomas Harris Organ restored.

1671-72: Choir refurbished.

1710: New Renatus Harris organ installed.

1777-79: Cathedral closed for repairs.

1781: New high east window installed ‘Moses and the Brazen Serpent’.

1789-90: renovations to the cathedral, including removal of the old pulpitum, erection of a new one to support the new organ, and demolition of the bell tower by James Wyatt.  (Cathedral closed for 3 years, until September, 1792).

Revival

1842-43: Portiforii Sarum (Seager).

1846: The Ancient Liturgy of the Church of England; Monumenta Ritualia Ecclesiae Anglicanae. (Maskell).

1849-54: The Church of our Fathers (Rock).

1851: Hymnarium Sarisburiense; The Hymnal Noted (Neale).

1852: The Psalter (Chambers); Medieval Hymns and Sequences (Neale).

1861: Hymns Ancient and Modern.

1861-83: Missale Sarum (ed. Dickinson).

1862-1878: extensive restoration of the cathedral by G. G. Scott.

1874: Breviary Offices (Neale).

1877: New Willis organ; Divine Worship in England (Chambers).

1879-86: Breviarium Sarisburiense (Procter).

1881: Hymns Ancient and Modern

1882: Processionale Sarum (Henderson).

1884: The Sarum Missal in English (Pearson).

1894: Graduale Sarisburiensefacsimile.

1898-1091: The Use of Sarum (Frere).

ca. 1900-1930: Palmer editions of the Sarum Use in English.

1901: Ceremonies and Processions (Wordsworth).

1901-24: Antiphonale Sarisburiense facsimile.

1906: The English Hymnal.

1911: The Sarum Missal in English (Warren).

1912-13: Old Sarum Cathedral foundations excavated.

1916: The Sarum Missal (Legg).

1971: The Processions of Sarum (Bailey).

1984-99: The Use of Salisbury (Sandon).

2006-: The Sarum Rite (Renwick).

2008: New font installed in the cathedral (located several bays to the east of the original font).

2011-13: The Sarum Customary Online (Harper).